List of the oldest buildings in the United States

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This article attempts to list the oldest extant freestanding buildings constructed in the United States and its territories by Europeans (English, Spanish, Dutch, French, Swedish, Germans), Africans, Native Americans and other immigrants and native born people. The list also includes sites in current states and territories that were not part of the original Thirteen Colonies when the United States of America was founded in 1776. Sites on the list are generally from the First Period of American architecture or earlier.


BuildingImageLocationStateFirst BuiltUseNotes
Ancestral Puebloan communitiesDark Canyon Ruin.jpgNew Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, UtahNM
AZ
CO
UT
750 - Pueblo construction begins in CE 750 and continues to presentVillagesMajority of settlements abandoned, but some very well preserved. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.
Taos PuebloUSA 09669 Taos Pueblo Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpgnorth of the modern city of TaosNM1000 - Built between 1000 and 1450 CEResidentialSaid to be the oldest continuously inhabited houses still occupied. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.[1]
Acoma PuebloAcomaPuebloReflection.gifon top of a 367-foot (112 m) sandstone mesa in Cibola CountyNM1000 - Built between 1000 and 1200 CEResidentialSaid to be the oldest continuously inhabited site in the U.S.. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.
Cathedral of San Juan BautistaSan Juan Cathedral.JPGOld San JuanPR1521ReligiousPart of the San Juan National Historic Site. Oldest church building in the US and its territories, originally built in its current location (extensive additions and renovations). The Cathedral has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
San José ChurchSan José Catholic Church - San Juan.jpgOld San JuanPR1532ReligiousPart of the San Juan National Historic Site. Additions and renovations over the centuries. The church has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
La FortalezaLA FORTALEZA.jpgOld San JuanPR1533GovernmentPart of the San Juan National Historic Site. Oldest executive mansion in the New World. Extensive reconstructions took place. Building has been within the U.S. since 1898 when Puerto Rico was annexed.
Castillo San Felipe del MorroFortElMorro SanJuan PuertoRico.jpgOld San JuanPR1539GovernmentPart of the San Juan National Historic Site. Construction started in 1539, with extensive additions over the centuries. Building has been within the U.S. since 1898 when Puerto Rico was annexed.
Porta CoeliPorta Coeli in San Germán (Puerto Rico).jpgSan GermánPR1609ReligiousThe church has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
Palace of the GovernorsNewMexicoPalaceSantaFe.jpgSanta FeNM1610GovernmentOldest seat of colonial government (Spanish). Building has been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.[2]
San Miguel MissionSanta Fe San miguel chapel.jpgSanta FeNM1610Government/religiousSaid to be the oldest church structure built in the US. The original adobe walls and altar were built by the Tlaxcalan Indians from Mexico, but much of the structure was rebuilt in 1710. Building has been within the U.S. since 1848 when New Mexico was annexed.[3]
Broad Bay FarmVirginia BeachVA1636 c.ResidentialPurportedly the oldest house built by Europeans in the continental United States. Built by the English colonist Thomas Allen in 1636 on land granted to him by then-Governor Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr. Corroborative dating efforts have not been performed due to the building's relative obscurity and the fact that it is to this day a private residence, walled off from passers-by. It is located in the exclusive Broad Bay Colony residential neighborhood in northeastern Virginia Beach.
Fairbanks HouseFairbanks house dedham.jpgDedhamMA1637ResidentialOldest house in the United States of timber-frame with date verified using dendrochronology.[4]
John Humphreys HouseSir John Humphreys House.jpgSwampscottMA1637 c.ResidentialOldest house in Swampscott; moved in 1891 to present site (99 Paradise Road) from Elmwood Road.
C. A. Nothnagle Log HouseNothnagle Log House.JPGGibbstownNJ1638–43 c.ResidentialPurportedly the oldest surviving log house in the U.S. and the oldest house in New Jersey.
Henry Whitfield HouseHenry-whitfield-house-ct.pngGuilfordCT1639ResidentialOldest stone American Colonial house;[5] oldest house in Connecticut.
