List of tallest buildings in New York City

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View from the Empire State Building by day
View by sunset

New York City, the largest city in the United States, is home to 5,818 completed high-rises,[1] 92 of which stand taller than 600 feet (183 m). The tallest completed building in the city is the 102-story Empire State Building in midtown Manhattan, which was finished in 1931 and rises to 1,250 feet (381 m), increased to 1,454 feet (443 m) by its antenna.[2] It also is the third-tallest building in the United States and the 22nd-tallest building in the world. The Empire State Building stood as the tallest building in the world from its completion until 1972, when the 110-story North Tower of the original World Trade Center was completed. At 1,368 feet (417 m), One World Trade Center briefly held the title as the world's tallest building until the completion of the 108-story Sears Tower (now known as the Willis Tower) in Chicago in 1974. The World Trade Center towers were destroyed by terrorist attacks in 2001, and the Empire State Building regained the title of tallest building in the City. The second-tallest building in New York is the Bank of America Tower, which rises to 1,200 feet (366 m), including its spire.[3] Tied for third-tallest are the 1,046-foot (319 m) Chrysler Building, which was the world's tallest building from 1930 until 1931,[4] and the New York Times Building, which was completed in 2007.

New York skyscrapers are concentrated in Midtown and Lower Manhattan, although other neighborhoods of Manhattan and the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens and The Bronx also have significant numbers of high-rises. As of January 2011, the entire city has 228 buildings that rise at least 500 feet (152 m) in height, including those under construction,[5] more than any other city in the United States.[6]

Since 2003, New York City has seen the completion of 22 buildings that rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height. Fourteen more are under construction, including the 1,776-foot (541 m) One World Trade Center, which will claim the title of tallest building in the city upon its completion.[7] On April 30, 2012, this building officially surpassed the structural height of the Empire State Building with steel reaching to 1,271 feet (387 m), but construction is not scheduled to be complete until 2013.[8] One World Trade Center is part of the complex that will replace the destroyed World Trade Center, which also includes three more under-construction skyscrapers: the 1,350-foot (411 m) Two World Trade Center,[9] 1,240-foot (378 m) Three World Trade Center[10] and 975-foot (297 m) Four World Trade Center.[11] Overall, as of July 2012, there were 218 high-rise buildings under construction or proposed for construction in New York City.[1]

Contents

History

The history of skyscrapers in New York City began with the completion of the World Building in 1890; the structure rose to 348 feet (106 m).[12] Though not the city's first high-rise, it was the first building to surpass the 284-foot (87 m) spire of Trinity Church.[13] The World Building, which stood as the tallest in the city until 1899, was demolished in 1955 to allow for the construction of an expanded entrance to the Brooklyn Bridge.[13]

New York has played a prominent role in the development of the skyscraper; since 1890, eleven structures in the city having held the title of world's tallest building.[14] New York City went through a very early high-rise construction boom that lasted from the early 1910s through the early 1930s, during which 16 of the city's 82 tallest buildings were built—including the Woolworth Building, the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building, the Chrysler Building and the Empire State Building, each of which was the tallest in the world at the time of its completion.[14]

A second skyscraper boom began in the early 1960s. Since then, the city has seen the completion of nearly 70 structures rising at least 600 feet (183 m) high, including the twin towers of the World Trade Center. One World Trade Center, also known as the North Tower, was the tallest building in the world from 1972 until 1973 and the tallest building in New York City until 2001.[15] The North Tower, as well as the other six buildings in the World Trade Center complex, were destroyed in the September 11 attacks of 2001.[16] One World Trade Center began construction in 2006 as the lead building of the new World Trade Center complex; upon its scheduled completion in 2013, the 1,776-foot (541 m) skyscraper is expected to become the tallest building in the United States.[17]

New York City panorama from Hoboken, New Jersey

Tallest buildings

This list ranks completed and topped out New York City skyscrapers that stand at least 600 feet (183 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

