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Ninth grade (called Grade 9 in some regions) is the ninth post-kindergarten year of school education in some school systems. The students are 14 to 15 years of age, depending on when their birthday is. Depending on the school district, ninth grade is usually the first year of high school, or the last year of middle school. In America, it is often called Freshman year. In Australia it is the third year of secondary school (high school) for students, though because Australian schools commence school after kindergarten with a "preparatory year" and then start grade one the following year, 'ninth grade' is actually the students' tenth year at school. Thus Australian students are at primary and high school for thirteen years in total. Then in New Zealand and parts of Canada, ninth grade is generally the second year of high school for students. In England ninth grade is known as year ten and is the fourth year of secondary school where children are 14 to 15 years of age. In Scotland, the equivalent is Secondary year 3 (S3).
In some parts of Canada, grades Primary through 6 is elementary school. Grades 7-9 is junior high school and grades 10-12 is high school
Graduating requirements in :
†The 12 optional credits may include up to 4 credits earned through approved dual credit courses. [according to whom?]
In Denmark, ninth grade is around the same thing as in Sweden. Afterwards, one can choose to go through tenth grade, but it is not required. The students are 15–16 years old.
In Finland, ninth grade is the last year of compulsory schooling. The students are usually 15 – 16 years old. Afterwards you can choose to go through tenth grade but it is not required. The meaning of tenth grade is to give an opportunity to improve your grades.
In France, the equivalent grade is the troisième or "3eme" and it is the final school year before high school. Like in many European countries, it is the last year of compulsory schooling. Students prepare to take the "Diplôme National du Brevet" (DNB) examination - it the first diploma given to French students, and attests of basic levels in major high school disciplines (French, Mathematics, History and Geography, English, etc.). This diploma is in theory not necessary to proceed on to high school but in practice, many high schools will refuse students who haven't passed the Brevet.
In Germany, the equivalent grade is 9. Klasse.
In India, the ninth grade is the second last year of the secondary school. Students undergo and prepare for final secondary school examinations called the SSC Exam for two years i.e. grade 9 and 10 before getting into higher secondary i.e. grade 11 and 12 called the HSSC Exam.
In New Zealand, Year 10 (or Form 4) is the equivalent of ninth grade, with students aged 14–15. It is the second year of secondary school (sometimes referred to as high school).
In Mexico, ninth grade is the last year of middle school. The students are aged 14–15.
In the Philippines, the K+12 program replaced the basic education curriculum. Instead of having Grade 1 to Grade 6 then 1st year High School to 4th year High School, it will have Grade 1 to Grade 12 which is similar to the countries listed here. But in its old curriculum, ninth grade is formerly called 3rd year. To be implemented by school year 2014-2015.
In Portugal, the ninth grade (nono ano, 9º ano) is the last year of the three-year 3º Ciclo do Ensino Básico that also includes the seventh grade and the eighth grade. It is followed by the tenth grade, the first year of the three-year Ensino Secundário. At the end of the ninth grade, students must take national final exams (Provas finais nacionais).
In Scotland, this is third year (or S3) of secondary school.
In Sweden, ninth grade is the last year of compulsory comprehensive school (elementary school). The students are usually between 14 and 16 years old. This grade is where students get their final grades with which they apply to the next step in the Swedish school-system. That makes ninth grade an important grade for most students.
In British schools, 9th grade (in terms of age requirements) is equivalent to year 10 (called Year 11 in Northern Ireland), the fourth year of comprehensive/high/grammar school. However, students in the UK start secondary school at the age of 11, and finish at the end of the academic year (September 1 – 31 August) in which their 16th birthday falls when they sit GCSE exams. Non-compulsory further education continues where students can choose to remain at school or attend a sixth form college or further education college to take AS levels and A levels or follow vocational courses. From 2011, the current Year 9 (Eighth grade) and below, have to stay in education until they are 17, by doing at least one year post-secondary education. Students are age 14/15 in this grade.
In the United States, ninth grade is usually the first year in high school (called "upper secondary school" in other countries). In this system, ninth graders are also often referred to as freshmen. It can also be the last year of junior high school.
In the mathematics curriculum, ninth graders are usually taught Algebra (known as Integrated Algebra in some parts of the country), Geometry, or Algebra 2. Most basic students usually take Pre-Algebra in their last year of middle school, advanced students will take Algebra I, and Honors students will take Geometry. Advanced courses (such as Geometry and Algebra 2 in the US) are usually available to ninth graders who are prepared for a more rigorous curriculum, depending on the school district. Some districts across the country allow their 10th graders to take Trigonometry or AP Statistics, or even Calculus if the district provides, but most often, the highest level available to be taken as a 10th grader is Pre-Calculus.
In the English curriculum, most schools still have the same levels of basic courses, advanced courses, and honors courses. The basic level for a 9th grader is often listed as English 1 (may also be called English 9). This course will often teach the fundamentals of higher-level literature and how to analyze and respond to such literature. The advanced course is often English 2 (may also be called English 10) and is usually a genre studies type of English class, but it may instead be focused on one type of literature, such as American literature or British Literature. The honors level for 9th grade is usually English 3 (may also be called English 11) and is usually focused on one type of literature (i.e. American Literature, British Literature), but if this was already covered it previous classes, it may be a genre study English course. Although rare, a district or school may allow a student to take AP Literature their 9th grade year.
In the science curriculum, ninth grade students are required, in most areas, to take Earth Science, Physical Science, or Biology. As far as the level of course, Earth Science is usually taken by the basic student, Physical Science for the advanced student, and Biology for the honors student. The honors student will most likely have already completed Physical Science as it is quite frequently a pre-requisite for most other lab sciences available at the high school level, and is often a requirement for graduation. Depending on the district, Chemistry may also be available as a 9th grader.
Most high school students are required to have one carnegie unit of Computer Science and one unit of Physical Education in order to graduate. Although not required, most students do complete these units their 9th grade year.
These students are usually offered foreign language this year. This is most often the first introduction of foreign language to the students, but some schools may offer it earlier, such as during middle school.