Newbery Medal

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Newbery Medal
Newbery Medal.jpg
Awarded for"The most distinguished contribution to American literature for children"
CountryUnited States
Presented byAssociation for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association
First awarded1922
Official websiteala.org/alsc/newbery
 
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Newbery Medal
Newbery Medal.jpg
Awarded for"The most distinguished contribution to American literature for children"
CountryUnited States
Presented byAssociation for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association
First awarded1922
Official websiteala.org/alsc/newbery

The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association (ALA). The award is given to the author of "the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children."[1] Named for John Newbery, an 18th-century English publisher of juvenile books, the Newbery was proposed by Frederic G. Melcher in 1921, making it the first children's book award in the world.[2]:1 The medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and depicts an author giving his work (a book) to a boy and a girl to read.

The Newbery and the Caldecott Medal are considered the two most prestigious awards for children's literature in the United States. Many bookstores and libraries have Newbery sections; popular television shows interview the winners; textbooks include lists of Newbery winners, and many master's and doctoral theses are written about them.[3]

Beside the one annual Medalist, the committee identifies a variable number of worthy runners-up as Newbery Honor Books. Though the Newbery Honor was initiated in 1938, specially cited runners-up for the Newbery Medal from previous years were retroactively named Newbery Honor books.[4] As few as zero and as many as eight have been named, but from 1938 the number is one to five annual Honors. The Honor Books must be a subset of the runners-up on the final ballot, either the leading runners-up on that ballot or the leaders on one further ballot that excludes the winner.[5]:37

Every book considered must be written by a US citizen or resident and must be published first or simultaneously in the US in English during the preceding year.[6]

History[edit]

The Newbery Medal was established June 22, 1921 at the American Library Association (ALA)'s annual conference. Proposed by Publishers Weekly editor Frederick Melcher, the idea was enthusiastically received by the children's librarians present. Though the award was organized by and voted on by the ALA, Melcher provided much needed funds, who paid for the design and creation of the medal. The first Newbery Award is in 1922 (it was as early as they could get it, see Newbery recipients below)[2]:9–11

According to the American Library Association's The Newbery and Caldecott Awards, Melcher and the ALA board agreed to establish the award for several reasons that related to children's librarians. They wanted to encourage quality, creative children's books and to demonstrate to the public that children's books deserve recognition and praise.[2]:1 In 1932 the committee felt it was important to encourage new authors in the field so a rule was made that an author who had already won a Newbery could only win again if the vote was unanimous. In 1958 the rule was felt unnecessary and was removed. Another change in 1963 made it clear that joint authors of a book were eligible for the award. Several more revisions and clarifications were added in the 1970s and 1980s.[2]:2–3

This medal was named after John Newbery because he made it a priority to create books specifically for children. At that time, books were not being published with children as the main audience. Since John Newbery was a great help in creating these books, there is now an award named after him.

Selection process[edit]

As Barbara Elleman explained in The Newbery and Caldecott Awards, the original Newbery was based on votes by a selected jury of Children's Librarian Section officers. Books were first nominated by any librarian, then the jury voted for one favorite. Hendrik van Loon's non-fiction history book The Story of Mankind won with 163 votes out of 212.[2]:11 In 1924 the process was changed, and instead of using popular vote it was decided that a special award committee would be formed to select the winner. The award committee was made up of the Children's Librarian Section executive board, their book evaluation committee and three members at large. In 1929 it was changed again to the four officers, the chairs of the standing committees and the ex president. Nominations were still taken from members at large.[2]:13

In 1937 the American Library Association added the Caldecott Award, for "the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children published in the United States".[7] That year an award committee selected the medal and honor books for both awards.[5]:7 In 1978 the rules were changed and two committees were formed of fifteen people each, one for each award. A new committee is formed every year,with "eight elected, six appointed, and one appointed Chair".[2]:7 Committee members are chosen to represent a wide variety of libraries, teachers and book reviewers. They read the books on their own time, then meet twice a year for closed discussions. Any book that qualifies is eligible, it does not have to have been nominated. Newbery winners are announced at the Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association, held in January or February. The results of the committee vote is kept secret, and winners are notified by phone shortly before the award is announced.[2]:8

