New Rochelle, New York

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New Rochelle, New York
—  City  —

Seal
Nickname(s): Queen City of the Sound
Motto: Nunquam Retrorsum
Location within Westchester County
New Rochelle, New York is located in New York
New Rochelle, New York
Location within Westchester County
Coordinates: 40°55′43″N 73°47′3″W / 40.92861°N 73.78417°W / 40.92861; -73.78417Coordinates: 40°55′43″N 73°47′3″W / 40.92861°N 73.78417°W / 40.92861; -73.78417
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
Incorporated (city)1899
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorNoam Bramson (D)
Area
 • Total13.2 sq mi (34.3 km2)
 • Land10.4 sq mi (26.8 km2)
 • Water2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
Elevation85 ft (26 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total77,062
 • Density6,973.5/sq mi (2,692.5/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes10801, 10802, 10804, 10805
Area code(s)914
FIPS code36-50617
GNIS feature ID0958451
Websitehttp://www.newrochelleny.com
 
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New Rochelle, New York
—  City  —

Seal
Nickname(s): Queen City of the Sound
Motto: Nunquam Retrorsum
Location within Westchester County
New Rochelle, New York is located in New York
New Rochelle, New York
Location within Westchester County
Coordinates: 40°55′43″N 73°47′3″W / 40.92861°N 73.78417°W / 40.92861; -73.78417Coordinates: 40°55′43″N 73°47′3″W / 40.92861°N 73.78417°W / 40.92861; -73.78417
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
Incorporated (city)1899
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorNoam Bramson (D)
Area
 • Total13.2 sq mi (34.3 km2)
 • Land10.4 sq mi (26.8 km2)
 • Water2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
Elevation85 ft (26 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total77,062
 • Density6,973.5/sq mi (2,692.5/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes10801, 10802, 10804, 10805
Area code(s)914
FIPS code36-50617
GNIS feature ID0958451
Websitehttp://www.newrochelleny.com

New Rochelle is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States, in the southeastern portion of the state.

The town was settled by refugee Huguenots (French Protestants) in 1688 who were fleeing persecution (such as dragonnade) in France . Many of the settlers were artisans and craftsmen from the city of La Rochelle, France, thus influencing the choice of the name of "New Rochelle."

In 2007, the city had a population of 73,260, making it the seventh largest in the state of New York.[1] As of the 2010 Census, the city's population had increased to 77,062. In 2008, New Rochelle was recognized by the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) as one of the 100 Best Walking Cities in America, and the second best in New York State next only to nearby New York City.[2] In November 2008 Business Week magazine listed New Rochelle as the best city in New York State, and one of the best places nationally, to raise children.[3]

History

17th century

Statue of Jacob Leisler

Some 33 families established the community of la Nouvelle-Rochelle in 1688. A monument containing the names of these settlers stands in Hudson Park, the original landing point of the Huguenots.[4] Thirty-one years earlier, the Siwanoy Indians sold their land to Thomas Pell. In 1689 Pell officially deeded 6,100 acres (25 km2) for the establishment of a Huguenot community.[5] Jacob Leisler is an important figure in the early histories of both New Rochelle and the nation. He arrived in America as a mercenary in the British army and later became one of the most prominent merchants in New York. He was subsequently appointed acting-governor of the province, and it was during this time that he acted on behalf of the Huguenots.[6]

Of all the Huguenot settlements in America founded with the view of being distinct French colonies, New Rochelle most clearly conformed to the plans of its founders. The colony continued to attract French refugees until as late as 1760. The choice of name for the city reflected the importance of the city of La Rochelle and of the new settlement in Huguenot history and distinctly French character of the community. French was spoken, and it was common practice for people in neighboring areas to send their children to New Rochelle to learn the language.[7]

18th century

Thomas Paine Memorial

In 1775, General George Washington stopped in New Rochelle on his way to assume command of the Army of the United Colonies in Massachusetts.[8] The British Army briefly occupied sections of New Rochelle and Larchmont in 1776. Following British victory in the Battle of White Plains, New Rochelle became part of a "Neutral Ground" for General Washington to regroup his troops.[8] After the Revolutionary War ended in 1784, patriot Thomas Paine was given a farm in New Rochelle for his service to the cause of independence. The farm, totaling about 300 acres (1.2 km2), had been confiscated from its owners by state of New York due to their Tory activities.

