Nevada City, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Nevada City, California
Broad Street, Downtown Nevada City
Broad Street, Downtown Nevada City
Location in Nevada County and the state of California
Location in Nevada County and the state of California
Nevada City, California is located in California
Nevada City, California
Location in Nevada County and the state of California
Coordinates: 39°15′41″N 121°1′7″W / 39.26139°N 121.01861°W / 39.26139; -121.01861Coordinates: 39°15′41″N 121°1′7″W / 39.26139°N 121.01861°W / 39.26139; -121.01861
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyNevada
IncorporatedApril 19, 1856[1]
Area[2]
 • Total2.192 sq mi (5.677 km2)
 • Land2.188 sq mi (5.667 km2)
 • Water0.004 sq mi (0.010 km2)  0.17%
Elevation2,477 ft (755 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total3,068
 • Density1,400/sq mi (540/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code95959
Area code(s)530
FIPS code06-50874
GNIS feature ID1659211
Websitewww.nevadacityca.gov
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Nevada City, California
Broad Street, Downtown Nevada City
Broad Street, Downtown Nevada City
Location in Nevada County and the state of California
Location in Nevada County and the state of California
Nevada City, California is located in California
Nevada City, California
Location in Nevada County and the state of California
Coordinates: 39°15′41″N 121°1′7″W / 39.26139°N 121.01861°W / 39.26139; -121.01861Coordinates: 39°15′41″N 121°1′7″W / 39.26139°N 121.01861°W / 39.26139; -121.01861
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyNevada
IncorporatedApril 19, 1856[1]
Area[2]
 • Total2.192 sq mi (5.677 km2)
 • Land2.188 sq mi (5.667 km2)
 • Water0.004 sq mi (0.010 km2)  0.17%
Elevation2,477 ft (755 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total3,068
 • Density1,400/sq mi (540/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code95959
Area code(s)530
FIPS code06-50874
GNIS feature ID1659211
Websitewww.nevadacityca.gov

Nevada City (originally, Ustumah, a Nisenan Maidu village;[3] later, Nevada, Deer Creek Dry Diggins, and Caldwell's Upper Store)[4] is the county seat of Nevada County, California, United States, located 60 miles (97 km) northeast of Sacramento and 28 miles north of Auburn. In 1900, 3,250 people lived in Nevada City; in 1910, 2,689 lived there; at the 2000 census, the population was 3,001, and at the 2010 census it was 3,068.

History[edit]

It was first settled in 1849,[citation needed] during the California Gold Rush, as Nevada (meaning "snow-covered", a reference to the snow-topped mountains in the area). The Gold Tunnel on the north side of Deer Creek was the city's first mine, being located in 1850.[5] The first saw mill built in Nevada City was on Deer Creek, just above the town, in August, 1850, and was built by Lewis & Son, with a water wheel.[6] In 1850-51, it was the most important mining town in the state, Nevada County being the leading gold-mining county in the state. In 1851, The Nevada Journal became the first newspaper published in the town and county.[7] The town of Nevada was incorporated on April 19, 1856. In 1864, the word “City” was added to the name to relieve confusion with the bordering state of Nevada, and the town has legally been known as “Nevada City” ever since. The former town of Coyoteville, California, later became Nevada City's northwestern section.[4][8]

Buildings and structures[edit]

The Nevada City Downtown Historic District covers the downtown section roughly bounded by Spring, Bridge, Commercial, York, Washington, Coyote, and Main Streets. Several historical buildings have received National Register of Historic Places or California Historical Landmark status, and have been preserved. Some of these include:

Geography[edit]

Nevada City is located at 39°15′41″N 121°01′07″W / 39.261435°N 121.018602°W / 39.261435; -121.018602.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), 99.83% of it land and 0.17% of it water.

Nevada, Missouri, is named after Nevada City.

Most of Nevada City lies on brown sandy loam soils of the Hoda series which developed on granitic rock.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18502,683
18804,022
18902,524−37.2%
19003,25028.8%
19102,689−17.3%
19201,782−33.7%
19301,701−4.5%
19402,44543.7%
19502,5052.5%
19602,353−6.1%
19702,314−1.7%
19802,4315.1%
19902,85517.4%
20003,0015.1%
20103,0682.2%

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[11] reported that Nevada City had a population of 3,068. The population density was 1,399.7 people per square mile (540.4/km²). The racial makeup of Nevada City was 2,837 (92.5%) White, 26 (0.8%) African American, 28 (0.9%) Native American, 46 (1.5%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 40 (1.3%) from other races, and 91 (3.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 205 persons (6.7%).

The Census reported that 2,829 people (92.2% of the population) lived in households, 56 (1.8%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 183 (6.0%) were institutionalized.

There were 1,356 households, out of which 317 (23.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 510 (37.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 155 (11.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 79 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 97 (7.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 15 (1.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 488 households (36.0%) were made up of individuals and 168 (12.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09. There were 744 families (54.9% of all households); the average family size was 2.67.

The population was spread out with 517 people (16.9%) under the age of 18, 199 people (6.5%) aged 18 to 24, 720 people (23.5%) aged 25 to 44, 1,075 people (35.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 557 people (18.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.5 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

There were 1,510 housing units at an average density of 688.9 per square mile (266.0/km²), of which 786 (58.0%) were owner-occupied, and 570 (42.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.8%. 1,678 people (54.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,151 people (37.5%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 3,001 people, 1,313 households, and 740 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,425.0 people per square mile (549.1/km²). There were 1,415 housing units at an average density of 671.9 per square mile (258.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 0.4% African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 1,313 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.6% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the city, the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,667, and the median income for a family was $46,149. Males had a median income of $32,070 versus $29,183 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,399. About 1.7% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Nevada City elects a five member City Council. Council members select the mayor and vice mayor from their ranks. The current mayor is David McKay, a professional photographer. Council members appoint residents to a five member Planning Commission.

Nevada City is in Nevada County.[13] The current District 1 Supervisor is Nate Beason.[14]

In the state legislature, Nevada City is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[15] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[16]

Federally, Nevada City is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[17]

Economy[edit]

Tourism, government services, resource extraction (timber) and commercial services are the basis of the local economy.

Tourism[edit]

Tourists visit Nevada City for outdoor recreation, history, fine arts and entertainment and special events.[18] Nevada City attracts vacationers in all four seasons and is a popular weekend getaway for visitors in Northern California and Nevada. Nevada City serves as a base for recreation in the nearby Tahoe National Forest, South Yuba River and High Sierra. Nevada City is just 45 minutes from Donner Summit area skiing and 60–90 minutes from Lake Tahoe ski areas. Nevada City's popular tourist attractions include:

Culture[edit]

Live music, theater and dance are performed nearly continually at Miners Foundry Cultural Center and the historic Nevada Theatre. Many bars and restaurants feature live music.

Museums and galleries[edit]

The Nevada County Historical Society operates Historic Firehouse No. 1 Museum downtown and the Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum in the Seven Hills Business District area. There is a small museum at Miners Foundry Cultural Center. Many businesses also have displays of photos and historic artifacts dating back to the Gold Rush and pioneer eras. In addition, there are several art galleries and businesses that exhibit fine art.

Recurring events[edit]

There are several annual major cultural events which include Victorian Christmas (street faire), Summer Nights (street faire), Mardi Gras, Fourth of July Parade, Teddy Bear Convention, and Psychic Faire.

Town twinning/Sister City[edit]

Nevada City is twinned with Penzance, a seaside town in Cornwall, UK and the nearby tin and copper mining town of St Just in Penwith, Cornwall, UK.[citation needed] The twinning is a result of Cornish migration during the Californian gold rush in which Cornish mining expertise was exported to the area. In the City Hall of Nevada City there is a room dedicated to the twinning and houses Cornish memorabilia and items donated on various exchanges. Penzance Youth Wind Band under the direction of Paul Carter have joined forces with Nevada Union High School instrumental music department on two occasions.

Film Location[edit]

An abundance of historic buildings, autumn leaf color and attractive natural surroundings have made Nevada City an ongoing setting for film and television productions, including feature films and commercials. The area is also a popular location for photography. Modern day Nevada City was the setting for the 2006 Hallmark Channel original movie, The Christmas Card.

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Climate[edit]

Owing to its exposed location on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada, Nevada City receives moderate to heavy rainfall for California at 59 inches (1.5 m), though its climate is otherwise fairly typical for the state, being classified as Mediterranean (Csa/Csb). Although exceedingly heavy snow falls on the nearby mountains, it very rarely falls in the city. During a typical year, there are 31 days with temperatures of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and, conversely, 75 freezing nights and 60 days where the temperature fails to reach 50 °F (10 °C).[30] The record high temperature is 111 °F (44 °C), set on August 14, 1933, and the record low temperature is −1 °F (−18 °C), set on January 21, 1937 and on December 9, 1972.[31]