Controversy[edit]

In October 2008, Anita Silvey, a children's literary expert, published an article in the School Library Journal criticizing the committee for choosing books that are too difficult for children.[3][8] Lucy Calkins, the Reading and Writing Project at Columbia University's Teachers College agreed with Silvey:

I can't help but believe that thousands, even millions, more children would grow up reading if the Newbery committee aimed to spotlight books that are deep and beautiful and irresistible to kids.[3]

But Pat Scales said,

The criterion has never been popularity. It is about literary quality. How many adults have read all the Pulitzer-prize-winning books and ... liked every one?[3]

Some question a quest for exclusivity, or "equating children's book habits with adults'."[9]

John Beach, associate professor of literacy education at St. John's University in New York, compared the books that adults choose for children with the books that children choose for themselves and found that in the past 30 years, there is only 5% overlap between the Children's Choice Awards (International Reading Association) and the Notable Children's Books list (American Library Association).[3] He has also stated that "the Newbery has probably done far more to turn kids off to reading than any other book award in children's publishing."[3]

Erica Perl responded:

For starters, the real reasons kids don't read don't have anything to do with the Newbery medal—or any award. It has to do with the declining role of the book in our streaming-media culture and with socioeconomic realities.[10]

Others argue that child appropriate books are important, not unpopular assignment of award winners.[11]

Recipients[edit]

