Nuevo Laredo

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Nuevo Laredo
Coat of arms of Nuevo Laredo
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Chuparrosa (Hummingbird)
Puerta a México (Door to Mexico)
Motto: Siempre con la Patria (Always with the Motherland)
Ciudad con Valor (City with Courage)
Location Nuevo Laredo within Tamaulipas
Location Nuevo Laredo within Tamaulipas
Location of Tamaulipas within Mexico
Location of Tamaulipas within Mexico
Country Mexico
State Tamaulipas
MunicipalityNuevo Laredo Coat of Arms.png Nuevo Laredo Municipality
Settled1755
Established1847
Government
 • Presidente MunicipalCarlos Enrique Canturosas Villarreal
Area
 • City1,334.02 km2 (515.07 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • City373,725
 • Metro636,516
 metro area includes Laredo, Texas, Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Colombia, Nuevo León, & Villa Hidalgo, Coahuila
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CST (UTC-5)
Codigo Postal88000
Area code(s)867
WebsiteMunicipio de Nuevo Laredo
Airport: Quetzalcoatl International Airport MMNL
 
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For other uses, see Municipality of Nuevo Laredo.
Nuevo Laredo
Coat of arms of Nuevo Laredo
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Chuparrosa (Hummingbird)
Puerta a México (Door to Mexico)
Motto: Siempre con la Patria (Always with the Motherland)
Ciudad con Valor (City with Courage)
Location Nuevo Laredo within Tamaulipas
Location Nuevo Laredo within Tamaulipas
Location of Tamaulipas within Mexico
Location of Tamaulipas within Mexico
Country Mexico
State Tamaulipas
MunicipalityNuevo Laredo Coat of Arms.png Nuevo Laredo Municipality
Settled1755
Established1847
Government
 • Presidente MunicipalCarlos Enrique Canturosas Villarreal
Area
 • City1,334.02 km2 (515.07 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • City373,725
 • Metro636,516
 metro area includes Laredo, Texas, Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Colombia, Nuevo León, & Villa Hidalgo, Coahuila
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CST (UTC-5)
Codigo Postal88000
Area code(s)867
WebsiteMunicipio de Nuevo Laredo
Airport: Quetzalcoatl International Airport MMNL

Nuevo Laredo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈnweβo laˈɾeðo]) is a city located in the Municipality of Nuevo Laredo in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. The city lies on the banks of the Rio Grande, across from the United States city of Laredo, Texas. The 2010 census population of the city was 373,725.[1] Nuevo Laredo is part of the Laredo-Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Area with a total population of 636,516. The municipality has an area of 1,334.02 km² (515.07 sq mi). Both the city and the municipality rank as the third largest in the state.

The city is connected to Laredo, Texas, across the Rio Grande (Rio Bravo) river by three international bridges and a rail bridge. The city is both larger and younger than its U.S. counterpart. It is the largest inland port in Mexico, just as its counterpart across the border is the busiest inland port(bridge crossing) in the United States. As an indication of its economic importance, one of Mexico's Banderas monumentales is located in the city (these flags have been established in state capitals and cities of significance).

History[edit]

Nuevo Laredo was part of the territory of the original settlement of Laredo (now in Texas) which was founded in 1755 by the Spaniard Don Tomás Sánchez in the northern part of the Rio Grande. The settlement's territory was granted to José de Escandón by the King of Spain, and the settlement's territory and population remained unified for 100 years, until the war of 1847, the Mexican–American War. In 1847, the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty divided the territory attached to Laredo between Texas and Mexico. New Laredo was founded on May 15, 1848, by seventeen Laredo families who wished to remain Mexican and therefore moved to the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. They identified with Mexico, its history and cultural customs, and decided to keep their Mexican citizenship. The founders of New Laredo even took with them the bones of their ancestors so they continued to rest in Mexican ground.

