In March 2010, Roche announced the suspension of clinical trials in rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus. This step followed excess deaths due to opportunistic infections. Development for multiple sclerosis continues.
In October 2010, Roche announced 24-week results from the PhII study in relapse remitting MS. The drug demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in disease activity as measured by brain lesions (measured by MRI scans) and relapse rate compared to placebo. Both doses (200 mg and 600 mg) were well tolerated.
^Kausar, F; Mustafa, K; Sweis, G; Sawaqed, R; Alawneh, K; Salloum, R; Badaracco, M; Niewold, TB; Sweiss, NJ (2009). "Ocrelizumab: a step forward in the evolution of B-cell therapy". Expert opinion on biological therapy9 (7): 889–95. doi:10.1517/14712590903018837. PMID19463076.
^Clinical trial number NCT00539838 for "A Study to Evaluate Two Doses of Ocrelizumab in Patients With Active Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (BEGIN)" at ClinicalTrials.gov
^Clinical trial number NCT00676715 for "A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Ocrelizumab in Patients With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis" at ClinicalTrials.gov
^Hutas, G (2008). "Ocrelizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against CD20 for inflammatory disorders and B-cell malignancies". Current opinion in investigational drugs (London, England : 2000)9 (11): 1206–15. PMID18951300.