Jamestown ChurchJamestown church ruins bw.jpgJamestownVA1639-43ReligiousOldest church building in the eastern US (though only the church tower and foundations remain from the original building.)[6]
Loomis HomesteadPostcardWindsorCTLoomisHomestead1910.jpgWindsorCT1640ResidentialOne of the oldest timber-frame houses in America. The oldest part of the house was built in 1640 by Joseph Loomis, who came to America from England in 1638. Later additions to the Loomis house were made around the turn of the eighteenth century.
Richard Sparrow HouseRichard Sparrow House in Plymouth Massachusetts.jpgPlymouthMA1640ResidentialOldest house in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Lower Swedish CabinLowerSwedishCabin.JPGDrexel HillPAca. 1640–50ResidentialOne of the earliest extant examples of Swedish log construction in the United States.[7]
Comfort Starr HouseComfort Starr House.jpgGuilfordCT1645–6ResidentialThe house, still in its primitive state, is named after its second owner, Comfort Starr.
De Vargas Street HouseOldest House in Santa Fe New Mexico.jpgSanta FeNM1646ResidentialPreviously alleged to be oldest house in the US and Santa Fe.
General Israel Putnam HousePutnam House, Danvers, Massachusetts - front view.JPGDanversMA1648 c.ResidentialRecorded in the National Register of Historic Places. The house is now operated by the Danvers Historical Society and open by appointment.
Old HouseThe-old-house-cutchogue.jpgCutchogueNY1649ResidentialOne of the oldest houses in the state; moved in 1661 to present site from Southold.
Pickering HousePickering House - Salem, Massachusetts.JPGSalemMA1651ResidentialLocated in the Chestnut Street District.
Wyckoff HouseWyckoff-house.jpgBrooklynNY1652ResidentialOldest house in New York City.[8]
Macy-Colby HouseMacy-Colby House (front) - Amesbury, Massachusetts.JPGAmesburyMApre-1654ResidentialBuilt by Thomas Macy, and owned by Anthony Colby and his descendants for 245 years. Now owned by the Bartlett Cemetery Association, and maintained by the Friends of the Macy-Colby House Association.
Block HouseBlock house02.jpgClaymontDE1654ResidentialOne of the oldest structures in Delaware, built by the Swedish.
Ryves Holt HouseOldestindela.jpgLewesDE1655ResidentialOne of the houses structures in Delaware.
Newman-Fiske-Dodge HouseNewman-Fiske-Dodge House.jpgWenhamMA1658ResidentialAdded to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.
Old Halsey HouseOldHalseyHouseSouthhampton.jpgSouthamptonNY1660ResidentialBuilt by Thomas Halsey, an English pioneer, the house is now a museum.
Thomas Lee HouseThomas Lee House, East Lyme (New London County, Connecticut).jpgEast LymeCT1660–4ResidentialOne of the oldest wood frame houses in Connecticut still in its primitive state.
James Blake HouseJames Blake House, Dorchester, Massachusetts - exterior.JPGBostonMA1661 c.ResidentialOldest house in the city of Boston.
John Bowne HouseJohn Bowne House (WTM by official-ly cool 078).jpgFlushing, QueensNY1661 c.ResidentialListed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
Reverend James Keith ParsonageReverend James Keith Parsonage, West Bridgewater MA.jpgWest BridgewaterMA1662ResidentialPreserved and maintained by the Old Bridgewater Historical Society.
Bray HouseOld Bray House, Kittery Point, ME.jpgKittery PointME1662 c.ResidentialOldest house in Maine.
Bronck HouseBronck-house.jpgCoxsackieNY1663ResidentialOldest house in upstate New York.
Richard Jackson HouseJackson House, Portsmouth, NH.jpgPortsmouthNH1664ResidentialOldest house in New Hampshire.[9]
Pickman HousePickmanHouse Salem Massachusetts.jpgSalemMA1664ResidentialLocated on Charter Street behind the Peabody Essex Museum, the oldest continually operated museum in America. The house abuts the Witch Memorial and is also next to the second oldest burying ground in America. The house is private, owned by the Peabody Essex Museum and not open for tours.