  Was the world's tallest building upon completion
RankNameImageHeight
ft (m)
FloorsYearNotes
1Empire State BuildingEmpire State Building from the Top of the Rock.jpg1,250 (381)102193122nd-tallest building in the world, 3rd-tallest in the United States; first building in the world to contain over 100 floors. Built in just 14 months during the Great Depression, it was the tallest building in the world from its completion in 1931 until the World Trade Center was completed in 1972, and has been New York City's tallest building since the World Trade Center was destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.[2][18]
2Bank of America TowerOBP - Ext - 42nd East.jpg1,200 (366)54200829th-tallest building in the world, 4th-tallest in the United States; first skyscraper to receive a Platinum LEED certification[3][19]
3=Chrysler BuildingChrysler Building by David Shankbone.jpg1,046 (319)77193057th-tallest building in the world, 7th-tallest in the United States; first building in the world to rise higher than 1,000 feet (305 m); stood as the tallest building in the world from 1930 until 1931; tallest all-brick building in the world[4][20]
3=New York Times BuildingNytimes building rear.jpg1,046 (319)52200757th-tallest building in the world, 8th-tallest in the United States; also known as the Times Tower[21][22]
5Four World Trade Center*4WTC-March 12, 2012.JPG977 (298)722013
(est.)
Also known as 150 Greenwich street; part of the rebuilding of the World Trade Center site; topped out on June 24, 2012[11][23][24]
670 Pine StreetAIB-NYC-gp.jpg952 (290)66193217th-tallest building in the United States; tallest completed building in Lower Manhattan; formerly known as the American International Building and the Cities Service Building[25][26]
7The Trump Building40 Wall Street New York City at Sunset C R.jpg927 (283)70193021st-tallest in the United States; was world's tallest building for less than two months in 1930; formerly known as the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building; also known as 40 Wall Street[27][28]
8Citigroup CenterCitigroup center.jpg915 (279)591977Formerly known as the Citicorp Center[29][30]
98 Spruce StreetBeekman Tower fr BB jeh.jpg876 (267)762011Also known as Beekman Tower; tallest residential building in New York City and the western hemisphere[31][32][33]
10Trump World TowerTrumpworldtower 23may2005.jpg861 (262)722001Second-tallest residential building in the city; tallest residential building in the world from 2000 until 2003[34][35]
11GE BuildingGE Building by David Shankbone.JPG850 (259)701933Formerly known as the RCA Building; colloquially referred to as "30 Rock" for its address, 30 Rockefeller Center; houses the Top of the Rock, the second-highest observation deck in New York[36][37]
12CitySpire CenterCityspire.jpg814 (248)731987[38][39]
13One Chase Manhattan PlazaOne Chase Manhattan Plaza 1.jpg813 (248)601961[40][41]
14Condé Nast Building4timessquare 23may2005.JPG809 (247)481999Also known as Four Times Square[42][43]
15MetLife BuildingWalter Gropius photo MetLife Building fassade New York USA 2005-10-03.jpg808 (246)591963Formerly known as the Pan Am Building[44][45]
16Bloomberg TowerBloomberg tower.jpg806 (246)542005[46][47]
17Woolworth BuildingWoolworth bldg nov2005c.jpg792 (241)571913Tallest building in the world from 1913 until 1930[48][49]
18One Worldwide PlazaWwp50roof.JPG778 (237)501989[50][51]
19Carnegie Hall TowerCarnegie Hall Tower.JPG757 (231)601991[52][53]
20383 Madison AvenueBearStearns.JPG755 (230)472001Formerly known as Bear Stearns World Headquarters[54][55]
21AXA CenterAXA Center from GE Building, cropped.jpg752 (229)541986Formerly known as the Equitable Building and Equitable Center West[56][57]
22=One Penn PlazaOne Penn Plaza by David Shankbone.jpg750 (229)571972[58][59]
22=Exxon Building1251 Avenue of the Americas.JPG750 (229)541971Also known as 1251 Avenue of the Americas[60][61]
24=Time Warner Center South TowerTime Warner Center May 2010.JPG750 (229)552004[62][63]
24=Time Warner Center North TowerTime Warner Center May 2010.JPG750 (229)552004[63][64]
26200 West StreetGoldmanSachsHeadquarters.JPG749 (228)442010Also known as Goldman Sachs World Headquarters[65][66]
2760 Wall Street60 Wall Street building.jpg745 (227)551989Also known as Deutsche Bank Headquarters[67][68]
28One Astor PlazaOne Astor Plaza May 2010.JPG745 (227)541972[69][70]
29One Liberty Plaza0013TIARA P1000433.JPG743 (226)541973Formerly known as the U.S. Steel Building[71][72]
3020 Exchange Place20 Exchange Place Tower 111.JPG741 (226)571931Formerly known as the City Bank-Farmers Trust Building[73][74]
317 World Trade CenterWtc7-2006-0911.jpg741 (226)492006[75][76]
32Three World Financial CenterWorld Financial Center.jpg739 (225)511986Also known as American Express Tower[77][78]
33Bertelsmann BuildingBertlesman-tower.jpg733 (223)421990[79][80]
34Times Square TowerTimesSquareTower.jpg726 (221)472004[81][82]
