Nikkei 225

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Logarithmic graph of the Nikkei 225 from 1914 to 2012

The Nikkei 225 (日経平均株価 Nikkei heikin kabuka?, 日経225), more commonly called the Nikkei, the Nikkei index, or the Nikkei Stock Average[1][2] (/ˈnɪk/, /ˈnk/, or /nɪˈk/), is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE). It has been calculated daily by the Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei) newspaper since 1950. It is a price-weighted index (the unit is yen), and the components are reviewed once a year. Currently, the Nikkei is the most widely quoted average of Japanese equities, similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average. In fact, it was known as the "Nikkei Dow Jones Stock Average" from 1975 to 1985.[3]

The Nikkei 225 began to be calculated on September 7, 1950, retroactively calculated back to May 16, 1949. Since January 2010 the index is updated every 15 seconds during trading sessions.

The Nikkei 225 Futures, introduced at Singapore Exchange (SGX) in 1986, the Osaka Securities Exchange (OSE) in 1988, Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) in 1990, is now an internationally recognized futures index.[4]

The Nikkei average has deviated sharply from the textbook model of stock averages which grow at a steady exponential rate. The average hit its all-time high on December 29, 1989, during the peak of the Japanese asset price bubble, when it reached an intra-day high of 38,957.44 before closing at 38,915.87, having grown sixfold during the decade. Subsequently, it lost nearly all these gains, closing at 7,054.98 on March 10, 2009—81.9% below its peak twenty years earlier.

Another major index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange is the Topix.

On March 15, 2011, the second working day after the massive earthquake in the northeast part of Japan, the index dropped over 10% to finish at 8605.15, a loss of 1,015 points. The index continued to drop throughout 2011, eventually bottoming out at 8160.01 on November 25, putting it at its lowest close since March 10, 2009. The Nikkei fell over 17% in 2011, finishing the year at 8455.35, its lowest year-end closing value in nearly thirty years, when the index finished at 8016.70 in 1982.[5]

The Nikkei started 2013 near 10,600, hitting a peak of 15,942 in May. However, shortly afterward, it plunged by almost 10% before rebounding, making it the most volatile stock market index among the developed markets.


The index is a price-weighted index. As of late 2014, the company with the largest influence on the index is Fast Retailing.

Annual returns[edit]



As of April 2011, the Nikkei 225 consists of the following companies: (Japanese securities identification code in parentheses)


Textiles & apparel[edit]

Pulp & paper[edit]



Oil & coal products[edit]

Rubber products[edit]

Glass & ceramics[edit]

Steel products[edit]

Nonferrous metals[edit]


Electric machinery[edit]



Precision instruments[edit]

Other manufacturing[edit]




Trading companies[edit]





Other financial services[edit]

Real estate[edit]


Other land transport[edit]

Marine transport[edit]

Air transport[edit]



Electric power[edit]




As of April 2011, the Nikkei 225 consists of the following companies: (Japanese securities identification code in parentheses)