Gedney HouseGedney House (exterior) - Salem, Massachusetts.JPGSalemMA1665ResidentialAllegedly the second oldest house in the City of Salem, located in the Chestnut Street District and operated as a non-profit museum by Historic New England. The house is rarely open to the public, though private tours can be arranged.
Bacon's CastleBacons Castle 2006.jpgSurryVA1665ResidentialOldest building with satisfactorily credible age authentication and in reasonably decent or better condition (i.e., not a ruin or partial building) still standing in the Commonwealth of Virginia; also possibly the oldest brick building still standing in the United States.
Billiou-Stillwell-Perine HousePerine-house.JPGStaten IslandNY1665 c.ResidentialBuilt by Pierre Billiou, a French Heugenot pioneer, the house is now a museum.
Alexander Standish HouseAlexander Standish House in Duxbury MA.jpgDuxburyMA1666ResidentialHome of the son of Pilgrim Capt. Miles Standish.
Jabez Howland HouseJabez Howland House in Plymouth MA.jpgPlymouthMA1667ResidentialOnly extant house in Plymouth occupied by Pilgrims. John Howland and his wife, Elizabeth Tilley Howland, who both came over on the Mayflower, spent their winters here with their son, Jabez, one of their 10 children. Also a National Historic Landmark.[10]
House of the Seven GablesHouse of the Seven Gables (front angle) - Salem, Massachusetts.jpgSalemMA1668ResidentialNational Historic Landmark, setting of the Nathaniel Hawthorne novel.
Chaplin-Clarke HouseChaplin-Clarke House, Rowley MA.jpgRowleyMA1670ResidentialListed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Stanton-Davis Homestead MuseumStantonDavis.JPGStoningtonCT1670–1700FarmhouseThe farm has been worked every year since 1654.
Ephraim Hawley HouseEphraim Hawley House Jan 2011.JPGTrumbullCT1670–90ResidentialOldest house in the historic area of Nichols.
Newport TowerDSCN3887 newporttower e.jpgNewportRI1670 c. (disputed to be older)CommercialColonial windmill.[11] No roof or floors since the mid-18th century.
Nehemiah Royce HouseNehemiah Royce House, Wallingford, Connecticut.JPGWallingfordCT1672ResidentialA typical saltbox, this house was visited by George Washington in 1775.
Castillo de San MarcosFort2.jpgSt. AugustineFL1672–95GovernmentOldest masonry fortification in the United States.
White Horse TavernWhite Horse Tavern Newport.JPGNewportRI1673TavernOldest tavern in America.[12]
Old Trinity Church, MarylandMaryland Cambridge Old Trinity Church01.jpgChurch Creek, MarylandMD1675ReligiousChurch building in continuous use; as such, oldest in the US.[13]
Narbonne HouseNarbonne House - Salem, Massachusetts.JPGSalemMA1675ResidentialOn the Waterfront in Salem and owned by the National Park Service.
Conference HouseConference-house-staten-island.jpgStaten IslandNY1675 c.ResidentialOnly pre-Revolutionary manor house still surviving in New York City.
Hoxie HouseHoxie House, Sandwich, Massachusetts.jpgSandwichMA1675 c.ResidentialOne of the oldest houses on Cape Cod.
The Witch HouseThe witch house salem 2009.JPGSalemMA1675 c.ResidentialAlso called the Jonathan Corwin House, this was the home of Judge Jonathan Corwin [14] and is the only structure still standing in Salem, Massachusetts with direct ties to the Salem witch trials of 1692.[15] Even though Jonathan Corwin's descendants claim the house was built in 1642, most historians now believe the house was built c.1675.[16] The house, located in the Chestnut Street District, is now a museum operated by the City of Salem and is open seasonally.
