Northern Virginia trolleys

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Northern Virginia trolleys

Mount Vernon trolley terminal.jpg
Terminal at Mount Vernon
Operation
Began operation1892
Ended operationJanuary 18, 1932
Technical
Track gauge(?)
Minimum radius of curvature(?)
Electrification(?)
System map
Nova streetcar diagram.JPG
 
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Northern Virginia trolleys

Mount Vernon trolley terminal.jpg
Terminal at Mount Vernon
Operation
Began operation1892
Ended operationJanuary 18, 1932
Technical
Track gauge(?)
Minimum radius of curvature(?)
Electrification(?)
System map
Nova streetcar diagram.JPG

The earliest electric railway, or streetcar line, in Northern Virginia opened in 1892. At their peak, when merged into a single interurban system (the Washington-Virginia Railway), the successors of this and several other lines ran between downtown Washington, D.C., Rosslyn and Arlington Junction – present day Crystal City – and out to Mount Vernon, Fairfax City and Nauck (in Arlington County).[1][2][3][4] Electric trolleys also went west from Georgetown and Rosslyn on the Washington and Old Dominion Railway's (W&OD's) Bluemont Division via Leesburg to the town of Bluemont at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains. In addition, electric trolleys of the W&OD's Great Falls Division traveled from Georgetown and Rosslyn via Cherrydale and McLean to Great Falls Park (see: Great Falls and Old Dominion Railroad). Despite early success, the streetcars were unable to compete with the automobile and with each other, and, plagued with management and financial problems, ceased operations in the 1930s and 1940s.

Northern Virginia's trolleys were originally operated by three different companies and were never integrated with the Washington streetcar network. The lines were laid when most of the area was undeveloped, and so the trains ran mostly on separate rights-of-way.

The lines of the Washington-Virginia Railway terminated in downtown Washington, D.C., at 12th and D Streets, NW, (within the present Federal Triangle between Pennsylvania Avenue and the Federal Triangle Metrorail Station) after crossing the Potomac River near the site of the present 14th Street bridges over the Long Bridge and, beginning in 1906, the Highway Bridge. The W&OD Railway entered Georgetown after crossing the Potomac River from Rosslyn over the Aqueduct Bridge.

The Washington-Virginia Railway and the W&OD Railway used adjacent terminals in Rosslyn near the present location of the Key Bridge Marriott Hotel. After the Francis Scott Key Bridge replaced the Aqueduct Bridge in 1923, all of the Virginia lines terminated in Rosslyn, but Washington streetcars now crossed the river into Rosslyn where there was a turnaround loop. There, passengers could transfer to the Virginia lines.

Contents

Washington-Virginia Railway

Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway

Washington-Mount Vernon line

Opened in 1892 between Alexandria and Mount Vernon, the Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway was extended in 1896 across the Long Bridge to downtown Washington, D.C., terminating at 12th and D Streets, NW, near the present location of the Federal Triangle Metro Station. The streetcars ran in Arlington near and along the present routes of Interstate 395 (I-395) and S. Eads Street, travelling largely on the grade of a towpath on the west side of the defunct Alexandria Canal. Near Arlington's southern border, the railroad and its affiliates constructed an amusement park (Luna Park) and a rail yard containing a car barn and power plant.

After crossing Four Mile Run into Alexandria, the streetcars ran along the present route of Commonwealth Avenue until reaching the city's Old Town area at King Street. The St. Elmo station (located on the present route of Commonwealth Avenue in the Del Ray neighborhood of Alexandria) allowed passenger transfers with the Bluemont branch of the Southern Railway and later, with the Bluemont Division of the W&OD Railway, which crossed over the Mount Vernon line on a bridge near the station.

At Mount Vernon, when the electric railway began service, the estate's proprietors insisted that only a modest terminal be constructed next to the trolley turnaround. They were afraid that the dignity of the site would be marred by unrestricted commercial development and persuaded financier Jay Gould to purchase and donate thirty-three acres outside the main gate for protection.

By 1906, the railway had transported 1,743,734 passengers along its routes with 92 daily trains. During World War I, the line was extended to Camp Humphreys (now Fort Belvoir).

In 1913, the Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway merged with the Washington, Arlington & Falls Church Railroad to form the Washington-Virginia Railway. The trolley company went into receivership in 1923 when buses became the dominant form of local public transportation.

In 1927, the two railways were separated and sold at auction. The last trolleys of the line ran on January 18, 1932. Later that year the tracks were removed when some of the right-of-way was used for the George Washington Memorial Parkway. The path of the trolley turnaround at Mount Vernon remains as a traffic circle at the south end of the Parkway, while the former rail yard in southern Arlington now serves as a Metrobus yard.

Stations

The stations on the Washington-Mount Vernon Line of the Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway were (with locations of sites in 2008):

Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Electric Railway near Dyke Marsh with station in background. 1930
StationLocation[5]JurisdictionMiles from
Washington Terminal[6]
NotesCoordinates
Camp HumphreysFort BelvoirFairfax County
Mount VernonSouth side of traffic circle at Mount Vernon EstateFairfax County15.838°42′39″N 77°05′12″W / 38.71078°N 77.086591°W / 38.71078; -77.086591 (Mount Vernon Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
DeenwoodFairfax County
MillerFairfax County
RiversideWittington BoulevardFairfax County14.738°43′16″N 77°04′08″W / 38.721245°N 77.068856°W / 38.721245; -77.068856 (Riverside Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
HunterFairfax County14.2
North Mount VernonFairfax County
GrassymeadFairfax County13.1
SnowdenEast Boulevard DriveFairfax County13.1
Herbert SpringsEast Boulevard Drive and Herbert Springs RoadFairfax County12.938°43′16″N 77°04′08″W / 38.721245°N 77.068856°W / 38.721245; -77.068856 (Herbert Springs Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
ArcturusEast Boulevard Drive and Arcturus LaneFairfax County12.838°44′14″N 77°02′48″W / 38.737289°N 77.046669°W / 38.737289; -77.046669 (Arcturus Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
WellingtonEast Boulevard DriveFairfax County12.538°44′22″N 77°02′50″W / 38.7395069°N 77.0471728°W / 38.7395069; -77.0471728 (Wellington Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
BellmontFairfax County12.1
Happy HomeFairfax County
WarwickFairfax County
DykeFairfax County11.3
OaksFairfax County
New AlexandriaFairfax County9.6
AlexandriaPrince and Royal StreetsCity of Alexandria7.738°48′13″N 77°02′38″W / 38.803503°N 77.043868°W / 38.803503; -77.043868 (Alexandria Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
RosemontRosemont Avenue and Commonwealth AvenueCity of Alexandria38°48′34″N 77°03′48″W / 38.809416°N 77.063212°W / 38.809416; -77.063212 (Rosemont Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
BraddockBraddock Road and Commonwealth AvenueCity of Alexandria6.038°48′59″N 77°03′45″W / 38.816288°N 77.062526°W / 38.816288; -77.062526 (Braddock Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
North BraddockCommonwealth AvenueCity of Alexandria
LloydWindsor Avenue and Commonwealth AvenueCity of Alexandria5.738°49′27″N 77°03′45″W / 38.824263°N 77.062633°W / 38.824263; -77.062633 (Lloyds Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Del RayDel Ray Avenue and Commonwealth AvenueCity of Alexandria5.638°49′33″N 77°03′43″W / 38.825834°N 77.061946°W / 38.825834; -77.061946 (Del Ray Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Mount IdaMount Ida Avenue and Commonwealth AvenueCity of AlexandriaHistorical marker near site of station: The Electric Railway[7][8]38°49′42″N 77°03′39″W / 38.828266°N 77.060764°W / 38.828266; -77.060764 (Mount Ida Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
St. AsaphCommonwealth Avenue, between Forrest St. and Ancell St.City of Alexandria5.6Served St. Asaph racetrack. (1894–1905)[9]
Historical marker near site of station: St. Asaph Racetrack[9][10]
38°49′47″N 77°03′36″W / 38.829712°N 77.059929°W / 38.829712; -77.059929 (St. Asaph Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
HumeIntersection of Hume Avenue, Mount Vernon Avenue and Commonwealth AvenueCity of AlexandriaHistorical marker near site of station: Mount Vernon Avenue[11][12]38°49′51″N 77°03′35″W / 38.830749°N 77.059586°W / 38.830749; -77.059586 (Hume Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
St. ElmoCommonwealth Avenue near Ashby St.City of Alexandria4.8Crossing of W&OD Railway's Bluemont Division
Historical marker near site of station: The Bluemont Line[13][14]
38°49′59″N 77°03′32″W / 38.833103°N 77.058795°W / 38.833103; -77.058795 (St. Elmo Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Four Mile RunNear present intersection of S. Glebe Road and S. Eads St.Arlington County4.1Historical marker near site of station: Transportation[15][16]38°50′33″N 77°03′17″W / 38.842482°N 77.054822°W / 38.842482; -77.054822 (Four Mile Run Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Car BarnIn bus yard east of S. Eads St.Arlington CountyFormerly in rail yard38°50′40″N 77°03′13″W / 38.844333°N 77.053739°W / 38.844333; -77.053739 (Car Barn (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Luna ParkWest side of Eads St.Arlington CountyAdjacent to amusement park in present site of sewage treatment plant38°50′40″N 77°03′13″W / 38.844333°N 77.053739°W / 38.844333; -77.053739 (Luna Park Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Aurora HillsS. Eads St.Arlington County
Virginia Highlands22nd St. S. and S. Eads St.Arlington County38°51′15″N 77°03′12″W / 38.854163°N 77.053229°W / 38.854163; -77.053229 (Virginia Highlands Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Addison18th St. S. and S. Eads St.Arlington County3.238°51′27″N 77°03′11″W / 38.8574133°N 77.0530951°W / 38.8574133; -77.0530951 (Addison Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Arlington JunctionBetween Army-Navy Drive and 12th St. S and between S. Eads St. and Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. Route 1)Arlington County2.7Junction with South Arlington branch of Washington, Arlington & Falls Church Railroad and East Arlington Branch of Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway38°51′50″N 77°03′12″W / 38.86393°N 77.053444°W / 38.86393; -77.053444 (Arlington Junction Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
South WashingtonNear I-395Arlington County38°52′00″N 77°02′56″W / 38.866762°N 77.048879°W / 38.866762; -77.048879 (South Washington Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Alexander IslandNear I-395 between Boundary Channel Drive and George Washington Memorial ParkwayArlington County2.138°52′15″N 77°02′40″W / 38.870788°N 77.044458°W / 38.870788; -77.044458 (Alexander Island Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Washington TerminalWest side of 12th St. NW between Federal Triangle Metro Station and Pennsylvania Avenue NWDistrict of Columbia0At corner of 13 & 1/2 Street NW and Pennsylvania Avenue NW in 1902.[6]38°53′41″N 77°01′41″W / 38.894603°N 77.028161°W / 38.894603; -77.028161 (Washington Terminal (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Remnants of the Washington-Mount Vernon Line

East Arlington branch

The Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway constructed a branch line that traveled to the Virginia end of the Aqueduct Bridge in Rosslyn from a point named Arlington Junction on the railroad's Alexandria-Mount Vernon line. Along most of its route, the branch traveled along a section of Arlington Ridge Road that is now within Arlington National Cemetery.

Construction of this branch permitted visitors from Washington, D.C., to reach the Cemetery by rail for the first time. However, after leaving the trolley at the Cemetery's Sheridan Gate, the visitors needed to ascend a steep hill to reach most of the Cemetery's well-known features and burial sites.