ConstituentSecurity identificationSector
Ajinomoto Co., Inc.2802Foods
Asahi Breweries, Ltd.2502Foods
Japan Tobacco Inc.2914Foods
Kikkoman Corp.2801Foods
Kirin Brewery Co., Ltd.2503Foods
Meiji Holdings Company, Limited2269Foods
Nichirei Corp.2871Foods
Nippon Meat Packers, Inc.2282Foods
Nisshin Seifun Group Inc.2002Foods
Sapporo Holdings Ltd.2501Foods
Takara Holdings Inc.2531Foods
Nisshinbo Industries, Inc.3105Textiles & apparel
Teijin Ltd.3401Textiles & apparel
Toray Industries, Inc.3402Textiles & apparel
Toyobo Co., Ltd.3101Textiles & apparel
Unitika, Ltd.3103Textiles & apparel
Hokuetsu Paper Mills, Ltd.3865Pulp & paper
Mitsubishi Paper Mills Ltd.3864Pulp & paper
Nippon Paper Group, Inc.3893Pulp & paper
Oji Paper Co., Ltd.3861Pulp & paper
Asahi Kasei Corp.3407Chemicals
Denki Kagaku Kogyo K.K.4061Chemicals
Fujifilm Holdings Corp.4901Chemicals
Kao Corp.4452Chemicals
Kuraray Co., Ltd.3405Chemicals
Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corp.4188Chemicals
Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.4183Chemicals
Nippon Kayaku Co., Ltd.4272Chemicals
Nippon Soda Co., Ltd.4041Chemicals
Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd.4021Chemicals
Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.4063Chemicals
Shiseido Co., Ltd.4911Chemicals
Showa Denko K.K.4004Chemicals
Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd.4005Chemicals
Tosoh Corp.4042Chemicals
Ube Industries, Ltd.4208Chemicals
Astellas Pharma Inc.4503Pharmaceuticals
Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.4519Pharmaceuticals
Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd.4568Pharmaceuticals
Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd.4506Pharmaceuticals
Eisai Co., Ltd.4523Pharmaceuticals
Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co., Ltd.4151Pharmaceuticals
Shionogi & Co., Ltd.4507Pharmaceuticals
Takeda Pharmaceutical Company, Ltd.4502Pharmaceuticals
JX Holdings5020Oil & coal products
Showa Shell Sekiyu K.K.5002Oil & coal products
Bridgestone Corp.5108Rubber products
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.5101Rubber products
Asahi Glass Co., Ltd.5201Glass & ceramics
NGK Insulators, Ltd.5333Glass & ceramics
Nippon Electric Glass Co., Ltd.5214Glass & ceramics
Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd.5202Glass & ceramics
Nitto Boseki Co., Ltd.3110Glass & ceramics
Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co., Ltd.5232Glass & ceramics
Taiheiyo Cement Corp.5233Glass & ceramics
Tokai Carbon Co., Ltd.5301Glass & ceramics
Toto Ltd.5332Glass & ceramics
JFE Holdings, Inc.5411Steel products
Kobe Steel, Ltd.5406Steel products
Nippon Steel Corp.5401Steel products
Nisshin Steel Co., Ltd.5407Steel products
Pacific Metals Co., Ltd.5541Steel products
Dowa Holdings Co., Ltd.5714Nonferrous metals
Fujikura Ltd.5803Nonferrous metals
Furukawa Co., Ltd.5715Nonferrous metals
The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.5801Nonferrous metals
Mitsubishi Materials Corp.5711Nonferrous metals
Mitsui Mining & Smelting Co., Ltd.5706Nonferrous metals
Nippon Light Metal Co., Ltd5701Nonferrous metals
SUMCO Corp.3436Nonferrous metals
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.5802Nonferrous metals
Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.5713Nonferrous metals
Toho Zinc Co., Ltd.5707Nonferrous metals
Toyo Seikan Kaisha, Ltd.5901Nonferrous metals
Amada Co. Ltd.6113Machinery
Chiyoda Corp.6366Machinery
Daikin Industries, Ltd.6367Machinery
Ebara Corp.6361Machinery
Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.6305Machinery
Hitachi ZÅsen Corporation7004Machinery
IHI Corp.7013Machinery
The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.5631Machinery
JTEKT Corp.6473Machinery
Komatsu Ltd.6301Machinery
Kubota Corp.6326Machinery
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.7011Machinery
NSK Ltd.6471Machinery
NTN Corp.6472Machinery
Okuma Corporation6103Machinery
Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.6302Machinery
Advantest Corp.6857Electric machinery
Alps Electric Co., Ltd.6770Electric machinery
Canon Inc.7751Electric machinery
Casio Computer Co., Ltd.6952Electric machinery
Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd.7735Electric machinery
Denso Corp.6902Electric machinery
FANUC Corp.6954Electric machinery
Fuji Electric Holdings Co., Ltd.6504Electric machinery
Fujitsu Ltd.6702Electric machinery
GS Yuasa Corp.6674Electric machinery
Hitachi, Ltd.6501Electric machinery
Kyocera Corp.6971Electric machinery
Panasonic Corp.6752Electric machinery
Meidensha Corp.6508Electric machinery
Minebea Co., Ltd.6479Electric machinery
Mitsubishi Electric Corp.6503Electric machinery
Mitsumi Electric Co., Ltd.6767Electric machinery
NEC Corp.6701Electric machinery
Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd.6703Electric machinery
Pioneer Corporation6773Electric machinery
Ricoh7752Electric machinery
Sharp Corp.6753Electric machinery
