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|Elections in New York|
The New York gubernatorial election of 2010 was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2010, to elect the Governor of New York, to serve a four-year term that began in January 2011. Incumbent Democratic Governor David Paterson, elected as Lieutenant Governor in 2006 as the running mate of former Governor Eliot Spitzer, chose not to run for a full-term. On November 2, New York Attorney General and Democrat Andrew Cuomo defeated Republican Carl Paladino. Green Party candidate Howie Hawkins received over 57,000 votes, allowing the New York Green Party to be listed on the ballot for the next 4 years.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2010)|
New York is one of only eight states to allow for electoral fusion in which a candidate may appear as the nominee of more than one political party. New York has no limitation on the number of parties to which a candidate may be the nominee.
As of 2010, five parties have automatic ballot access: Democratic, Republican, Independence, Conservative, and Working Families. Other parties, such as the Libertarian Party and Green Party, can (and usually do) seek ballot access through a petition process. A party gains permanent ballot access by collecting at least 50,000 votes in a gubernatorial election.
Governor David Paterson had announced he was running for election in 2010, but backed out less than a week later in February 2010. He was asked by President Obama to withdraw from the race out of fear that Republicans could win the seat from Paterson.
Andrew Cuomo, the state Attorney General, was widely rumored to be considering a run. Though he had originally denied any interest, this did not stop rampant speculation that Cuomo would change his mind and enter the race, though the speculated date had been pushed back several times, according to those who said he was going to run. Though Cuomo had initially trailed Paterson by double digits in potential match up polls, he jumped to a massive lead over the incumbent, had a higher approval and favorability rating, and decidedly beat any Republican challenger in every poll, something that could not be said of Paterson. Despite this, and even with Paterson out of the race, it had still not been enough to convince Cuomo to come public with any plans, and he had stated only that "this is an election year and I will announce my plans at the appropriate time." After over a year of dodging speculation, Cuomo finally announced his candidacy on May 22, 2010 at 2:30 p.m. outside the Tweed Courthouse at New York's City Hall. In anticipation of this announcement, Cuomo had released a video laying out his platform and his plan for revitalizing the state of New York. Cuomo made this announcement only a few days before the state party convention, which was the deadline for major party candidates to announce their intentions. On May 26, 2010, he announced his choice for Lieutenant Governor, Rochester Mayor Robert Duffy, a former RPD police chief.
Dutchess County legislator Joel Tyner ran an unsuccessful petition drive that fell short of the 15,000 signatures necessary to get onto the primary ballot.
In May 2009, former Long Island Congressman and 2000 Republican U.S. Senate nominee Rick Lazio announced that he would run for Governor. Lazio held frontrunner status for the Republican nomination for most of his run.
The most widely circulated potential candidate had been former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani, who stated on November 4 on Your World with Neil Cavuto that he didn't know whether he'd run for governor, and then confirmed to a reporter in Dubai that he was "seriously thinking about" a gubernatorial run. He stated that his run would depend on the success or failure of the budget and Paterson's handling of it. In January 2009, Giuliani said he would not decide on a gubernatorial run for another six to eight months. In April 2009, a Qunnipiac poll showed Giuliani slightly ahead Paterson. He officially declined to run in December 2009, instead backing former congressman Rick Lazio.
Chris Collins, the county executive of Erie County, New York (which includes the city of Buffalo), was also mentioned as a potential candidate, particularly if Giuliani decided not to run. Collins had indicated he would make his decision in January, but observers believed he was strongly leaning toward running. After further pondering, Collins decided not to run on January 26, 2010, but did not endorse Lazio and encouraged the state party to find someone else, either from the business field or possibly cross-endorsing Democrat Steve Levy. Collins cited a desire to focus on his current job and a lack of fundraising support from downstate donors, which he dubbed the "status quo."
