New7Wonders of the World

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search
New7Wonders.jpg

New 7 Wonders of the World (2001-2007) was an initiative started in 2001 to choose Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments. The popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber[1] and organized by the New7Wonders Foundation based in Zurich, Switzerland, with winners announced on July 7, 2007 in Lisbon.[2]

The New7Wonders Foundation claimed that more than 100 million votes were cast through the Internet or by telephone. Nothing prevented multiple votes, so the poll was considered "decidedly unscientific".[3] According to John Zogby, founder and current President/CEO of the Utica, New York-based polling organization Zogby International, New7Wonders Foundation drove "the largest poll on record".[2]

The program drew a wide range of official reactions. Some countries touted their finalist and tried to get more votes cast for it, while others downplayed or criticized the contest.[2][2][3] After supporting the New7Wonders Foundation at the beginning of the campaign, by providing advice on nominee selection, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) distanced itself from the undertaking in 2007.[4][5]

The New7Wonders Foundation, established in 2001, relied on private donations and the sale of broadcast rights and received no public funding or taxpayers' money.[6] After the final announcement, New7Wonders said it didn't earn anything from the exercise and barely recovered its investment.[7]

It was the first in a planned series of lists; in 2007 the foundation launched New7Wonders of Nature, which was the subject of voting until Nov. 11, 2011. New7Wonders Cities is the next project, with voting through Dec. 2013.[8]

Contents

Winners

Location of the New Seven Wonders winners.
WonderLocationImage
Taj Mahal
ताज महल
تاج محل
Agra, Uttar Pradesh, IndiaTaj Mahal
Chichen Itza
Chi'ch'èen Ìitsha'
Yucatán, MexicoEl Castillo being climbed by tourists
Christ the Redeemer
O Cristo Redentor
Rio de Janeiro, BrazilChrist the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro
Colosseum
Colosseo
Rome, ItalyThe Colosseum at dusk: exterior view of the best-preserved section
Great Wall of China
萬里長城
Wànlǐ Chángchéng
ChinaThe Great Wall of china (Mutianyu section)
Machu Picchu
Machu Pikchu
Cuzco Region, PeruMachu Picchu in Peru
Petra
البتراء
al-Batrāʾ
Ma'an Governorate, JordanThe Monastery at Petra

The Giza Pyramid of Egypt, the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World, was granted an honorary site.

WonderLocationImage
Giza Pyramid Complex
أهرام الجيزة
Giza, EgyptPyramide Kheops

Reactions

United Nations

In 2007 the New7Wonders Foundation contracted a partnership with the United Nations in recognition of the efforts to promote the UN's Millennium Development Goals". The UN posted on its website:[9]

The New7Wonders campaigns aim to contribute to the process of uplifting the well being and mutual respect of citizens around the world, through encouraging interaction, expression of opinion and direct participation by voting and polling on popular themes and global issues which are understandable to everyone.
—United Nations Office of Partnerships

However, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in a press release on June 20, 2007, reaffirmed that it has no link with the "private initiative". The press release concluded:[5]

There is no comparison between Mr. Weber's mediatised campaign and the scientific and educational work resulting from the inscription of sites on UNESCO's World Heritage List. The list of the 8 New Wonders of the World will be the result of a private undertaking, reflecting only the opinions of those with access to the Internet and not the entire world. This initiative cannot, in any significant and sustainable manner, contribute to the preservation of sites elected by this public.
—UNESCO

Egypt

Egyptian commentators viewed it as competition to the status of the Great Pyramid of Giza, the only surviving monument of the original Ancient Wonders. "This is probably a conspiracy against Egypt, its civilization and monuments", wrote editorialist Al-Sayed al-Naggar in a leading state-owned daily. Egyptian Culture Minister Farouq Hosni said the project was "absurd" and described its creator, Weber, as a man "concerned primarily with self-promotion". Nagib Amin, an Egyptian expert on World Heritage Sites, has pointed out that "in addition to the commercial aspect, the vote has no scientific basis."