Sony Corp.6758Electric machinery
Taiyo Yuden Co., Ltd.6976Electric machinery
TDK Corp.6762Electric machinery
Tokyo Electron Ltd.8035Electric machinery
Toshiba Corp.6502Electric machinery
Yaskawa Electric Corporation, Limited6506Electric machinery
Yokogawa Electric Corp.6841Electric machinery
Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.7012Shipbuilding
Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.7003Shipbuilding
Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd.7270Automotive
Hino Motors, Ltd.7205Automotive
Honda Motor Co., Ltd.7267Automotive
Isuzu Motors Ltd.7202Automotive
Mazda Motor Corp.7261Automotive
Mitsubishi Motors Corp.7211Automotive
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.7201Automotive
Suzuki Motor Corp.7269Automotive
Toyota Motor Corp.7203Automotive
Citizen Holdings Co., Ltd.7762Precision instruments
Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.4902Precision instruments
Nikon Corp.7731Precision instruments
Olympus Corp.7733Precision instruments
Terumo Corp.4543Precision instruments
Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.7912Other manufacturing
Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.7911Other manufacturing
Yamaha Corp.7951Other manufacturing
Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd.1332Fishery
Maruha Nichiro Holdings, Inc.1334Fishery
Inpex Corp.1605Mining
Comsys Holdings Corp.1721Construction
Daiwa House Industry Co., Ltd.1925Construction
JGC Corporation1963Construction
Kajima Corp.1812Construction
Obayashi Corp.1802Construction
Sekisui House, Ltd.1928Construction
Shimizu Corp.1803Construction
Taisei Corp.1801Construction
Itochu Corp.8001Trading companies
Marubeni Corp.8002Trading companies
Mitsubishi Corp.8058Trading companies
Mitsui & Co., Ltd.8031Trading companies
Sojitz Corp.2768Trading companies
Sumitomo Corp.8053Trading companies
Toyota Tsusho Corp.8015Trading companies
Aeon Co., Ltd.8267Retail
Fast Retailing Co., Ltd.9983Retail
Isetan Mitsukoshi Holdings Ltd.3099Retail
J. Front Retailing Co., Ltd.3086Retail
Marui Group Co., Ltd.8252Retail
Seven & I Holdings Co., Ltd.3382Retail
Takashimaya Co., Ltd.8233Retail
Uny Co., Ltd.8270Retail
Aozora Bank, Ltd.8304Banking
The Bank of Yokohama, Ltd.8332Banking
The Chiba Bank, Ltd.8331Banking
Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Holdings, Inc.8309Banking
Fukuoka Financial Group, Inc.8354Banking
Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Inc.8306Banking
Mizuho Financial Group, Inc.8411Banking
Resona Holdings, Inc.8308Banking
Shinsei Bank, Ltd.8303Banking
The Shizuoka Bank, Ltd.8355Banking
Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group, Inc.8316Banking
Daiwa Securities Group Inc.8601Securities
Matsui Securities Co., Ltd.8628Securities
Nomura Holdings, Inc.8604Securities
Dai-ichi Life Insurance Company, Limited8750Insurance
MS&AD Insurance Group, Inc.8725Insurance
NKSJ Holdings, Inc.8630Insurance
Sony Financial Holdings Inc.8729Insurance
T&D Holdings, Inc.8795Insurance
Tokio Marine Holdings, Inc.8766Insurance
Credit Saison Co., Ltd.8253Other financial services
Heiwa Real Estate Co., Ltd.8803Real estate
Mitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd.8802Real estate
Mitsui Fudosan Co.,Ltd8801Real estate
Sumitomo Realty & Development Co., Ltd.8830Real estate
Tokyo Tatemono Co., Ltd.8804Real estate
Tokyu Land Corp.8815Real estate
Central Japan Railway Company9022Railway/bus
East Japan Railway Company9020Railway/bus
Keio Corp.9008Railway/bus
Keisei Electric Railway Co., Ltd.9009Railway/bus
Odakyu Electric Railway Co., Ltd.9007Railway/bus
Tobu Railway Co., Ltd.9001Railway/bus
Tokyu Corp.9005Railway/bus
West Japan Railway Company9021Railway/bus
Nippon Express Co., Ltd.9062Other land transport
Yamato Holdings Co., Ltd.9064Other land transport
Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Ltd.9107Marine transport
Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd.9104Marine transport
Nippon Yusen K.K.9101Marine transport
All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd.9202Air transport
Mitsubishi Logistics Corp.9301Warehousing
KDDI Corp.9433Communications
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp.9432Communications
NTT Data Corp.9613Communications
NTT DoCoMo, Inc.9437Communications
SKY Perfect JSAT Holdings Inc.9412Communications
Softbank Corp.9984Communications
Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc.9502Electric power
The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc.9503Electric power
The Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc.9501Electric power
Osaka Gas Co., Ltd.9532Gas
Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd.9531Gas
Dentsu Inc.4324Services
Konami Corp.9766Services
Secom Co., Ltd.9735Services
Tokyo Dome Corp.9681Services
Toho Co., Ltd.9602Services
Trend Micro Inc.4704Services
Yahoo Japan Corp.4689Services

See also[edit]


External links[edit]