The first national census of 1790 shows New Rochelle with 692 residents, 136 of whom were African American, including 36 who were freemen.[9]

19th century

Through the 18th century, New Rochelle had remained a modest village that retained an abundance of agricultural land. During the 19th century, however, with the rapid growth of New York City by immigration principally from Ireland and Germany, more American families left New York City and moved into the area. Although the original Huguenot population was rapidly shrinking in relative size, through ownership of land, businesses, banks, and small manufactures, they retained a predominant hold on the political and social life of the town.

The 1820 Census showed 150 African-Americans residing in New Rochelle, six of whom were slaves. In 1857 the Village of New Rochelle was established within the borders of the Town of New Rochelle. A group of volunteers created the first fire service in 1861. In 1899, a bill creating the New Rochelle City Charter was signed by Governor Theodore Roosevelt. It was through this bill that the Village and Town of New Rochelle were joined into one municipality. In 1899, Michael J. Dillon narrowly defeated Hugh A. Harmer to become New Rochelle's first mayor. The recently established city charter designated four wards, a board of alderman (two from each ward), and 10 elected from the city at large.[10]

20th and 21st centuries

Map of New Rochelle in 1918

By 1900 New Rochelle had a population of 14,720.[11] In 1904, plans were completed for Rochelle Park, one of the first planned communities in the country.[12] In 1909, Edwin Thanhouser established Thanhouser Film Corporation. Thanhouser's Million Dollar Mystery was one of the first serial motion pictures.[13] In 1923, New Rochelle resident Anna Jones became the first African American woman to be admitted to the New York State Bar.[14]

Poet and resident James J. Montague captured the image of New Rochelle in his 1926 poem "Queen City of the Sound".[15] The last four lines of the poem are:

(...)
When Nature, seeking upon men
To cast a magic spell,
She looked the world around - and then
She fashioned New Rochelle.

—James J. Montague

In 1930, New Rochelle recorded a population of 54,000, up from 36,213 only ten years earlier. During the 1930s, New Rochelle was the wealthiest city per capita in New York state and the third wealthiest in the country.[16]

By the end of the century, the City had begun a massive revitalization of its 'downtown'. In 1999, part of downtown New Rochelle near the Metro North train station was rebuilt with a $190 million entertainment complex, nicknamed New Roc City, which features a 19-screen movie theater, an IMAX theater, an indoor ice-hockey arena, mini-golf, go karts, an arcade, restaurants, a hotel, loft-apartments and a mega supermarket. The complex was built on the former Macy's and Mall which had opened in 1968.[17]

Geography

New Rochelle is located at 40°55′43″N 73°47′03″W / 40.9286°N 73.7842°W / 40.9286; -73.7842 (New Rochelle, New York), at the southeastern point of continental New York State. It lies on the Long Island Sound, bordered on the west by Pelham, Pelham Manor and Eastchester, by Scarsdale to the north and east, Mamaroneck and Larchmont to the east. The city lies 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the New York City border (Pelham Bay Park in The Bronx).According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.2 square miles (34.3 km2). The city has a rough triangle shape, approximately 10 miles (16 km) from north to south and 1.5 miles (2 km) from east to west at its widest point.