Drug-related violence[edit]

As a border town, Nuevo Laredo is known for its turf war in which drug cartels compete for control of the drug trade into United States. Nuevo Laredo is a lucrative drug corridor because of the large volume of trucks that pass through the area, and the multiple exploitable ports of entry.[2]

Nuevo Laredo is the base of Los Zetas, originally the armed wing of the Gulf Cartel; the two organizations separated in early 2010 and have been fighting for the control of the smuggling routes to the United States.[3] As of 2012, Los Zetas are thought to be Mexico's largest criminal organization.[4] Drug violence involving the Sinaloa and Gulf Cartels escalated in 2003, when the city was controlled by the Gulf Cartel. 2012 has seen an unprecedented series of mass murder attacks in the city between the Sinaloa Cartel and Gulf Cartel on one side and Los Zetas on the other.

Geography[edit]

Nuevo Laredo is located in the northern tip of Tamaulipas on the west end of the Rio Grande Plains. Rio Grande is the only source that supplies its citizens with water. El Coyote Creek supplies Nuevo Laredo's only natural lake El Laguito (The Small Lake). The area consists of a few hills and flat land covered with grass, oak, and mesquite.

Climate[edit]

Nuevo Laredo features a semiarid climate. Nuevo Laredo's weather is influenced by its proximity to the Chihuahuan Desert to the west, by the Sierra Madre Oriental mountains to the south and west, and by the Gulf of Mexico to the east. Much of the moisture from the Pacific is blocked by the Sierra Madre Oriental. Therefore most of the moisture derives from the Gulf of Mexico. Its geographic location causes Nuevo Laredo's weather to range from long periods of heat to sudden violent storms in a short period of time. Nuevo Laredo is cold for Tamaulipas standards during winter, the average daytime highs are around 66 °F (19 C) and overnight lows around 43 °F (6 C); although it is rare for snow to fall in Nuevo Laredo, there was actually snow on the ground for a few hours on the morning of Christmas Day 2004.

Nuevo Laredo experiences an average high temperature of about 99 °F (37 C), and an average low of about 75 °F (24 C) during summer, and 20 inches (510 mm) of rain per year. As Laredo sometimes undergoes drought, a water conservation ordinance was implemented in 2003.

Climate data for Nuevo Laredo
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)38.5
(101.3)
36.0
(96.8)
40.0
(104)
44.0
(111.2)
42.0
(107.6)
49.0
(120.2)
43.3
(109.9)
42.0
(107.6)
42.2
(108)
39.0
(102.2)
34.0
(93.2)
32.0
(89.6)
49
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F)17.9
(64.2)
21.1
(70)
26.4
(79.5)
30.5
(86.9)
32.8
(91)
35.6
(96.1)
36.8
(98.2)
36.7
(98.1)
33.3
(91.9)
28.8
(83.8)
23.5
(74.3)
19.0
(66.2)
28.5
(83.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)12.2
(54)
14.9
(58.8)
19.9
(67.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.1
(80.8)
29.9
(85.8)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
28.2
(82.8)
23.6
(74.5)
18.2
(64.8)
13.7
(56.7)
22.8
(73)
Average low °C (°F)6.4
(43.5)
8.8
(47.8)
13.5
(56.3)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
24.2
(75.6)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
23.1
(73.6)
18.3
(64.9)
12.9
(55.2)
8.3
(46.9)
17.1
(62.8)
Record low °C (°F)−7.9
(17.8)
−6.5
(20.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
2.5
(36.5)
0.0
(32)
16.5
(61.7)
15.0
(59)
18.5
(65.3)
11.3
(52.3)
5.0
(41)
−1.0
(30.2)
−10.0
(14)
−10
(14)
Precipitation mm (inches)20.1
(0.791)
27.2
(1.071)
16.1
(0.634)
46.9
(1.846)
69.8
(2.748)
67.6
(2.661)
33.0
(1.299)
55.0
(2.165)
78.4
(3.087)
69.4
(2.732)
25.5
(1.004)
18.9
(0.744)
527.9
(20.783)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)4.74.22.53.34.53.73.03.65.53.63.13.745.4
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[5]

Government[edit]

Nuevo Laredo is governed by an elected Cabildo, which is composed of the Presidente Municipal (Municipal President or Mayor), two Síndicos, and twenty Regidores. The PAN is currently in control of the city government. The Mayor is in charge of the municipal administration. The Síndicos supervise the municipal budget and expenditures, and the Regidores are elected by the party.