After the complaints from Egypt, the New7Wonders Foundation designated the Pyramids of Giza — the only remaining of the 7 Ancient Wonders of the World — as an Honorary New7Wonders Candidate, and removed them from the voting. However the Great Pyramid of Giza is not featured in their official results web site.[10]

Brazil

In Brazil there was a campaign Vote no Cristo (Vote for the Christ) which had the support of private companies, namely telecommunications operators that stopped charging voters to make telephone calls and SMS messages to vote.[11] Additionally, leading corporate sponsors including Banco Bradesco and Rede Globo spent millions of reals in the effort to have the statue voted into the top seven.[2] Newsweek reports the campaign was so pervasive that:[2]

One morning in June, Rio de Janeiro residents awoke to a beeping text message on their cell phones: "Press 4916 and vote for Christ. It's free!" The same pitch had been popping up all over the city since late January—flashing across an electronic screen every time city-dwellers swiped their transit cards on city buses and echoing on TV infomercials that featured a reality-show celebrity posing next to the city's trademark Christ the Redeemer statue.
—Elizabeth Dwoskin, Newsweek

According to an article in Newsweek, around 10 million Brazilians had voted in the contest by early July.[2] This number is estimated as the New7Wonders Foundation never released such details about the campaign. An airplane message, with a huge inscription "4916 VOTE FOR CHRIST" flew in Rio de Janeiro for a month.

Peru

An intensive campaign led by the Peruvian Ministry of Commerce and Tourism in Peru had a great impact in the media and consequently Peruvian people voted massively for its national wonder. The announcement of the new World Wonders generated great expectation and the election of Machu Picchu was celebrated nationwide, especially in Cusco's main square and in Lima where President Alan García hosted a ceremony.

Chile

The Chilean representative for Easter Island's Moais, Alberto Hotus, said that the organizer Bernard Weber gave him a letter saying that the Moais had finished eighth and were morally one of the New Seven Wonders. Hotus said he was the only participant to receive such an apology.[12]

India

A campaign to publicize the campaign in India gathered speed and it reached a climax in July 2007 with news channels, radio stations, and many celebrities asking people to vote for the Taj Mahal

Jordan

Queen Rania Al-Abdullah of Jordan joined the campaign to back Petra, Jordan's national treasure.[2] Despite Jordan only having a population of under 7 million people, it has been claimed that over 14 million votes were made from the country.[2] This number is estimated as the New7Wonders Foundation never released such details about the campaign.

Mexico

There was a campaign on the news programs to encourage people to vote for Chichen Itzá.

Criticism

Although N7W describes itself as a not-for-profit organization the company behind it – the New Open World Corporation (NOWC) – is a commercial business. All licensing and sponsorship money is paid to NOWC and correspondence sent to entrants uses the address of a Panama-based law firm.

Other finalists

The other 13 finalists,[13] listed alphabetically, were:

WonderLocationImage
Acropolis of AthensAthens, GreeceAcropolis of Athens 01361.JPG
AlhambraGranada, SpainPatio de los Arrayanes.jpg
Angkor WatAngkor, CambodiaAngkorWat 20061209.JPG
Eiffel TowerParis, FranceTour eiffel at sunrise from the trocadero.jpg
Hagia Sophiaİstanbul, TurkeyAya sofya.jpg
Kiyomizu-deraKyoto, JapanKiyomizu-dera beams1.JPG
MoaiEaster Island, ChileAhu-Akivi-1.JPG
NeuschwansteinFüssen, GermanyNeuschwanstein castle.jpg
Red SquareMoscow, RussiaKremlin 27.06.2008 03.jpg
Statue of LibertyNew York, United StatesStatue-de-la-liberte-new-york.jpg
StonehengeAmesbury, United KingdomStonehenge Total.jpg
Sydney Opera HouseSydney, AustraliaSydneyoperahouse.JPG
TimbuktuTimbuktu, MaliTimbuktu Mosque Sankore.jpg

References

External links