Stations

The stations of the East Arlington branch were (with locations of sites in 2008):

StationLocation[5]JurisdictionNotesCoordinates
RosslynN. Lynn St. near Key Bridge Marriott HotelArlington CountyEast of W&OD Railway station. 1925 photo[17]38°53′59″N 77°04′15″W / 38.899598°N 77.070934°W / 38.899598; -77.070934 (Rossyln Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
ArlingtonArlington National CemeteryArlington CountyOutside of former Sheridan Gate of Arlington National Cemetery (location now inside of cemetery)38°52′49″N 77°04′03″W / 38.880377°N 77.067547°W / 38.880377; -77.067547 (Arlington Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Queen CityArlington National CemeteryArlington County38°52′30″N 77°04′03″W / 38.874897°N 77.067504°W / 38.874897; -77.067504 (Queen City Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Mount Vernon JunctionNear present east crossing of Columbia Pike (Virginia Route 244) and Washington Boulevard (Virginia Route 27)Arlington CountyJunction with South Arlington branch of Washington, Arlington & Falls Church Railroad38°52′11″N 77°03′44″W / 38.869719°N 77.062204°W / 38.869719; -77.062204 (Mount Vernon Junction (Washington-Virginia Railway)
ReleeI-395 between S. Fern St. and S. Eads St.Arlington County38°51′56″N 77°03′20″W / 38.865642°N 77.055531°W / 38.865642; -77.055531 (Releee Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Arlington JunctionBetween Army-Navy Drive and 12th St. S and between S. Eads St. and Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. Route 1)Arlington CountyJunction with Washington-Mount Vernon line38°51′50″N 77°03′12″W / 38.86393°N 77.053444°W / 38.86393; -77.053444 (Arlington Junction (Washington-Virginia Railway)

Washington, Arlington & Falls Church Railroad

During its forty years of life, this interurban trolley company operated under a variety of names, as it repeatedly expanded, reorganized or contracted (voluntarily or involuntarily).

Washington & Arlington — 1892–1896

The system started in 1892, under the name Washington & Arlington Railway, as a horsecar line with tracks from Rosslyn up the hill to Ft. Myer. In late 1895 it was electrified.

Washington, Arlington & Falls Church — 1896–1913

In 1896, track was laid from Rosslyn through Clarendon and Ballston to Falls Church and the name was changed to the Washington, Arlington & Falls Church (WA&FC). The track to Fort Myer was extended through Penrose in 1900 and to Nauck, just north of Four Mile Run, in 1901. That same year saw the opening of about a mile of additional track, extending from East Falls Church to West Falls Church. Work on a far more ambitious extension began at West Falls Church in 1903, and the line eventually reached Fairfax City in 1904.

Washington - Virginia — 1913–1927

In 1913, the WA&FC and Washington, Alexandria & Mt. Vernon were merged to form the Washington - Virginia (W-V) Railway. The company fell upon hard times and in 1924 declared bankruptcy. In 1927, the two companies were split and sold at auction.

Arlington & Fairfax — 1927–1936

The Arlington & Fairfax was organized by local governments to take control of the WA&FC line after the W-V went bankrupt. In 1932, the company lost the right to travel into D.C., and, on January 17, 1932, the last Arlington & Fairfax streetcar departed from 12th & D Streets, NW, abandoning all service in Washington, D.C.

Arlington & Fairfax Auto Railroad — 1936–1939

In 1936, the company was sold to Detroit's Evans Products Company, an innovative railway and automotive industry supplier that had developed the first version of the present hy-rail system called auto-railers, small buses that can run on rails on flanged wheels or on roads with rubber. In 1937, Evans replaced the trolleys with auto-railers. On rail, they went to Rosslyn where they were intended to switch to tires and cross the Key Bridge into Georgetown, eliminating the change in Rosslyn, but Capital Transit prevented that service by objecting that its franchise gave it exclusive service across the bridge. The auto-railers last ran in September 1939.

Nauck line (Fort Myer line)

The Nauck line (Fort Myer line) ran south from Rosslyn through Fort Myer to an originally undeveloped area in South Arlington near Four Mile Run. After leaving the railroad's Rosslyn terminal near the Aqueduct Bridge, the line travelled south along the present routes of N. Lynn Street and N. Meade Street to reach the Fort. The line then turned to the southwest and entered the Fort near today’s Wright Gate. Within the Fort, trolleys on the line climbed a hill along the present route of McNair Road near the western wall of Arlington National Cemetery to reach a station (Arlington Fort Myer) located within the Fort at the present intersection of McNair Road and Lee Avenue, near the Cemetery's Fort Myer Gate (Chapel Gate of Fort Myer).

After disembarking at the Arlington Fort Myer station, visitors could enter the Cemetery at its highest elevation, thus avoiding the ascent required when entering the Cemetery through the Sheridan Gate from the East Arlington branch. After the East Arlington branch discontinued service in 1921, the Nauck line continued to carry visitors to the Cemetery.

The line then continued through Fort Myer, exiting the Fort a short distance north of the Fort's Hatfield Gate. When crossing the present path of Washington Boulevard (Virginia Route 27) south of Arlington Boulevard (U.S. Route 50), the line met at its Hatfield station (Hatfield Junction) the South Arlington branch of the railroad's Fairfax line.

After leaving Hatfield, the Nauck line followed the present routes of S. Uhle Street and Walter Reed Drive before travelling downhill on S. Kenmore Street to end at a railway turntable at 24th Road S. and S. Kenmore Street. The line terminated a short distance north of the Cowdon station of the Southern Railway, and later, of the W&OD Railway's Bluemont Division.

Stations

The stations of the Nauck line were (with locations of sites in 2008):

