Nobody Knows (2004 film)

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Nobody Knows
Nobody Knows movie2.jpg
Film poster
Directed byHirokazu Koreeda
Produced byHirokazu Koreeda
Written byHirokazu Koreeda
StarringYūya Yagira, Ayu Kitaura, Hiei Kimura
Music byGontiti, Takako Tate
CinematographyYutaka Yamasaki
Production
company
Distributed byCinequanon, IFC Films (USA)
Release dates
  • May 12, 2004 (2004-05-12) (Cannes)
  • August 7, 2004 (2004-08-07) (Japan)
Running time141 minutes
CountryJapan
LanguageJapanese
Box officeUS$ 2,265,264[1]
 
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Nobody Knows
Nobody Knows movie2.jpg
Film poster
Directed byHirokazu Koreeda
Produced byHirokazu Koreeda
Written byHirokazu Koreeda
StarringYūya Yagira, Ayu Kitaura, Hiei Kimura
Music byGontiti, Takako Tate
CinematographyYutaka Yamasaki
Production
company
Cinequanon, Bandai Visual
Distributed byCinequanon, IFC Films (USA)
Release dates
  • May 12, 2004 (2004-05-12) (Cannes)
  • August 7, 2004 (2004-08-07) (Japan)
Running time141 minutes
CountryJapan
LanguageJapanese
Box officeUS$ 2,265,264[1]

Nobody Knows (誰も知らない Dare mo Shiranai?) is a 2004 Japanese drama film based on the 1988 event known as the "Affair of the four abandoned children of Sugamo".[2] The film is directed by Hirokazu Koreeda, and it stars actors Yūya Yagira, Ayu Kitaura, Hiei Kimura.[3]

Nobody Knows tells the story of four children: Akira, Kyōko, Shigeru and Yuki, who are aged between five and twelve years old. They are half-siblings, with each of them having different father. The children cannot go outside, do not attend school, and cannot be spotted by outsiders. Their mother ran away and got married, thereby abandoning them, and they were forced to survive on their own.[2] Over time, they can only rely on each other to face the multiple challenges in front of them.

Nobody Knows was first shown at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival on 12 May 2004. It was subsequently released in Japanese cinemas on 7 August 2004.[2] The film was well received by critics, and it grossed over US$2 million worldwide.[1] It won several awards such as the Best Actor at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival, and the Best Film and Best Director awards at the 47th Hochi Film Awards.[4]

Plot[edit]

Nobody Knows tells the story of four siblings and their young mother who move into a small apartment in Tokyo. The film begins when the family is moving into a small rented apartment. Only the eldest, Akira is known to the landlord, while Shigeru and Yuki hide in separate luggage. The elder sister, Kyōko, comes separately by train. All the children have different fathers. They are not allowed to go to school or to be seen by others, and only Akira is allowed to go outside. Yet, the family seems to be happy.

Things begin to change when their mother leaves home for a few months, leaving only a small amount of money for them. Then, Akira's rank in the family shifts overnight and he becomes the surrogate head of the family. They barely manage to scrape through life, with Akira having to ask money from Yuki's possible fathers. Luckily, their mother soon returns with gifts for the children.

However, their mother is not back for long. She tells Akira that she has a new boyfriend, and that after she gets married, the children can lead normal lives. She then leaves again, with the promise that she will be back for Christmas. She does not keep her promise, and Akira and Kyōko have to play the role of parents. Akira soon finds out that she has already married and left them forever, though he does not tell the rest. Money soon becomes short, and they cannot afford to pay their rent. Their meals consist of instant cup noodles brought from the local mini-mart. On Yuki's birthday, she asks to go to the train to wait for their mother. Her mother does not appear, but on the way back, Akira promises Yuki that one day, he will bring her to the Tokyo Monorail to see the airplanes take-off at Haneda Airport.

Akira soon befriends two video-game loving boys who are his age. They frequently come to Akira's house to play video games, and Akira starts to neglect his siblings. Their ties become strained. Later, the two boys bring Akira to the mini-mart and dare him to shoplift. Akira refuses to do so and the two boys leave him. After that, Akira lets his siblings go outside and play at a park nearby. He also lets them visit the mini-mart and buy things they like.

As winter turns to spring, the bills have piled up and the electric, gas, and phone have all been turned off. Therefore, they have to make use of the local park's public toilet to wash themselves, and the tap for their water. It is on one of these trips that Shigeru starts a conversation with a high school student, Saki, and this soon blossoms into a friendship between all of them. Saki frequently visits them and helps take care of them. However, when she offers to earn money to give to them by visiting a Karaoke lounge with a man, Akira distances himself from her, rejects the money she offers, and runs home.

Summer approaches, and money remains very tight. Suddenly, Yuki falls off a stool while trying to reach for something and dies. At that time, Akira was playing baseball. The children are shocked, and Akira has to go find Saki to borrow money. Akira uses this money to buy a lot of chocolate candies, and places it into the suitcase with Yuki's dead body and favorite stuffed bunny. Akira and Saki then take the Tokyo Monorail to an open field near Haneda Airport's runway and bury the suitcase containing Yuki in a hand-dug grave. The children's lives then go on as usual, and the film ends when the children (Akira, Saki, Kyōko, and Shigeru) walk home.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

According to the director Hirokazu Koreeda, though Nobody Knows was inspired by the true story of the Sugamo child abandonment case, it is not a factual recounting, and only the settings and the ending of the story are based on the true story.[7] Also, the film's version of the story was far less grisly than the actual event upon which the movie is based on.