Winners and runners-up[12]
YearAuthorBookCitation
1922Hendrik Willem van LoonThe Story of MankindWinner
1922Charles HawesThe Great QuestHonor
1922Bernard MarshallCedric the ForesterHonor
1922William BowenThe Old Tobacco Shop: A True Account of What Befell a Little Boy in Search of AdventureHonor
1922Padraic ColumThe Golden Fleece and The Heroes Who Lived Before AchillesHonor
1922Cornelia MeigsThe Windy HillHonor
1923Hugh LoftingThe Voyages of Doctor DolittleWinner
1924Charles HawesThe Dark FrigateWinner
1925Charles FingerTales from Silver LandsWinner
1925Annie Carroll MooreNicholas: A Manhattan Christmas StoryHonor
1925Anne ParrishThe Dream CoachHonor
1926Arthur Bowie ChrismanShen of the SeaWinner
1926Padraic ColumThe Voyagers: Being Legends and Romances of Atlantic DiscoveryHonor
1927Will JamesSmoky the Cow HorseWinner
1928Dhan Gopal MukerjiGay Neck, the Story of a PigeonWinner
1928Ella YoungThe Wonder Smith and His SonHonor
1928Caroline SnedekerDownright DenceyHonor
1929Eric P. KellyThe Trumpeter of KrakowWinner
1929John BennettThe Pigtail of Ah Lee Ben Loo with Seventeen Other Laughable Tales and 200 Comical SilhouettesHonor
1929Wanda GágMillions of CatsHonor
1929Grace HallockThe Boy Who WasHonor
1929Cornelia MeigsClearing WeatherHonor
1929Grace MoonRunaway PapooseHonor
1929Elinor WhitneyTod of the FensHonor
1930Rachel FieldHitty, Her First Hundred YearsWinner
1930Jeanette EatonA Daughter of the Seine: The Life of Madame RolandHonor
1930Elizabeth MillerPran of AlbaniaHonor
1930Marian Hurd McNeelyThe Jumping-Off PlaceHonor
1931Ella YoungThe Tangle-Coated Horse and Other TalesHonor
1930Julia Davis AdamsVaino, A Boy of New FinlandHonor
1930Hildegarde SwiftLittle Blacknose: The Story of a PioneerHonor
1931Elizabeth CoatsworthThe Cat Who Went to HeavenWinner
1931Anne ParrishFloating IslandHonor
1931Alida MalkusThe Dark Star of Itza: The Story of A Pagan PrincessHonor
1931Ralph HubbardQueer PersonHonor
1931Julia Davis AdamsMountains are FreeHonor
1931Agnes HewesSpice and the Devil's CaveHonor
1931Elizabeth Janet GrayMeggy MacIntoshHonor
1931Herbert BestGarram the Hunter: A Boy of the Hill TribesHonor
1931Alice Lide and Margaret JohansenOod-Le-Uk the WandererHonor
1932Laura Adams ArmerWaterless MountainWinner
1932Dorothy P. LathropThe Fairy CircusHonor
1932Rachel FieldCalico BushHonor
1932Eunice TietjensBoy of the South SeasHonor
1932Eloise LownsberyOut of the FlameHonor
1932Marjorie Hill AlleeJane's IslandHonor
1932Mary Gould DavisTruce of the Wolf and Other Tales of Old ItalyHonor
1933Elizabeth Foreman LewisYoung Fu of the Upper YangtzeWinner
1933Cornelia MeigsSwift RiversHonor
1933Hildegarde SwiftThe Railroad To Freedom: A Story of the Civil WarHonor
1933Nora BurglonChildren of the Soil: A Story of ScandinaviaHonor
1934Cornelia MeigsInvincible LouisaWinner
1934Caroline SnedekerThe Forgotten DaughterHonor
1934Elsie SingmasterSwords of SteelHonor
1934Wanda GágABC BunnyHonor
1934Erik BerryWinged Girl of KnossosHonor
1934Sarah SchmidtNew LandHonor
1934Padraic ColumThe Big Tree of Bunlahy: Stories of My Own CountrysideHonor
1934Agnes HewesGlory of the SeasHonor
1934Ann KyleApprentice of FlorenceHonor
1935Monica ShannonDobryWinner
1935Elizabeth SeegerPageant of Chinese HistoryHonor
1935Constance RourkeDavy CrockettHonor
1935Hilda van StockumA Day On Skates: The Story of a Dutch PicnicHonor
1936Carol Ryrie BrinkCaddie WoodlawnWinner
1936Phil StongHonk, the MooseHonor
1936Kate SeredyThe Good MasterHonor
1936Elizabeth Janet GrayYoung Walter ScottHonor
1936Armstrong SperryAll Sail Set: A Romance of the Flying CloudHonor
1937Ruth SawyerRoller SkatesWinner
1937Lois LenskiPhoebe Fairchild: Her BookHonor
1937Idwal JonesWhistler's VanHonor
1937Ludwig BemelmansThe Golden BasketHonor
1937Margery WilliamsWinterboundHonor
1937Constance RourkeAudubonHonor