Arlington Fort Myer trolley station. Post hospital at left.
StationLocation[5]JurisdictionNotesCoordinates
RosslynN. Lynn St. near Key Bridge Marriott HotelArlington CountyEast of W&OD Railway station38°53′59″N 77°04′15″W / 38.899598°N 77.070934°W / 38.899598; -77.070934 (Rosslyn Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Signal CorpsN. Meade Street immediately west of the Netherlands CarillonArlington County38°53′16″N 77°04′18″W / 38.88791°N 77.071731°W / 38.88791; -77.071731 (Signal Corps Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Fort Myer StepsMarshall Drive and Stewart Road, Fort MyerArlington County38°53′10″N 77°04′31″W / 38.886006°N 77.075229°W / 38.886006; -77.075229 (Fort Myer Steps Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Arlington Fort MyerMcNair Road and Lee Avenue, Fort MyerArlington CountyNear Fort Myer Gate of Arlington National Cemetery (Chapel Gate of Fort Myer)38°52′50″N 77°04′45″W / 38.880602°N 77.0791018°W / 38.880602; -77.0791018 (Arlington Fort Myer Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Hatfield (Hatfield Junction)Washington Blvd. (Virginia Route 120) near S. Uhle St. and Arlington Blvd. (U.S. Route 50)Arlington CountyJunction with South Arlington branch38°52′26″N 77°04′55″W / 38.873895°N 77.081838°W / 38.873895; -77.081838 (Hatfield Junction (Washington-Virginia Railway)
HunterS. Uhle St. and S. Walter Reed Drive, near S. Courthouse RoadArlington County38°52′22″N 77°04′58″W / 38.872903°N 77.082656°W / 38.872903; -77.082656 (Hunter Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Penrose2312 2nd St. S. (2nd St. S. and S. Uhle St.)Arlington County38°52′17″N 77°05′02″W / 38.871502°N 77.084021°W / 38.871502; -77.084021 (Penrose Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
FulcherNear S. Barton St. and 3rd St. S.Arlington County38°52′13″N 77°05′07″W / 38.870203°N 77.085389°W / 38.870203; -77.085389 (Fulcher Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
MunsonNear S. Cleveland St. and 5th St. S.Arlington County38°52′09″N 77°05′11″W / 38.869034°N 77.086515°W / 38.869034; -77.086515 (Munson Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
BradburyNear S. Walter Reed Drive and S. Filmore St.Arlington County38°52′04″N 77°05′16″W / 38.867797°N 77.087824°W / 38.867797; -77.087824 (Bradbury Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Arlington ColumbiaS. Walter Reed Drive and Columbia PikeArlington County38°52′04″N 77°05′16″W / 38.867797°N 77.087824°W / 38.867797; -77.087824 (Arlington Columbia Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
PettyS. Walter Reed DriveArlington County
FoxS. Walter Reed Dr. and 16th Road S. (near S. Glebe Road (Virginia Route 120))Arlington County38°51′21″N 77°05′19″W / 38.855851°N 77.088591°W / 38.855851; -77.088591 (Fox Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Fort BerryS. Kenmore St. and 19th St. S.Arlington County38°51′12″N 77°05′17″W / 38.853376°N 77.08795°W / 38.853376; -77.08795 (Fort Berry Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
CorbettS. Kenmore St.Arlington County38°51′05″N 77°05′12″W / 38.851506°N 77.086687°W / 38.851506; -77.086687 (Corbett Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
PeytonS. Kenmore St. and 22 St. S.Arlington County38°50′59″N 77°05′08″W / 38.849835°N 77.085657°W / 38.849835; -77.085657 (Peyton Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Nauck/Green ValleyKenmore St. and 24th Road S.Arlington CountyHistorical marker near site of station: Nauck: A Neighborhood History[18]38°50′54″N 77°05′05″W / 38.848469°N 77.084791°W / 38.848469; -77.084791 (Nauck/Green Valley Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Remnants of the Nauck line

Fairfax line

The Fairfax line traveled from a terminus in front of the old Fairfax County Courthouse[19][20] in Fairfax City through Oakton, Vienna, Dunn Loring, Falls Church and Ballston to downtown Washington, D.C., and Rosslyn by way of Clarendon.

Trolleys of the Fairfax line began their trips at the old Courthouse, located at the southwest corner of Chain Bridge Road (now part of Virginia Route 123) and Main Street (now part of Virginia Route 236). The cars first ran westward along Main Street and then turned north at the site of the Fairfax Electric Depot (the terminus of the line until the depot burned in 1907) onto the present route of Railroad Avenue.[21] After crossing the present route of Lee Highway (U.S. Routes 50 and 29), the line crossed Chain Bridge Road. The line then traveled northeast through Fairfax County a short distance east of Chain Bridge Road, passed through Oakton (where its station remains and is preserved by the Northern Virginia Conservation Trust), and reached the town of Vienna.

The line continued northeast in Vienna about a block southeast of Maple Avenue W. Trolleys on the line crossed Center Avenue S, turned to the northwest on a wye and crossed Maple Avenue E. After leaving the wye, the trolleys stopped at the line's Vienna station.

The Fairfax line's Vienna station was located in the center of town on the southeast side of Church Street NE, a short distance southeast of the tracks of the Southern Railway's Bluemont Branch, which became the W&OD Railway's Bluemont Division in 1912. The Southern's Vienna station (which remains intact on the southwest side of the W&OD Trail) was a block northwest of the Fairfax line's station.

As the Fairfax line's tracks ended near Church Street, trolleys left their station by reversing direction. They then recrossed Maple Avenue E and traveled southeast through a second leg of the wye that paralleled the Southern's tracks, with which there was an interchange. Freight and work cars usually bypassed the station and avoided reversing by turning from the northeast to the southeast on the third leg of the wye.[22]

After leaving the wye, the line continued east in Vienna on Ninovan Road, paralleling the Southern's route. The line then crossed the Southern's tracks on a bridge built in 1904. After the crossing, the line traveled east along the present routes of Electric Avenue, Railroad Street and Helena Drive in Fairfax County until it reached the City of Falls Church.

The line continued eastward through Falls Church, following the present route of Lincoln Avenue until it reached the present Arlington County (formerly named Alexandria County). In Arlington, the line traveled eastward along the route of Fairfax Drive, which Interstate 66 (I-66) has partially replaced. Between 1912 and its closing, the line traveled under a plate girder bridge at Waycroft that the W&OD Railway constructed near the west end of Ballston for its Thrifton-Bluemont Junction connecting line.[23]

The line then passed a complex containing a car barn, rail yard, workshops, electrical substation and general office that the Washington, Arlington and Falls Church Railroad had built in 1910 at Lacey near the present intersection of North Glebe Road and Fairfax Drive in Ballston.[23] After traveling eastward through Ballston on the present route of Fairfax Drive, the line reached Clarendon, where it branched.

The North Arlington branch continued to follow the route of Fairfax Drive (now partially replaced by Clarendon Boulevard) through and past Clarendon. The branch then traveled downhill on the present route of Fairfax Drive along the north side of Rocky Run, which U.S. Route 50 now covers. Approaching Rosslyn, the branch turned north when meeting the Nauck line at N. Lynn Street, joined the East Arlington branch, and ended near the Aqueduct Bridge at the railroad's Rosslyn terminal.