35Metropolitan TowerMetro Carnegie towers fr W58 jeh.jpg716 (218)681987[83][84]
36500 Fifth Avenue500 Fifth Avenue Panorama.jpg709 (216)601931[85][86]
37JP Morgan Chase World HeadquartersWTM by official-ly cool 100.JPG707 (215)521960[87][88]
38General Motors BuildingSherry Netherland Hotel jeh.JPG705 (215)501968[89][90]
39Metropolitan Life Insurance Company TowerMetropolitan Life Tower April 2008.jpg700 (213)501909Tallest building in the world from 1909 until 1913[91][92]
40Americas TowerAmericas-tower.jpg692 (211)501992[93][94]
41Solow BuildingSolowBuilding.jpg689 (210)501974[95][96]
42HSBC Bank BuildingWSTM-CornFedChicks0078.JPG688 (210)521967Also known as Marine Midland Building[97][98]
43=55 Water Street55 Water Street with north wing.JPG687 (209)531972[99][100]
43=277 Park Avenue277parkave.jpg687 (209)501962[101][102]
451585 BroadwayMorgan-stanley-building.jpg685 (209)421989Also known as the Morgan Stanley World Headquarters[103][104]
46Random House TowerRandom-house2.jpg684 (208)522003[105][106]
47Four Seasons Hotel New York4 seasons hotel NY 56 jeh.jpg682 (208)521993Tallest all-hotel building in the city[107][108]
48McGraw-Hill BuildingMcGraw-Hill Building Rock Center by David Shankbone.jpg674 (205)511969Also known as 1221 Avenue of the Americas[109][110]
49=Lincoln BuildingLincoln Building NYC.jpg673 (205)551930[111][112]
49=Barclay TowerWSTM Mark Frank 0076.jpg673 (205)562007[113][114]
51Paramount PlazaParamount-plaza.jpg670 (204)481971[115][116]
52440 West 42nd Street669 (204)552011Also known as MiMa[117]
53Trump TowerTrump tower.jpg664 (202)581983[118][119]
54One Court SquareCiticorp giant Whale Creek jeh.jpg658 (201)501990Tallest building in New York City outside of Manhattan; tallest building on Long Island and in the Borough of Queens; formerly known as the Citigroup Building[120][121]
551 Wall Street1 Wall Street.jpg654 (199)501931[122][123]
56=599 Lexington Avenue599 Lexington Avenue.jpg653 (199)501986[124][125]
56=Silver Towers ISilver Towers jeh.JPG653 (199)602009Also known as River Place[126][127]
56=Silver Towers IISilver Towers jeh.JPG653 (199)602009Also known as River Place[128][129]
59712 5th Avenue712FifthNYC.jpg650 (198)521990[130][131]
60Chanin BuildingChanin Building, side up.jpg649 (198)561930[132][133]
61245 Park Avenue245parkNYC.jpg648 (198)441966[134][135]
62Sony TowerSony Building by David Shankbone.jpg647 (197)371984Formerly known as the AT&T Building[136][137]
63Two World Financial CenterWorld Financial Center.jpg645 (197)441987[138][139]
64=One New York PlazaOne New York Plaza.jpg640 (195)501969[140][141]
64=570 Lexington AvenueIMG 1035 edited.jpg640 (195)501931Also known as the General Electric Building[142][143]
66345 Park Avenue345park.jpg634 (193)441969[144][145]
67400 Fifth Avenue631 (192)572010[146][147]
68=W. R. Grace BuildingGrace Building NYC.jpg630 (192)501971[148][149]
68=Home Insurance PlazaWSTM-CornFedChicks0080.JPG630 (192)451966[150][151]
68=1095 Avenue of the Americas1095 Avenue of the Americas and Bank of America Tower.jpg630 (192)401974Also known as Verizon World Headquarters[152][153]
68=W New York Downtown, Hotel and ResidencesW Hotel Lower Manhattan.JPG630 (192)572010[154]
72101 Park Avenue101park, Manhattan.jpg629 (192)491982[155][156]
73=One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza1-dag.jpg628 (191)491972[157][158]
73=Central Park PlaceCentral-park-place-Manhattan.jpg628 (191)561988[159][160]
73=888 7th Avenue888seventhManhattan.jpg628 (191)461971[161][162]
76=Waldorf-Astoria HotelWaldorf-Astoria, New York City, 2006.jpeg625 (191)471931[163][164]
76=Burlington HouseBurlington-house-nyc.jpg625 (191)501969[165][166]
78Trump Palace CondominiumsTrump-palace1.jpg623 (190)541991[167][168]
79=Olympic TowerOlympic Tower NY by David Shankbone.JPG620 (189)511976[169][170]
79=Mercantile Building10 E 40th Street NYC.jpg620 (189)481929Also known as 10 East 40th Street[171][172]
81425 5th AvenueWTM3 NYU FC 2 0073.jpg618 (188)552003[173][174]
82One Madison ParkOne Madison Park from Madison Square Park.jpg617 (188)602010[175][176]
83=The EpicTheepic.jpg615 (187)582007[177][178]
83=919 Third Avenue919thirdave.jpg615 (187)471971[179][180]
83=New York Life BuildingNew York Life Building 2.jpg615 (187)401928[181][182]
83=750 7th Avenue750seventh.jpg615 (187)401989[183][184]
87=EventiEventi Hotel 851 6th Av jeh.jpg614 (187)542010[185]
87=Tower 49Tower 49-01.jpg614 (187)451985[186][187]
89Credit Lyonnais BuildingCredi- Lyonnais-building.jpg609 (186)451964[188][189]
90250 West 55th Street*605 (184)392013This building was topped out in mid-2012.[190]
91The OrionTeam Alaska 0048.jpg604 (184)582006[191][192]
92590 Madison Avenue590-madison-avenue.jpg603 (184)411983Also known as the IBM Building[193][194]
9311 Times Square601 (183)402010Also known as Times Square Plaza[195][196]
94Marsh & McLennan HeadquartersMarsh & McLennan Headquarters at 1166 Avenue of the Americas.jpg600 (183)441974[197]

