Nicaraguan cuisine

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Life in Nicaragua
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Vigorón, a traditional Nicaraguan dish

Nicaraguan cuisine includes a mixture of the indigenous Miskito people, Spanish cuisine and Creole cuisine. When the Spaniards first arrived in Nicaragua they found that the Creole people present had incorporated foods available in the area into their cuisine.[1] Despite the blending and incorporation of pre-Columbian and Spanish influenced cuisine, traditional cuisine differs on the Pacific and the Caribbean coast. While the Pacific coast's main staple revolves around local fruits and corn, the Caribbean coast's cuisine makes use of seafood and coconut.


Main staples[edit]

Maize is a staple food in Nicaragua

As in many other Latin American countries, corn is a main staple. Corn is used in many of the widely consumed dishes, such as nacatamal, and indio viejo. Corn is not only used in food; it is also an ingredient for drinks such as pinolillo and chicha as well as in sweets and desserts. Other staples are rice and beans. Rice will be eaten when corn is not and beans are consumed as a cheap protein by the majority of Nicaraguans. It is common for rice and beans to be eaten as a breakfast dish. There are many meals including these two staples; one popular dish, Gallo Pinto, is often served as breakfast, sometimes with eggs. Nicaraguans do not limit their diet solely to corn, rice, and beans. Many Nicaraguans will have small gardens of their own full of vegetables.

Commonly used ingredients include fruits and vegetables include: jocote, grosella, mimbro, mango, papaya, tamarind, pipian, banana, avocado, yuca, and quequisque. Herbs such as culantro, oregano and achiote are also part of the cuisine.[1]

Typical Nicaraguan dishes[edit]

Platos (Dishes)[edit]

  • Arroz a la valenciana
  • Arroz aguado
  • Arroz con pescado
  • Arroz con pollo
  • Berenjenas rellenas
  • Brochetas
  • Camarones al ajillo
  • Carne asada
  • Carne desmenuzada
  • Carne enchorizada
  • Carne Pinchada
  • Carne sofrita
  • Costillas asadas de cerdo
  • Cusuco frito y desmenuzado
  • Chancho adobado
  • Chancho frito
  • Chicharrón con Chimichurri
  • Churrasco con Chimichurri
  • Ensalada de aguacate
  • Filete en tocineta
  • Gallina Rellena
  • Gallo Pinto
  • Guacamol Nica
  • Guiso de berenjenas
  • Guiso de chayote
  • Guiso de pipian
  • Güirila
  • Higado asado
  • Higado en caldillo
  • Higado frito
  • Indio Viejo
  • Lengua
  • Lengua fingida
  • Lomo de venado
  • Lomo entomatado y encebollado
  • Lomo relleno
  • Nacatamal
  • Pechuga con queso
  • Pechuga desmenuzada
  • Pescozon
  • Pescado a la Tipitapa
  • Platanos fritos
  • Posta en caldillo
  • Punta de Salon henchida
  • Quesillo
  • Repocheta
  • Rondón
  • Salpicón
  • Sopa de albóndigas
  • Sopa de cola
  • Sopa de frijoles
  • Sopa de Gallina con Albóndigas
  • Sopa de mondongo
  • Sopa de pastora
  • Sopa de pato
  • Sopa de pescado
  • Sopa de punche (cangrejo de mar)
  • Sopa de queso
  • Sopa de res o de hueso
  • Sopa de verduras
  • Sopa Siete Mares
  • Substancia de carne o de higado
  • Taco al Pastor
  • Tajadas con ensalada
  • Tamales
  • Tamal Relleno
  • Tostones
  • Ubre
  • Vaho
  • Venado asado
  • Vigorón

Refrescos (Drinks)[edit]

Chicha morada served with pipeño

Nicaraguan cuisine makes use of fruits, some of which are only grown in that particular region due to their location. Many fruits are made into drink, such as melon, papaya, guayaba, guanábana, coconut, pina, and pitahaya, among others. Pinolillo is very popular among Nicaraguans, as many times they refer to themselves as pinoleros.[2] Many drinks are also made from grains, seeds, mixed with milk, water, sugar and ice.[3] Other drinks include:

Postres (Desserts)[edit]

  • Almendras en miel (en jarabe)
  • Almibar o curbaza
  • Arroz en leche
  • Atol
  • Atol pujagua
  • Atolillo
  • Ayote en miel
  • Bienmesabe
  • Botellitas de miel
  • Brujas
  • Buñuelos de yuca o platano
  • Cajeta de ajonjoli
  • Cajeta de coco
  • Cajeta de coyol
  • Cajeta de leche
  • Cajeta de pina
  • Cajeta de zapoyol
  • Cosa de horno
  • Coyol en miel (en jarabe)
  • Crispeta
  • Cuznaca
  • Chiricaya
  • Dulce de leche
  • Dulce de limon (cidra)
  • Dulce de nancite
  • Dulce de naranja
  • Dulce de pina
  • Dulce de papaya
  • Dulce de toronja
  • Dulce de remolacha con zanahoria
  • Enchiclados
  • Espumillas
  • Gofio
  • Gofio con anis
  • Grosellas en miel (en jarabe)
  • Hicacos en miel (en jarabe)
  • Jalea de guayaba
  • Jalea de mango
  • Jalea de patriotas (bananas)
  • Jocotes cocidos
  • Leche burra
  • Maduro asado
  • Maduro en gloria
  • Maduro horneado
  • Mamones en miel (en jarabe)
  • Mazapan
  • Melcocha
  • Motas de atol
  • Nancites cocidos
  • Nancites en conserva
  • Perrerreque
  • Piñonate
  • Pio Quinto
  • Raspados
  • Requeson
  • Sopa borracha
  • Suspiros
  • Toronja en miel (en jarabe)
  • Torta de leche
  • Tres leches cake
  • Turron

See also[edit]


External links[edit]