Shortly after Collins passed on the race, local activist Rus Thompson persuaded developer Carl Paladino, a fellow political activist who launched several mostly unsuccessful issue campaigns ranging from a movement to repeal the Taylor Law to opposing Byron Brown's re-election as Mayor of Buffalo, New York, to consider running, either as a Republican or as an independent third-party candidacy. Paladino later indicated that he would only run 1) as a Republican and 2) if he felt he had a chance to win enough support, either at the convention (which was increasingly unlikely) or via the petition process, to land a spot on the primary ballot. As of March 2010, Paladino was considered to be strongly considering a run (his own statements had described his entry into the race as "a breath away"), and was said to be devoting $10,000,000 of his own money on the campaign. He warned state Republican Party chairman Edward F. Cox of his intentions and was also meeting with the state's Conservative Party to inquire about receiving their nomination.
In February 2010, Warren Redlich, a Guilderland attorney and town board member who ran as token opposition to Michael McNulty in 2004 and 2006, announced his entry into the race, running on a platform that sought to limit compensation of government employees to $100,000 per year.
Edmund M. Dunn, a real estate developer from upstate New York announced his candidacy in mid April. Dunn ended his campaign in mid-July due to lack of additional funding.
Steve Levy, the county executive of Suffolk County, crossed over from his former party, the Democratic Party, to the Republicans in an effort to win their nomination. Because his decision came after the deadline to change parties, Levy was still legally a Democrat until November 2010 and would need a "Wilson Pakula" to run on the Republican line, which in turn would require a majority endorsement from the Republicans at the state convention.
After Rick Lazio announced that Greg Edwards would be his running mate, Myers Mermel, a New York City real estate developer and ally of Mike Huckabee who had been running a renegade campaign for lieutenant governor, stated that he no longer would seek to be lieutenant governor under Lazio or Steve Levy. He was expected to announce that a last-minute switch to a campaign for governor on May 24, 2010, four days before the state Republican convention.
By September 2010, Lazio and Paladino were nearly tied in the most polls, with Paladino having a significant edge in Upstate New York and Lazio leading heavily in Downstate New York. Paladino was supported heavily by the Tea Party movement. The primary was Tuesday, September 14, 2010.
Carl Paladino pulled out an upset and defeated Lazio in the primary. His win was primarily based strong upstate support, while low levels of voter turnout downstate hurt Lazio.
|Republican primary results|
The Conservative Party of New York State nomination, barring any changes, was to go to Republican candidate Rick Lazio following Lazio's endorsement by Michael Long, the Party's chairman. Steve Levy and Carl Paladino were also expected to make overtures to the party prior to its 2010 convention.
Lazio received the endorsement of the Party's executive committee in March 2010, with 14 party chairs in favor, four backing Steve Levy, and one (Erie County's Ralph Lorigo) backing Carl Paladino.
At the official Party convention in May 2010, Ralph Lorigo united with Steve Levy supporters to act as a placeholder on the ballot and earned 42% of the weighted ballot; by being a registered party member, he only needed 25% to force a primary election (something that Levy and Paladino, as a Democrat and Republican respectively, could not do). By waiting several days (after the Republican convention) and then dropping out of the race, Lorigo allowed a Conservative Party committee to choose a replacement (presumably Paladino). After Lorigo entered the gubernatorial race, Long demanded Lorigo's resignation; Lorigo responded by offering to wager the party chairmanship on the results of the race: If Lorigo won the primary, Long would resign and allow Lorigo (party second-in-command) to succeed him as Conservative Party chairman, but if Lazio won, Lorigo would resign his position within the Party.
As of 11:00 p.m. on September 14, 2010, Lazio led Lorigo in the primary by a 57-43 margin, not counting write-ins. Carl Paladino was believed to have received numerous write-ins (write-ins, most probably bearing Paladino's name, accounted for as much as 22% of the vote tally in some counties). Following Lazio's loss to Paladino in the GOP gubernatorial primary, Chairman Long indicated that he planned to move forward with Lazio running as a third party candidate, but on September 27, 2010, Lazio confirmed that he would drop his bid for Governor by accepting a nomination for a judicial position in the Bronx. The Conservative Party then nominated Carl Paladino as its candidate for Governor of New York.
|Conservative primary results|
The Working Families Party was said to heavily favor Cuomo, but was reportedly concerned that the party's damaged reputation may cause Cuomo to decline any nomination from them. In somewhat of a surprise move, the party nominated its own members for all but one statewide elected office, and did not cross-endorse Democrats as usual. The party nominated United Auto Workers lawyer Kenneth Schaffer as its nominee for governor in June 2010. After the federal investigation against the party was closed with no charges, speculation has run rampant that the party will vacate the line in favor of Cuomo by nominating Schaeffer for a judicial position and offering Cuomo a Wilson Pakula, which the party did unanimously in September 2010.