* indicates building is still under construction, but has been topped out

Skyline of Midtown Manhattan, as seen from the observation deck of the GE Building

Tallest buildings by pinnacle height

This lists ranks buildings in New York City based on pinnacle height measurement, which includes antenna masts. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes non-architectural antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

The Condé Nast Building, the third-tallest building in New York when measuring by pinnacle height
Pinn.
Rank
Std.
Rank
NamePinnacle
height
ft (m)
Standard
height
ft (m)
Floors
Year
Sources
11Empire State Building1,454 (443)1,250 (381)1021931[18][198][199]
22Bank of America Tower1,200 (366)1,200 (366)542009[3][19]
312Condé Nast Building1,118 (341)809 (247)481999[42][43]
4=3=Chrysler Building1,046 (319)1,046 (319)771931[4][20]
4=3=New York Times Building1,046 (319)1,046 (319)522007[21][22]
65American International Building952 (290)952 (290)661932[25][26]
714Bloomberg Tower941 (287)806 (246)542005[46][47]
86The Trump Building927 (283)927 (283)701930[27][28]
97Citigroup Center915 (279)915 (279)591977[29][30]
108Trump World Tower861 (262)861 (262)722001[200][201]

Tallest building by borough

This lists the tallest building in each borough of New York City based on standard height measurement. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

BoroughNameHeight
ft (m)
Floors
Year
Source
BronxHarlem River Park Towers I & II404 (123)441975[202][203]
BrooklynBrooklyner512 (156)512009[204]
ManhattanEmpire State Building1,250 (381)1021931[2]
QueensOne Court Square658 (201)501990[120]
Staten IslandChurch at Mount Loretto225 (69)11894[205][206]

Tallest under construction or proposed

Under construction

This lists buildings that are currently under construction in New York City and are expected to rise to a height of at least 600 feet (183 m). Buildings under construction that have already been topped out are also included, as are those whose construction has been suspended. For buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers, this table uses a floor count of 50 stories as the cutoff.

