Newberry, South Carolina

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Newberry, South Carolina
City
Newberry Opera House
Newberry Opera House
Motto: "The City of Friendly Folks."
Location of Newberry, South Carolina
Location of Newberry, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°16′40″N 81°37′00″W / 34.27778°N 81.61667°W / 34.27778; -81.61667
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyNewberry
Area
 • Total6.6 sq mi (17.0 km2)
 • Land6.6 sq mi (17.0 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation495 ft (151 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total10,277
 • Density1,609.2/sq mi (621.3/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code29108
Area code(s)803
FIPS code45-49570
GNIS feature ID1249864[2]
Websitewww.cityofnewberry.com
 
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For other uses, see Newberry (disambiguation).
Newberry, South Carolina
City
Newberry Opera House
Newberry Opera House
Motto: "The City of Friendly Folks."
Location of Newberry, South Carolina
Location of Newberry, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°16′40″N 81°37′00″W / 34.27778°N 81.61667°W / 34.27778; -81.61667
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyNewberry
Area
 • Total6.6 sq mi (17.0 km2)
 • Land6.6 sq mi (17.0 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation495 ft (151 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total10,277
 • Density1,609.2/sq mi (621.3/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code29108
Area code(s)803
FIPS code45-49570
GNIS feature ID1249864[2]
Websitewww.cityofnewberry.com

Newberry is a city in Newberry County, South Carolina, in the Piedmont 43 miles (69 km) northwest of Columbia. The charter was adopted in 1894. The population was 10,277 at the 2010 census. The county seat of Newberry County[3], at one time it was called Newberry Courthouse.

Newberry became a city in 1976, but did not report the change to the Census Bureau for more than twenty-five years.[4] As a result, the city was listed as a town in the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Newberry is located at 34°16′40″N 81°37′00″W / 34.277655°N 81.616560°W / 34.277655; -81.616560Coordinates: 34°16′40″N 81°37′00″W / 34.277655°N 81.616560°W / 34.277655; -81.616560 (34.277655, -81.616560).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 6.6 square miles (17.0 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

A few of the doffers and sweepers in the Mollahan Mills. December 1908. Photographed by Lewis Hine.
Historical population
CensusPop.
18802,343
18903,02028.9%
19004,60752.5%
19105,0289.1%
19205,89417.2%
19307,29823.8%
19407,5102.9%
19507,5460.5%
19608,2088.8%
19709,21812.3%
19809,8667.0%
199010,5426.9%
200010,5800.4%
201010,277−2.9%
Est. 201110,3320.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

As of the 2000 census, there were 10,580 people, 3,970 households, and 2,528 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,609.2 people per square mile (621.8/km²). There were 4,388 housing units at an average density of 667.4 per square mile (257.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 52.85% White, 41.36% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 2.88% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.49% of the population.

There were 3,970 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 14.9% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,064, and the median income for a family was $33,490. Males had a median income of $28,681 versus $20,887 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,389. About 23.8% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.9% of those under age 18 and 21.0% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest[edit]

History[edit]

European settlers (primarily German, Scotch-Irish, and English) began arriving in great numbers in the 1750s. Newberry County was formed from the Ninety-Six District in 1785. Because of its central location, the town of Newberry was chosen in 1789 as the county seat for Newberry County, which was part of an extensive area of cotton plantations. The majority population of the county was black, African Americans held as slaves to work the cotton. County and town politics were dominated by planters. By the coming of the railroad in 1851, Newberry had become a thriving trade center. This remained the case until the 1860s, when the American Civil War and successive emancipation brought about great social and political changes. Successive legislative efforts to disenfranchise people of color and the rise of industrialization resulted in the mass migration north of much of the black population.

During the American Civil War, Newberry College was used as a hospital for Confederate and later Union troops. The historic Newberry Court House was NOT burned by William Tecumseh Sherman's troops as he swept through the South.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File - Place". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Population Estimates Boundary Changes, United States Census Bureau, 2007-07-01. Accessed 2008-11-06.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]