Though the Libertarian Party of New York does not have permanent ballot access in New York elections, they generally produce enough support to earn a slot on the ballot each gubernatorial election. The party chose Warren Redlich as their nominee at the state party convention on April 24, 2010.
The Green Party of New York nominated national party co-founder Howie Hawkins, who has been a perennial candidate in state and federal elections since 2006, as their candidate at the party convention on May 15, 2010. Like the Libertarians, the Greens had to petition their way onto the ballot, as they do not have permanent ballot access. Hawkins has indicated he will make a major push to win over disaffected left-wing voters who are put off by Cuomo's appeals to more fiscally conservative Democrats and independents in the state.
The Rent Is Too Damn High Party whose perennial New York City mayoral candidate is Jimmy McMillan, fielded him in the New York gubernatorial election in 2010. The party's name appeared as the "Rent is 2 Damn High" on the ballot for space considerations. This was McMillan's second run for the office, having previously earned 13,355 votes for governor on the "Rent Is Too High" line in 2006.
Following the New York gubernatorial television debate, McMillan's campaign went viral.
The following political parties have never gained ballot access in New York, but filed petitions and qualified for the November ballot. Their nominees were as follows:
These three parties were placed at the bottom of the ballot and, in many jurisdictions, were placed in a separate column from the other candidates, making it difficult for voters to find them. None of them gained automatic ballot access.
For the first time in several elections, the Socialist Workers Party did not submit petitions for their candidate, Daniel Fein, and waged a write-in campaign for him instead. John Nemjo, an environmentalist from Troy who has run several write-in campaigns in the past, began a write-in campaign for the post in October 2010. Jim Nolan, an insurance salesman from Malta, also began a write-in campaign in October 2010. His campaign was run entirely by social media, including a website, YouTube, Facebook and Twitter page.
The Libertarian, Green and other minor parties had until August 17, 2010, to submit petitions to the state Board of Elections. A minimum of 15,000 valid signatures, from a minimum of 15 congressional districts, are required to achieve ballot access. The results will be finalized on September 2.
The Paladino campaign submitted 30,000 signatures for its Taxpayers Party. Charles Barron submitted 43,500 signatures for the Freedom Party, though a fellow New York City councilman, Lewis Fidler, has already announced his intention to challenge Barron's signatures. The Davis campaign has submitted 22,000 signatures; the Hawkins campaign has filed 27,000, and the Libertarian Party claims to have submitted over 34,000.
Along with the governor, a new lieutenant governor will be selected. The seat had been vacant since Spitzer's resignation and Paterson's subsequent succession to the governorship until Paterson appointed Richard Ravitch to the position in July 2009; the presidents of the New York State Senate (in succession, Joseph Bruno, Dean Skelos, Malcolm Smith and Pedro Espada) served as acting lieutenant governors while the office was vacant. Ravitch will not seek the seat in 2010.
Other candidates that had been mentioned as potential candidates include Ramapo town supervisor Christopher St. Lawrence, State Senator Andrea Stewart-Cousins (D-Yonkers), Buffalo mayor Byron Brown, State Senator Darrel Aubertine, and Canandaigua businessman Bill Samuels.
On the Republican side, Lazio has endorsed Chautauqua County executive Greg Edwards as his choice for lieutenant governor as of May 17, 2010. Tom Ognibene, former minority leader of the New York City Council, has been chosen as Paladino's running mate. Had Levy made it onto the primary ballot, he would have selected former New York Secretary of State Christopher Jacobs, a Buffalo native, as his running mate.