1937Agnes HewesThe Codfish MusketHonor
1938Kate SeredyThe White StagWinner
1938James Cloyd BowmanPecos Bill: The Greatest Cowboy of All TimeHonor
1938Mabel RobinsonBright IslandHonor
1938Laura Ingalls WilderOn the Banks of Plum CreekHonor
1939Elizabeth EnrightThimble SummerWinner
1939Valenti AngeloNinoHonor
1939Richard & Florence AtwaterMr. Popper's PenguinsHonor
1939Phyllis CrawfordHello the Boat!Honor
1939Jeanette EatonLeader By Destiny: George Washington, Man and PatriotHonor
1939Elizabeth Janet GrayPennHonor
1940James DaughertyDaniel BooneWinner
1940Kate SeredyThe Singing TreeHonor
1940Mabel RobinsonRunner of the Mountain Tops: The Life of Louis AgassizHonor
1940Laura Ingalls WilderBy the Shores of Silver LakeHonor
1940Stephen W. MeaderBoy with a PackHonor
1941Armstrong SperryCall It CourageWinner
1941Doris GatesBlue WillowHonor
1941Mary Jane CarrYoung Mac of Fort VancouverHonor
1941Laura Ingalls WilderThe Long WinterHonor
1941Anna Gertrude HallNansenHonor
1942Walter D. EdmondsThe Matchlock GunWinner
1942Laura Ingalls WilderLittle Town on the PrairieHonor
1942Genevieve FosterGeorge Washington's WorldHonor
1942Lois LenskiIndian Captive: The Story of Mary JemisonHonor
1942Eva Roe GagginDown Ryton WaterHonor
1943Elizabeth Gray ViningAdam of the RoadWinner
1943Eleanor EstesThe Middle MoffatHonor
1943Mabel Leigh HuntHave You Seen Tom Thumb?Honor
1944Esther ForbesJohnny TremainWinner
1944Laura Ingalls WilderThese Happy Golden YearsHonor
1944Julia SauerFog MagicHonor
1944Eleanor EstesRufus M.Honor
1944Elizabeth YatesMountain BornHonor
1945Robert LawsonRabbit HillWinner
1945Eleanor EstesThe Hundred DressesHonor
1945Alice DalglieshThe Silver PencilHonor
1945Genevieve FosterAbraham Lincoln's WorldHonor
1945Jeanette EatonLone Journey: The Life of Roger WilliamsHonor
1946Lois LenskiStrawberry GirlWinner
1946Marguerite HenryJustin Morgan Had a HorseHonor
1946Florence Crannell MeansThe Moved-OutersHonor
1946Christine WestonBhimsa, the Dancing BearHonor
1946Katherine ShippenNew Found WorldHonor
1947Carolyn Sherwin BaileyMiss HickoryWinner
1947Nancy BarnesThe Wonderful YearHonor
1947Mary & Conrad BuffBig TreeHonor
1947William MaxwellThe Heavenly TenantsHonor
1947Cyrus FisherThe Avion My Uncle FlewHonor
1947Eleanor JewettThe Hidden Treasure of GlastonHonor
1948William Pène du BoisThe Twenty-One BalloonsWinner
1948Claire Huchet BishopPancakes-ParisHonor
1948Carolyn TreffingerLi Lun, Lad of CourageHonor
1948Catherine BestermanThe Quaint and Curious Quest of Johnny LongfootHonor
1948Harold CourlanderThe Cow-Tail Switch, and Other West African StoriesHonor
1948Marguerite HenryMisty of ChincoteagueHonor
1949Marguerite HenryKing of the WindWinner
1949Holling C. HollingSeabirdHonor
1949Louise RankinDaughter of the MountainsHonor
1949Ruth S. GannettMy Father's DragonHonor
1949Arna BontempsStory of the NegroHonor
1950Marguerite de AngeliThe Door in the WallWinner
1950Rebecca CaudillTree of FreedomHonor
1950Catherine CoblentzThe Blue Cat of Castle TownHonor
1950Rutherford George MontgomeryKildee HouseHonor
1950Genevieve FosterGeorge WashingtonHonor
1950Walter & Marion HavighurstSong of The Pines: A Story of Norwegian Lumbering in WisconsinHonor
1951Elizabeth YatesAmos Fortune, Free ManWinner
1951Mabel Leigh HuntBetter Known as Johnny AppleseedHonor
1951Jeanette EatonGandhi, Fighter Without a SwordHonor
1951Clara Ingram JudsonAbraham Lincoln, Friend of the PeopleHonor
1951Anne ParrishThe Story of Appleby CappleHonor
1952Eleanor EstesGinger PyeWinner
1952Elizabeth BaityAmericans Before ColumbusHonor
1952Holling C. HollingMinn of the MississippiHonor
1952Nicholas KalashnikoffThe DefenderHonor
1952Julia SauerThe Light at Tern RockHonor
1952Mary & Conrad BuffThe Apple and the ArrowHonor
1953Ann Nolan ClarkSecret of the AndesWinner
1953E. B. WhiteCharlotte's WebHonor
1953Eloise Jarvis McGrawMoccasin TrailHonor