NameImageHeight*
ft (m)
FloorsYear*
(est.)
Notes
One World Trade CenterWorldTradeCenter05282012.JPG1,776 (541)1052013Surpassed the height of Empire State Building to become the tallest structure in New York on April 30, 2012; scheduled to become the tallest building in the United States and the western hemisphere upon completion.[207] The tower's roof will be 1,368 feet (417 m) high, but will be topped out by a 408-foot (124 m) spire/antenna complex. Has been the tallest structure in Lower Manhattan since July 2011[7][208]
432 Park Avenue1,398 (426)892016If completed as planned, 432 Park Avenue will become the tallest building in the city by roof height, surpassing the roof of One World Trade Center.[209][210]
Two World Trade Center1,350 (411)882015Planned to become the second-tallest building in the new World Trade Center complex upon completion[9]
Three World Trade Center1,240 (378)802014Height may be reduced to 1,171 feet (357 m)[10][211]
One57One 57 july 5 2012.jpg1,005 (306)752013Topped out as of late September 2012.[212][213]
Four World Trade Center4WTC-March 12, 2012.JPG978 (298)722013Topped out on June 24, 2012[11][23][24]
30 Park Place912 (278)682014Construction put on temporary hold; formerly known as 99 Church Street and Four Seasons Hotel and Condominiums[214][215]
56 Leonard Street821 (250)57Construction put on temporary hold[216][217][218]
1715 Broadway1717 Broadway under construction May 2012.JPG751 (229)682013[219][220]
50 West Street714 (218)652015Construction suspended[221][222]
250 East 57th Street712 (217)592014[223]
111 Washington Street572015[224]
53rd Street Hotel & Residences610 (186)462014[225]
250 West 55th Street605 (184)392013Topped out[190]

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding expected building heights or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Proposed

Artist's rendition of the proposed Hudson Place Towers

This table lists buildings that are proposed for construction in New York City and are expected to rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height. For buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers, this table uses a floor count of 50 stories as the cutoff.

NameHeight*
ft (m)
FloorsYear*Notes
Hudson Place North Tower1,279 (390)642017[226]
225 West 57th Street1,250 (381)Estimated height[227]
15 Penn Plaza1,216 (371)68[228][229]
One Manhattan West1,216 (371)662015[230][231]
GiraSole1,060 (323)662016Also known as 3 Hudson Boulevard[232]
Tower Verre1,050 (320)82Also known as the MoMA Expansion Tower and 53 West 53rd Street.[233][234]
Hudson Place South Tower1,017 (310)522015[235]
34th and 10th Street1,000 (305)652016[236]
Two Manhattan West935 (285)602015[237]
130 Liberty Street743 (226)422014Considered to be a stale proposal; also known as Five World Trade Center[238][239]
685 First Avenue[A]719 (219)69Considered to be a stale proposal[A][240]
610 Lexington Avenue712(217)Estimated height[241][242]
700 1st Avenue Tower I689 (210)66Considered to be a stale proposal[243]
105 West 57th Street697 (212.4)51[244] [245]
708 First Avenue666 (203)45Considered to be a stale proposal[246]
CityPoint Tower III65Would likely become the tallest building in Brooklyn upon completion[247]
Nobu Hotel and Residences650 (198)62[248]
700 1st Avenue Tower II630 (192)60Considered to be a stale proposal[249]
514 11th Avenue60[250]
78 Trinity Place60[251]
160 West 62nd Street621 (189)57[252]
700 1st Avenue Tower III600 (183)57Considered to be a stale proposal[253]
The Hub52[254]

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding building heights or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Tallest destroyed

This table lists buildings in New York City that were destroyed or demolished and at one time stood at least 500 feet (152 m) in height.

NameImageHeight
ft (m)
FloorsCom-
pleted
in
Des-
troyed
in
Notes
One World Trade Center (original)Wtc arial march2001.jpg1,368 (417)11019722001Destroyed in the September 11, 2001, attacks; stood as the tallest building in the world from 1972 until 1974[15][255]
Two World Trade Center (original)Wtc arial march2001.jpg1,362 (415)11019732001Destroyed in the September 11 attacks[256][257]
Singer BuildingSingerBuilding.jpg612 (187)4719081968Demolished to make room for One Liberty Plaza; stood as tallest building in the world from 1908 until 1909[258][259]
7 World Trade Center (original)Wtc7 from wtc observation deck.jpg624 (190)4719872001Destroyed in the September 11 attacks[260][261]
Deutsche Bank BuildingDeutsche Bank December 2005.jpg565 (172)4019742011Deconstructed due to damage sustained in the September 11 attacks[262][263]

Timeline of tallest buildings

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in New York City. The Empire State Building is the current titleholder, having regained the title of tallest building in the city following the destruction of the World Trade Center in the September 11 attacks. The Empire State Building is expected to be surpassed by the still under-construction One World Trade Center upon its completion in 2013.

