Newark Liberty International Airport

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Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty Logo.svg
Newark Liberty International Airport from the Air.jpg
IATA: EWRICAO: KEWRFAA LID: EWR
WMO: 72502
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Newark
OperatorPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
ServesNew York metropolitan area
LocationNewark, New Jersey and Elizabeth, New Jersey
Hub for
Elevation AMSL18 ft / 5 m
Coordinates40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W / 40.6925°N 74.16861°W / 40.6925; -74.16861Coordinates: 40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W / 40.6925°N 74.16861°W / 40.6925; -74.16861
Websitewww.panynj.gov/...
Maps
FAA airport diagram
EWR is located in New York City
EWR
Location in Port of New York and New Jersey
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
4L/22R11,0003,353Asphalt/Concrete
4R/22L10,0003,048Asphalt
11/296,8002,073Asphalt
Helipads
NumberLengthSurface
ftm
H14012Concrete
Statistics (2010)
Aircraft operations (ACI)[1]403,880
Passengers (ACI)[1]33,107,041
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[2]
 
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Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty Logo.svg
Newark Liberty International Airport from the Air.jpg
IATA: EWRICAO: KEWRFAA LID: EWR
WMO: 72502
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Newark
OperatorPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
ServesNew York metropolitan area
LocationNewark, New Jersey and Elizabeth, New Jersey
Hub for
Elevation AMSL18 ft / 5 m
Coordinates40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W / 40.6925°N 74.16861°W / 40.6925; -74.16861Coordinates: 40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W / 40.6925°N 74.16861°W / 40.6925; -74.16861
Websitewww.panynj.gov/...
Maps
FAA airport diagram
EWR is located in New York City
EWR
Location in Port of New York and New Jersey
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
4L/22R11,0003,353Asphalt/Concrete
4R/22L10,0003,048Asphalt
11/296,8002,073Asphalt
Helipads
NumberLengthSurface
ftm
H14012Concrete
Statistics (2010)
Aircraft operations (ACI)[1]403,880
Passengers (ACI)[1]33,107,041
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[2]

Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWRICAO: KEWRFAA LID: EWR), first named Newark Metropolitan Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international airport which straddles the municipal boundary between Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. The airport is owned by the city of Newark and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. It is about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Midtown Manhattan in New York City. Newark Airport was the first major airport in the United States[3] and is the New York-New Jersey metropolitan area's busiest in terms of flights. [N 1][4]

The airports in the Port of New York and New Jersey combine to create the largest airport system in the United States, second in the world in terms of passenger traffic, and first in the world in terms of total flight operations. In 2011, Newark Airport handled 33.8 million passengers,[1] JFK International handled 47.8 million,[1] and LaGuardia's just over 24.0 million.

Newark Liberty is the third-largest hub for United Airlines (after Houston and Chicago-O'Hare), which is the airport's largest tenant (operating all of Terminal C and part of Terminal A). Primarily due to this large hub operation, United Airlines is by far the leading carrier in the New York market.[5] Newark's second largest tenant is FedEx Express, whose third largest cargo hub uses three buildings on two million square feet.[6]

Contents

History

Major airports in the New York Metropolitan Area: John F. Kennedy (1), LaGuardia (2) and Newark Liberty (3).

Opened on October 1, 1928, Newark Airport was developed on 68 acres of reclaimed land along the Passaic River by the City of Newark[4] as the first major airport servicing passengers in the New York City area.[7] By mid-1940, however, the operations of the five major scheduled carriers[N 2] servicing Newark by Spring, 1939 all relocated to La Guardia Airport in Queens, NY which opened on December 2, 1939 as the city's own municipal passenger airport.[8][9] During World War II, the field closed to commercial aviation when it was taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations. In 1945, captured German aircraft brought from Europe on the HMS Reaper for evaluation under Operation Lusty were off-loaded at Newark AAF and then flown or shipped to Freeman Field, Indiana or Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland.