Harlow Old Fort HouseHarlow Old Fort House in Plymouth MA.jpgPlymouthMA1677ResidentialBuilt in 1677 by Sergeant William Harlow, using timbers from the Pilgrims' original fort on Burial Hill.
Edward Searle HouseSearle.Edward.House.Oaklawn.RI.20110721.jpgCranstonRI1677ResidentialThe house was rebuilt in 1677 on the site of the original 1670 structure, destroyed by Native Americans during King Philip's War.
John Whipple HouseIpswich 004.jpgIpswichMA1677ResidentialIn 2005 a dendrochronology test determined that the earliest surviving part of the house was actually built in 1677. A major addition of roughly equal size was built in 1690, and there are various later additions.
Smith's CastleSmith's Castle, Wickford, RI.jpgWickfordRI1678ResidentialOne of the oldest houses in Rhode Island, now a museum.
Rebecca Nurse HomesteadRebeccaNurseHouse.jpgDanversMA1678 c.ResidentialRebecca Nurse, executed in the Salem witch trials of 1692, was the most notable resident.
Clement Weaver HouseClement Weaver House Daniel Howland House in East Greenwich RI.jpgEast GreenwichRI1679ResidentialOldest privately owned house in Rhode Island.[17]
John Balch HouseJohn Balch House - Beverly, Massachusetts.JPGBeverlyMA1679 c.ResidentialJohn Balch received the deed to the land on which the house sits in 1635; the building was constructed by Balch's son and grandson in 1678/1679,[18] and is one of the oldest continuously privately deeded properties in the United States. The original structure in the front dates to 1679, while the back half addition is dated to 1721;[18] these data have been verified using dendrochronology.
Peak HousePeak House, Medfield MA.jpgMedfield, MassachusettsMA1680ResidentialOne of the earliest surviving examples of Post-medieval English (Elizabethan) architecture in the United States. Was originally built in 1651 but was reconstructed after it was burned down during King Philip's War.
Paul Revere HousePaul Revere House side view.jpgBostonMA1680 c.ResidentialOldest building in downtown Boston.[19]
William Penn Guest HouseNew CastleDE1680 c.ResidentialOldest buildings in New Castle.[citation needed] Purportedly where William Penn lodged after first arrival in America.
Old Ship ChurchOld Ship Church Postcard.jpgHinghamMA1681ReligiousOldest church in continuous ecclesiastical use in the United States; only remaining 17th century Puritan meeting house in America.[20]
St. Luke's ChurchNewport parish west facade.jpgSmithfieldVA1682ReligiousRecent dendrochronology studies confirm the 1682 date of this National Historic Landmark.[21]
Wall HouseWall house front.JPGCheltenham TownshipPA1682ResidentialPossibly the oldest stone house in Pennsylvania. Built for Richard Wall, the founder of Cheltenham Township.
Third Haven Meeting HouseThirdhaven.jpgTalbot CountyMD1682ReligiousOldest Quaker meeting house in the United States.
Parson Capen HouseParson Capen House - Topsfield, Massachusetts.JPGTopsfieldMA1683ResidentialThe house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960.[22] The Topsfield Historical Society currently operates it as a historic house museum.[23]
Caleb Pusey HouseACalebPuseyHouse.JPGUplandPA1683ResidentialOnly extant building known to have been visited by William Penn. Completed in 1696.
Old Indian Meeting HouseOld Indian Meetinghouse.jpgMashpeeMA1684ReligiousOldest Native American church.
John Ward HouseJohn Ward House.jpgSalemMA1684ResidentialThe John Ward House is a National Historic Landmark at 132 Essex Street in Salem, Massachusetts, located in the Downtown Salem District and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1968.
Old Dutch Church of Sleepy HollowOld Dutch Church, Sleepy Hollow, NY.jpgSleepy HollowNY1685ReligiousOldest church in the State of New York.