Other potential names that had either expressed an interest or were mentioned as potential candidates included Orange County executive Edward A. Diana, Monroe County executive Maggie Brooks, Onondaga County executive Joanie Mahoney (though Brooks and Mahoney both apparently rejected overtures to do so), 2006 lieutenant governor candidate C. Scott Vanderhoef (who is instead running for state senate), and Myers Mermel (who was running on a separate ticket but sought governor instead, eventually dropping out of both races).
The Libertarian Party chose Alden Link as their nominee, and the Green Party nominated Gloria Mattera as their candidate for the position. The Conservative Party chairman endorsed Lazio's running mate, Greg Edwards, though Andrew Kay was able to force his way onto a primary ballot on the Lorigo placeholder slate. The Working Families Party nominated community organizer Elon Harpaz.
In the Republican lieutenant governor primary, Greg Edwards narrowly defeated Tom Ognibene. This creates a problematic "split ticket:" three different ballot lines will have three different combinations of Paladino or Lazio and Edwards or Ognibene. The Republican ticket will have Paladino/Edwards, the Conservative ticket will have Lazio/Edwards, and the Taxpayers ticket will have Paladino/Ognibene. Under a technicality in the state's fusion laws, fusion only applies to whole tickets, and not to individual people on a gubernatorial ticket. Thus, unless the three parties agree on a ballot, neither Paladino nor Edwards would be allowed to count the aggregate total of both lines on the ballot in their total, leading to the possibility of either of them getting more votes than Cuomo-Duffy (or, theoretically, any other candidate) but still losing the election. This can be avoided by nominating one of the lieutenant governor nominees to a judicial position, as both Edwards and Ognibene have law degrees. Both Paladino and Edwards have indicated they are willing to run on each other's ticket, though Edwards is open to making changes in the ballot. The last time such a split ticket occurred was when Alfred DelBello ended up Mario Cuomo's running mate against Cuomo's wishes in 1982.
|Lieutenant Governor Republican primary results|
|Gubernatorial election in New York, 2010 |
|Working Families||Andrew Cuomo||154,835||3.35%|
|Total||Andrew Cuomo||Robert Duffy||2,910,876||63.05%|
|Total||Carl Paladino||Greg Edwards||1,547,857||33.53%|
|Green||Howie Hawkins||Gloria Mattera||59,906||1.30%|
|Libertarian||Warren Redlich||Alden Link||48,359||1.05%|
|Rent Is Too Damn High||Jimmy McMillan||None||41,129||0.89%|
|Freedom||Charles Barron||Eva M. Doyle||24,571||0.53%|
|Anti-Prohibition||Kristin M. Davis||Tanya Gendelman||20,421||0.44%|
In addition to the parties fielding candidates, New York's electoral fusion laws allow parties to cross-endorse candidates. The Independence Party and Working Families Party cross-endorsed Andrew Cuomo, while the Conservative Party and Taxpayers Party cross-endorsed Carl Paladino. The Independence Party line received 146,648 votes (5.0% of Cuomo's total, and 3.2% of the statewide total) and the Working Families line received 154,853 votes (5.3% and 3.4%), with the Democratic line receiving the remaining 2,610,220 votes (89.6% and 56.5%). The Conservative line received 232,281 votes (15.0% of Paladino's total, and 5.0% of the statewide total) and the Taxpayers line received 25,821 votes (1.5% and 0.6%), with the Republican line receiving the remaining 1,290,082 votes (83.3% and 27.1%).
The results of New York's gubernatorial elections are used to decide which parties receive automatic ballot access and what order the parties are listed on the ballot. Parties whose candidates for governor receive over 50,000 votes on that party's line receive automatic ballot access for the next four years (until the next gubernatorial election). This applies regardless of whether the party fielded its own candidate or cross-endorsed the candidate of another party. The results of this election enabled the Green Party to regain automatic ballot access for the next four years (it had lost it in 2002), and reordered the ballot such that the top seven parties appear in the following order: Democratic, Republican, Conservative, Working Families, Independence, Green, Libertarian. In the preceding four years this order had been: Democratic, Republican, Independence, Conservative, Working Families, Green, Libertarian.
|Poll source||Dates administered||Sample size||Margin of error||Andrew Cuomo (D)||Carl Paladino (R)||Other||Undecided|
|Angus Reid Public Opinion||October 28–29, 2010||546 LV||±4.2%||55%||38%||5%||––|
|Rasmussen||October 22, 2010||943 RV||±3.0%||51%||37%||2%||12%|
|The New York Times||October 17–19, 2010||943 RV||±3.0%||67%||24%||2%||12%|
|The New York Times||October 10–15, 2010||943 RV||±3.0%||59%||24%||2%||12%|
|Survey USA / Gannett||October 11–13, 2010||633 LV||±3.9%||59%||33%||6%||3%|
|Survey USA / Gannett||October 5–7, 2010||627 LV||±4.0%||57%||34%||5%||3%|
|Angus Reid Public Opinion||October 5–7, 2010||500 RV||±4.5%||63%||32%||6%||––|
|Quinnipiac||October 1–5, 2010||1,141 LV||±2.9%||55%||37%||2%||6%|
|CNN / Opinion Research||October 1–5, 2010||585 LV||±4.0%||55%||41%||2%||1%|
|CNN / Opinion Research||October 1–5, 2010||1,315 RV||±2.5%||65%||31%||2%||1%|
|Siena Poll||October 3–4, 2010||636 LV||±3.9%||56%||32%||––||11%|
|Public Policy Polling||October 1–3, 2010||592 LV||±4.0%||53%||38%||––||8%|
|Marist Poll||September 27–29, 2010||591 LV||±4.0%||53%||38%||1%||8%|
|Survey USA/Gannett||September 20–21, 2010||572 LV||±4.2%||49%||40%||8%||3%|
|Quinnipiac||September 16–20, 2010||751 LV||±3.6%||49%||43%||1%||7%|
|Rasmussen Reports||September 20, 2010||500 LV||±4.5%||54%||38%||2%||6%|
|Quinnipiac||August 23–29, 2010||1,497 RV||±2.5%||60%||23%||1%||14%|
|Siena Poll||August 9–16, 2010||788 RV||±3.5%||60%||27%||––||13%|
|Quinnipiac||July 20–26, 2010||1,165 RV||±2.9%||55%||25%||1%||16%|
|Rasmussen Reports||July 20, 2010||500 LV||±4.5%||58%||29%||5%||8%|
|Rasmussen Reports||June 24, 2010||500 LV||±4.5%||55%||25%||6%||13%|
|Siena Poll||May 17–20, 2010||905 RV||±3.3%||65%||22%||––||13%|
|Marist Poll||May 3–5, 2010||686 RV||±4.0%||67%||22%||––||11%|
|Rasmussen Reports||April 27, 2010||500 LV||±4.5%||55%||25%||5%||15%|
|Quinnipiac||April 6–11, 2010||1,381 RV||±2.6%||60%||24%||1%||14%|
|Rasmussen Reports||March 29, 2010||500 LV||±4.5%||51%||28%||6%||15%|
|Rasmussen Reports||March 1, 2010||500 LV||±4.5%||56%||27%||6%||11%|
|Poll source||Dates administered||David Paterson||Andrew Cuomo|
|Siena Poll||January 10–14, 2010||21%||59%|
|Quinnipiac||December 7–13, 2009||23%||60%|
|Rasmussen Reports||July 14, 2009||27%||61%|
|Qunnipiac||May 5–11, 2009||17%||62%|
|Qunnipiac||April 1–5, 2009||18%||61%|
|Siena Poll||March 13–16, 2009||17%||67%|
|Marist Poll||February 25–26, 2009||26%||62%|
|Siena Poll||February 16–18, 2009||27%||53%|
|Quinnipiac||February 10–15, 2009||23%||55%|
|Siena Poll||January 20–23, 2009||35%||33%|
|Siena Poll||December 8–11, 2008||49%||26%|
|Siena Poll||November 10–13, 2008||53%||25%|
|Siena Poll||July 7–10, 2008||51%||21%|
|Siena Poll||May 12–15, 2008||42%||29%|
|Siena Poll||April 12–15, 2008||35%||30%|
|Poll source||Dates administered||Rick Lazio||Steve Levy||Carl Paladino|