Public safety[edit]

Public safety is provided by three municipal departments: (1) municipal police (Dirección de Seguridad Ciudadana), (2) traffic control (Dirección de Seguridad Vial), and (3) the emergency services department (Dirección de Protección Civil, Bomberos y Desastres).[6]

Economy[edit]

The Monument to mothers in front of the Crowne Plaza Nuevo Laredo Hotel.

Nuevo Laredo (along with Laredo, Texas) is the most important trade border crossing of Latin America (approximately 8500 trucks cross the border each day).[7][8] Its geographical position has enabled this city to grow and specialize in the international trade business. Nuevo Laredo has a very developed logistics and transportation industry, complemented with a variety of hotel chains, restaurants and a cultural center where events such as the Tamaulipas International Festival take place.

Nuevo Laredo is located on the primary trade route connecting Canada, the United States and Mexico. Both Nuevo Laredo and Laredo, Texas are now the gateway to Mexico's burgeoning industrial complex, offering diverse markets, business opportunities and profit potential, which both business and industry cannot not find anywhere else. Nuevo Laredo is the only Mexico/U.S. border city strategically positioned at the convergence of all land transportation systems. The main highway and railroad leading from Central Mexico through Mexico City, San Luis Potosí, Saltillo and Monterrey join with two major U.S. rail lines at Nuevo Laredo and major American highway Interstate 35, thus offering fast access to the most important metropolitan areas and seaports of Texas, as well as northern states and Canada. For more than a decade, Mexico's economic policies have greatly increased Mexico/U.S. trade and cross-border production in the Nuevo Laredo area.

Seventy percent of all Mexican exports to the United States are exported through Nuevo Laredo. Nuevo Laredo is considered to be the largest inland port in Latin America. There are three bridges in the Nuevo Laredo area: International Bridge #1 (the oldest); International Bridge #2 (also known as Juarez-Lincoln; no pedestrians); International Bridge #3 (also known as the Free Trade or Libre Comercio Bridge; inaugurated in 1999; cargo only). Also the Colombia-Solidarity (Solidaridad) Bridge (located about 20 miles (32 km) NW of the city in Colombia, Nuevo León). There are no urban areas on either side of this bridge.

Education[edit]

The educational infrastructure amounted to 288 school sites which are 71 kindergartens, 148 elementary schools, 34 junior high schools, 14 high schools, 13 vocational schools and 12 universities.

Higher education[edit]

There are twelve universities in Nuevo Laredo. Undergraduate studies normally last at least 3 years, divided into semesters or quarters, depending on the college or university.

Every graduate gets a bachelor's degree (Licenciatura or Ingenieria). Some of these universities also offer postgraduate studies. A "maestría" is a 2-year degree after a bachelor's degree, which awards the title of Master (Maestro).

Nuevo Laredo has three teachers' schools:

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Nuevo Laredo is served by the Quetzalcóatl International Airport with daily flights to Mexico City. The neighboring Laredo International Airport in Laredo, Texas has daily flights to Houston (George Bush Intercontinental Airport) and to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport and Tri-weekly flights to Las Vegas, Nevada and bi-weekly seasonal (May–August) flights to Orlando, Florida.

Mass transit[edit]

Transporte Urbano de Nuevo Laredo (TUNL) is the mass transit system that operates in Nuevo Laredo with fixed routes with millions of passengers per year. TUNL works with a fleet of fixed route buses. TUNL hub is located in downtown Nuevo Laredo.

