Newton, Kansas

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Newton, Kansas
City
Newton City Hall in 2006
Newton City Hall in 2006
Motto: Life as it Should Be
Location of Newton within Harvey County and Kansas
Location of Newton within Harvey County and Kansas
Coordinates: 38°2′39″N 97°20′51″W / 38.04417°N 97.34750°W / 38.04417; -97.34750Coordinates: 38°2′39″N 97°20′51″W / 38.04417°N 97.34750°W / 38.04417; -97.34750[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyHarvey
Founded1871
Incorporated1872, 1880
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorLeroy Koehn
 • City ManagerRandy Riggs
Area[2]
 • Total12.60 sq mi (32.63 km2)
 • Land12.60 sq mi (32.63 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[1]1,447 ft (441 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total19,132
 • Estimate (2012[4])19,189
 • Density1,500/sq mi (590/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code67114
Area code316
FIPS code20-50475[1]
GNIS feature ID0484319[1]
WebsiteNewtonKansas.com
 
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Newton, Kansas
City
Newton City Hall in 2006
Newton City Hall in 2006
Motto: Life as it Should Be
Location of Newton within Harvey County and Kansas
Location of Newton within Harvey County and Kansas
Coordinates: 38°2′39″N 97°20′51″W / 38.04417°N 97.34750°W / 38.04417; -97.34750Coordinates: 38°2′39″N 97°20′51″W / 38.04417°N 97.34750°W / 38.04417; -97.34750[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyHarvey
Founded1871
Incorporated1872, 1880
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorLeroy Koehn
 • City ManagerRandy Riggs
Area[2]
 • Total12.60 sq mi (32.63 km2)
 • Land12.60 sq mi (32.63 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[1]1,447 ft (441 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total19,132
 • Estimate (2012[4])19,189
 • Density1,500/sq mi (590/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code67114
Area code316
FIPS code20-50475[1]
GNIS feature ID0484319[1]
WebsiteNewtonKansas.com

Newton is a city in and the county seat of Harvey County, Kansas, United States.[1] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 19,132.[5] Newton is located 25 mi (40 km) north of Wichita and is included in the Wichita metropolitan statistical area (MSA). The city of North Newton is located immediately north of the city, existing as a separate political entity.

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Harvey County
Downtown Newton, 2006

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1872, Harvey County was founded.

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia westward to Newton by July 1871.[6] The town soon became an important railroad shipping point of Texas cattle.[7]

The city was founded in 1871 and named after Newton, Massachusetts, home of some of the Santa Fe stockholders.[8]

In August 1871, there was a Gunfight at Hide Park, in which a total of eight men were killed. The incident began with an argument between two local lawmen, Billy Bailey and Mike McCluskie. Because of this incident, Newton became known as "bloody and lawless—the wickedest city in the west.".[9]

In 1872 the western terminal for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the railhead for the Chisholm Trail were established here. Shortly after incorporation of the city in 1872, the Newton city council passed an ordinance prohibiting the running at large of buffalo and other wild animals.

20th century[edit]

During World War II, the Newton airport was taken over by the US Navy as a secondary Naval Air Station, and the main runway was extended to over 7,000 feet (2,100 m).

Newton served as the Middle Division dispatching headquarters for the "Santa Fe" until the mid-1980s, when all dispatching for the Chicago to Los Angeles system was centralized in the Chicago area. In 1995 the Santa Fe merged with the Burlington Northern Railroad, and is now known as the BNSF Railway. The BNSF continues to be a large industrial taxpayer although its impact as an employer has decreased in the past decade. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".

Geography[edit]

Newton is located at 38°2′39″N 97°20′51″W / 38.04417°N 97.34750°W / 38.04417; -97.34750 (38.044089, -97.347597).[1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.60 square miles (32.63 km2), all of it land.[2]

The city is in the central portion of the continental United States. U.S. Highway 81, also known as the Meridian Highway, stretches from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada to Mexico City, Mexico through Central and South America. It passes through Newton, Kansas and is known as "Main Street." U.S. Highway 50 runs past the White House in Washington, DC through Newton, Kansas and continues on to Sacramento, California.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Newton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Blue Sky Sculpture, Centennial Park
Historical population
CensusPop.
18802,601
18905,605115.5%
19006,20810.8%
19107,86226.6%
19209,78124.4%
193011,03412.8%
194011,0480.1%
195011,5904.9%
196014,87728.4%
197015,4393.8%
198016,3325.8%
199016,7002.3%
200017,1902.9%
201019,13211.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