Jethro Coffin HouseJethro Coffin House, Sunset Hill, Nantucket (Nantucket County, Massachusetts).jpgNantucketMA1686ResidentialOldest house on Nantucket.[24] It was declared a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1968.[22][25]
William Murray HouseWilliam Murray House.jpgSalemMA1688ResidentialA historic house at 39 Essex Street.
Wilbor HouseWilbor House in Little Compton RI.jpgLittle ComptonRI1690ResidentialAdded to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, the house serves as the headquarters of the Little Compton Historical Society.
Acadian HouseAcadian House Northwest View HABS 1936.jpgGuilfordCT1690 c.ResidentialThe house gets its name after the Acadians who resided there following the 1755 Great Expulsion.[26]
Farmar MillMathersMillPA.JPGFort WashingtonPA1690 c.MillOldest surviving mill in Pennsylvania.
Spencer-Peirce-Little FarmSpencer-Peirce-Little Farm (front) - Newbury, Massachusetts.JPGNewburyMA1690 c.ResidentialOne of the oldest stone buildings in New England, now a nonprofit museum.
Hyland-Wildman HouseHylandhouse guilfordct.jpgGuilfordCT1690–1710 c.ResidentialOpen to the public since 1918.[27] Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.
Old Quaker Meeting HouseOld-quaker-house-flushing.jpgFlushing, QueensNY1694ReligiousThe only surviving example in New York State of a typical 17th century ecclesiastical frame structure of medieval design.[28]
Pink HousePink-house-charleston-sc1.jpgCharlestonSC1694–1712ResidentialBuilt by John Breton in the city's French Quarter, the house is one of the oldest buildings in South Carolina and the oldest building in Charleston.
Wren BuildingRear view of the Wren Building, College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, USA (2008-04-23).jpgWilliamsburgVA1695SchoolOldest school building in America, original The College of William & Mary structure.[29]
Merion Friends Meeting HouseMerion Friends Meeting House, 615 Montgomery Avenue (changed from Montgomery Avenue & Meetinghouse Lane), Merion Station (Montgomery County, Pennsylvania).jpgMerion StationPA1695ReligiousOne of the oldest Quaker meeting houses in America.
Holy Trinity ChurchOld Swedes Front.JPGWilmingtonDE1698–9ReligiousOldest Swedish church in the United States. The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961.[22]
Great Friends Meeting HouseNewport Friends Meetinghouse.JPGNewportRI1699ReligiousExpanded in 1730, 1807, 1857, and 1867 to accommodate the New England Yearly Meeting of Friends.
Hoyt-Barnum HouseHoyt-BarnumHouse.jpgStamfordCT1699 c.ResidentialThe builder was a descendant of one of the original founders of Stamford. The structure is owned and maintained as a museum by the Stamford Historical Society.
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') ChurchGloria Dei Church.jpgPhiladelphiaPA1700ReligiousOldest surviving church in Philadelphia.
Edward Morgan Log HouseMorgan Log House.jpgTowamencinPA1700ResidentialHome to the maternal grandfather of Daniel Boone.
Buttolph-Williams HouseButtolph-Williams House.jpgWethersfieldCT1711ResidentialOne of the oldest surviving homes in Wethersfield, declared a National Historic Landmark in 1968.[30]
The Powder MagazinePowderMagazine.jpgCharlestonSC1713GovernmentOldest public building in South Carolina. The Powder Magazine Museum.
Old State HouseOld State House Boston Massachusetts2.jpgBostonMA1713GovernmentOldest surviving public building in Boston. The Bostonian Society Museum.
Perth Amboy City HallPerth Amboy City HallPerth AmboyNJ1714–7GovernmentOldest city hall in USA.
Massachusetts HallHarvard University Old Hall.jpgCambridgeMA1718–20SchoolOldest extant building at Harvard University.
Garretson Forge and FarmPeterGarretsonFarmhouse.jpgFair LawnNJ1720ResidentialOne of the oldest homes in Bergen County, New Jersey.
Wayside CottageScarsdaleNY1720 c.ResidentialOne of the oldest houses in Westchester County, NY. Owned and operated by the Junior League of Central Westchester.
