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The Octoraro Railroad was a shortline railroad that operated in Pennsylvania in the 1980s and 1990s.
The company was formed in 1977 and operated freight trains on the Octoraro Branch, a former Pennsylvania Railroad branch line (subsequently owned by SEPTA) that ran from Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania to the state line near Sylmar, Maryland.
At Chadds Ford, connection was made with a former Reading Company (Wilmington and Northern Railroad) branch.
The Octoraro Railroad ceased operations on June 30, 1994. The Delaware Valley Railway acquired the Octoraro Railroad on July 1, 1994.
Delaware Valley, a subsidiary of RailAmerica, operated the line until 1999, followed by the Brandywine Valley Railroad (BVRY). The Morristown and Erie Railway provided freight service from July 1, 2003 to November 18, 2004, but operated under the trade name of Octoraro Railroad. East Penn Railway took over operation in 2004 and purchased the right of way from SEPTA. In 2007 the company merged to become East Penn Railroad and continues to operate the Octoraro line.