Beginning in 1906, the North and East Arlington branches and the Nauck line connected at the Rosslyn terminal to the Great Falls and Old Dominion Railroad (later the Great Falls Division of the W&OD Railway), which crossed the Potomac River into Georgetown on the Aqueduct Bridge. In its later years, the North Arlington branch connected in Rosslyn to the streetcars of the Capital Traction and (later) Capital Transit Companies, which crossed the Potomac on the Francis Scott Key Bridge.

After leaving Clarendon, the South Arlington branch followed Washington Boulevard and Southgate Drive, meeting the Nauck line at Hatfield Junction, the East Arlington branch at Mount Vernon Junction (which received its name because the East Arlington branch was a part of the Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway when the South Arlington branch first reached it), and the Washington-Alexandria-Mount Vernon main line at Arlington Junction. After entering the tracks of the Washington-Alexandria-Mount Vernon line, trolleys of the South Arlington branch (some of which had originated in Fairfax City) crossed the Potomac River on the Long Bridge and, later, on the Highway Bridge to terminate in downtown Washington, D.C. at 12th & D Streets, NW.

I-66 and the Custis Trail now run from Ballston to Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) in East Falls Church on or near the Fairfax line's right of way along the former route of Fairfax Drive. Metrorail's Orange Line now follows the route of Fairfax line and its North Arlington branch from N. Lynn Street in Rosslyn to Lee Highway in East Falls Church.

Stations

The stations of the Fairfax line were (with locations of sites in 2008):

USGS map of Fairfax and Vienna from 1915 showing the route of the Fairfax line and the W&OD railroad
StationLocation[5]JurisdictionNotesCoordinates
Fairfax CourthouseMain St. (Virginia Route 236) and Chain Bridge Road (Virginia Route 123)City of FairfaxAfter 190738°50′47″N 77°18′25″W / 38.846355°N 77.30702°W / 38.846355; -77.30702 (Fairfax Courthouse Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Fairfax Electric DepotMain St. (Virginia Route 236) and Railroad AvenueCity of Fairfax1904–190738°50′54″N 77°18′46″W / 38.848409°N 77.312698°W / 38.848409; -77.312698 (Fairfax Electric Depot (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Cedar AvenueCedar AvenueCity of Fairfax38°51′13″N 77°18′36″W / 38.853512°N 77.310083°W / 38.853512; -77.310083 (Cedar Avenue Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Wiley
Martinique
BlakeBlake LaneFairfax County38°52′37″N 77°18′02″W / 38.876935°N 77.30047°W / 38.876935; -77.30047 (Blake Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
SangerFairfax County
Oakton2923 Gray St. (between Pine St. and Oakton Drive)Fairfax CountyContained a post office and general store. Built in 1905. Preserved by Northern Virginia Conservation Trust.[24][25][26] Station listed on National Register of Historic Places in 1995.[27][28][29]38°52′46″N 77°17′49″W / 38.8794724°N 77.2968167°W / 38.8794724; -77.2968167 (Oakton Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
EdgeleaEdgelea Road and Courthouse RoadFairfax County38°52′57″N 77°17′22″W / 38.882481°N 77.289548°W / 38.882481; -77.289548 (Edgelea Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
ShockeyHidden RoadFairfax County38°53′04″N 77°17′08″W / 38.884385°N 77.285643°W / 38.884385; -77.285643 (Shockey Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Five OaksSutton RoadFairfax County38°53′13″N 77°16′55″W / 38.886874°N 77.28207°W / 38.886874; -77.28207 (Five Oaks Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
BothwellFairfax County
Lewis StreetWade Hampton Drive SW and Millwood Court SWTown of Vienna38°53′43″N 77°16′17″W / 38.895308°N 77.271373°W / 38.895308; -77.271373 (Lewis Street Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
LibraryLibrary Lane SWTown of Vienna38°53′49″N 77°16′10″W / 38.897012°N 77.269421°W / 38.897012; -77.269421 (Library Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Courthouse RoadCourthouse Road SWTown of Vienna38°53′56″N 77°16′01″W / 38.898865°N 77.266953°W / 38.898865; -77.266953 (Courthouse Road Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
ViennaNear Dominion Road NE and Church St. NETown of ViennaUndated Photo[30]38°54′11″N 77°15′56″W / 38.903057°N 77.265429°W / 38.903057; -77.265429 (Vienna Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Park StreetPark St. SE and Ninovan Road SETown of Vienna38°54′03″N 77°15′34″W / 38.90075°N 77.259378°W / 38.90075; -77.259378 (Park Street Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Tydidi (?)Name uncertain
FranklinNear crossing of W&OD Railway's Bluemont Division
WoodfordElectric Avenue and Woodford RoadFairfax County38°54′06″N 77°14′21″W / 38.901754°N 77.239251°W / 38.901754; -77.239251 (Woodford Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
East WoodfordElectric AvenueFairfax County
Wedderburn HeightsElectric AvenueFairfax County
EnolaElectric Avenue and Cedar LaneFairfax County38°53′55″N 77°13′43″W / 38.898515°N 77.228651°W / 38.898515; -77.228651 (Enola Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Dunn LoringRailroad St. and Gallows RoadFairfax County38°53′52″N 77°13′28″W / 38.89788°N 77.224467°W / 38.89788; -77.224467 (Dun Loring Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
RobeyFairfax County
BurrFairfax County
Antrum
West Falls Church (West End)1101 West Broad St. (Virginia Route 7) and Falls AvenueCity of Falls Church38°53′32″N 77°11′12″W / 38.892194°N 77.186583°W / 38.892194; -77.186583 (West Falls Church (West End) Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
East Falls ChurchLee Highway (U.S. Route 29) and Fairfax DriveArlington County38°53′15″N 77°09′43″W / 38.887467°N 77.162079°W / 38.887467; -77.162079 (East Falls Church Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
AshdaleN. Roosevelt St. and I-66Arlington County38°53′07″N 77°09′16″W / 38.885221°N 77.154536°W / 38.885221; -77.154536 (Ashdale Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
HysonI-66 near N. Quesada St.Arlington County38°53′03″N 77°09′07″W / 38.884302°N 77.151854°W / 38.884302; -77.151854 (Hyson Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
HeightsI-66 between N. Quantico and N. Potomac St.Arlington County38°53′02″N 77°09′01″W / 38.883851°N 77.150373°W / 38.883851; -77.150373 (Heights Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Highland ParkI-66 near N. Powhattan St.Arlington County38°52′59″N 77°08′53″W / 38.883032°N 77.14812°W / 38.883032; -77.14812 (Highland Park Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
UptonN. Ohio St. and I-66Arlington CountyNear Fostoria Station of W&OD Railway's Bluemont Division38°52′57″N 77°08′46″W / 38.882414°N 77.146211°W / 38.882414; -77.146211 (Upton Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
KearneyN. Kennesaw St. and I-66Arlington County38°52′47″N 77°08′17″W / 38.879658°N 77.137971°W / 38.879658; -77.137971 (Kearney Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
TorreysonI-66Arlington County38°52′47″N 77°08′17″W / 38.879658°N 77.137971°W / 38.879658; -77.137971 (Torreyson Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Veitch SummitN. Jefferson St. and Fairfax DriveArlington County38°52′48″N 77°07′53″W / 38.879875°N 77.131405°W / 38.879875; -77.131405 (Veitch Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
MulhallN. Harrison St. and Fairfax DriveArlington County38°52′48″N 77°07′42″W / 38.880009°N 77.128229°W / 38.880009; -77.128229 (Mulhall Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
SunnysideN. Edison St. and Fairfax DriveArlington County38°52′51″N 77°07′24″W / 38.880861°N 77.123302°W / 38.880861; -77.123302 (Sunnyside Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
BurchI-66Arlington County
WaycroftN. Buchanan St. and I-66Arlington CountyCrossing of Thrifton-Bluemont Junction connecting line of W&OD Railway’s Bluemont Division38°52′54″N 77°07′10″W / 38.881796°N 77.119496°W / 38.881796; -77.119496 (Waycroft Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Car BarnN. Glebe Road (Virginia Route 120) (west side) and Fairfax Drive (north side)Arlington CountyIn rail yard.
Historical marker at site: Lacey Car Barn[23]
38°52′56″N 77°07′00″W / 38.8821931°N 77.1165401°W / 38.8821931; -77.1165401 (Lacey Car Barn (Washington-Virginia Railway)
LaceyN. Glebe Road (Virginia Route 120) (east side) and Fairfax Drive (south side)Arlington County38°52′55″N 77°06′56″W / 38.8820177°N 77.1155638°W / 38.8820177; -77.1155638 (Lacey Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
BallstonN. Stuart St. (east side) and Fairfax Drive (north side)Arlington CountyOpposite side of Fairfax Drive from Ballston Metro Station entrance.
Historical marker near site: Ballston[31]
38°52′57″N 77°06′42″W / 38.882381°N 77.111707°W / 38.882381; -77.111707 (Ballston Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
BolivarN. Pollard St. and Fairfax DriveArlington County38°52′57″N 77°06′24″W / 38.882398°N 77.106686°W / 38.882398; -77.106686 (Bolivar Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
BelaireFairfax DriveArlington County
ClarendonN. Washington Boulevard and Clarendon BoulevardArlington CountyJunction with North Arlington branch and South Arlington branch38°53′10″N 77°05′46″W / 38.886139°N 77.096043°W / 38.886139; -77.096043 (Clarendon Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Remnants of the Fairfax line