1953Ann WeilRed Sails to CapriHonor
1953Alice DalglieshThe Bears on Hemlock MountainHonor
1953Genevieve FosterBirthdays of Freedom, Vol. 1Honor
1954Joseph Krumgold...And Now MiguelWinner
1954Claire Huchet BishopAll AloneHonor
1954Meindert DeJongShadrachHonor
1954Meindert DeJongHurry Home, CandyHonor
1954Clara Ingram JudsonTheodore Roosevelt, Fighting PatriotHonor
1954Mary & Conrad BuffMagic MaizeHonor
1955Meindert DeJongThe Wheel on the SchoolWinner
1955Alice DalglieshThe Courage of Sarah NobleHonor
1955James UllmanBanner in the SkyHonor
1956Jean Lee LathamCarry On, Mr. BowditchWinner
1956Marjorie Kinnan RawlingsThe Secret RiverHonor
1956Jennie LindquistThe Golden Name DayHonor
1956Katherine ShippenMen, Microscopes, and Living ThingsHonor
1957Virginia SorensenMiracles on Maple HillWinner
1957Fred GipsonOld YellerHonor
1957Meindert DeJongThe House of Sixty FathersHonor
1957Clara Ingram JudsonMr. Justice HolmesHonor
1957Dorothy RhoadsThe Corn Grows RipeHonor
1957Marguerite de AngeliBlack Fox of LorneHonor
1958Harold KeithRifles for WatieWinner
1958Mari SandozThe HorsecatcherHonor
1958Elizabeth EnrightGone-Away LakeHonor
1958Robert LawsonThe Great WheelHonor
1958Leo GurkoTom Paine, Freedom's ApostleHonor
1959Elizabeth George SpeareThe Witch of Blackbird PondWinner
1959Natalie Savage CarlsonThe Family Under the BridgeHonor
1959Meindert DeJongAlong Came A DogHonor
1959Francis KalnayChucaro: Wild Pony of the PampaHonor
1959William O. SteeleThe Perilous RoadHonor
1960Joseph KrumgoldOnion JohnWinner
1960Jean Craighead GeorgeMy Side of the MountainHonor
1960Gerald W. JohnsonAmerica Is Born: A History for PeterHonor
1960Carol KendallThe Gammage CupHonor
1961Scott O'DellIsland of the Blue DolphinsWinner
1961Gerald W. JohnsonAmerica Moves Forward: A History for PeterHonor
1961Jack SchaeferOld RamonHonor
1961George SeldenThe Cricket in Times SquareHonor
1962Elizabeth George SpeareThe Bronze BowWinner
1962Edwin TunisFrontier LivingHonor
1962Eloise Jarvis McGrawThe Golden GobletHonor
1962Mary StolzBelling The TigerHonor
1963Madeleine L'EngleA Wrinkle in TimeWinner
1963Sorche Nic LeodhasThistle and Thyme: Tales and Legends from ScotlandHonor
1963Olivia CoolidgeMen of AthensHonor
1964Emily Cheney NevilleIt's Like This, CatWinner
1964Sterling NorthRascalHonor
1964Ester WierThe LonerHonor
1965Maia WojciechowskaShadow of a BullWinner
1965Irene HuntAcross Five AprilsHonor
1966Elizabeth Borton de TreviñoI, Juan de ParejaWinner
1966Lloyd AlexanderThe Black CauldronHonor
1966Randall JarrellThe Animal FamilyHonor
1966Mary StolzThe Noonday FriendsHonor
1967Irene HuntUp a Road SlowlyWinner
1967Scott O'DellThe King's FifthHonor
1967Isaac Bashevis SingerZlateh The Goat and Other StoriesHonor
1967Mary Hays WeikThe Jazz ManHonor
1968E. L. KonigsburgFrom the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. FrankweilerWinner
1968E. L. KonigsburgJennifer, Hecate, Macbeth, William McKinley, and Me, ElizabethHonor
1968Scott O'DellThe Black PearlHonor
1968Isaac Bashevis SingerThe Fearsome InnHonor
1968Zilpha Keatley SnyderThe Egypt GameHonor
1969Lloyd AlexanderThe High KingWinner
1969Julius LesterTo Be a SlaveHonor
1969Isaac Bashevis SingerWhen Shlemiel Went to Warsaw and Other StoriesHonor
1970William H. ArmstrongSounderWinner
1970Sulamith Ish-KishorOur EddieHonor
1970Janet Gaylord MooreThe Many Ways of Seeing: An Introduction to the Pleasures of ArtHonor
1970Mary Q. SteeleJourney OutsideHonor
1971Betsy ByarsSummer of the SwansWinner
1971Natalie BabbittKnee-Knock RiseHonor
1971Sylvia EngdahlEnchantress from the StarsHonor
1971Scott O'DellSing Down the MoonHonor
1972Robert C. O'BrienMrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMHWinner
1972Allan W. EckertIncident at Hawk's HillHonor
1972Virginia HamiltonThe Planet of Junior BrownHonor