Hirokazu Koreeda had drafted and revised several screenplays for over 15 years.[8] He also spent a very long time getting to know his subjects, and wanted the young cast members to interact, grow, and express their personalities freely, with as little adult dictation as possible.[9] He did not use the usual structuring and cueing methods, but instead uses a discreet camera to show how children really live when no one is looking.[9] Also, when the director discovered the actress Momoko Shimizu who played Yuki liked Apollo Choco more than Strawberry Pocky as was in the script, he changed his script to suit that and made her smile brighter.[9] He also opted not to make feel-good movie though it is the custom for Japanese films of this type, but instead choose to get rid of anything sentimental and become stoic.[8] This is because he wanted the audience to "take away something" from the film.[8]

Pre-production[edit]

The director Hirokazu Koreeda held extensive auditions to cast the four children, and the actors were all nonprofessionals.[7] Also, during the casting, a little girl came in with noisy sandals. The director liked it so much that he brought it over to Yuki's character when searching for her mother. He also did not give the children detailed explanations of their roles, because he wanted them to be natural.[8]

Filming[edit]

The filming took over a year, lasting from autumn 2002 to summer 2003. The reel was filmed chronologically and 70% of the story was set in a cramped Tokyo apartment (with every room built specifically for the film). The apartment was specially rented for a year for the filming of this film, and the filming assistants lived in the apartment when it was not used for filming.[10] Director Hirokazu Koreeda said that during the long filming period, he tried to build a relationship of trust between himself and the children, and also amongst the children themselves.[8] During the children's filming breaks, the children were asked to write in their own journal entries about what they were thinking, ranging from the film to their own everyday concerns.

Post-production[edit]

Nobody Knows held its first public screening at the Le Theatre in Ginza, Tokyo on June 30, 2004 after the film debuted at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival.[10]

Music[edit]

The soundtrack for the movie was written by the Japanese guitar duo Gontiti.

The ending song was sung by Takako Tate titled "Hōseki."

Release[edit]

Film festivals[edit]

Nobody Knows competed for the Palme d'Or at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival on 12 May 2004.[11]

Home media[edit]

The DVD for Nobody Knows was released in Japan on 11 March 2005.[12] It was released in DVD (region 2) format, and it has both English and Japanese subtitles.[12] Separately, the Making of Nobody Knows DVD, which contains 41 minutes worth of film taken during the filming of Nobody Knows, was released on 23 December 2004.[13]

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Nobody Knows has received generally very positive reviews from critics. Rotten Tomatoes gave it a 93% rating, with 85 "fresh" reviews and 6 "rotten" reviews.[14] Metacritic gave the film a score of 88 out of a total of 100, with all 31 critics giving a positive review.[15]

The Japan Times gave the film a rating of four out of five.[9] The reviewer Mark Schilling the film's young actors as "superb", and said that the film "faithfully reflects the fabric of the children's lives over the course of a year".[9] The New York Times says that the film is "too naturalistic, and too disturbing, to be a movie for children, but it nonetheless engages the audience's wondering, childlike imagination as well as its worrying adult conscience."[16] It further adds that "It is also strangely thrilling, not only because of the quiet assurance of Mr. Kore-eda's direction, but also because of his alert, humane sense of sympathy."[16]

Awards[edit]

Yūya Yagira won the award for Best Actor at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival.[17] He was the first Japanese actor to win this category at the Cannes Film Festival.[18] The film had also won the "Best One" award for Japanese film at the 78th Kinema Junpo Ten Best awards.[19] At the same award ceremony, You won the best supporting actress and Yūya Yagira won the best new actor award.[19]

At the 47th Hochi Film Award, Nobody Knows won the best film award.[4] Director Hirokazu Koreeda also won the "Best Director" award.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Pia cinema Plot Summary". PIA Corporation. Retrieved 31 May 2011. (Japanese)
  3. ^ "誰も知らない on goo cinema". goo cinema. Retrieved 31 May 2011. (Japanese)
  4. ^ a b c "カンヌわかせた「誰も知らない」が作品&監督の2冠". Yomiuri Shinbun. 14 February 2005. Retrieved 2011-06-02. (Japanese)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "goo movie cast". goo movie. Retrieved 31 May 2011. (Japanese)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "誰も知らない on Kinejun movies". Kinema-Junposha, Co. Ltd. Retrieved 2 June 2011. (Japanese)
  7. ^ a b King, Susan (9 February 2005). "Hidden neglect brought to light". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Schilling, Mark (25 August 2004). "No easy answers from Kore-eda". The Japan Times. The Japan Times. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Schilling, Mark (25 August 2004). "While Mom was away". The Japan Times. The Japan Times. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  10. ^ a b "カンヌ映画祭で話題の『誰も知らない』一般に初披露". WELVA CORP. Cinema Today. 1 July 2004. Retrieved 2011-06-02. (Japanese)
  11. ^ "カンヌ出品作が発表。日本アニメが初のコンペ参加!". eiga.com. Retrieved 2011-06-03.  (Japanese)
  12. ^ a b "誰も知らない [DVD] on Amazon Japan". Amazon.com, Inc. Retrieved 2011-06-02.  (Japanese)
  13. ^ "「誰も知らない」ができるまで on Amazon Japan". Amazon.com, Inc. Retrieved 2011-06-02.  (Japanese)
  14. ^ "Nobody Knows on Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  15. ^ "Nobody Knows on Metacritic". Metacritic. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  16. ^ a b SCOTT, A.O. (4 February 2005). "Abandoned Children Stow Away at Home". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  17. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Nobody Knows". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  18. ^ "マイケル・ムーア、カンヌ映画祭でパルムドールを受賞". WELVA CORP. 24 May 2005. Retrieved 2011-06-02. (Japanese)
  19. ^ a b "第78回キネマ旬報ベスト・テンを発表!". CINEMA TOPICS ONLINE. Cinema Topics. Retrieved 2011-06-02. (Japanese)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]