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1790692
18909,057
190014,72062.5%
191028,86796.1%
192036,21325.4%
193054,00049.1%
194058,4088.2%
195059,7252.3%
196076,81228.6%
197075,385−1.9%
198070,794−6.1%
199067,265−5.0%
200072,1827.3%
201077,0626.8%
Est. 201177,6060.7%

As measured by the census[18] of 2000, New Rochelle had a population of 72,182 people, 24,275 occupied households, and 17,546 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,973.5 people per square mile (2,692.7/km²). There were 26,995 housing units at an average density of 2,608.0 per square mile (1,007.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68% White, 19% African American, 0.20% Native American, 4% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6% from other races, and 3% from two or more races. 20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males. There were 26,189 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.29.

19,312 residents of New Rochelle were enrolled in school, with 2,743 in pre-school or kindergarten, 8,105 in elementary school, 3,704 in high school and 5,030 in college or graduate school. Out of 42,872 individuals over the age of 25, 20% (9,766) had no high school diploma, 23% (11,325) were high school graduates, 14% (6,710) achieved some level of college education, 5% (2,347) held an associate's degree, 19% (9,120) held a bachelor's degree and 20% (9,604) possessed a graduate or other advanced degree.

The working population was 35,262, 95.7% of whom were employed. The occupational breakdown had 42% working in 'management', 25% working in 'sales', 17% in 'services', 8% in 'construction', and 7% in 'production and transport'. The average daily commute was 30 minutes, with 60% driving to work, 12% carpooling, 18% traveling via public-transportation and 7% using other means.

According to the 2007 Census Bureau estimates, the median income for a household in the city was $64,756 and the median income for a family was $88,004.[19] About 9.8% of the population lived below the poverty line.

Residential profile

New Rochelle is commonly referred to as 'The Home Town' because of the significant amount of single-family, residential development that exists throughout most of the city. While the formerly industrial downtown section is more densely developed, with condominiums, high rises, offices, shopping centers, affordable housing complexes, a medical center, nursing homes, two college campuses and an inter modal transportation hub, the rest of the city consists of sprawling, residential neighborhoods. There are more than 11,500 single family units within the city, more than that of neighboring Larchmont, Mamaroneck and Scarsdale combined. The total number of separate households surpasses 26,000, more than that of neighboring Pelham, Pelham Manor, Eastchester, Scarsdale, Mamaroneck and Larchmont combined.

Housing variety

Some of the country's most expensive real estate can be found in New Rochelle. The north end of the city (10804) is ranked in Forbes Magazines list of the '500 most expensive zip-codes' in the country.[20] According to the list, the average household income was $199,061 and the average home price was over $752,000. Homes in Premium Point, a gated section of the city on Long Island Sound, are priced anywhere from $2 to $20 million. The three newest residential developments, 'Kensington Woods', 'The Greens at Cherry Lawn' and 'Riviera Shores', are all gated communities with single family homes priced from $2 million. With a population approaching 80,000 residents, New York State law dictates that the city provide an adequate amount of affordable housing units for the less fortunate. New Rochelle has historically met and surpassed state requirements, currently working to replace the existing Weyman Avenue Projects with more forward thinking, community centered townhouse-style housing units. By embracing the needs of the poor, New Rochelle sets a precedent for other suburban communities to follow. Neighboring towns including Mamaroneck, Larchmont and Scarsdale neglect to address such concerns, failing to meet the minimal affordable housing requirements set by the state. Popular consensus is that the presence of the poor precludes that of the middle-class and the wealthy. Considering the large number of working-class and affordable housing units found 'Downtown', the high property values prevalent throughout most of the city reflects the true economic diversity of New Rochelle. It is home to the financially disadvantaged and the very wealthy. One of 'the wealthiest people in the United States' according to Forbes Magazine was longtime New Rochelle resident and businessman Sidney Frank.

