Nyngan, New South Wales

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Nyngan
New South Wales
Nyngan-Court-House.JPG
Court house, Nyngan
Nyngan is located in New South Wales
Nyngan
Population:1,975 (2006 Census)[1]
Postcode:2825
Coordinates:31°34′S 147°12′E / 31.567°S 147.2°E / -31.567; 147.2Coordinates: 31°34′S 147°12′E / 31.567°S 147.2°E / -31.567; 147.2
Elevation:173 m (568 ft)
Location:
  • 576 km (358 mi) NW of Sydney
  • 167 km (104 mi) NW of Dubbo
  • 133 km (83 mi) E of Cobar
LGA:Bogan Shire
State/territory electorate(s):Barwon
Federal Division(s):Parkes
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
25.7 °C
78 °F
11.6 °C
53 °F
438.9 mm
17.3 in
 
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Nyngan
New South Wales
Nyngan-Court-House.JPG
Court house, Nyngan
Nyngan is located in New South Wales
Nyngan
Population:1,975 (2006 Census)[1]
Postcode:2825
Coordinates:31°34′S 147°12′E / 31.567°S 147.2°E / -31.567; 147.2Coordinates: 31°34′S 147°12′E / 31.567°S 147.2°E / -31.567; 147.2
Elevation:173 m (568 ft)
Location:
  • 576 km (358 mi) NW of Sydney
  • 167 km (104 mi) NW of Dubbo
  • 133 km (83 mi) E of Cobar
LGA:Bogan Shire
State/territory electorate(s):Barwon
Federal Division(s):Parkes
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
25.7 °C
78 °F
11.6 °C
53 °F
438.9 mm
17.3 in

Nyngan [pr: ning-g'n] is a town in the centre of New South Wales, Australia. It is located in the Bogan Shire Local Government Area within the Orana Region of central New South Wales. At the 2006 census, Nyngan had a population of 1,975 people.[1] Nyngan is situated on the Bogan River between Narromine and Bourke, on the junction of the Mitchell Highway and Barrier Highway, 583 km north-west of Sydney. The Barrier Highway starts at Nyngan, and runs west to Cobar and on through Wilcannia and Broken Hill into South Australia.

It is on the Main Western railway line of New South Wales but is no longer served by passenger trains. The line remains open to freight traffic.

About 70 kilometres south of the town a cairn has been erected to mark the geographical centre of New South Wales.[2]

Contents

History

The district was originally inhabited by the Ngiyambaa Aborigines. Thomas Mitchell explored the Bogan River in 1835, camping on the future townsite. He recorded the local Aboriginal word nyingan, said to mean 'long pond of water', though other meanings have been put forward, such as mussel or crayfish.[3] Squatters had settled in Mitchell's wake before he had begun his return journey.[4]

The 1990 Nyngan floods

In April 1990, unusually heavy rains caused major flooding in the town, despite a massive effort by local people to build levee walls using sandbags. With the town almost completely flooded, all the residents had to be evacuated by helicopter from the railway station, the highest point of the town, which was not flooded. Army helicopters, TV news helicopters and private helicopters all co-operated in the airlift. The total damage amounted to $50 million. The airlift is commemorated by an Army helicopter placed outside of the Nyngan Railway Station. Ironically, the flood damage to railway tracks provided the justification to withdraw passenger railway services to Nyngan and the railway station is now a museum.[5]

Gallery

References

Preceding station NSW Main lines Following station
towards Bourke
Main Western Line
towards Sydney
Preceding station NSW Branch lines Following station
Tikkara
towards Cobar
Cobar LineTerminus