The airlines returned in February 1946 and in 1948 the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey assumed control of the airport, later building new hangars, a new terminal and runway 4/22. The Art Deco Administration Building served as the terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. The Newark Metropolitan Airport Terminal was once adorned with murals by Arshile Gorky,[10]

Three major crashes took place in Elizabeth, NJ involving flights departing from or arriving at Newark in less than two months in 1951-52. On December 16, 1951 a Miami Airlines Curtiss C-46F-1-CU Commando bound for Tampa, FL lost a cylinder on takeoff from runway 28 and crashed in Elizabeth killing 56,[11] on January 22, 1952 an American Airlines Convair CV-240-0 arriving from Syracuse, NY crashed in Elizabeth while on approach to runway 6 killing all 23 passengers and crew as well as seven on the ground,[12] and on February 11, 1952 a National DC-6 bound for Miami crashed in Elizabeth after takeoff from runway 24 killing 29 of 63 on board and four persons on the ground.[13] Inevitably the airport was closed for some months; airline traffic resumed later in the year, but the airport's continued unpopularity and the New York area's growing air traffic led to searches for new airport sites. A proposal to build a new international airport at what is now the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge was defeated by local opposition.[14]

The April 1957 Official Airline Guide showed 144 weekday passenger fixed-wing departures from Newark: 40 Eastern, 19 Capital, 16 American, 14 United, 14 Mohawk, 13 Allegheny, 11 TWA, 8 National, 5 Delta and 4 Braniff. National had a nonstop to Miami, Eastern had nonstops to Miami, New Orleans and Houston, Braniff had a nonstop DC-7C to Dallas and TWA flew nonstop to St Louis; no other nonstops to points west of Chicago, and no international nonstops.[15] (Eastern started a nonstop to Montreal in 1958, probably Newark's first scheduled international nonstop since 1939, though Eastern had nonstops to San Juan in 1951.) Jet airliners arrived in 1961; in 1964 American and TWA started flying nonstop to California, though Newark's longest runway remained 7,000 ft (2,100 m) until 1970. TWA's 707 nonstop to Heathrow in 1978 was probably Newark's first intercontinental nonstop.

In the 1970s, the airport became Newark International Airport. Present Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal. The main building of Terminal C was completed at the same time, but only metal framing work was completed for the terminal's satellites, and it lay dormant until the mid-1980s, when for a brief time the west third of the terminal was equipped for international arrivals and used for certain People Express transcontinental flights. Terminal C was fully completed and opened to the public in June 1988.

Underutilized through the 1970s, Newark expanded dramatically in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal as both its air terminal and corporate office in 1981 and began operations at Newark that year. It quickly became one of the largest American airlines, increasing Newark's traffic through most of the 1980s.[16] Virgin Atlantic Airways began service between Newark and London in 1984, challenging JFK's status as New York's international gateway (but Virgin Atlantic now has more flights at JFK than at Newark). Federal Express (now known as FedEx Express) opened its second hub at the airport in 1986.[6] When People Express merged into Continental in 1987 operations at the North Terminal were greatly reduced, and the building was demolished to make way for cargo facilities in the early 1990s.

Of the three New York Metropolitan Airports, only Newark Airport has served as a Philippine Airlines destination. Normally, JFK handles more international flights than Newark and, with O'Hare Airport, were the only destinations once served by the airline not on the west coast.[17] Due to the Asian Financial crisis in 1997, Philippine Airlines terminated service to both Newark and O'Hare and only operates service to west coast cities in the United States.

Newark is a major hub for United Airlines (previously Continental Airlines before the 2010 merger). Today United has its Global Gateway at Terminal C, having completed a major expansion project that included the construction of a new, third concourse and a new Federal Inspection Services facility. With its Newark hub United is the largest provider of air service to the New York metropolitan area. In anticipation of Super Bowl XLVIII, United is building a new 132,000-square-foot, $25 million maintenance hangar on a 3-acre parcel to accommodate new wide-body Boeing Dreamliners.[18]

A flag flies over Gate A17

United Airlines Flight 93 pushed back from gate A17 at 8:01 am, on its way from Newark to San Francisco International Airport, on September 11, 2001. Two hours later, it would crash into a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, when passengers attempted to take over the plane from a team of hijackers. Based on the direction the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, D.C., such as the Capitol or White House.[19] To honor the victims that died on September 11, in 2002 the airport's name was changed from Newark International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport. This name was chosen over the initial proposal, Liberty International Airport at Newark, and refers to the landmark Statue of Liberty, just 7 miles (11 km) east of the airport.[20][21]

In 2001, Newark Liberty International Airport became the terminus of the world's longest non-stop scheduled roundtrip airline route, Continental (now United Airlines) service to Hong Kong. Continental began flying from Newark to Beijing on June 15, 2005 and Delhi on November 1, 2005. When these services began, Continental became for a time the only airline to serve India nonstop from the United States, and the third U.S. carrier, after United and Northwest to serve mainland China nonstop and the first U.S. carrier to offer nonstop flights to Beijing from the New York City area. On July 16, 2007, Continental Airlines announced that it would seek government approval for nonstop flights between Newark and Shanghai in 2009. In September 2007, the United States Department of Transportation tentatively awarded Continental the right to fly to Shanghai from Newark beginning March 25, 2009 using Boeing 777-200ER aircraft.

Since June 2008, flight caps restricting the number of flights to 81 per hour have been in use. The flight caps, which were only in effect until 2009, are intended to be a short-term solution to Newark Airport's congestion problem.[22]

In 2011, Continental and United combined had controlled 71% of the airport's passenger flight business. The next two busiest airlines, Delta Air Lines and JetBlue Airways, each had less than 5% of Newark Airport's passenger flight business.[23]

Facilities

Sunrise, looking eastwards from the airport, towards Elizabeth Seaport.

Newark Liberty International Airport covers 2,027 acres (820 ha) and has three runways and one helipad:

Runway 11/29 is part of the original paved runway system developed in the 1940s. In 1952, original Runways 1/19 and 6/24 were closed in response to concerns about obstructions and noise, and a modern Runway 4/22 (now 4R/22L) was commissioned at a length of 7,000 ft (2,100 m) This runway was later extended to 9,800 feet (3,000 m), shortened for a while to 9,300 ft (2,800 m) and finally brought to its present length by 2000. Runway 4L/22R opened in 1970 at a length of 8,200 ft (2,500 m) and was extended to its current dimensions by 2000.

All approaches except Runway 29 are equipped with Instrument Landing Systems, and Runway 4R is certified for Category III ILS approaches.

Most departing traffic use Runway 4L/22R while most arriving traffic use 4R/22L, and 11/29 is used more often by smaller aircraft or when there are strong crosswinds on the two main runways. Newark's two parallel runways (4L and 4R) have a lateral separation of only 900 feet (270 m), which is the fourth smallest of major airports in the U.S., after SFO, LAX and SEA.[24] (Calculated from the lat-lons at[25] the parallel runways are 950 ft (290 m) apart.)

Terminals

Airport Traffic Control Tower
Foreground: Terminal C; background: the skylines of Manhattan and Jersey City
Terminal A at night in 2005
New York City skyline from Terminal C
Inside of Terminal C

Newark Liberty International Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have four levels. Ticket counters are on the top floor, except for the second-floor Air India and first-floor British Airways desks. Gates and shops are on the third floor. An international arrivals lounge (Terminal B) and baggage carousels (both A and B) are on the second floor. Finally, short-term parking and ramp operations (restricted areas) are on the ground floor.

