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The North Carolina Department of Public Safety is an umbrella agency that carries out many of the state's law enforcement, emergency response and homeland security functions. The department was created in 1977 as the Department of Crime Control and Public Safety. In 2012, the North Carolina Department of Correction and the North Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention were merged with Crime Control & Public Safety to create the new agency.
The North Carolina State Highway Patrol and the North Carolina National Guard are two divisions of the department. The North Carolina Alcohol Law Enforcement Agency is also a part of the Department of Public Safety. It is the most powerful police department in the state in terms of subject matter and territorial jurisdiction as ALE agents can and do arrest for all state and federal crimes and cover the entire state. The North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation also became part of the department in 2014.