Newton is located in Harvey County which is an agricultural and small manufacturing county with 34,361 people. Harvey County Kansas is part of a four county "Metro Area" with about a half million people. The major city in this metro area is Wichita, Kansas, 20 miles (20 minutes) to the South via I-135.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 19,132 people, 7,584 households, and 5,045 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,518.4 inhabitants per square mile (586.3 /km2). There were 8,237 housing units at an average density of 653.7 per square mile (252.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.4% White, 2.2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 4.7% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.3% of the population.

There were 7,584 households of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.5% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 17,190 people, 6,851 households, and 4,610 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,794.0 people per square mile (692.8/km²). There were 7,277 housing units at an average density of 759.5 per square mile (293.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.73% White, 2.30% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.84% from other races, and 2.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.73% of the population.

There were 6,851 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population had 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household was $38,236, and the median income for a family was $45,703. Males had a median income of $32,308 versus $21,906 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,529. About 5.1% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

Area attractions[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Newton is part of Unified School District 373.[17][18] Newton public schools consist of Newton High, Santa Fe 5/6 Center, Chisholm Middle, Sunset Elementary, Northridge Elementary, Southbreeze Elementary, Slate Creek Elementary, and Walton Rural Life Center, an agricultural charter school (in Walton, Kansas). Newton also has two private K-8 schools, Newton Bible Christian School and St. Mary's Catholic School,[19] and a private high school; Newton Christian High School (rural north of Newton).

College[edit]

Bethel College is located nearby in the City of North Newton.

Media[edit]

Newton is served by local media as well as that of Wichita and national media. The following lists include both local media and media from the Wichita MSA.

Print media[edit]

The Newton Kansan (GateHouse Media) serves Newton and the surrounding area as the daily local newspaper. It is not published on Sundays or Mondays. The Wichita Eagle is the major newspaper for the region.

Television[edit]

Cox Communications supplies Newton with cable Television

Radio[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways (I-135, US-50, US-81, K-15), an airport, and the BNSF Railway make Newton a central location for transportation and shipping. Amtrak's Southwest Chief stops in Newton twice each day and provides passenger rail service towards Los Angeles and Chicago.[20] The Amtrak station is located at 414 N Main St.[21]

Newton City/County Airport, FAA:EWK,[22] is located 2 miles east of Newton. Its 7,002-foot (2,134 m) runway is one of only 11 runways in Kansas 7,000-foot (2,100 m) or longer. It has ILS and GPS approach.[23][24]

Utilities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

An Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway route map from 1891 issue of Grain Dealers and Shippers Gazetteer.
See also List of people from Harvey County, Kansas

See also[edit]

Newton Carnegie Library, 1912

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Newton, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  6. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  7. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 367. 
  8. ^ Harvey County History
  9. ^ Smith, Jessica (2013). "Morality and Money: A Look at how the Respectable Community Battled the Sporting Community over Prostitution in Kansas Cowtowns, 1867-1885". Kansas State University. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Newton, Kansas
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Kansas Sports Museum - Kansas Travel
  13. ^ Harvey County Historical Society Library and Museum
  14. ^ Kauffman Museum
  15. ^ Carriage Factory Art Gallery
  16. ^ Sand Creek Station Golf Course
  17. ^ USD 373
  18. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map
  19. ^ St. Mary's Catholic School
  20. ^ Amtrak - Southwest Chief route
  21. ^ Amtrak - Newton Station
  22. ^ Newton City/County Airport map
  23. ^ Newton City/County Airport web site
  24. ^ Newton City/County Airport information
  25. ^ Basketball Hall Of Fame - Harold E. Foster
  26. ^ http://www.kshs.org/kansapedia/kansans-in-u-s-congress/14490
  27. ^ "Keeny, John Ephraim". Louisiana Historical Association, A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography (lahistory.org). Retrieved December 27, 2010. 
  28. ^ Robert Kreh - Bio

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps