New Zealand national cricket team

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New Zealand
New Zealand silver fern cricket crest

New Zealand silver fern cricket crest
Test status acquired1930
First Test matchv England at Lancaster Park, Christchurch, 10–13 January 1930
CaptainBrendon McCullum
CoachMike Hesson
Official ICC Test, ODI and T20I ranking7th (Test)
7th (ODI)
7th (T20I) [1]
Test matches
– This year
391
2
Last Test matchv India at Basin Reserve, Wellington 14–18 February 2014
Wins/losses
– This year
75/158
1/0
As of 18 February 2014
 
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New Zealand
New Zealand silver fern cricket crest

New Zealand silver fern cricket crest
Test status acquired1930
First Test matchv England at Lancaster Park, Christchurch, 10–13 January 1930
CaptainBrendon McCullum
CoachMike Hesson
Official ICC Test, ODI and T20I ranking7th (Test)
7th (ODI)
7th (T20I) [1]
Test matches
– This year
391
2
Last Test matchv India at Basin Reserve, Wellington 14–18 February 2014
Wins/losses
– This year
75/158
1/0
As of 18 February 2014

The New Zealand cricket team, nicknamed the Black Caps, are the national cricket team representing New Zealand. They played their first Test in 1930 against England in Christchurch, New Zealand, becoming the fifth country to play Test cricket. It took the team until 1955–56 to win a Test, against the West Indies at Eden Park in Auckland.[1] They played their first ODI in the 1972–73 season against Pakistan in Christchurch.

The current Test, One-day and Twenty20 captain is Brendon McCullum. McCullum replaced Ross Taylor who replaced Daniel Vettori after Vettori stepped down following the 2011 World Cup. Vettori had replaced New Zealand's most successful captain, Stephen Fleming, who led New Zealand to 28 Test victories, more than twice as many as any other New Zealand captain. The national team is organised by New Zealand Cricket.

The New Zealand cricket team became known as the Black Caps in January 1998, after its sponsor at the time, Clear Communications, held a competition to choose a name for the team.[2] Official New Zealand Cricket sources typeset the nickname as BLACKCAPS.

As of February 2014, New Zealand have played 391 Test matches, winning 75, losing 158 and drawing 158.[3]

Contents

History[edit]

The Beginnings of Cricket in New Zealand[edit]

The reverend Henry Williams provided history with the first report of a game of cricket in New Zealand when he wrote in his diary in December 1832 about boys in and around Paihia on Horotutu Beach playing cricket. In 1835, Charles Darwin and the HMS Beagle called into the Bay of Islands on its epic circumnavigation of the Earth and Darwin witnessed a game of cricket played by freed Māori slaves and the son of a missionary at Waimate North. Darwin in The Voyage of the Beagle wrote:[4]

several young men redeemed by the missionaires from slavery were employed on the farm. In the evening I saw a party of them at cricket.

The first recorded game of cricket in New Zealand took place in Wellington in December 1842. The Wellington Spectator reports a game on 28 December 1842 played by a "Red" team and a "Blue" team from the Wellington Club. The first fully recorded match was reported by the Examiner in Nelson between the Surveyors and Nelson in March 1844.

The first team to tour New Zealand was Parr's all England XI in 1863–64. Between 1864 and 1914, 22 foreign teams toured NZ. England sent 6 teams, Australia 15 and Fiji 1.

First National Team[edit]

On 15–17 February 1894 the first team representing New Zealand played New South Wales at Lancaster Park in Christchurch. NSW won by 160 runs. New South Wales returned again in 1895–96 and NZ won the solitary game by 142 runs, its first victory. The New Zealand Cricket Council was formed towards the end of 1894.

New Zealand played its first two internationals (not Tests) in 1904–05 against a star-studded Australia team containing such players as Victor Trumper, Warwick Armstrong and Clem Hill. Rain saved NZ from a thrashing in the first match but not the second which NZ lost by an innings and 358 runs – currently the second largest defeat in NZ first-class cricket.

Inter-war Period[edit]

In 1927 NZ toured England. They played 26 first class matches, mostly against county sides. They managed to beat Worcestershire, Glamorgan, Somerset, and Derbyshire. On the strength of the performances on this tour NZ was granted Test status.

In 1929/30 the M.C.C toured NZ and played 4 Tests all of 3 days in duration. NZ lost its first Test match but drew the next 3. In the second Test Stewie Dempster and Jackie Mills put on 276 for the first wicket. This is still the highest partnership for New Zealand against England.

NZ first played South Africa in 1931–32 but were unable to secure Test matches against any teams other than England before World War II ended all Test cricket for 7 years. NZ's first Test after the war was against Australia in 1945/46. This game was not considered a "Test" at the time but it was granted Test status retrospectively by the International Cricket Council in March 1948. The NZ players who appeared in this match probably did not appreciate this move by the ICC as NZ were dismissed for 42 and 54. The New Zealand Cricket Council's unwillingness to pay Australian players a decent allowance to tour NZ ensured that this was the only Test Australia played against NZ between 1929 and 1972.

Cricket after World War II[edit]

In 1949 NZ sent one of its best ever sides to England. It contained Bert Sutcliffe, Martin Donnelly, John R. Reid and Jack Cowie. However, 3-day Test matches ensured that all 4 Tests were drawn.

NZ played its first matches against the West Indies in 1951–52, and Pakistan and India in 1955/56.

In 1954/55 NZ recorded the lowest ever innings total, 26 against England. The following season NZ achieved its first Test victory. The first 3 Tests of a 4 Test series were won easily by the West Indies but NZ won the fourth to notch up its first Test victory. It had taken them 45 matches and 26 years. In the next 20 years NZ won only 7 more Tests. For most of this period NZ lacked a class bowler to lead their attack although they had 2 excellent batsmen in Glenn Turner and Bert Sutcliffe and a great all-rounder in John R. Reid.

1970/71-2000[edit]

In 1973 Richard Hadlee debuted and the rate at which NZ won Tests picked up dramatically. Hadlee was one of the best pace bowlers of his generation and played 86 Tests for NZ before he retired in 1990. Of the 86 Tests that Hadlee played in New Zealand won 22 and lost 28. In 1977/78 NZ won its first Test against England, at the 48th attempt. Hadlee took 10 wickets in the match.

During the 1980s NZ also had the services of one of its best ever batsman, Martin Crowe and a number of good players such as John Wright, Bruce Edgar, John F. Reid, Andrew Jones, Geoff Howarth, Jeremy Coney, Ian Smith, John Bracewell, Lance Cairns, Stephen Boock, and Ewen Chatfield, who were capable of playing the occasional match winning performance and consistently making a valuable contribution to a Test match.

The best example of NZ's two star players (R. Hadlee and M. Crowe) putting in match winning performances and other players making good contributions is NZ v Australia, 1985 at Brisbane. In Australia's first innings Hadlee took 9–52. In NZ's only turn at bat, M Crowe scored 188 and John F. Reid 108. Edgar, Wright, Coney, Jeff Crowe, V. Brown, and Hadlee scored between 17 and 54*. In Australia's second innings, Hadlee took 6–71 and Chatfield 3–75. NZ won by an innings and 41 runs.

One-day cricket also gave NZ a chance to compete more regularly than Test cricket with the better sides in world cricket. In one-day cricket a batsman doesn’t need to score centuries to win games for his side and bowlers don’t need to bowl the opposition out. One-day games can be won by one batsman getting a 50, a few others getting 30s, bowlers bowling economically and everyone fielding well. These were requirements New Zealand players could consistently meet and thus developed a good one-day record against all sides.

Perhaps New Zealand's most famous one-day match was the infamous "Under arm" match against Australia at the MCG in 1981. Requiring six runs to tie the match off the final ball, Australian captain Greg Chappell instructed his brother Trevor to "bowl" the ball underarm along the wicket to prevent the New Zealand batsman from hitting a six. The Australian umpires ruled the move as legal even though to this day many believe it was one of the most unsporting decisions made in cricket.

When New Zealand next played in the tri-series in Australia in 1983, Lance Cairns became a cult hero for his one-day batting. In one match against Australia, he hit six sixes at the MCG, one of the world's largest grounds. Few fans remember that NZ lost this game by 149 runs. However, Lance's greatest contribution to NZ cricket was his son Chris Cairns.

Into the 21st Century[edit]

The Black Caps logo.

Chris Cairns made his debut one year before Hadlee retired in 1990. Cairns, one of New Zealand's best allrounders, led the 1990s bowling attack with Danny Morrison. Stephen Fleming, NZ's most prolific scorer, led the batting and the team into the 21st century. Nathan Astle and Craig McMillan also scored plenty of runs for New Zealand, but both retired earlier than expected.

Daniel Vettori made his debut as an 18-year-old in 1997, and when he took over from Fleming as captain in 2007 he was regarded as the best spinning allrounder in world cricket. On 26 August 2009, Daniel Vettori became the eighth player and second left-arm bowler (after Chaminda Vaas) in history to take 300 wickets and score 3000 test runs, joining the illustrious club. Vettori decided to take an indefinite break from international short form cricket in 2011 but will continue to represent New Zealand in Test cricket.

Shane Bond played 17 Tests for NZ between 2001 and 2007 but missed far more through injury. When fit, he added a dimension to the NZ bowling attack that had been missing since Hadlee retired.

The New Zealand team celebrating a dismissal in 2009

The rise of the financial power of the BCCI had an immense effect on NZ cricket and its players. The BCCI managed to convince other boards not to pick players who had joined the rival Twenty-20 Indian Cricket League. NZ Cricket lost the services of Shane Bond, Lou Vincent, Andre Adams, Hamish Marshall and Daryl Tuffey. The money to be made from Twenty-20 cricket in India may have also induced players, such as Craig McMillan and Scott Styris (from Test cricket) to retire earlier than they would have otherwise. After the demise of the Indian Cricket League Bond and Tuffey again played for NZ.

Current squad[edit]

52This is a list of active players who have played for New Zealand since the beginning of 2013. Players in bold have a central contract for 2013–14.[5]