Communities

Within the greater city borders are many established neighborhoods and subsections, several of which are larger in both size and population than neighboring towns of Larchmont, Bronxville and Pelham Manor. The public community areas most noted include: Bayberry, Beechmont, Bloomingdale Estates, Bonniecrest, Daisy Farms, Davenport Neck, Echo Manor, Forest Heights, Forest Knolls, French Ridge, Glen Island, Glenwood Lake, Heathcote, Lake Isle, Larchmont Woods, Lyncroft, Northfield, North Ridge, Paine Heights, Pinebrook, Premium Manor, Quaker Ridge, Residence Park, Rochelle Heights, Sans Souci, Scarsdale Downs, Shore Road, Sutton Manor, Vaneck Estates, Ward Acres, Wilmot Woods and Wykagyl. Premium Point, Kensington Woods and Cherry Lawn are gated neighborhoods accessible only by those immediate residents.

Government

New Rochelle City Hall

Since 1932, New Rochelle has operated under a Council-Manager form of government. The City Manager is the chief administrative officer of the city selected to carry out the directives of the Council. The Manager monitors the city's fiscal condition and enforces its ordinances and laws. The City Manager is involved in the discussion of all matters coming before Council yet has no final vote. The City Council is the legislative body consisting of the Mayor and six council members. The Mayor serves as the presiding officer of the Council. Since 1993, the City has had six council districts, with one council member elected from and by each district. The Council functions to set policy, approve the annual budget, appoint the City Manager and City Clerk, and enact local laws, resolutions & ordinances.[21]

Crime statistics

According to the New Rochelle Police Department, New Rochelle is the safest city of its size in New York State and the fifth safest city of its size in the United States.[22] The majority of crimes committed within New Rochelle are non-violent property crimes, including burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Property crime, on a scale of 1 (low crime) to 10, is 4 compared to the US average of 3. Violent crime (murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) is 3, equal to the US average.[23]

Emergency services

Police

NR police officer patrolling on a Segway makes a traffic stop

The Town of New Rochelle formed its first professional police department in 1885, 14 years before the city incorporated in 1899. The Department currently has 186 sworn officers and a total staff of more than 250. In 1993 the Department was certified as an accredited agency by the New York State Law Enforcement Accreditation Council. Special programs include community oriented policing through the 'Police and Community Together' (PACT) program, harbor patrol, and a bicycle patrol.[24]

Fire Department

New Rochelle's Fire Department actively pursues code enforcement and fire prevention. By keeping buildings up to code, controlling illegal occupancies, monitoring the safety of living-areas and issuing licenses and permits, the department works to control the potential for dangerous situations. With five state-of-the-art facilities stationed throughout the city, the department is capable of handling fires, rescues, extrications, medical emergencies, hazardous material incidents and natural disasters. The NRFD operates a frontline fire apparatus fleet of five engines companies and two reserve engines, three truck companies and one reserve truck, one rescue company, two ambulances from Transcare New Rochelle EMS, and many other support units. The NRFD is known as the premiere fire department in the area because of its wide range of services and is frequently called on by nearby communities to assist in handling emergency situations. Unlike nearby communities that depend on volunteer fire and emergency medical resources, the city's emergency services are municipally funded.[citation needed]

Medical

Sound Shore Medical Center is a not-for-profit health care organization located in New Rochelle that treats over 85,000 patients annually and operates the only New York State Area Trauma Center in southern Westchester County.

Landmarks and attractions

Overlooking Davids' Island

Parks and recreation

Bayside, New Rochelle, New York, by David Johnson, 1886

Waterfront

The shoreline within the City of New Rochelle measures 2.7 miles (4.3 km), but due to many irregularities and off-shore islands, the actual length of the waterfront is 9.3 miles (15.0 km).[clarification needed] The unusual coastal features have over the years earned it the nickname, "the Queen City of the Sound."[27]

Parks

The City has an impressive collection of parklands and nature preserves, with 102.5 acres (0.415 km2) of inland waters, 231.51 acres (0.9369 km2) of public park lands and 168 acres (0.68 km2) of park lets.

Golf

Tennis

Education

Jefferson Elementary

Public

The city is served by the City School District of New Rochelle, which operates a public high school, two junior high schools and ten elementary schools. On seven separate occasions, the City's schools have received the prestigious Blue Ribbon Award from the U.S. Department of Education. New Rochelle High School is one of the most diverse high schools in the country; the student body represents over 60 different countries from around the world. The school offers over 240 courses including honors, research and advanced placement courses.