1972Ursula K. Le GuinThe Tombs of AtuanHonor
1972Miska MilesAnnie and the Old OneHonor
1972Zilpha Keatley SnyderThe Headless CupidHonor
1973Jean Craighead GeorgeJulie of the WolvesWinner
1973Arnold LobelFrog and Toad TogetherHonor
1973Johanna ReissThe Upstairs RoomHonor
1973Zilpha Keatley SnyderThe Witches of WormHonor
1974Paula FoxThe Slave DancerWinner
1974Susan CooperThe Dark Is RisingHonor
1975Virginia HamiltonM. C. Higgins, the GreatWinner
1975Ellen RaskinFiggs & PhantomsHonor
1975James Lincoln Collier & Christopher CollierMy Brother Sam Is DeadHonor
1975Elizabeth Marie PopeThe Perilous GardHonor
1975Bette GreenePhilip Hall Likes Me, I Reckon MaybeHonor
1976Susan CooperThe Grey KingWinner
1976Sharon Bell MathisThe Hundred Penny BoxHonor
1976Laurence YepDragonwingsHonor
1977Mildred TaylorRoll of Thunder, Hear My CryWinner
1977William SteigAbel's IslandHonor
1977Nancy BondA String in the HarpHonor
1978Katherine PatersonBridge to TerabithiaWinner
1978Beverly ClearyRamona and Her FatherHonor
1978Jamake HighwaterAnpao: An American Indian OdysseyHonor
1979Ellen RaskinThe Westing GameWinner
1979Katherine PatersonThe Great Gilly HopkinsHonor
1980Joan BlosA Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's JournalWinner
1980David KherdianThe Road from HomeHonor
1981Katherine PatersonJacob Have I LovedWinner
1981Jane LangtonThe FledglingHonor
1981Madeleine L'EngleA Ring of Endless LightHonor
1982Nancy WillardA Visit to William Blake's InnWinner
1982Beverly ClearyRamona Quimby, Age 8Honor
1982Aranka SiegalUpon the Head of the Goat: A Childhood in Hungary 1939–1944Honor
1983Cynthia VoigtDicey's SongWinner
1983Robin McKinleyThe Blue SwordHonor
1983William SteigDoctor De SotoHonor
1983Paul FleischmanGraven ImagesHonor
1983Jean FritzHomesick: My Own StoryHonor
1983Virginia HamiltonSweet Whispers, Brother RushHonor
1984Beverly ClearyDear Mr. HenshawWinner
1984Elizabeth George SpeareThe Sign of the BeaverHonor
1984Cynthia VoigtA Solitary BlueHonor
1984Kathryn LaskySugaring TimeHonor
1984Bill BrittainThe Wish GiverHonor
1985Robin McKinleyThe Hero and the CrownWinner
1985Mavis JukesLike Jake and MeHonor
1985Bruce BrooksThe Moves Make the ManHonor
1985Paula FoxOne-Eyed CatHonor
1986Patricia MacLachlanSarah, Plain and TallWinner
1986Rhoda BlumbergCommodore Perry In the Land of the ShogunHonor
1986Gary PaulsenDogsongHonor
1987Sid FleischmanThe Whipping BoyWinner
1987Cynthia RylantA Fine White DustHonor
1987Marion Dane BauerOn My HonorHonor
1987Patricia LauberVolcano: The Eruption and Healing of Mount St. HelensHonor
1988Russell FreedmanLincoln: A PhotobiographyWinner
1988Norma Fox MazerAfter the RainHonor
1988Gary PaulsenHatchetHonor
1989Paul FleischmanJoyful Noise: Poems for Two VoicesWinner
1989Virginia HamiltonIn The Beginning: Creation Stories from Around the WorldHonor
1989Walter Dean MyersScorpionsHonor
1990Lois LowryNumber the StarsWinner
1990Janet Taylor LisleAfternoon of the ElvesHonor
1990Suzanne Fisher StaplesShabanu, Daughter of the WindHonor
1990Gary PaulsenThe Winter RoomHonor
1991Jerry SpinelliManiac MageeWinner
1991AviThe True Confessions of Charlotte DoyleHonor
1992Phyllis Reynolds NaylorShilohWinner
1992AviNothing But The Truth: a Documentary NovelHonor
1992Russell FreedmanThe Wright Brothers: How They Invented the AirplaneHonor
1993Cynthia RylantMissing MayWinner
1993Bruce BrooksWhat HeartsHonor
1993Patricia McKissackThe Dark-thirty: Southern Tales of the SupernaturalHonor
1993Walter Dean MyersSomewhere in the DarknessHonor
1994Lois LowryThe GiverWinner
1994Jane Leslie ConlyCrazy LadyHonor
1994Laurence YepDragon's GateHonor
1994Russell FreedmanEleanor Roosevelt: A Life of DiscoveryHonor
1995Sharon CreechWalk Two MoonsWinner
1995Karen CushmanCatherine, Called BirdyHonor
1995Nancy FarmerThe Ear, the Eye and the ArmHonor
1996Karen CushmanThe Midwife's ApprenticeWinner