|Siena Poll||September 7–9, 2010||42%||--||41%|
|Quinnipiac||July 20–26, 2010||39%||--||23%|
|Siena Poll||May 17–20, 2010||29%||14%||16%|
|Marist Poll||May 3–5, 2010||38%||22%||13%|
|Siena Poll||April 12–15, 2010||29%||15%||13%|
|Quinnipiac||April 6–11, 2010||34%||11%||11%|
|Marist Poll||March 23–24, 2010||53%||21%||--|
|Siena Poll||March 15–18, 2010||60%||19%||--|
|Poll source||Dates administered||David Paterson||Rick Lazio|
|Rasmussen Reports||January 18, 2010||38%||45%|
|Siena Poll||January 10–14, 2010||42%||42%|
|Rasmussen Reports||December 22, 2009||40%||43%|
|Quinnipiac||December 7–13, 2009||41%||37%|
|Rasmussen Reports||November 17, 2009||37%||41%|
|Marist||November 15, 2009||36%||39%|
|Rasmussen Reports||September 22, 2009||38%||38%|
|Marist||May 4, 2009||37%||40%|
|Poll source||Dates administered||Andrew Cuomo||Rick Lazio|
|Quinnipiac||July 20–26, 2010||56%||26%|
|Rasmussen Reports||July 20, 2010||58%||27%|
|Siena Poll||July 12, 2010||60%||28%|
|Rasmussen Reports||June 24, 2010||55%||28%|
|Quinnipiac||June 22, 2010||58%||26%|
|Siena Poll||June 9, 2010||60%||24%|
|Siena Poll||May 17–20, 2010||66%||24%|
|Marist Poll||May 3–5, 2010||65%||25%|
|Rasmussen Reports||April 27, 2010||56%||24%|
|Siena Poll||April 12–15, 2010||61%||24%|
|Quinnipiac||April 6–11, 2010||55%||26%|
|Rasmussen Reports||March 29, 2010||52%||29%|
|Marist Poll||March 23–24, 2010||61%||30%|
|Siena Poll||March 15–18, 2010||59%||21%|
|Rasmussen Reports||March 2, 2010||55%||30%|
|Rasmussen Reports||January 18, 2010||54%||35%|
|Siena Poll||January 10–14, 2010||66%||24%|
|Quinnipiac||December 7–13, 2009||62%||22%|
|Rasmussen Reports||November 17, 2009||57%||29%|
|Rasmussen Reports||September 22, 2009||65%||26%|
|Marist Poll||February 25–26, 2009||71%||20%|
|Poll source||Dates administered||Rudy Giuliani||David Paterson|
|Marist Poll||September 08–10, 2009||60%||34%|
|Poll source||Dates administered||David Paterson||Chris Collins|
|Siena Poll||January 10–14, 2010||40%||40%|
|Rasmussen Reports||December 22, 2009||38%||42%|
|Poll source||Dates administered||Andrew Cuomo||Chris Collins|
|Siena Poll||January 10–14, 2010||65%||23%|
|Poll source||Dates administered||Andrew Cuomo||Steve Levy|
|Siena Poll||May 17–20, 2010||65%||22%|
|Marist Poll||May 3–5, 2010||63%||25%|
|Rasmussen Reports||April 27, 2010||50%||27%|
|Siena Poll||April 12–15, 2010||58%||23%|
|Quinnipiac||April 6–11, 2010||57%||24%|
|Rasmussen Reports||March 29, 2010||50%||26%|
|Marist Poll||March 23–24, 2010||65%||26%|
|Siena Poll||March 15–18, 2010||63%||16%||Warren Redlich: 4%|
|Poll source||Dates administered||Andrew Cuomo||Rick Lazio||Carl Paladino||Notes|
|Marist Poll||September 23, 2010||52%||9%||33%|
|Siena Poll: Volunteer any candidate||May 17–20, 2010||43%||4%||5%||Steve Levy: 3%|
|Rasmussen Reports||March 2, 2010||50%||19%||15%|