Nicholasville, Kentucky

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Nicholasville, Kentucky
City
Main Street
Main Street
Location of Nicholasville, Kentucky
Location of Nicholasville, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°52′58″N 84°34′36″W / 37.88278°N 84.57667°W / 37.88278; -84.57667Coordinates: 37°52′58″N 84°34′36″W / 37.88278°N 84.57667°W / 37.88278; -84.57667
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyJessamine
IncorporatedFebruary 13, 1837[1]
Government[2]
 • TypeCity commission
 • MayorRussell Meyer
 • CommissionersDoug Blackford
Betty Black
Pete Sutherland
Andy Williams
Area
 • Total13.1 sq mi (33.9 km2)
 • Land13.0 sq mi (33.7 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation938 ft (286 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total28,400
 • Density2,141.9/sq mi (827.0/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes40340, 40356
Area code(s)859
FIPS code21-56136
GNIS feature ID0499462
Websitewww.nicholasville.org
 
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Nicholasville, Kentucky
City
Main Street
Main Street
Location of Nicholasville, Kentucky
Location of Nicholasville, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°52′58″N 84°34′36″W / 37.88278°N 84.57667°W / 37.88278; -84.57667Coordinates: 37°52′58″N 84°34′36″W / 37.88278°N 84.57667°W / 37.88278; -84.57667
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyJessamine
IncorporatedFebruary 13, 1837[1]
Government[2]
 • TypeCity commission
 • MayorRussell Meyer
 • CommissionersDoug Blackford
Betty Black
Pete Sutherland
Andy Williams
Area
 • Total13.1 sq mi (33.9 km2)
 • Land13.0 sq mi (33.7 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation938 ft (286 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total28,400
 • Density2,141.9/sq mi (827.0/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes40340, 40356
Area code(s)859
FIPS code21-56136
GNIS feature ID0499462
Websitewww.nicholasville.org

Nicholasville is a 2nd-class city in Jessamine County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[3] The population was 28,015 during the 2010 U.S. Census, making Nicholasville the 11th-largest settlement in the state. In the last few decades, Nicholasville has experienced rapid growth; the population increased 380% between 1970 and 2010. An official city report published in 2009 declared that "the Welcome mat is out in Nicholasville" for new residents and businesses, and claimed this growth to be "the envy of other cities across the state."[4] The city serves as both a residential area for Lexington-area commuters and as an employment and shopping center for central Kentucky.

The city is home to the Kentucky Wine & Vine Fest.[5] The annual festival showcases wines from commercial vineyards and amateur winemakers from across Kentucky and the surrounding region, and has been named the "Official Wine Festival of Kentucky" by the Kentucky state legislature.[6] The event is unhindered by inclement weather, pledging to be held "rain or shine".[7]


Geography[edit]

Nicholasville is located at 37°52′58″N 84°34′36″W / 37.882670°N 84.576585°W / 37.882670; -84.576585 (37.882670, -84.576585).[8] Downtown Nicholasville is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Fayette County. The city serves as a logistics and commuter hub between Lexington and Nicholasville's neighboring counties, especially Garrard County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.08 square miles (33.9 km2), of which 13.01 square miles (33.7 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2), or 0.52%, is water. Some artificial ponds, including Lake Mingo, are present in the city.[9] Town Fork, a partially channelized stream, runs south and passes underneath downtown, eventually draining into Jessamine Creek.[10]

Climate[edit]

Nicholasville is in the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate zone,[11] with hot and humid summers, cool winters, and occasional mild periods, especially in autumn. The city and the surrounding Bluegrass region have four distinct seasons that include cool plateau breezes, moderate nights in the summer, and no prolonged periods of rain, snow, or other severe weather.

History[edit]

Nicholasville was founded in 1798.[12] It was, however, not formally incorporated until 1837.[1] The town was named in honor of Colonel George Nicholas, a father of the Kentucky constitution in 1792.[13]

The Young House in Nicholasville is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Government[edit]

Nicholasville's government operates under a non-partisan City Commission. The Commission wields all executive, legislative, and administrative powers, and is composed of a mayor and four commissioners. The commissioners draft and pass laws and, by managing their respective departments, ensure the laws are carried out efficiently. The mayor administers oaths, signs documents on the city's behalf, and conducts Commission meetings. As a member of the commission, the mayor has legislative powers equal to that of the commissioners. Commission meetings take place twice monthly.[14]

Unlike Lexington-Fayette, city and county governments are not consolidated in Jessamine County.

