Newsday

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Newsday Logo
Newsday article feb212012.jpg
The February 21, 2012 front page of Newsday
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatTabloid
Owner(s)Cablevision
PublisherFred Groser
EditorDebbie Henley
Founded1940
Headquarters235 Pinelawn Road
Melville, New York 11747
USA
Circulation377,744 Daily
458,692 Sunday[1]
ISSN0278-5587
OCLC number5371847
Official websitewww.newsday.com
 
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Newsday Logo
Newsday article feb212012.jpg
The February 21, 2012 front page of Newsday
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatTabloid
Owner(s)Cablevision
PublisherFred Groser
EditorDebbie Henley
Founded1940
Headquarters235 Pinelawn Road
Melville, New York 11747
USA
Circulation377,744 Daily
458,692 Sunday[1]
ISSN0278-5587
OCLC number5371847
Official websitewww.newsday.com
Melville, NY headquarters

Newsday is an American daily newspaper that primarily serves Nassau and Suffolk counties and the New York City borough of Queens on Long Island, although it is sold throughout the New York metropolitan area. As of 2009, its weekday circulation of 377,500 was the 11th-highest in the United States, and the highest among suburban newspapers.[2] In 2012, Newsday expanded to include Rockland and Westchester county news on its website.

The newspaper's headquarters are in Melville, New York, in Suffolk County.

History[edit]

Founded by Alicia Patterson—the daughter of Joseph Medill Patterson, founder of the New York Daily News—with backing from her husband, Harry Guggenheim, the paper was first published on September 3, 1940 from Hempstead. For many years, Newsday copied the Daily News format of short stories and lots of pictures (Ironically, Patterson was fired as a writer at her father's Daily News in her early 20s, after getting the basic facts of a divorce wrong in a published report). After Patterson's death in 1963, Guggenheim became publisher and editor.

In 1967, Guggenheim turned over the publisher position to Bill Moyers and continued as president and editor-in-chief. But Guggenheim was disappointed by the liberal drift of the newspaper under Moyers, criticizing what he called the "left-wing" coverage of Vietnam War protests.[3][4] The two split over the 1968 presidential election, with Guggenheim signing an editorial supporting Richard Nixon, when Moyers supported Hubert Humphrey.[5]

Guggenheim sold his majority share to the then-conservative Times-Mirror Company over the attempt of newspaper employees to block the sale, even though Moyers offered $10 million more than the Times-Mirror purchase price; Moyers resigned a few days later.[3][6][7] Guggenheim, who died a year later, disinherited Moyers from his will.[8]

After the competing Long Island Press (not to be confused with the alternative weekly of the same name) ceased publication in 1977, Newsday launched a separate Queens edition, followed by a New York City edition dubbed New York Newsday. In June 2000, Times Mirror merged with the Tribune Company, partnering Newsday with the New York City television station WPIX (Channel 11), also owned by Tribune.

With the Times Mirror-Tribune merger, the newspaper founded by Alicia Patterson was now owned by the company that was founded by her great-grandfather, Joseph Medill — which, until 1991, also owned her father's Daily News. (Tribune sold the Daily News to British newspaper magnate Robert Maxwell. After Maxwell's death in 1992, his publishing empire collapsed and Mortimer Zuckerman purchased the Daily News.) Chicago, Illinois, real estate magnate Samuel Zell purchased Tribune in 2007.[2]

News Corporation, headed by CEO Rupert Murdoch, attempted to purchase Newsday for US$580 million in April 2008.[9] This was soon followed by a matching bid from Zuckerman[10] and a $680 million bid from Cablevision.[11] In May 2008, News Corporation withdrew its bid,[12] and on May 12, 2008, Newsday reported that Cablevision would purchase the paper for $650 million.[13] The sale was completed July 29, 2008.[14]

Editorial style[edit]

Despite having a tabloid format, Newsday is not known for being sensationalistic, as are other local daily tabloids, such as the New York Daily News and the New York Post.[15][16]

In 2004, the alternative weekly newspaper Long Island Press (which is not related to the defunct daily of the same name) wrote that Newsday has used its clout to influence local politics in Nassau and Suffolk Counties.[17]

Bill Moyers briefly served as publisher.[18] During the tenure of publisher Robert M. Johnson in the 1980s, Newsday made a major push into New York City. The paper's roster of columnists and critics has included Jimmy Breslin, Barbara Garson, Normand Poirier, Murray Kempton, Gail Collins, Pete Hamill, Sydney Schanberg, Robert Reno (died 2012), Jim Dwyer, sportswriter Mike Lupica, music critic Tim Page, and television critic Marvin Kitman. The paper featured both advice columnists Ann Landers and Dear Abby for several years. Its features section has included, among others, television reporters Verne Gay and Diane Werts, TV/film feature writer Frank Lovece, and film critics Rafer Guzman, John Anderson and Lovece. Newsday carries the syndicated columnist Froma Harrop. Pulitzer Prize winner Walt Handelsman's editorial political cartoons animation are a nationally syndicated feature of Newsday. In the 1980s, a new design director, Robert Eisner, guided the transition into digital design and color printing.[citation needed]

Newsday created and sponsored a "Long Island at the Crossroads" advisory board in 1978, to recommend regional goals, supervise local government, and liaison with state and Federal officials.[19][20][21] It lasted approximately a decade.