Gonzalez-Alvarez HouseSt Aug NHL Gonzalez-Alvarez01.jpgSt. AugustineFL1723 c.ResidentialOldest house in St. Augustine, the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.[31]
Alamo Mission Long BarracksAlamo 1920.jpgSan AntonioTX1724 c.ReligiousThe Alamo Chapel and Priests quarters and convent (Long Barracks) in San Antonio. In the center of the surrounding area are the remains of the "Long Barracks" which were constructed 20 years before the Chapel. Founded in 1718 and moved to present site 1724.
Reuben Brown HouseReubenBrownHouse.JPGConcordMA1725ResidentialBuilt in 1725 by the town saddler, Reuben Brown. There is also a strong tradition that the house was the home of Peter Bulkeley, which is why the house is often referred to as the Peter Bulkeley / Reuben Brown House. The evidence is still unclear whether or not the Bulkeleys did build the house some 300 years ago. What historians can conclude, however, is that the house was either completely updated or built by Reuben Brown in 1725, since most of the house's present features are typical of houses from 1700 to 1730.
Fort NiagaraFrench castle at Fort Niagara 2.JPGYoungstownNY1726FortificationBuilt in 1726 by the French as a "house of peace". Taken by the British in 1759, the fledgling United States regained control by treaty in 1796. It was lost to the British in 1813, but was relinquished as a result of the Treaty of Ghent, and has remained in the hands of the United States ever since.
FindowrieAlbemarle CountyVA1730ResidentialClaimed as the oldest unaltered residence in Virginia.[citation needed]
Ephrata CloisterEphrata cloister.jpgLancaster CountyPA1732ReligiousLast surviving resident of the Ephrata Cloister religious community died on July 27, 2008, at the age of 98.
Oxford FurnaceOxford Furnace.jpgOxford TownshipNJ1741FurnaceFirst hot blast furnace in the United States.
Fort MatanzasFt Matanzas 2008.JPGSt. Johns CountyFL1740–2PresidioDesignated a United States National Monument on October 15, 1924.[32]
Old Ursuline ConventChartres14Jan2008UrsulineConvent.jpgNew OrleansLA1748 (or 1752)ReligiousConsidered the oldest building in Louisiana.[25]
Presidio La BahíaPresidio La Bahía.jpgGoliadTX1749PresidioThe best preserved Spanish presidio in the United States.
Mount Holly FirehouseOld firehouse mt holly.jpgMount HollyNJ1752FirehouseOldest firehouse in the USA, established by what is now the oldest continuously operating volunteer fire department in the USA.[33][34]
Fort de Chartres Powder MagazineFort de Chartres powder magazine 1-02Aug07.jpgPrairie du RocherIL1753–1756GovernmentOldest building in Illinois.[35]
Proprietary HouseProprietaryHousePerthAmboy.JPGPerth AmboyNJ1762GovernmentOldest remaining colonial proprietary governor's residence in the original Thirteen States.
Touro SynagogueTouro external.pngNewportRI1763ReligiousOldest synagogue building in the United States.[36]
Fort Pitt BlockhouseBouquet blockhouse.JPGPittsburghPA1764GovernmentOldest structure in Pittsburgh. One of the oldest colonial structures west of the Allegheny mountains.
Sandy Hook LightSH Light crop.jpgSandy HookNJ1764LighthouseOldest original lighthouse in USA.
Maryland State House1Maryland State Capitol Bldg..JPGAnnapolisMD1772GovernmentOldest state house in continuous use in the United States.
Mission San Juan CapistranoMSJC by John Gutzon-Borglum.jpgSan Juan CapistranoCA1776MissionOldest surviving building in California.
Joel Eddins HouseHuntsvilleAL1808ResidentialPossibly the oldest surviving building in Alabama.[37]
Burlington County PrisonBurlington County Prison, 128 High Street, Mount Holly (Burlington County, New Jersey).jpgMount HollyNJ1811PrisonPossibly oldest prison building, which operated from 1811 to 1965.