NameAgeBatting styleBowling styleDomestic teamFormsS/N
Captain and Middle-order batsman
Brendon McCullum32Right-HandedRight-arm mediumOtagoTest, ODI, Twenty2042
Opening Batsmen
Peter Fulton35Right-handedRight-arm mediumCanterburyTest
Martin Guptill27Right-handedRight-arm off breakAucklandTest, ODI, Twenty2031
Hamish Rutherford24Left-handedOtagoTest, ODI, Twenty20
Daniel Flynn28Left-handedSlow left-arm orthodoxNorthern DistrictsTest
Jesse Ryder29Left-handedRight-arm mediumOtagoODI, Twenty20
Middle-Order Batsmen
Dean Brownlie29Right-handedRight-arm mediumCanterburyTest, Twenty20
Colin Munro27Left-handedRight-arm mediumAucklandTest, ODI, Twenty20
Ross Taylor30Right-handedRight-arm off breakCentral DistrictsTest, ODI, Twenty203
Kane Williamson23Right-handedRight-arm off breakNorthern DistrictsTest, ODI, Twenty2022
Neil Broom30Right-handedRight-arm mediumOtagoODI, Twenty20
Rob Nicol30Right-handedRight-arm off breakCanterburyTwenty20
Aaron Redmond34Right-handedLeg breakOtagoTest
Wicket-keepers
Tom Latham22Left-handedRight-arm mediumCanterburyODI, Twenty20
BJ Watling28Right-handedNorthern DistrictsTest, ODI, Twenty2047
Luke Ronchi32Right-handedWellingtonODI, Twenty2054
All-rounders
Corey Anderson23Left-handedLeft-arm fast-mediumNorthern DistrictsTest, ODI, Twenty2078
Grant Elliott35Right-handedRight-arm mediumWellingtonTest, ODI, Twenty20
Nathan McCullum33Right-handedRight-arm off breakOtagoODI, Twenty2015
Anton Devcich28Left-handedSlow left-arm orthodoxNorthern DistrictsODI, Twenty20
James Franklin33Left-handedLeft-arm medium-fastWellingtonTest, ODI, Twenty2070
James Neesham23Left-handedRight-arm mediumOtagoODI, Twenty2083
Daniel Vettori35Left-handedSlow left-arm orthodoxNorthern DistrictsODI11
Pace Bowlers
Trent Boult24Right-handedLeft-arm fastNorthern DistrictsTest, ODI8
Doug Bracewell23Right-handedRight-arm fast–mediumCentral DistrictsODI, Test
Mitchell McClenaghan27Left-handedLeft-arm fastCentral DistrictsTwenty2081
Kyle Mills35Right-handedRight-arm fast–mediumAucklandODI, Twenty2037
Tim Southee25Right-handedRight-arm fast–mediumNorthern DistrictsTest, ODI, Twenty2038
Neil Wagner28Left-handedLeft-arm medium-fastOtagoTest
Hamish Bennett27Left-handedRight-arm fast–mediumCanterburyODI52
Andrew Ellis32Right-handedRight-arm fast-mediumCanterburyODI, Twenty20
Matt Henry22Right-handedRight-arm fast-mediumCanterburyODI21
Adam Milne21Right-handedRight-arm fastCentral DistrictsODI, Twenty202
Spin Bowlers
Bruce Martin33Right-handedSlow left-arm orthodoxAucklandTest
Ronnie Hira27Left-handedSlow left-arm orthodoxCanterburyTwenty20
Jeetan Patel33Right-handedRight-arm Off breakWellingtonTest
Ish Sodhi21Right-handedLeg breakNorthern DistrictsTest

Coaching staff[edit]

Tournament history[edit]

World Cup[7][edit]

YearPlayedWonLostTieN/RPosition
England 197542200Semi-finals
England 197942200Semi-finals
England 198363300First round
IndiaPakistan 198762400First round
AustraliaNew Zealand 199297200Semi-finals
IndiaPakistanSri Lanka 199663300Quarter-finals
England 199994401Semi-finals
South Africa 200385300Fifth
West Indies Cricket Board 2007107300Semi-finals
IndiaSri LankaBangladesh 201185300Semi-finals
AustraliaNew Zealand 2015
TOTAL70402901Semi-finals (6 times)

[8]

ICC Champions Trophy[edit]

YearPlayedWonLostTieNRPosition[9]
Bangladesh 199821100Quarter-finals
Kenya 200033000Winners
Sri Lanka 200221100First round
England 200421100First round
India 200642200Semi-finals
South Africa 200953200Runners-up
England 201331101First round
England Wales 2017
TOTAL2112801Winners (once)[10]

Twenty20 World championship[edit]

[11]

YearPlayedWonLostTieN/RPosition
South Africa 200763300Semi-finals
England 200952300Super-Eights
West Indies Cricket Board 201053200Super-Eights
Sri Lanka 201251220Super-Eights
Bangladesh 2014
TOTAL2191020Semi-finals (1 time)[12]

Commonwealth Games[edit]

World Championship of Cricket[edit]

1985: Fourth

Austral-Asia Cup[edit]

Results summary[edit]

In Test Matches[edit]

OppositionPlayedWonLostTieDraw % Won
 Australia5282701715.38%
 Bangladesh11800372.72%
 England998470448.08%
 India54111802620.37%
 Pakistan5072302014%
 South Africa4042301310.00%
 Sri Lanka2810801035.71%
 West Indies42111201926.19%
 Zimbabwe15900660%
Total38974158015719.02%

As of 18 February 2014

In One Day Internationals[edit]

OppositionPlayedWonLostTieNR % Won[13]
Test Members
 Australia12534850628.57%
 Bangladesh241680066.66%
 England7738332453.42%
 India9341461545.93%
 Pakistan8935511240.80%
 South Africa5820340437.03%
 Sri Lanka8237381649.34%
 West Indies6023300743.39%
 Zimbabwe352581175.00%
Associate/Affiliate Members
 Canada33000100%
East Africa11000100%
 Ireland22000100%
 Kenya22000100%
 Netherlands11000100%
 Scotland22000100%
 United Arab Emirates11000100%
 United States11000100%
Total65428033363545.72%[14]

As of 18 February 2014

In T20 Internationals[edit]

OppositionPlayedWonLostTie+WTie+LNR % Won[15]
 Australia50410020%
 Bangladesh330000100%
 England113700130%
 India440000100%
 Ireland110000100%
 Kenya110000100%
 Pakistan93600033.33%
 Scotland110000100%
 South Africa113800027.27%
 Sri Lanka125501150%
 West Indies83212056.25%
 Zimbabwe550000100%
Total71323223250%[16]

As of 18 February 2014

Records[edit]

World records[edit]

Notable[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Frindall, Bill (2009). Ask Bearders. BBC Books. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-84607-880-4. 
  2. ^ Anderson, Ian (29 January 1998). "It's Clear Black Caps very dull". Waikato Times. p. 12. 
  3. ^ "Records | Test matches | Team records | Results summary publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". 1 January 1970. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  4. ^ The Summer Game by D.O & P.W. Neely 1994 Page 11
  5. ^ New Zealand Cricket announces contracted players for 2013-14, NZ Cricket
  6. ^ "http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/cricket/article-2176366/New-Zealand-Mike-Hesson-new-cricket-coach.html". Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Team records | One-Day Internationals | Cricinfo Statsguru publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Team records | One-Day Internationals | Cricinfo Statsguru publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Team records | One-Day Internationals | Cricinfo Statsguru publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Team records | One-Day Internationals | Cricinfo Statsguru publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "Team records | Twenty20 Internationals | Cricinfo Statsguru publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "Team records | Twenty20 Internationals | Cricinfo Statsguru publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Cricket Records | Records | New Zealand | One-Day Internationals | Result summary publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "Records | One-Day Internationals | Team records | Results summary publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "Cricket Records | Records | New Zealand | Twenty20 Internationals | Result summary publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  16. ^ "Records | Twenty20 Internationals | Team records | Results summary publisher=ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  17. ^ "Cricinfo Statsguru". Stats.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  18. ^ iplt20wiki.com. "Corey Anderson Fastest ODI Century in 36 balls". Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  19. ^ a b Cricinfo – Records – Test matches – Highest partnerships by wicket at usa.cricinfo.com
  20. ^ Cricinfo – Records – Test matches – Fastest hundreds at usa.cricinfo.com
  21. ^ Cricinfo – Records – Test matches – Slow batting (by runs scored) at usa.cricinfo.com
  22. ^ Cricinfo – Records – Test matches – Most sixes in career at usa.cricinfo.com
  23. ^ "Winning without losing a wicket, and Kumble's record". Cricinfo. 12 January 2004. Retrieved 21 February 2007. 
  24. ^ ""Vettori's unique feat" (cricinfo)". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  25. ^ Cricinfo – Records – Test matches – Most consecutive series without victory at www.cricinfo.com
  26. ^ "Hopeless Zimbabwe crushed inside two days- Zimbabwe v New Zealand 1st Test, Harare". The Bulletin. Cricinfo. 8 August 2005. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  27. ^ Fernando, Andrew (28 January 2012). "New Zealand bowl out Zimbabwe twice in a day". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  28. ^ "29 October 2006". Sportstats.com.au. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  29. ^ "Australia crush Kiwis in Hobart". BBC Sport. 14 January 2007. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 

External links[edit]