Libraries are operated by the New Rochelle Public Library System which is part of the county-wide Westchester Library System.

Private

Primary and secondary

Higher education

Transportation

Road

Major highways include Interstate 95 and the Hutchinson River Parkway. Interstate 95 serves as the main route through New Rochelle with four exits directly serving the city. The Hutchinson River Parkway, which is designated for passenger vehicles only, runs through much of the city. Substantial congestion on the Parkway occurs in both directions during the morning and evening rush-hour.

The Boston Post Road, also known as Main Street in downtown New Rochelle, is used as a major artery during the morning and evening commute. Most traffic via the Post Road is short distance or fairly local, yet vehicles have utilized Route 1 during times of heavy congestion on I-95 as a re-route.

Railroad

The city has a commuter railroad station served by Metro North as well as Amtrak.[31]

Railroad history

By 1848, the New York & New Haven opened their line along Long Island Sound. After the end of the Civil War, proposals for new railroads reached new levels. Banking that the city would continue to grow northward, the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway Company was established to serve the large populations moving to the suburbs. Two main lines were built as part of the NYW&B; the Port Chester line and the White Plains line. While the populations of some communities served by the NYW&B did grow between 1912 and 1937, the growth was not large enough or fast enough to provide sufficient business for the railroad, and service was discontinued on December 31, 1937.

Economy

New Rochelle has been home to a variety of industries over the years, including: Thanhouser Film Studios, Terrytoons Studios, P.J. Tierney Diner Manufacturing (now DeRaffele Manufacturing Company), Flynn Burner Company, New York Seven Up (Joyce Beverages, Inc), RawlPlug, Inc., the Longines Symphonette Society, Conran's USA. Manufacturing and warehousing has declined since the 1990s as industrial land near both exits from Interstate 95 have been converted to "big box" retailer use. New Rochelle remains a center of business, home to the corporate headquarters of Sidney Frank Importing, Blimpies, East River Savings Bank, and Somnia Anesthesia Services.