International bridges[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Major highways in Nuevo Laredo and their starting and ending points:

Nearby cities[edit]

CityPopulationDistance (km)
Laredo, Texas236,0910 mi (0 km)
Monclova, Coahuila294,191124 mi (199 km)
Monterrey, Nuevo León3,664,334125 mi (201 km)
Reynosa, Tamaulipas526,888130 mi (209 km)
Corpus Christi, Texas409,741131 mi (211 km)
San Antonio, Texas1,942,217154 mi (248 km)
Heroica Matamoros, Tamaulipas462,157167 mi (268 km)
Saltillo, Coahuila648,929181 mi (291 km)

People and culture[edit]

Parks and zoos[edit]

Parque Viveros (en:Viveros Park) is a 124-acre (0.50 km2) forest park that overlooks the Rio Grande on the eastern side of Nuevo Laredo. The park features a zoo, 2 large swimming pools, walking trails, picnic areas with bar-b-que pits and playgrounds.[9]

Theaters[edit]

Nuevo Laredo has three main theaters the "Centro Cultural", "Teatro de la Ciudad", and "Casa de Cultura". The Centro Cultural (en:Cultural Center), is Nuevo Laredo's main theater with a sitting capacity of 1,200 guests. The theater has presented high level shows high level, plays, concerts and dance recitals. The theater has a museum, library, and a cafeteria.[10] The Teatro de la Ciudad (en:City Theater) is a theater which presents plays, dance recitals, concerts and musical shows and special events.[10] The Casa de Cultura (en:House of Culture) houses music, painting, dance and literature workshops and also presents major artistic and cultural events such as art exhibitions, concerts, film samples, dance recitals and plays, among others.[10]

Sports[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Ciudad Deportiva Baseball Park

The Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo (Owls of Nuevo Laredo) formally known as the Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (Owls of the Two Laredos) were a Mexican Baseball League team that played in the Zona Norte (Northern Division) of the Mexican League until 2010. The Ciudad Deportiva was their home Baseball park which had a capacity of 12,000 fans. The Tecolotes returned to Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas for the 2008 season after a 4 years absence in the city when the team was transferred to Tijuana and renamed Potros de Tijuana (Tijuana Colts). The Rieleros from Aguascalientes were transferred to Nuevo Laredo as the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo.[11] The Tecolotes were the Mexican League Champions in 1953, 1954, 1958, 1977, and 1989 and were subchampions in 1945, 1955, 1959, 1985, 1987, 1992, 1993.

Parque la Junta (La Junta Park) is baseball field built in 1947 in Nuevo Laredo.[12] The ball park has a capacity of 6,000 people. The stadium was the home to the five-time champion Mexican Baseball League team Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (The Owls of the Two Laredos) from 1947 to 2003.

Football[edit]

The Bravos de Nuevo Laredo is a football club in the Mexican Football League Second Division in Nuevo Laredo. The Unidad Deportiva Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez Sport Complex) is their home stadium. The Bravos are an institution formed in 2004 by a groups of business people in Nuevo Laredo, whose objective is to organize a football team in the city with aspirations it will become a professional football club. This has been the first team to have all of their games transmitted live via internet through www.arcanasa.com up to the end of the 2010 tournament.[13]

The Ciudad Deportiva (Sports City) is a sports complex built in 2007 which main feature is a baseball park in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. It is home to the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo[14] Mexican Baseball League team. The Ciudad Deportiva can seat up to 12,000 fans at a baseball game. Phase one of this project has been completed which only included the Baseball Park. Phase II of this project will include a new soccer stadium within Mexican Primera Division standards for a possible expansion of one of its teams to Nuevo Laredo. Phase II also includes a gym that will seat 1,500 fans to enjoy basketball, volleyball, and gymnastics among other sports.[11]

Basketball[edit]

The Toros de Nuevo Laredo is a basketball team in Nuevo Laredo, playing in the Mexican professional league Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional (LNBP). The Toros de Nuevo Laredo play in the Ciudad Deportiva Indoor Stadium. They entered the league in 2009 to join the North Conference. Prior to the Toros de Nuevo Laredo, Nuevo Laredo had the Venados de Nuevo Laredo which played on the LNBP for the 2007–2008 season.

