Okada Cabinet

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The Okada Cabinet (岡田内閣 Okada naikaku?) governed the Empire of Japan under the leadership of prime minister Keisuke Okada from 1934 to 1936. Okada was appointed on July 8, 1934 after predecessor Saitō Makoto had resigned over the Teijin Incident. Okada's appointment dashed hopes for a revival of political party influence, his cabinet was the second "national unity cabinet" (kyokoku itchi naikaku) after the Saitō Cabinet that had marked the end of the party rule of the 1920s and early 1930s, the so-called Taishō Democracy. Key ministers came from the bureaucracy and the military, other posts were held by politicians mostly from the minority Minseitō and the Shōwakai, a militarist breakaway group from the majority Seiyūkai that had refused to let its members join the Okada Cabinet.

After the attempted coup d'état in the February 26 Incident in 1936, the Okada Cabinet resigned. Following Genrō Kinmochi Saionji's recommendation, the emperor appointed foreign minister Kōki Hirota as successor leading to the formation of the Hirota Cabinet, another "national unity cabinet".

Okada Cabinet from July 8, 1934 to March 9, 1936
PortfolioMinisterBackgroundImperial Diet membership
Prime MinisterAdmiral Keisuke OkadaRetired Admiral of the Imperial Navy
Foreign AffairsKōki HirotaBureaucrat (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Internal AffairsFumio GotōBureaucrat (Ministry of Internal Affairs)House of Peers (Imperial appointment)
FinanceSadanobu Fujii (until November 27, 1934)Bureaucrat (Ministry of Finance)
Viscount Korekiyo Takahashi (until February 26, 1936)Politician– (formerly House of Peers, House of Representatives (Seiyūkai (expelled), Iwate))
Chūji MachidaPoliticianHouse of Representatives (Minseitō, Akita 1st district)
ArmyGeneral Senjūrō Hayashi (until September 5, 1935)Army
General Yoshiyuki KawashimaArmy
NavyAdmiral Mineo ŌsumiNavy
JusticeNaoshi OharaBureaucrat (Ministry of Justice)
EducationGenji Matsuda (until February 1, 1936)PoliticianHouse of Representatives (Minseitō, Ōita 1)
Takukichi KawasakiPolitician (Minseitō, former Ministry of Internal Affairs bureaucrat)House of Peers (Imperial appointment)
Agriculture and ForestryTatsunosuke YamazakiPoliticianHouse of Representatives (Seiyūkai (expelled)→Shōwakai, Fukuoka 3)
Commerce and IndustryChūji MachidaPoliticianHouse of Representatives (Minseitō, Akita 1)
CommunicationsTakejirō Tokonami (until September 8, 1935)PoliticianHouse of Representatives (Seiyūkai (expelled), Kagoshima 1)
Admiral Keisuke Okada (until September 12, 1935)Navy
Keisuke MochizukiPoliticianHouse of Representatives (Seiyūkai (expelled)→Shōwakai, Hiroshima 2)
RailwaysNobuya UchidaPoliticianHouse of Representatives (Seiyūkai (expelled)→Shōwakai, Ibaraki 1)
ColoniesAdmiral Keisuke Okada (until October 25, 1935)Navy
Count Hideo KodamaBureaucrat (Ministry of the Colonies)House of Peers
Cabinet SecretariatIsao Kawada (until October 20, 1934)Bureaucrat (Ministry of Finance)House of Peers (Imperial appointment)
Shigeru Yoshida (until May 11, 1935)Bureaucrat (Ministry of Internal Affairs)
Takesuke ShiraneBureaucrat (Ministry of Internal Affairs)
Cabinet Legislation BureauTokujirō Kanamori (until January 11, 1936)Bureaucrat (Ministry of Finance/Cabinet Legislation Bureau)
Hachirō ŌhashiBureaucrat (Ministry of Communications)House of Peers

Note: House of Representatives membership as of 1934, not accounting for changes in the February 1936 general election.

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