North Arlington branch

Stations

The stations of the North Arlington branch were (with locations of sites in 2008):

StationLocation[5]JurisdictionNotesCoordinates
ClarendonN. Washington Boulevard and Clarendon BoulevardArlington CountyJunction with Fairfax line and South Arlington branch38°53′10″N 77°05′46″W / 38.886139°N 77.096043°W / 38.886139; -77.096043 (Clarendon Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
CourthouseFairfax Drive (U.S. Route 50 service road) and N. Courthouse RoadArlington County38°53′12″N 77°05′00″W / 38.886745°N 77.083334°W / 38.886745; -77.083334 (Courthouse Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
MurphyFairfax Drive (U.S. Route 50 service road) between N. Rhodes St. and N. Rolfe St., ArlingtonArlington County38°53′21″N 77°04′45″W / 38.889095°N 77.079048°W / 38.889095; -77.079048 (Murphy Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
WalzFairfax Drive (U.S. Route 50 service road) and N. Queen St.Arlington County38°53′27″N 77°04′38″W / 38.890732°N 77.077246°W / 38.890732; -77.077246 (Walz Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
RosslynN. Lynn St. near Key Bridge Marriott HotelArlington CountyEast of W&OD Railway station38°53′59″N 77°04′15″W / 38.899598°N 77.070934°W / 38.899598; -77.070934 (Rosslyn Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Remnants of North Arlington branch

South Arlington branch

Stations

The stations of the South Arlington branch (with locations of sites in 2008) were:

StationLocation[5]JurisdictionNotesCoordinates
ClarendonN. Washington Boulevard and Clarendon BoulevardArlington CountyJunction with Fairfax line and North Arlington branch38°53′10″N 77°05′46″W / 38.886139°N 77.096043°W / 38.886139; -77.096043 (Clarendon Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
VinsonWashington Blvd. and N. Pershing DriveArlington County38°52′51″N 77°05′26″W / 38.880811°N 77.090464°W / 38.880811; -77.090464 (Vinson Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Hatfield (Hatfield Junction)Washington Blvd. (Virginia Route 120) near S. Uhle St. and Arlington Blvd. (U.S. Route 50)Arlington CountyJunction with Nauck branch38°52′26″N 77°04′55″W / 38.873895°N 77.081838°W / 38.873895; -77.081838 (Hatfield Junction(Washington-Virginia Railway)
St. JohnIn Fort MyerArlington County38°52′21″N 77°04′48″W / 38.872592°N 77.080035°W / 38.872592; -77.080035 (St. John Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
SyphaxIn Fort MyerArlington County38°52′16″N 77°04′39″W / 38.871122°N 77.077503°W / 38.871122; -77.077503 (Syphax Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
RadioNear Hobson Dr. and Fort Myer DriveArlington CountyIn Fort Myer38°52′11″N 77°04′33″W / 38.869785°N 77.075915°W / 38.869785; -77.075915 (Radio Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
ClarkSouthgate Road and S. Oak St.Arlington County38°52′08″N 77°04′15″W / 38.868984°N 77.070959°W / 38.868984; -77.070959 (Clark Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Mount Vernon JunctionNear present east crossing of Columbia Pike (Virginia Route 244) and Washington Boulevard (Virginia Route 27)Arlington CountyJunction with East Arlington branch of Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway38°52′11″N 77°03′44″W / 38.869719°N 77.062204°W / 38.869719; -77.062204 (Mount Vernon Junction (Washington-Virginia Railway)
ReleeI-395 between S. Fern St. and S. Eads St.Arlington County38°51′56″N 77°03′20″W / 38.865642°N 77.055531°W / 38.865642; -77.055531 (Relee Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Arlington JunctionBetween Army-Navy Drive and 12th St. S and between S. Eads St. and Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. Route 1)Arlington CountyJunction with Washington-Mount Vernon line of Washington, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon Railway38°51′50″N 77°03′12″W / 38.86393°N 77.053444°W / 38.86393; -77.053444 (Arlington Junction (Washington-Virginia Railway)
Remnant of South Arlington branch