Terminal C, designed by Grad Associates[26] and completed in 1988, has two ticketing levels, one for international check-in and one for domestic check-in. The main terminal building for Terminal C was built alongside Terminals A and B in the 1970s, but lay dormant until PEOPLExpress took it over as a replacement for the former North Terminal when the airline's hub there outgrew the old facility. Upon opening, Terminal C had 41 gates, originally with one departures level, one arrivals level, and an underground parking garage. The gates, as well as food and shopping outlets, are located on a mezzanine level between the two check-in floors. From 1998 to 2003, Terminal C was renovated and expanded in a $1.2 billion program known as the Continental Airlines Global Gateway Project.[27] The project, which was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill,[27] doubled the available space for outbound travelers as the former baggage claim/arrivals hall was remodeled and turned into a second departures level. Probably most significant was the addition of International Concourse C-3, a spacious and airy new facility with capacity for a maximum of 19 narrowbody aircraft (or 12 widebody planes). Completion of this new concourse brought Terminal C's total number of mainline jet gates to 57. Concomitant with Concourse C-3 is a new international arrivals facility. Also included in the project: a 3,400-space parking garage constructed in front of the terminal, a new airside corridor connecting Concourses C-1, C-2, and C-3, a new President's Club (now called United Club) lounge between C-2 and C-3, and all-new baggage processing facilities, including reconstruction of the former underground parking area into a new baggage claim and arrivals hall.

As of 2008, Terminal B is being renovated to increase capacity for departing passengers and passenger comfort. The renovations include expanding and updating the ticketing areas, building a new departure level for domestic flights, and building a new arrivals hall.[28] Plans are also in place to expand Terminal A by adding a new parking garage and radically expanding the size of the first concourse to add new gates, ticketing, baggage and security areas.[29]

Each terminal has three concourses: Terminal A, for instance, is divided into concourses A1, A2, and A3. Gate numbering is continuous through all the terminals. Wayfinding signage throughout the terminals was designed by Paul Mijksenaar.[30]

Terminal A is the only terminal having no immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries cannot use Terminal A (except countries with US customs preclearance), although some departing international flights use the terminal.

Following the business model of the Port Authority's other facilities, in some cases entire terminals are operated by terminal operators and not by the Port Authority directly. At Newark Liberty, Terminal A and Terminal C are operated by United Airlines. Terminal B is the only passenger terminal directly operated by the Authority.[31]

In January 2012, Port Authority executive director Patrick Foye said $350 million would be spent on Terminal B, addressing complaints by passengers that they cannot move freely. Foye also said a new Terminal A may be built.[32]

Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinationsTerminal(s)
Air CanadaCalgary, Toronto-Pearson, VancouverA
Air Canada Express operated by Jazz AirMontréal-Trudeau, Toronto-PearsonA
Air IndiaAhmedabad, MumbaiB
Alaska AirlinesSeattle/TacomaB
AlitaliaSeasonal: Rome-FiumicinoB
American AirlinesDallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, MiamiA
American EagleChicago-O'HareA
British AirwaysLondon-HeathrowB
Delta Air LinesAmsterdam, Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Paris-Charles de Gaulle (begins June 1, 2013),[33] Salt Lake CityB
Delta Connection operated by Compass AirlinesMinneapolis/St. PaulB
Delta Connection operated by ExpressJetCincinnati, DetroitB
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle AirlinesDetroit, Minneapolis/St. PaulB
El AlTel Aviv-Ben GurionB
Jet AirwaysBrussels, MumbaiB
JetBlue AirwaysBoston, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, San Juan, Tampa, West Palm BeachA
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw-Chopin (ends October 28, 2012)[34]B
LufthansaDüsseldorf, Frankfurt, MunichB
OpenSkiesParis-OrlyB
Porter AirlinesToronto-Billy Bishop
Seasonal: Mont-Tremblant
B
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-ArlandaB
Singapore AirlinesSingaporeB
Southwest AirlinesAustin (begins March 9, 2013), Baltimore (ends March 8, 2013), Chicago-Midway, Denver, Houston-Hobby, Nashville (begins March 9, 2013), New Orleans (begins March 9, 2013), Phoenix, St. LouisA
Swiss International Air LinesZürichB
TAP PortugalLisbon, PortoB
United AirlinesAguadilla, Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Belfast-International, Berlin-Tegel (ends October 27, 2013), Berlin-Brandenburg (begins October 28, 2013), Bermuda, Birmingham (UK), Bogotá, Boston, Brussels, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Curaçao, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Denver, Dublin, Edinburgh, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Guatemala City, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul-Ataturk, Jacksonville (FL), Las Vegas, Lima, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Montego Bay, Mumbai, Munich, Nassau, New Orleans, Orange County, Orlando, Oslo-Gardermoen, Panama City, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phoenix, Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Portland (OR), Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, St. Thomas, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (CR), San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo-Las Americas, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Shannon, St. Maarten, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tampa, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, West Palm Beach, Zurich
Seasonal: Acapulco, Anchorage, Belize City, Bonaire, Bozeman, Caracas, Cozumel, Eagle/Vail, Grand Cayman, Jackson Hole (begins December 19, 2012), Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Liberia (Costa Rica), Montrose, Roatán, Rome-Fiumicino, St. Louis, St. Thomas, Vancouver
C
United Express operated by CommutAirAlbany, Buffalo, Harrisburg, Hartford, Ithaca, Manchester (NH), Philadelphia, Providence, Rochester (NY), Syracuse, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton
Seasonal: Nantucket
C
United Express operated by ExpressJet AirlinesAlbany, Asheville, Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Cincinnati, Columbia (SC), Columbus (OH), Dayton, Des Moines, Detroit, Fayetteville (AR), Grand Rapids, Green Bay, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Halifax, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Knoxville, Little Rock, Louisville, Madison, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal-Trudeau, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ottawa, Pittsburgh, Providence, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), St. John's, St. Louis, Savannah, Syracuse, Toronto-Pearson, Tulsa, Washington-Dulles, Washington-NationalA, C
United Express operated by Shuttle AmericaAtlanta, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Halifax, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montréal-Trudeau, New Orleans, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, St. John's, St. LouisA, C
US AirwaysCharlotte, PhoenixA
US Airways Express operated by Mesa AirlinesCharlotteA
US Airways Express operated by Piedmont AirlinesPhiladelphiaA
Virgin Atlantic AirwaysLondon-HeathrowB
WestJetSeasonal: CalgaryA

Scheduled cargo airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinations
ABX AirCincinnati/Northern Kentucky
Cargojet AirwaysBermuda
CargoluxAnchorage, Luxembourg, Paris-Vatry
FedEx ExpressAnchorage, Boston, Chicago-O'Hare, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Memphis, Syracuse, Washington-Dulles
FedEx Feeder operated by Mountain Air CargoBaltimore, Washington-Dulles
FedEx Feeder operated by Wiggins AirwaysAlbany, Boston, Harrisburg, Hartford, Manchester (NH), Plattsburgh, Providence, Rochester (NY)
Kalitta AirBahrain, Chicago-O'Hare, Liège
UPS AirlinesChicago-Rockford, Cologne/Bonn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Des Moines, Hartford, London-Stansted, Louisville, Tokyo-Narita

Traffic and statistics

In 2011, Newark Liberty International Airport handled 33,869,307 passengers.