  Was also the world's tallest building during its period as New York City's tallest building[14]
NameImageStreet addressYears as
tallest
Height
ft (m)
FloorsNotes
Collegiate Reformed Protestant Dutch ChurchGezichtOpNieuwAmsterdam.jpgFort Amsterdam1643–1846Unknown1Demolished[264]
Trinity ChurchTrinity Church NYC 004b.JPG06.079 Broadway1846–1853279 (85)1[265]
Latting Observatory
(1853-1856)
Latting Observatory.png06.042nd Street and Fifth Avenue1853–1854315 (96)3Height reduced by 75 feet (23 m) in 1854;
burned down in 1856[266]
Trinity ChurchTrinity Church NYC 004b.JPG06.079 Broadway1854–1890279 (85)1[265]
World Building[B]
(1890–1955)
New York World Building New York City.jpg12.0Frankfort Street1890–1899348 (106)20[C]Tied for tallest building in the city from 1894 to 1899;
demolished in 1955[12]
Manhattan Life Insurance Building
(1894–1930)[B]
Manhattan Life Insurance Company Building New York City.jpg05.064–70 Broadway1894–1899348 (106)18Tied for tallest building in the city from 1894 to 1899;
demolished in 1963-64[267]
Park Row Building15 Park Row 3.JPG03.013–21 Park Row1899–1908391 (119)30[268]
Singer Building
(1908–1968)
SingerBuilding.jpg07.0149 Broadway1908–1909612 (187)47Demolished in 1968[269]
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company TowerMet life tower crop.jpg01.01 Madison Avenue1909–1913700 (213)50[92]
Woolworth BuildingWoolworthBuilding.JPG08.0233 Broadway1913–1930792 (241)57[49]
Bank of Manhattan Trust Building[D]40 Wall Street.jpg04.040 Wall Street1930927 (283)70[28]
Chrysler BuildingChrysler Building 2005 3.jpg11.0405 Lexington Avenue1930–19311,046 (319)77[20]
Empire State BuildingManhattan at Dusk by slonecker.jpg09.0350 Fifth Avenue1931–19721,250 (381)102[18]
One World Trade Center
(1972–2001)
Wtc arial march2001.jpg01.01 World Trade Center1972–20011,368 (417)110Destroyed in the September 11, 2001, attacks[255]
Empire State BuildingEmpire State Building by David Shankbone.jpg09.0350 Fifth Avenue2001–present1,250 (381)102[18]

Notes

A. ^ The height and floor count of 685 First Avenue vary from 836 ft (255 m) with 67 stories to 718 feet (219 m) with 69 stories. An official height has not yet been confirmed by the developer.
B. ^ a b The Manhattan Life Insurance Building, completed in 1894, tied the height of the World Building. The city therefore had two tallest buildings for a period of five years, until the Park Row Building was completed in 1899.
C. ^ The floor count of the World Building has been disputed. Upon construction, the building was said to contain up to 26 floors, but in recent years the building has been said to contain as few as 16 floors.[13]
D. ^ This building was constructed as the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building, but is now more commonly known as 40 Wall Street and officially known as the Trump Building.