Washington and Old Dominion Railway

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Map of Washington-Virginia Railway Company in Figure 18 of South Railroad Street Park Master Plan: General Management Plan and Conceptual Development Plan, page 19. Approved by Fairfax County Park Authority, September 27, 2006 in Fairfax County Park Authority official website. Accessed July 29, 2008.
  2. ^ 1904 map of electric railroads,steam railroads and streets in Washington and vicinity in Rand McNally & Co's Pictorial Guide to Washington, Rand McNally & Co., New York and Chicago, 1904 in Google Books. Accessed April 21, 2009.
  3. ^ 1907 map of Arlington and vicinity in Reynolds, Charles A., Washington: The Nation's Capital, Foster & Reynolds, New York, 1907, p. 141, in Google Books. Accessed April 21, 2009
  4. ^ 1938 Alexander Gross street and rail map of Arlington and vicinity in J. A. Weyraugh Document Collection in website of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Yahoo group Accessed April 24, 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Locations of stations in 2008, from comparison of contemporary and 2008 street maps
  6. ^ a b Snowden, William H. (1902). Some Old Historic Landmarks of Virginia and Maryland, Described in a Hand-book for the Tourist Over the Washington, Alexandria and Mount Vernon Electric Railway (3rd ed.). Alexandria, Virginia: G.H. Ramey & Son. p. 5. http://books.google.com/books?id=t3w4pYdnvAAC. Retrieved 2011-06-29. 
  7. ^ Image of "The Electric Railway" historical marker near site of Mount Ida station in Ness, Leland (2008). "The Electric Railway: Washington-Virginia Railway". Del Ray and the Town of Potomac: Del Ray Interpretive Signs. City of Alexandria, Virginia. http://www1.alexandriava.gov/uploadedFiles/oha/info/OHADelRayRailway.pdf. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  8. ^ "Electric Railway" historical marker near site of Mount Ida station (location and partial text of marker) in alsdmf (2010-05-19). "Del Ray Interpretive Markers". http://www.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&msa=0&msid=100688721143289056920.000486fad4eb5d1fcb6ff&ll=38.825985,-77.056625&spn=0.010565,0.018003&z=16. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  9. ^ a b Image of "St. Asaph Racetrack" historical marker near site of St. Asaph station in Ness, Leland (2008). "St. Asaph Racetrack". Del Ray and the Town of Potomac: Del Ray Interpretive Signs. City of Alexandria, Virginia. http://www1.alexandriava.gov/uploadedFiles/oha/info/OHADelRayRacetrack.pdf. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  10. ^ "St. Asaph Racetrack" historical marker near site of St. Asaph station (location and partial text of marker) in alsdmf (2010-05-19). "Del Ray Interpretive Markers". http://www.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&msa=0&msid=100688721143289056920.000486fad4eb5d1fcb6ff&ll=38.825985,-77.056625&spn=0.010565,0.018003&z=16. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  11. ^ Image of "Mount Vernon Avenue" historical marker near site of Hume station in Ness, Leland (2008). "Mount Vernon Avenue". Del Ray and the Town of Potomac: Del Ray Interpretive Signs. City of Alexandria, Virginia. http://www1.alexandriava.gov/uploadedFiles/oha/info/OHADelRayMountVernonAve.pdf. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  12. ^ "Mount Vernon Avenue" historical marker near site of Hume station (location and partial text of marker) in alsdmf (2010-05-19). "Del Ray Interpretive Markers". http://www.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&msa=0&msid=100688721143289056920.000486fad4eb5d1fcb6ff&ll=38.825985,-77.056625&spn=0.010565,0.018003&z=16. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  13. ^ Image of "The Bluemont Line" historical marker near site of St. Elmo station in Ness, Leland (2008). "The Bluemont Line". Del Ray and the Town of Potomac: Del Ray Interpretive Signs. City of Alexandria, Virginia. http://www1.alexandriava.gov/uploadedFiles/oha/info/OHADelRayBluemontLine.pdf. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  14. ^ "Bluemont Line" historical marker near site of St. Elmo station (location and partial text of marker) in alsdmf (2010-05-19). "Del Ray Interpretive Markers". http://www.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&msa=0&msid=100688721143289056920.000486fad4eb5d1fcb6ff&ll=38.825985,-77.056625&spn=0.010565,0.018003&z=16. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  15. ^ ""Transportation" marker". HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database. 2009-09-15. http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=22469. Retrieved 2012-02-05. "Near this point the Alexandria Canal crossed Four Mile Run, connecting Alexandria docks and railyards to Georgetown and western Maryland from 1843 to 1886. To the east were the turnpike and railroad. In 1896 the Washington, Alexandria and Mount Vernon Railway began to run electric trolleys beside the abandoned canal in this area, where it also built a car barn, repair shops and a power house. In 1906 the trolley line opened and operated Luna Park west of the tracks, providing a ballroom, roller coaster, water slide and other amusements. Parts of this complex survived until 1993, when the trolley barn was torn down after serving as a bus garage since the 1930s. Eads Street traces the canal and trolley line." 
  16. ^ Coordinates of "Transportation" historical marker: 38°50′34″N 77°03′16″W / 38.8428977°N 77.0545435°W / 38.8428977; -77.0545435 (Four Mile Run Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
  17. ^ 1925 photo of Rosslyn. Accessed March 12, 2008. From "Washington, D.C., Past and Present", Oneonta Press website, Peter R. Penczer, Arlington, VA. Accessed March 12, 2008.