Demographics[edit]

Jessamine County Courthouse
Historical population
CensusPop.
1860465
18701,089134.2%
18802,303111.5%
18902,157−6.3%
19002,39310.9%
19102,93522.6%
19202,736−6.8%
19303,12814.3%
19403,1922.0%
19503,4066.7%
19604,27525.5%
19705,82936.4%
198010,40078.4%
199013,60330.8%
200019,68044.7%
201028,01542.4%
U.S. Census Bureau[15]

As of the 2010 census,[16] there were 28,015 people, 10,492 households, and 7,503 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,141.9 per square mile (827.0/km2). There were 11,405 housing units at an average density of 872.0 per square mile (336.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White (89.5% non-Hispanic), 4.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 10,492 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.5% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07.

The age distribution was 27.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.1 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

According to Census Bureau data for 2011 (American Community Survey 5-year estimates), the median income for a household in the city was $43,453, and the median income for a family was $52,419. Full-time male workers had a median income of $37,954 versus $33,330 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,526. About 14.5% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

U.S. highways[edit]

State routes[edit]

Future roads[edit]

A new 7.4-mile (11.9 km) four-lane divided highway running from a Single-point urban interchange at US 27 north of Nicholasville to US 27 south of Nicholasville is being designed to serve the eastern half of Jessamine County's county seat.[18] The western Nicholasville bypass, signed as US 27, was completed in 1986[17] with an interchange at KY 29 and a few at-grade intersections.

The eastern bypass of Nicholasville will give commuters another option of bypassing the city, while serving the residents of the eastern half of Jessamine county. In September 2002, the Federal Highway Administration approved an environmental assessment document.[18] Right-of-way purchase, estimated at $15 million, began in 2006, with relocation of utility lines in 2007 and construction in 2008. It was to be completed in 2010 at a cost of $73 million to complete. The Kentucky Transportation Cabinet predicts that when the highway opens, 58,000 travelers will use the western bypass and 45,000 will use the eastern bypass.[18]

Transportation planning[edit]

The Lexington Area MPO is responsible for transportation planning for Fayette and Jessamine Counties. This includes activities such as carpool matching, administering a commuter vanpool program, air quality forecasting, bicycle and pedestrian planning, congestion management, and developing transportation plans and documents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Nicholasville, Kentucky". Accessed 15 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Government: City Commission". www.nicholasville.org. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2009 Report to the community" (Press release). City of Nicholasville. 2009. p. 5. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Kentucky Wine and Vine homepage". www.kywineandvine.com. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "2014 Press Release" (Press release). www.kywineandvine.com. 23 April 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Nicholasville NOW!: Kentucky Wine & Vine Fest named a Top 10 Festival". www.nicholasvillenow.org. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "NJCPR: Parks & Pictures". Nicholasville/Jessamine County Parks & Recreation. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Kentucky River Basin Assessment Report: Jessamine Creek". Kentucky Water Research Institute - University of Kentucky. August 2000. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  11. ^ How Stuff Works "Map of American climate zones". Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Columbia-Lipincott Gazeteer, p. 1320. Columbia Univ. Press (New York), 1952.
  13. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1996). The WPA Guide to Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. p. 254. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Government: City Commission". www.nicholasville.org. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  15. ^ Historical Census Data Retrieved on 2012-01-26
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  17. ^ a b Honeycutt, Valarie. "LEXINGTON TO GET $24 MILLION FOR ROADS STATE TO HELP CITY LAUNCH MORE THAN A DOZEN PROJECTS." Herald-Leader [Lexington] 5 Sept. 1986. 10 Jan. 2007.
  18. ^ a b c "Eastside Bypass Closer in Nicholasville," Herald-Leader, 7 December 2001, p. B3

External links[edit]