See also

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "About New York City". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/city/newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  2. ^ a b c "Empire State Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=empirestatebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bank of America Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bankofamericatower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  4. ^ a b c "Chrysler Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=chryslerbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  5. ^ "Diagram of New York City skyscrapers". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/diagrams/?searchID=55653672. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  6. ^ "Most Active: Continents: North America: U.S.A.". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/bu/sk/st/ma/ct/co/ci/?id=100185. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  7. ^ a b "Freedom Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=freedomtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  8. ^ "World Trade Center is back on top in NYC as it breaks above Empire State Building". news.yahoo.com. http://ca.news.yahoo.com/one-world-trade-center-claims-title-highest-building-170718884.html. Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  9. ^ a b "Two World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7801/. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  10. ^ a b "Three World Trade Center". CTBUH. http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/new-york-city/three-world-trade-center/. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  11. ^ a b c "Four World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=4worldtradecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa980. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  12. ^ a b "World Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7344. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  13. ^ a b c "World Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=worldbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  14. ^ a b c "World's Tallest Towers: Timeline of all Skyscrapers Holding the Title of Tallest Building in the World From 1890 to the Present". skyscraper.org. http://www.skyscraper.org/TALLEST_TOWERS/tallest.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  15. ^ a b "One World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1worldtradecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  16. ^ "World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/cx/?id=worldtradecenter-newyorkcity. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  17. ^ "One World Trade Center To Supplant Willis Tower As Nation’s Tallest Building". CBS Chicago. 2012-04-13. http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2012/04/30/one-world-trade-center-to-supplant-willis-tower-as-nations-tallest-building/. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  18. ^ a b c d One World Trade Center surpassed the Empire State Building by 21 feet on April 30th, 2012, at 2:12 PM EDT "Empire State Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=23. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  19. ^ a b "Bank of America Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3197. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  20. ^ a b c "Chrysler Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=83. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  21. ^ a b "New York Times Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=newyorktimestower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  22. ^ a b "New York Times Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=916. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  23. ^ a b Dunlap, David W (2012-06-24). "A 977-Foot Tower You May Not See, Assuming You’ve Even Heard of It". New York Times. http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/06/24/a-dematerializing-4-world-trade-center-reaches-a-material-977-feet/. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  24. ^ a b "150 Greenwich". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7803. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  25. ^ a b "American International". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=americaninternational-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  26. ^ a b "American International Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=131. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  27. ^ a b "The Trump Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=streettrumpbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  28. ^ a b c "Trump Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=5902. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  29. ^ a b "Citigroup Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=citigroupcenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  30. ^ a b "Citigroup Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1613. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  31. ^ "Living in a 76-Story Work of Art, and a Symbol of Rebirth". 2011-11-28. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/29/nyregion/living-inside-new-york-by-gehry.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  32. ^ "The Beekman". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/building/the-beekman-new-york-city-ny-usa. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  33. ^ "8 Spruce Street". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=29664. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  34. ^ "Trump World Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/building/trumpworldtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  35. ^ "Trump World Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2197. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  36. ^ "GE Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=gebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  37. ^ "GE Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=203. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  38. ^ "CitySpire Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=cityspirecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  39. ^ "CitySpire Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/graphics/dotclear.gif. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  40. ^ "One Chase Manhattan Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1chasemanhattanplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  41. ^ "One Chase Manhattan Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=236. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  42. ^ a b "Condé Nast Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=condenastbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  43. ^ a b "Conde Nast Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3837. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  44. ^ "MetLife Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=metlifebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  45. ^ "MetLife Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1465. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  46. ^ a b "Bloomberg Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bloombergtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  47. ^ a b "Bloomberg Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3401. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  48. ^ "Woolworth Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=woolworthbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  49. ^ a b "Woolworth Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=832. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  50. ^ "One Worldwide Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1worldwideplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  51. ^ "One Worldwide Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1622. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  52. ^ "Carnegie Hall Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=carnegiehalltower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  53. ^ "Carnegie Hall Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=188. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  54. ^ "Bear Stearns World Headquarters". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bearstearnsworldheadquarters-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  55. ^ "Bear Stearns World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1958. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  56. ^ "AXA Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=axacenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  57. ^ "AXA Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3794. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  58. ^ "One Penn Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1pennplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  59. ^ "One Penn Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=249. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  60. ^ "1251 Avenue of the Americas". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1251avenuenueofstreetamericas-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  61. ^ "1251 Avenue of the Americas". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2597. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  62. ^ "Time Warner Center South Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=timewarnercentersouthtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  63. ^ a b "Time Warner Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3852. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  64. ^ "Time Warner Center North Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=timewarnercenternorthtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  65. ^ "Goldman Sachs Headquarters". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/building/goldmansachsheadquarters-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  66. ^ "Goldman Sachs New World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=29076. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  67. ^ "60 Wall Street". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=60wallstreet-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  68. ^ "60 Wall Street". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2724. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  69. ^ "One Astor Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1astorplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  70. ^ "One Astor Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=306. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  71. ^ "One Liberty Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1libertyplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  72. ^ "1 Liberty Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2376. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  73. ^ "20 Exchange Place". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=20exchangeplace-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  74. ^ "20 Exchange Place". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=231. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  75. ^ "7 World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=7worldtradecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa868. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  76. ^ "Seven World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7422. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  77. ^ "Three World Financial Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=3worldfinancialcenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  78. ^ "Three World Financial Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=248. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  79. ^ "Bertelsmann Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bertelsmannbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  80. ^ "Bertelsmann Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1033. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  81. ^ "Times Square Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=timessquaretower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  82. ^ "Times Square Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=5773. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  83. ^ "Metropolitan Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=metropolitantower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  84. ^ "Metropolitan Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=307. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  85. ^ "500 Fifth Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=5005avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  86. ^ "500 Fifth Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=232. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  87. ^ "JP Morgan Chase World Headquarters". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=jpmorganchaseworldheadquarters-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  88. ^ "JP Morgan Chase World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2589. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  89. ^ "General Motors Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=generalmotorsbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  90. ^ "General Motors Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2311. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  91. ^ "Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=metropolitanlifeinsurancecompanytower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  92. ^ a b "Met Life Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=303. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  93. ^ "Americas Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=americastower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  94. ^ "Americas Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1061. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  95. ^ "Solow Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=solowbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  96. ^ "Solow Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1462. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  97. ^ "HSBC Bank Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=hsbcbankbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  98. ^ "HSBC Bank Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1194. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  99. ^ "55 Water Street". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=55waterstreet-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  100. ^ "55 Water Street". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=6247. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  101. ^ "277 Park Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=277parkavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa274. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  102. ^ "277 Park Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3243. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  103. ^ "1585 Broadway". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1585broadway-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  104. ^ "Morgan Stanley World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=311. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  105. ^ "Random House Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=randomhousetower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  106. ^ "Random House Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1646. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  107. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=4seasonshotel-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  108. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=312. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  109. ^ "McGraw-Hill Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=mcgrawhillbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  110. ^ "McGraw-Hill Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2598. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  111. ^ "Lincoln Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=lincolnbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  112. ^ "Lincoln Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=314. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  113. ^ "Barclay Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=10barclaystreet-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  114. ^ "Barclay Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=29858. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  115. ^ "Paramount Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=paramountplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  116. ^ "Paramount Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1234. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  117. ^ "440 West 42nd Street". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/application/?nav=building&id=440west42street-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  118. ^ "Trump Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=trumptower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  119. ^ "Trump Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4113. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  120. ^ a b "Citicorp Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=citicorpbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  121. ^ "Citigroup Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2137. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  122. ^ "Bank of New York Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bankofnewyorkbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  123. ^ "Bank of New York Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=343. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  124. ^ "599 Lexington Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=599lexingtonavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  125. ^ "599 Lexington Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=645. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  126. ^ "Silver Towers 1". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/building/silvertowers1-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  127. ^ "Silver Towers I". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=69655. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  128. ^ "Silver Towers 2". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/building/silvertowers2-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  129. ^ "Silver Towers I". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=69656. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  130. ^ "712 5th Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=7125avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  131. ^ "712 Fifth Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1305. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  132. ^ "Chanin Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=chaninbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  133. ^ "Chanin Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=793. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  134. ^ "245 Park Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=245parkavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  135. ^ "245 Park Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1771. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  136. ^ "Sony Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=sonytower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  137. ^ "Sony Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2642. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  138. ^ "Two World Financial Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=2worldfinancialcenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  139. ^ "Two World Financial Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1956. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  140. ^ "One New York Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1newyorkplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  141. ^ "One New York Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=348. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  142. ^ "570 Lexington Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=570lexingtonavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  143. ^ "570 Lexington Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4442. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  144. ^ "345 Park Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=345parkavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  145. ^ "345 Park Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=347. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  146. ^ "400 5th Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=4005avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  147. ^ "400 5th Avenue". SkyscraperPage. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=35089. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  148. ^ "W. R. Grace Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=wcoronelgracebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  149. ^ "W. R. Grace Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=748. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  150. ^ "Home Insurance Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=homeinsuranceplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  151. ^ "Home Insurance Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4007. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  152. ^ "1095 Avenue Of The Americas". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=verizonbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa589. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  153. ^ "Verizon World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=349. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  154. ^ "W New York Downtown Hotel and Residences". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=36784. Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  155. ^ "101 Park Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=101parkavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  156. ^ "101 Park Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4030. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  157. ^ "One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1daghammarskjoldplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  158. ^ "One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3989. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  159. ^ "Central Park Place". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=centralparkplace-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  160. ^ "Central Park Place". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2178. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  161. ^ "888 7th Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=8887avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
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  246. ^ "708 First Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=20107. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
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  264. ^ "Congregation History". The (Collegiate) Reformed Protestant Dutch Church Of the City of New York. http://www.upword.com/collegiate/church.html. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
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