Busiest International Routes from Newark (July 2010 – June 2011)[35]
RankAirportPassengersCarriers
1Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London (Heathrow), United Kingdom1,124,289British Airways, Continental, Virgin Atlantic
2Flag of Israel.svg Tel Aviv, Israel501,018Continental, El Al
3Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt, Germany473,364Continental, Lufthansa
4Flag of Canada.svg Toronto (Pearson), Canada462,253Air Canada, Continental
5Flag of France.svg Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France355,139Air France, Continental
6Flag of Germany.svg Munich, Germany296,070Continental, Lufthansa
7Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam, Netherlands279,020Continental, Delta Air Lines
8Flag of Belgium.svg Brussels, Belgium275,427Continental, Jet Airways
9Flag of India.svg Mumbai, India256,208Air India, Continental
10Flag of Canada.svg Toronto (City Centre), Canada252,903Porter Airlines
Busiest Domestic Routes from Newark (May 2011 - April 2012)[36]
RankAirportPassengersCarriers
1Flag of Florida.svg Orlando, Florida671,000JetBlue, United/Continental
2Flag of Illinois.svg Chicago, Illinois638,000American, United/Continental
3Flag of Texas.svg Houston, Texas529,000United/Continental
4Flag of Florida.svg Fort Lauderdale, Florida516,000JetBlue, United/Continental
5Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg Atlanta, Georgia472,000Delta, United/Continental
6Flag of North Carolina.svg Charlotte, North Carolina463,000United/Continental, US Airways
7Flag of Massachusetts.svg Boston, Massachusetts435,000JetBlue, United/Continental
8Flag of California.svg San Francisco, California422,000United/Continental
9Flag of California.svg Los Angeles, California418,000American, United/Continental
10Flag of Florida.svg Miami, Florida386,000American, United/Continental

Ground transportation

Train

Many Continental Express Embraer Regional Jets (ERJs) at Terminal C

Newark is an intermodal airport. A monorail system, AirTrain Newark, connects the terminals with the Newark Liberty International Airport Rail Link Station for connection to Amtrak and New Jersey Transit (NJT) service. Passengers can use this connection to travel from EWR to any station along New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line or North Jersey Coast Line, including regional transit hubs such as Newark Penn Station, Secaucus Junction, and New York Penn Station.

United Airlines uses this rail connection to transport passengers through Newark to 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Wilmington Station in Wilmington, Delaware; Pennsylvania Station in New York City; Stamford Station in Stamford, Connecticut; and Union Station in New Haven, Connecticut.

The monorail is free for use between all stations, but passengers wishing to exit or enter the Rail Link station must pay a fee. NJ Transit tickets to or from the Rail Link station purchased at ticket windows and vending machines include this fee. Passengers who purchase tickets onboard a train must pay the fee at the station if they wish to enter.

Bus

go bus 28

NJT buses operates northbound local service to Irvington, Downtown Newark, and Newark Penn Station, where connections are available to the PATH rapid transit system to Hudson County and Lower Manhattan, including the World Trade Center. The go bus 28 is a bus rapid transit line to Downtown Newark, Newark Broad Street Station and Bloomfield Station. Southbound service travels to Elizabeth, Lakewood, Toms River and intermediate points.

Olympia Trails operates express buses to Port Authority Bus Terminal, Bryant Park, and Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan[37] and Super-Shuttle and Go-link operate a share taxi services.

Go Airport Shuttle is a share taxi service to Connecticut.[38]

United Airlines transports passengers via Trans-Bridge Lines to Lehigh Valley International Airport in Allentown, Pennsylvania.

Automobile

Private limousine, car service, and taxis also provide service to/from the airport. Taxis serving the airport charge a flat rate based on destination. For trips to/from New York, fares are set by the city's Taxi and Limousine Commission. Despite being outside the five boroughs drivers may not refuse to take a passenger to Newark Liberty.

The Newark Airport Interchange is located at the northern edge of the airport. U.S. Route 1/9 is the primary access road allowing motorists to gain access to the airport. Routes 1/9 provide connections to Route 81 and Interstate 78, both of which have interchanges with the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) at Exit 13A and 14, respectively. Northbound the freeway becomes the Pulaski Skyway to the Holland Tunnel.

The airport operates short and long term parking lots with shuttle buses to the terminals.

Helicopter

New York Helicopter operates service between the airport and the Downtown Manhattan Heliport.[39]

Accommodations

Within the Newark Liberty International Airport complex is a Marriott hotel, the only hotel located on airport property.[40] Shuttle vans operate between the hotel and terminals because the Marriott is not serviced by the monorail and is not accessible on foot. Several hotels are adjacent to Newark Airport including the Hilton Newark Airport Hotel and Renaissance Newark Airport Hotel.