On March 21, 2011, Newsday remade its front page, scrapping the masthead and font used since the 1960s.[22]

Circulation[edit]

In 2008, Newsday was ranked 10th in terms of newspaper circulation in the United States.[2]

A circulation scandal in 2004 revealed that the paper's daily and Sunday circulation had been inflated by 16.9% and 14.5%, respectively, in the auditing period September 30, 2002 to September 30, 2003.[23] The Audit Bureau of Circulation adjusted average weekday circulation to 481,816 from 579,599; average Saturday circulation to 392,649 from 416,830; and average Sunday circulation to 574,081 from 671,820, and instituted twice-yearly audits.[23]

On October 28, 2009, Newsday changed its web site to a paid-subscriber only model. Newsday.com would open its front page, classified ads, movie listings, and school closings to all site visitors, but access beyond this content would require a weekly fee – US$5 as of 2010. This fee would be waived for subscribers of the print edition of the paper, as well as for subscribers to parent-company Cablevision's Internet service.[24] Through its first three months only 35 non-Optimum, non-Newsday subscribers signed up for the paid web site.[25]

Awards[edit]

Pulitzer Prize[edit]

As of 2008, Newsday has won 19 Pulitzer Prizes and has been a finalist for 18 additional:[26] If no individual is listed, award is for Newsday staff.

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Total Circ for US Newspapers". Alliance for Audited Media. March 31, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Arango, Tim and Richard Pérez-Peña. "Three New York Moguls in Talks to Buy Newsday." The New York Times. March 21, 2008
  3. ^ a b "The Press: How Much Independence?". Time. April 27, 1970. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  4. ^ Keeler, Robert F. (1990). Newsday: a candid history of the respectable tabloid. Morrow. pp. 460–61. ISBN 1-55710-053-5. 
  5. ^ "Newsday Goes For Nixon, But Moyers Balks". Chicago Tribune. October 17, 1968. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Moyers Resigns Post at Newsday". New York Times. May 13, 1970. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  7. ^ Raymont, Henry (March 13, 1970). "Newsday Employes Seek to Block Sale of the Paper". New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  8. ^ "$12 Million Left to Charity by Guggenheim". Chicago Tribune. January 30, 1971. 
  9. ^ Newsday (April 23, 2008): "Murdoch tells LI officials deal for Newsday close", by Ellen Yan and James T. Madadore
  10. ^ Reuters (April 16, 2008): "Zuckerman submits $580 million Newsday bid: source", by Robert Macmillan and Kenneth Lee
  11. ^ Reuters (May 2, 2008): "Cablevision submits $650 mln bid for Newsday: source" by Jui Chakravorty Das
  12. ^ Reuters (May 11, 2008)
  13. ^ Cablevision announces deal to buy Newsday, Newsday, May 12, 2008
  14. ^ Cablevision Completes Newsday Buy from Tribune, Broadcasting and Cable, July 29, 2008
  15. ^ Stevens, John D., Sensationalism and the New York Press (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991) ISBN 0-231-07396-8
  16. ^ Hamill, Pete, News Is a Verb: Journalism at the End of the Twentieth Century (New York: Ballantine Books, 1998) ISBN 0-345-42528-6
  17. ^ Long Island Press, "Game Over: How the Paper's Monopoly Control Has Warped its Coverage and Hurt Long Island", by Christopher Twarowski, December 30, 2004: "Numerous politicians in both counties, county workers, directors of community groups and other sources claim that 'Newsday' uses its position as Long Island's only daily paper to strong-arm county officials, nonprofit directors, local leaders and rival publications and even to influence pieces of legislation — often through fear, intimidation and other anti-competitive practices — to further its political or commercial agenda".
  18. ^ The Museum of Broadcast Communications: Moyer biography
  19. ^ "A Decade Later, Still at Crossroads", by Tom Morris, Newsday (April 19, 1988):
  20. ^ "L.I. Planners Need Cooperation, Not Competition" (editorial), Newsday (Dec. 13, 1988)
  21. ^ "Back to the Future", Newsday (Feb. 4, 1991): by Greg Steinmetz
  22. ^ "Meet the new Newsday" Newsday (March 21, 2011)
  23. ^ a b Audit Bureau of Circulation, "ABC Releases Newsday Audit", November 16, 2004
  24. ^ Flamm, Matthew (October 22, 2009). "Newsday to begin charging for online articles". Crain's New York. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  25. ^ Koblin, John (January 26, 2010). "After Three Months, Only 35 Subscriptions for Newsday‘s Web Site". The New York Observer. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  26. ^ Pulitzer Prize official site: Newsday search results

External links[edit]