Entertainment[edit]

The city has a variety of tourist attractions such as:

There is a fairly large array of night-time entertainment venues. Most establishments (clubs, bars, and restaurants) are located in the historical district. Other restaurants (including chains such as Carl's Jr., Burguer king, KFC, and McDonald's) are located along Avenida Vicente Guerrero and Avenida Reforma. Nuevo Laredo has a red light district called Boy's Town, (or "La Zona").

The city has some malls like Paseo Reforma, it was opened in May 2008, this mall has many commercial establishment, like Wal-Mart Super Center, The Home Depot, and Cinépolis. Other shopping centers are, plaza Real, plaza 2 Laredos, plaza commercial La fe.

Online newspapers and media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

NameFrequencyLanguageCityWebsite
El Diario de Nuevo LaredoDailySpanishNuevo Laredodiario.net
El Mañana (Nuevo Laredo)DailySpanishNuevo Laredoelmanana.com.mx
LareDOSMonthlyEnglishLaredolaredosnews.com
Laredo Morning TimesDailyEnglishLaredolmtonline.com
Laredo SunOnline NewspaperEnglishLaredolaredosun.us
LiderDailySpanishNuevo Laredoliderinformativo.com
Primera HoraDailySpanishNuevo Laredoprimerahora.com
Última HoraDailySpanishNuevo Laredoultimahora.com

Television[edit]

CHVCDTCallsignNetworkCity of LicenseOfficial Website
22.117.1XEFETelevisa localNuevo Laredo
8.18.1KGNSNBC–HDLaredopro8news.com
8.28.2KGNS-DT2ABC–HDLaredokgns.tv
8.38.3KGNS-DT3TelemundoLaredotelemundo.com
10.1CP10.1CPK10QK-DCarismaTVLaredofeypoder.com
1111.125.1XHBRCanal de las Estrellas–HDNuevo Laredoesmas.com
13.113.1KVTVCBS–HDLaredocbs.com
14.314.3KNEXTestingLaredo
15.115.1KLMVBVBLaredobuenav.net
15.215.2KLMV-LD2TeLe-RomanticaLaredobuenav.net
15.315.3KLMV-LD3TelevidaLaredobuenav.net
15.415.4KLMV-LD4Vida VisionLaredobuenav.net
2121.150.1XHLNAAzteca Trece–HDNuevo Laredotvazteca.com
21.250.2XHLNA-TDT2Proyecto 40–HDNuevo Laredoproyecto40.com
27.119.1KLDOUnivision–HDLaredokldotv.com
27.219.2KLDO-DT2LATVLaredokldotv.com
31.131.1KETFUniMásLaredoketftv.com
3333.151.1XHLATAzteca 7–HDNuevo Laredotvazteca.com
39.127.3KXOF-CDFox–HDMyNet–HDLaredomyfoxlaredo.com
39.227.4KXOF-CD2MundoFoxLaredomyfoxlaredo.com
4545.132.1XHNATMultimedios PlusNuevo Laredomultimedios.tv
45.232.2XHNAT-TDT2Milenio TV–HDNuevo Laredomilenio.tv
45.332.3XHNAT-TDT3TeleRitmoNuevo Laredomultimedios.tv
5757.138.1XHLARTelevisa Nuevo Laredo-HDNuevo Laredotelevisa.com

AM radio[edit]