1996Carolyn ComanWhat Jamie SawHonor
1996Christopher Paul CurtisThe Watsons Go to Birmingham: 1963Honor
1996Carol FennerYolonda's GeniusHonor
1996Jim MurphyThe Great FireHonor
1997E. L. KonigsburgThe View from SaturdayWinner
1997Nancy FarmerA Girl Named DisasterHonor
1997Eloise McGrawThe MoorchildHonor
1997Megan Whalen TurnerThe ThiefHonor
1997Ruth WhiteBelle Prater's BoyHonor
1998Karen HesseOut of the DustWinner
1998Gail Carson LevineElla EnchantedHonor
1998Patricia Reilly GiffLily's CrossingHonor
1998Jerry SpinelliWringerHonor
1999Louis SacharHolesWinner
1999Richard PeckA Long Way from ChicagoHonor
2000Christopher Paul CurtisBud, Not BuddyWinner
2000Audrey CouloumbisGetting Near to BabyHonor
2000Jennifer L. HolmOur Only May AmeliaHonor
2000Tomie dePaola26 Fairmount AvenueHonor
2001Richard PeckA Year Down YonderWinner
2001Joan BauerHope Was HereHonor
2001Kate DiCamilloBecause of Winn-DixieHonor
2001Jack GantosJoey Pigza Loses ControlHonor
2001Sharon CreechThe WandererHonor
2002Linda Sue ParkA Single ShardWinner
2002Polly HorvathEverything on a WaffleHonor
2002Marilyn NelsonCarver: A Life In PoemsHonor
2003AviCrispin: The Cross of LeadWinner
2003Nancy FarmerThe House of the ScorpionHonor
2003Patricia Reilly GiffPictures of Hollis WoodsHonor
2003Carl HiaasenHootHonor
2003Ann M. MartinA Corner of the UniverseHonor
2003Stephanie S. TolanSurviving the ApplewhitesHonor
2004Kate DiCamilloThe Tale of DespereauxWinner
2004Kevin HenkesOlive's OceanHonor
2004Jim MurphyAn American Plague: The True and Terrifying Story of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793Honor
2005Cynthia KadohataKira-KiraWinner
2005Gennifer CholdenkoAl Capone Does My ShirtsHonor
2005Russell FreedmanThe Voice that Challenged a Nation: Marian Anderson and the Struggle for Equal RightsHonor
2005Gary D. SchmidtLizzie Bright and the Buckminster BoyHonor
2006Lynne Rae PerkinsCriss CrossWinner
2006Alan ArmstrongWhittingtonHonor
2006Susan Campbell BartolettiHitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's ShadowHonor
2006Shannon HalePrincess AcademyHonor
2006Jacqueline WoodsonShow WayHonor
2007Susan PatronThe Higher Power of LuckyWinner
2007Jennifer L. HolmPenny from HeavenHonor
2007Kirby LarsonHattie Big SkyHonor
2007Cynthia LordRulesHonor
2008Laura Amy SchlitzGood Masters! Sweet Ladies! Voices from a Medieval VillageWinner
2008Christopher Paul CurtisElijah of BuxtonHonor
2008Gary D. SchmidtThe Wednesday WarsHonor
2008Jacqueline WoodsonFeathersHonor
2009Neil GaimanThe Graveyard BookWinner
2009Kathi AppeltThe UnderneathHonor
2009Margarita EngleThe Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba's Struggle for FreedomHonor
2009Ingrid LawSavvyHonor
2009Jacqueline WoodsonAfter Tupac & D FosterHonor
2010Rebecca SteadWhen You Reach MeWinner
2010Phillip HooseClaudette Colvin: Twice Towards JusticeHonor
2010Jacqueline KellyThe Evolution of Calpurnia TateHonor
2010Grace LinWhere the Mountain Meets the MoonHonor
2010Rodman PhilbrickThe Mostly True Adventures of Homer P. FiggHonor
2011Clare VanderpoolMoon Over ManifestWinner
2011Jennifer L. HolmTurtle in ParadiseHonor
2011Margi PreusHeart of a SamuraiHonor
2011Joyce SidmanDark Emperor & Other Poems of the NightHonor
2011Rita Williams-GarciaOne Crazy SummerHonor
2012Jack GantosDead End in NorveltWinner
2012Thanhha LaiInside Out & Back AgainHonor
2012Eugene YelchinBreaking Stalin's NoseHonor
2013Katherine ApplegateThe One and Only IvanWinner
2013Laura Amy SchlitzSplendors and GloomsHonor
2013Steve SheinkinBomb: The Race to Build—and Steal—the World’s Most Dangerous WeaponHonor
2013Sheila TurnageThree Times LuckyHonor
2014Kate DiCamilloFlora & Ulysses: The Illuminated AdventuresWinner
2014Holly BlackDoll BonesHonor
2014Kevin HenkesThe Year of Billy MillerHonor
2014Amy TimberlakeOne Came HomeHonor
2014Vince VawterPaperboyHonor