  18. ^ Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority. ""Nauck: A Neighborhood History" marker". HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database. http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=2504. Retrieved 2012-02-05. "..... It was the electric railway, which came to Nauck in 1898 that spurred development of the neighborhood. The Nauck line of the Washington, Arlington, and Fairfax Railway ran parallel to what is now South Kenmore Street and there was a station located south of what is now the intersection of 19th Street South and South Kenmore Street. ......"  Marker is at the trailhead of the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail at S. Shirlington Road near S. Four Mile Run Dr.
  19. ^ The Fairfax County Courthouse: A Brief History (Official Fairfax County government site) Accessed Jan. 15, 2008
  20. ^ Photograph of Historic Fairfax County Courthouse by George Petropol, Manassas, Virginia Accessed Jan. 15, 2008
  21. ^ Johnson, WP II, "The Fairfax Electric Depot & Mill Managers Home" in The Fare Facs Gazette: The Newsletter of Historic Fairfax City, Inc., Vol. 1, Issue 4, Fall 2003 Accessed Jan. 15, 2008
  22. ^ Stuntz, pp. 245,246,264
  23. ^ a b c Text of Arlington County's Lacey Car Barn historical marker in "Historical Marker Installed Outside ‘Deep Throat’ Garage". ARLnow. Arlington, Virginia: ARLnow.com LLC. August 17, 2011. http://www.arlnow.com/2011/08/17/historical-marker-installed-outside-deep-throat-garage/. Retrieved February 1, 2012. "In 1896, the Washington, Arlington & Falls Church Railway began running electric trolleys from Roslyn to Falls Church on the present routes of Fairfax Drive and I-66. By 1907, the Fairfax trolley linked Fairfax, Vienna, and Ballston with downtown Washington. In 1910, at this location, the railway built a car barn, railyard, workshops, electrical substation, and general office. In 1912, the rival Washington & Old Dominion Railway began crossing the tracks on a bridge 200 yards west of here, following the present route of I-66 from Rosslyn. The Fairfax trolley closed in 1939, but Metrorail’s Orange Line follows its route through Arlington" 
  24. ^ a b Trompeter, Brian (July 22, 2011). "Owner Offers Conservation Easement for Former Trolley Station in Oakton". http://www.sungazette.net/multimedia/videos/owner-offers-conservation-easement-for-former-trolley-station-in-oakton/article_f4ee798e-e818-538b-9c07-059007f424ba.html. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  25. ^ "NVCT Preserves the Historic Oakton Trolley Station". Northern Virginia Conservation Trust. July 14, 2011. http://nvct.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=159:ots-press-release&catid=11:news&Itemid=90. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  26. ^ a b "Oakton Historic Trolley Line Preserved". Connection (Connection Newspapers). July 20, 2011. http://www.connectionnewspapers.com/article.asp?article=352878&paper=88&cat=104. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Oakton Trolley Station". National Register of Historic Places: NPS Focus. National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. February 8, 1995. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natregsearchresult.do?fullresult=true&recordid=0. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties (National Register of Historic Places): 2/06/95 through 2/10/95". Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. February 17, 1995. http://www.nps.gov/nr/listings/Weekly_Register_List_1995.pdf. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  29. ^ a b Stefan, Adrienne; Macklin, Tom (July 11, 1994). "Oakton Trolley Station". United States Department of the Interior: National Park Service: National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Department of Historic Resources. http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Counties/Fairfax/029-0477_Oakton_Trolley_Station_1995_Final_Nomination.pdf. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  30. ^ Undated photo of Vienna station of Washington-Virginia Railway, Vienna, Virginia. Accessed March 12, 2008. From McCray, P., Washington & Old Dominion Railroad: 1847 to 1968. A Photographic History. Accessed March 12, 2008.
  31. ^ Text of Arlington County's Ballston historical marker in "Neighborhoods, Boundary Stones, and Roadways". Historic Sites. Arlington Historical Society. http://www.arlingtonhistory.org/learn-2/historic-sites/neighborhoods-boundary-stones-and-roadways/. Retrieved February 2, 2012. "BALLSTON: By 1900 a well-defined village called Central Ballston had developed in the area bounded by the present Wilson Boulevard, Taylor Street, Washington Boulevard, and Pollard Street. More diffuse settlement extended westward to Lubber Run and southward along Glebe Road to Henderson Road. The track of the Washington, Arlington, and Falls Church Electric Railroad ran along what is now Fairfax Drive; the Ballston Station was at Ballston Avenue, now Stuart Street. Here Clements Avenue, now Stafford Street, divided to pass on either side of an old Ball family graveyard."  Marker is at the northwest corner of N. Fairfax Drive and N. Stafford Street in the church yard of the Central United Methodist Church. Coordinates of marker: 38°52′57″N 77°06′38″W / 38.882471°N 77.110587°W / 38.882471; -77.110587 (Ballston historical marker)
  32. ^ Coordinates of Oakton Trolley Station: 38°52′46″N 77°17′49″W / 38.8794724°N 77.2968167°W / 38.8794724; -77.2968167 (Former Oakton Station (Washington-Virginia Railway)
  33. ^ Neville, Ashley M., National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Historic District (Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) No. 053-0276), Gray & Pape, Inc., Richmond, Virginia, July 25, 2000, Section 7, Page 5, in Appendix J of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 4 of 5, pages 1-46); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 24, 2008
  34. ^ Photographs of unpaved trails and trolley cut in Figures 14 and 20 in South Railroad Street Park Master Plan: General Management Plan and Conceptual Development Plan, pages 15 and 20. Approved by Fairfax County Park Authority, September 27, 2006 in Fairfax County Park Authority official website. Accessed July 29, 2008.

References

External links