Airport information

Airport information can be obtained in several ways both before traveling to the airport and while there. In addition to the Web site listed below, travelers may call the airport at +1 (973)961-6000 or from within the United States and Canada, toll-free at 888-EWR-INFO (397-4636).

In the immediate vicinity of the airport, parking and other information is available by tuning to a highway advisory radio station at 530 AM.

Newark Airport, along with LaGuardia and Kennedy airports, uses a uniform style of signage throughout the airport properties. Yellow signs direct passengers to airline gates, ticketing and other flight services; green signs direct passengers to ground transportation services, and black signs lead to restrooms, telephones and other passenger amenities.

New York City traffic reporter Bernie Wagenblast provides the voice for the airport's radio station and curbside announcements, as well as the messages heard onboard AirTrain Newark and in its stations.

The airport has the IATA designation EWR, rather than a designation that begins with the letter 'N' because the obvious designator of "NEW" is already assigned to Lakefront Airport in New Orleans, LA.

Incidents and accidents

See also


Notes

  1. ^ "Newark Liberty International Airport is an airport of firsts: the first major airport in the New York metropolitan area, the first with a control tower, and now the area's busiest. Sandwiched between the New Jersey Turnpike, U.S. Routes 1 and 9, and I-78, the airport handles more flights (though not as many passengers) as Kennedy International Airport, despite being 40 percent of the land size. The airport serves as a hub for United Airlines, among 50 other scheduled carriers. The City of Newark built the airport on 68 acres of marshland in 1928, and the Army Air Corps operated the facility during World War II. After the Port Authority took it over in 1948, an instrument runway, a terminal building, a control tower and an air cargo center were added. The airport's original 1935 central terminal building is a National Historic Landmark. Newark Liberty employs more than 24,000 people." Ken Belson, "Newark Liberty International Airport (NJ)" The New York Times July 10, 2008
  2. ^ American Airlines, Transcontinental & Western Air, United Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, and Canadian Colonial Airways

References

  1. ^ a b c d "2010 North American Airports Traffic". Airports Council International. http://www.aci-na.org/content/airport-traffic-reports. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  2. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for EWR (Form 5010 PDF), retrieved 03/15/2007
  3. ^ "Newark Metropolitan Airport". From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms. National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/aviation/new.htm. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ a b Belson, Ken (10 July 2008). "Newark Liberty International Airport (NJ)". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/n/newark_liberty_international_airport_nj/index.html?scp=1-spot&sq=newark%20airport&st=cse. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  5. ^ "Business Lists". Crain's New York Business. http://newyorkbusiness.datajoe.com/app/ecom/pub_viewhtml.php?listid=3006&year=2007&htmlkey=maPyZSjws02KY. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  6. ^ a b "The FedEx Express Hub in Newark, NJ" (Press release). FedEx. http://news.van.fedex.com/files/FedEx%20Express%20Hub%20in%20Newark.pdf. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  7. ^ "History of Newark Liberty International Airport". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. http://www.panynj.gov/airports/ewr-history.html. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  8. ^ "City Airport Opens Officially Tonight". The New York Times (NYTimes.com): p. 25. 1 December 1939. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=950CEED6143EE432A25752C0A9649D946894D6CF&scp=8&sq=city+airport+officially+opens+&st=p. 
  9. ^ The Official Aviation Guide (Timetables - Fares - Routes; General Information of the Airways; Air Mail - Passengers - Air Express). The Official Aviation Guide Company, Inc. Chicago, ILL. (Issued monthly). May, 1939 and August, 1940
  10. ^ "Arshile Gorky's Newark Airport Murals". Abstract Expressionism. warholstars.org. http://www.warholstars.org/abstractexpressionism/artists/gorky/newark_airport.html. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  11. ^ "Driscoll Demands Stricter Air Curbs: Says Crash That Killed 56 Shows the Need for Controls". The New York Times (NYTimes.com): p. 37. 19 December 1951. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=980DE4DD1438E43BBC4152DFB467838A649EDE&scp=1&sq=driscoll+demands+stricter+air+curbs&st=p. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
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