Multiple awards[edit]

Robert Lawson alone has won both a Newbery Medal and a Caldecott Medal. Sharon Creech and Neil Gaiman have won both a Newbery Medal and a Carnegie Medal, the equivalent British award. Scott O'Dell and Jean Craighead George have won both a Newbery Medal and a Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis, the equivalent German award.

Newbery Medals[edit]

Six authors have won two Newbery Medals.

DiCamillo, Konigsburg, Paterson, and Speare each wrote one Honor Book, also.

Medal and Honor[edit]

Many authors have won both the Newbery Medal and the Honor.

Multiple Honor Books[edit]

Five Honors
Four Honors
Three Honors
Two Honors

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to the Newbery Medal Home Page!". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association (ALA). Retrieved 2013-05-05.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h ALSC (2007). The Newbery and Caldecott Awards: A Guide to the Medal and Honor Books. ALA. 
    This book is updated annually from 1991. See also the ALA Editions webpage for the current edition ("Web Extra"): evidently an archive of "distinctive essays" from previous editions.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Strauss, Valerie (December 16, 2008). "Critics Say Newbery-Winning Books Are Too Challenging for Young Readers". The Washington Post. p. C01. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  4. ^ "The John Newbery Medal". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  5. ^ a b "John Newbery Medal Committee Manual". ALSC. ALA. October 2009 (formatted August 2012). Retrieved 2013-05-04.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ "Newbery Medal terms and criteria". ALSC. ALA. January 1978; Midwinter 1987; Annual 2008. Retrieved 2013-05-04.
  7. ^ "The Randolph Caldecott Medal". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  8. ^ Anita Silvey (October 1, 2008). "Has the Newbery Lost Its Way?". School Library Journal.
  9. ^ Sarah Weinman (December 19, 2008). "Are the Newbery Medal judges out of touch with their readers?". The Guardian.
  10. ^ Erica S. Perl (December 19, 2008). "Captain Underpants Doesn't Need a Newbery Medal: In defense of the premier award in children's literature". Slate.
  11. ^ McKellar, Sharon (December 18, 2008). "Washington Post Article". Heavy Medal: A Mock Newbery Blog. School Library Journal.
    About Strauss (2008) and Silvey (2008) in turn.
  12. ^ "Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922–Present". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2012-03-15.

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