New Rochelle in media and fiction

Notable residents

Sister city

New Rochelle’s ‘sister city’ is La Rochelle, France, a city and commune of western France with a (population 78,000 in 2004). There has been a 'friendly relationship' between the two cities since 1910.[52]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: New York 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-36.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
  2. ^ Best Walking Cities Finder
  3. ^ The Best Places to Raise Kids 2009 accessdate=2008-11-24
  4. ^ Historical Landmarks of New Rochelle, Morgan Seacord 1938 pg.6
  5. ^ New York - A Guide to The Empire State, Work Projects Administration of New York pg.245
  6. ^ History of Westchester County, New York, J. Thomas Scharf, A.M., LL.D., p688
  7. ^ Historical Landmarks of New Rochelle, Morgan H. Seacord and William S. Hadaway, pg.94
  8. ^ a b New Rochelle On-line
  9. ^ Archive of "New Rochelle On-line"
  10. ^ http://www.newrochelleny.com/200.asp
  11. ^ New Rochelle Online - History:20th Century
  12. ^ If You're Thinking of Living in: NEW ROCHELLE, New York Times, 1987
  13. ^ The Thanhouser Company of New Rochelle, a Dossier;Author=Anthony Slide;Published=1974
  14. ^ New Rochelle Online - History:20th Century
  15. ^ "New Rochelle The City of Huguenots"; The City of New Rochelle - Chamber of Commerce;1926, The Knickerbocker Press, New Rochelle, NY
  16. ^ New Rochelle Online - History:20th Century
  17. ^ New Roc City complex opens in New Rochelle, AllBusiness, September 29, 1999
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. ^ 2006 American Community Survey, Data Profile Highlights: New Rochelle city, New York, U.S. Census Bureau website
  20. ^ "10804, Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2006 - Forbes.com". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2006/7/ZIP10804.html.
  21. ^ New Rochelle On-line
  22. ^ The Journal News,'New Rochelle Police Report: City is Fifth Safest of Its Size in the Nation', by Leslie Korngold http://www.newrochelledowntown.com/articles/?article=85
  23. ^ Sperling's Best Places| New Rochelle, New York Crime Data
  24. ^ The New Rochelle Police Department (A Brief History), New Rochelle Police Department website, accessed September 16, 2008
  25. ^ "CBS on an Island". Time. 1940-09-02. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,764568,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
  26. ^ Kennedy Jr., T.R (1941-10-12). "Radio 'Island' Comes to Life" (PDF, fee required). The New York Times: p. X12. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00911FE3F5E1A7A93C0A8178BD95F458485F9. Retrieved 2007-03-13. (Reprint)
  27. ^ Nicknames of American Cities, Towns, and Villages:past & present, Gerard L. Alexander, pg.69 Special Libraries Association 1951
  28. ^ Ward Acres Natural Resource Management Plan and Biodiversity List http://www.newrochelleny.com/WardAcresNRMPFinal.pdf
  29. ^ http://www.westchestergov.com/planning/Design/ColonialGreenway11x17.pdf
  30. ^ "Twin Lakes Park / Nature Study Woods, New Rochelle and Eastchester". Hudson River Audubon Society of Westchester. http://www.hras.org/wtobird/twinlakes.html. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
  31. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=Amtrak/am2Station/Station_Page&c=am2Station&cid=1080080550830&ssid=98
  32. ^ Thanhouser Films: An Encyclopedia and History, 1909-1918. Q. David Bowers
  33. ^ Cinema History of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  34. ^ Terrytoons Titles
  35. ^ Our Musicals, Ourselves: A Social History of the American Musical Theater By John Bush Jones, page.185
  36. ^ The Story Of Vernon And Irene Castle: Review tvguide.com
  37. ^ George M. Cohan in His Own Words By Chip Deffaa, George Michael Cohan, page.48
  38. ^ David Ewen (1961). Musical comedy is born (The Story of America's Musical Theater). Chilton Company. pp. 65–76. http://www.theatrehistory.com/american/cohan001.html. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
  39. ^ Berger, Joseph (February 26, 1998). "From 'Ragtime' to Rich Mosaic; New Rochelle, Diverse Suburb, Once a Leafy Enclave". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D04E3D8133EF935A15751C0A96E958260. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  40. ^ The Dick Van Dyke Show, By Ginny Weissman, Coyne Steven Sanders, 1993, page 2
  41. ^ Holden, Stephen. "Movies: About Catch Me If You Can". The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/249845/Catch-Me-If-You-Can/overview. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  42. ^ On Location; New Rochelle? No, Yonkers, The New York Times
  43. ^ Scream for help (1986) movies.com
  44. ^ Film locations for Goodfellas
  45. ^ Page 1, City Slackers
  46. ^ Love Is All There Is (1996), Cast and Credits Yahoo! Movies
  47. ^ Gail Kaplan Guttman, Division and diversity: Community transition in postwar America, 1945—1970. New Rochelle, New York, a case study, Ph.D. thesis, Columbia University, 2001 [1]
  48. ^ "West Goes East". New York Post. September 15, 2007. http://www.nypost.com/seven/09152007/gossip/pagesix/west_goes_east.htm.
  49. ^ Fall Out Boy Get Into The Teen Spirit For Homecoming 'Dance' mtv.com
  50. ^ Fall Out Boy Makes a Video (2005) imdb.com
  51. ^ DP Seth Melnick Gives Panasonic's AG-HPX500 its Feature Debut With Chasing the Green, October 24, 2007
  52. ^ "La Rochelle: Twin towns". www.ville-larochelle.fr. http://www.ville-larochelle.fr/en/decouvrir-la-ville/villes-jumelles.html. Retrieved 2009-11-07.

External links

Cultural

Media