FrequencyCallsignBrandCity of LicenseWebsiteWebcast
530WPMQ285TxDOT HARLaredo
790XEFELa Mera LeyNuevo Laredolisten live
890KVOZRadio CristianaLaredolanuevaradiocristiana.com
960XEKLa GrandeNuevo Laredoxek.comlisten live
1000XENLTRadio FormulaNuevo Laredoradioformula.com
1090XEWLW-RadioNuevo Laredowradio.com.mxlisten live
1300KLARRadio PoderLaredofeypoder.comlisten live
1340XEBKexa FMNuevo Laredoexafm.com.mx
1370XEGNKRadio MexicanaNuevo Laredolisten live
1410XEASKe BuenaNuevo Laredokebuena.comlisten live
1490KLNTESPN RadioLaredo
1550XENULa RancheritaNuevo Laredolisten live
1610WPMQ285TxDOT HARLaredo

Long range AM stations[edit]

The following Clear Channel AM stations can be heard in Laredo:

FrequencyCallsignBrandCity of LicenseWebsiteWebcast
680KKYXCountry Legends 680San Antoniokkyx.comlisten live
720KSAHNorteño 720San Antonio
740KTRHNewsradio 740 KTRHHoustonktrh.comlisten live
760KTKRTicket 760 AMSan Antonioticket760.comlisten live
990XETLa T GrandeMonterreylisten live
1030KCTAKCTA 1030 AMCorpus Christikctaradio.comlisten live
1050XEGRanchera de MonterreyMonterreyrancherademonterrey.comlisten live
1140XEMRMR DeportesMonterrey
1200WOAINews Radio 1200San Antonioradio.woai.comlisten live
1210KUBRRadio CristianaSan Juan •listen live
1530KGBTLa Tremenda 1530Harlingenlatremenda1530.com

FM radio[edit]

FrequencyCallsignBrandFormatCity of LicenseWebsiteWebcast
88.1KHOYCatholic RadioReligiousLaredokhoy.orglisten live
88.9XHLDORadio TamaulipasPublic RadioNuevo Laredotamaulipas.goblisten live
89.9KBNLRadio ManantialSpanish ReligiousLaredokbnl.com
91.3XHNOEStereo 91.3 FMSpanish ContemporaryNuevo Laredoxhnoe.comlisten live
92.7KJBZZ93TejanoLaredoz933.com
94.1XHTLNImagen / RMX LaredoTalk / ContemporaryNuevo Laredormx.com.mxlisten live
94.9KQURThe WorksMainstream RockLaredo949theworks.comlisten live
95.7XHBKExa FMSpanish ContemporaryNuevo Laredo
96.5XHTWORadio TWONorteño/ContemporaryNuevo Laredo
97.1XHNLOMultimedios RadioSpanish ContemporaryNuevo Laredommradio.comlisten live
98.1KRRGBig Buck CountryCountryLaredobigbuck98.com
99.3XHNKDigital EcstasyClassic HitsNuevo Laredoradiorama.comlisten live
100.5KBDRLa LeyTejanoLaredolaley1005.comlisten live
101.5XHASKe BuenaNorteñoNuevo Laredokebuena.comlisten live
102.3XHMWLos 40 PrincipalesSpanish PopNuevo Laredoradiorama.comlisten live
103.3XHAHURadio Nuevo LeónSpanish PopAnáhuaclisten live
104.5NEWLa Más PesadaNorteñoNuevo Laredo
104.9XHNLRRadio UATUniversity RadioNuevo Laredouat.mx
106.1KNEXHot 106.1Urban / Rhythmic Top 40Laredohot1061.comlisten live
106.5NEWLa TremendaNorteñoNuevo Laredotremenda.com.mx
107.3XHGTSDigital 107.3Spanish PopNuevo Laredodigital1073.comlisten live
162.55WXK26NOAA Weather RadioWeatherLaredonoaa.gov •

Internet Radio[edit]

NameFormatWebsiteWebcastOrigin
Power Hits HDClassic Rockpowerhitshd.netlisten liveLaredo

Notable people from Nuevo Laredo[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°29′10″N 99°30′25″W / 27.48611°N 99.50694°W / 27.48611; -99.50694