Cataldo MissionCataldo Church.JPGCataldoID1848MissionOldest standing building in Idaho.
Louisville Water TowerLouisville water tower.jpgLouisvilleKY1856Public UtilityOldest ornamental water tower in the world.
Fort MiserySHARLOT HALL MUSEUM.jpgPrescottAZ1865 c.Cabin/Fort

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About - taospueblo.com". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  2. ^ "Old Santa Fe: A Brief Review of History, 1536-1912" by James J. Raciti (2003) pg. 38
  3. ^ "San Miguel Mission". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  4. ^ Elsie Lathrop "Historic Houses of Early America" (Kessinger, New York: 2006) pg. 218 (accessed on Google Book Search)". 
  5. ^ [Elsie Lathrop "Historic Houses of Early America" (Kessinger, New York: 2006) pg. 305 (accessed on Google Book Search)]
  6. ^ "Historic Churches of America" - Page 8 by Nellie Urner Wallington (1907)
  7. ^ "National Park Service - Explorers and Settlers (Pennsylvania)". Nps.gov. 2005-03-22. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  8. ^ "Guide to New York City Landmarks" - Page 270 by Andrew Dolkart, Matthew A. Postal (2003)
  9. ^ "Directory of Historic House Museums in the United States" Page 209 by Patricia Chambers Walker, Thomas Graham (1999)
  10. ^ "The Pilgrim John Howland Society - The Jabez Howland House". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  11. ^ William F. McNeil, "Visitors to Ancient America" (McFarland: 2004), 78.
  12. ^ Architecture and Town Planning in Colonial North America - Page 1036 by James D. Kornwolf, Georgiana Wallis Kornwolf (2002)
  13. ^ "Old Trinity Church HABS MD No. 201". Historic American Buildings Survey. US National Park Service. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "The Jonathan Corwin House (1675) | Historic Buildings of Massachusetts". Mass.historicbuildingsct.com. 2008-11-26. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  15. ^ "The Witch House (Jonathan Corwin House), Salem, Massachusetts". Salemweb.com. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  16. ^ "City of Salem, MA - The Witch House". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  17. ^ "Home". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  18. ^ a b "The Salem News".  Retrieved on December 31, 2011.
  19. ^ "The Paul Revere House". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  20. ^ National Park Service description of Old Ship Church
  21. ^ "Modern Perspectives in Western Art History: An Anthology - Page 315 by W. Eugene Kleinbauer, Medieval Academy of America - 1989
  22. ^ a b c "Parson Capen House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  23. ^ "Parson Capen House". Topsfield Historical Society. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  24. ^ Oldest House of the Nantucket Historical Association
  25. ^ a b Patricia Heintzelman and Charles Snell (January 23, 1975). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Jethro Coffin House PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying five photos, exterior and interior, historic and from 1974 PDF (32 KB)
  26. ^ Acadians-Guilford, Albert Lafreniere website retrieved on 2009-05-13
  27. ^ Hyland House website retrieved on 2009-05-11 Hyland House
  28. ^ National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, 1970
  29. ^ "The Wren Building". College of William & Mary. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  30. ^ "Buttolph-Williams House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  31. ^ "Oldest House Museum". Florida Heritage Tourism Interactive Catalog. Florida's Office of Cultural and Historical Programs. 2007-09-23. 
  32. ^ Luis R. Arana; Jean Parker Waterbury (1999). Defenses and Defenders at St. Augustine: A Collection of Writings. St. Augustine Historial Society. p. 145. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  33. ^ "Mount Holly Fire Department". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  34. ^ "Oldest Operating Department | FireHistory.org". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  35. ^ "Fort de Chartres - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  36. ^ Pencak, William (2005). Jews & Gentiles in Early America: 1654–1800. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press., pg. 92, 95 ISBN 0-472-11454-9.
  37. ^ http://www.burrittonthemountain.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=37&Itemid=124&limitstart=12/

External links[edit]