Climate data for Nevada City, California (1971–2000 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)79
(26)
86
(30)
83
(28)
94
(34)
101
(38)
104
(40)
106
(41)
111
(44)
105
(41)
98
(37)
90
(32)
81
(27)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C)50.1
(10.1)
52.7
(11.5)
55.6
(13.1)
61.9
(16.6)
69.6
(20.9)
78.5
(25.8)
85.6
(29.8)
85.3
(29.6)
79.7
(26.5)
69.9
(21.1)
55.8
(13.2)
49.7
(9.8)
66.2
(19)
Average low °F (°C)32.1
(0.1)
33.3
(0.7)
35.3
(1.8)
38.4
(3.6)
44.4
(6.9)
50.9
(10.5)
56.0
(13.3)
55.2
(12.9)
50.8
(10.4)
44.2
(6.8)
36.4
(2.4)
32.3
(0.2)
42.4
(5.8)
Record low °F (°C)−1
(−18)
5
(−15)
12
(−11)
20
(−7)
21
(−6)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
34
(1)
27
(−3)
20
(−7)
13
(−11)
−1
(−18)
−1
(−18)
Precipitation inches (mm)11.16
(283.5)
10.63
(270)
9.46
(240.3)
4.12
(104.6)
2.25
(57.2)
0.69
(17.5)
0.19
(4.8)
0.28
(7.1)
1.20
(30.5)
2.89
(73.4)
7.74
(196.6)
8.69
(220.7)
59.3
(1,506.2)
Snowfall inches (cm)2.3
(5.8)
4.5
(11.4)
3.9
(9.9)
0.9
(2.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.0
(2.5)
5.1
(13)
17.7
(44.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)12.712.312.98.85.62.70.71.42.95.210.310.786.2
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch)1.31.61.50.50000000.31.66.8
Source #1: NOAA[32]
Source #2: [31]

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery of Downtown Nevada City[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2014. 
  3. ^ Middleton, Elisabeth Rose; University of California, Berkeley (2008). "We were here, we are here, we will always be here": A political ecology of healing in Mountain Maidu country. ProQuest. pp. 387–. ISBN 978-1-109-10064-8. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Nevada City, Queen City of the Northern Hills". ncgold.com. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  5. ^ Lindgren, Waldemar (1896). The Gold-quartz Veins of Nevada City and Grass Valley Districts, California (Public domain ed.). U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 207–. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Sargent, Aaron Augustus (1856). Brown & Dallison's Nevada, Grass Valley and Rough and Ready Directory ...: For the Year Commencing ... Embracing a General Directory of Citizens, with an Historical Sketch of Nevada County (Public domain ed.). Printed at the Town Talk Office. pp. 20–. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Bean's history and directory of Nevada County, California: Containing a complete history of the county, with sketches of the various towns and mining camps ... also, full statistics of mining and all other industrial resources (Public domain ed.). Printed at the Daily Gazette Book and Job Office. 1867. p. 40. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  8. ^ Hoover, Mildred Brooke; Douglas E. Kyle; Hero Rensch (2002). Historic spots in California 5. Stanford University Press. p. 258. ISBN 0-8047-4482-3. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ http://casoilresource.lawr.ucdavis.edu/gmap/
  11. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Nevada City city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Supervisorial District 1
  14. ^ Supervisor District 1, Nevada County, accessed 10 March 2013
  15. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  17. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  18. ^ http://www.nevadacitychamber.com/
  19. ^ "Nevada City Classic Bicycle Race". ncclassic.com. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  20. ^ Valentinsen, Thomas (June 22, 2009). "Lance Armstrong Wins 2009 Nevada City Classic". roadcycling.com. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  21. ^ McKowen, Dahlynn; McKowen, Ken (2009). Wine-Oh! Guide to California's Sierra Foothills: From the Ordinary to the Extraordinary. Wilderness Press. pp. 32–. ISBN 978-0-89997-492-7. 
  22. ^ "43rd Annual Constitution Day Parade & Celebration Sept. 12-13 in Historic Nevada City". nevadacitychamber.com. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  23. ^ "Welcome to Ophir". ophirprison.com. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  24. ^ "The Famous Marching Presidents". marchingpresidents.org. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  25. ^ "Wild and Scenic Film Festival". wildandscenicfilmfestival.org. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  26. ^ "Nevada City Film Festival". nevadacityfilmfestival.com. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  27. ^ "Queen of storytelling festivals celebrates its 24th year". sierrastorytellingfestival.org. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  28. ^ http://www.nevadacitychamber.com/nevada-city-events/summer-nights/
  29. ^ http://www.nevadacitychamber.com/nevada-city-events/victorian-christmas/
  30. ^ "Climatology of the United States No. 20: NEVADA CITY, CA 1971–2000". NOAA. Retrieved 2012-10-22. 
  31. ^ a b http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca6136
  32. ^ "NEVADA CITY, CA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. January 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]