Netivot

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Netivot
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrewנְתִיבוֹת
Netivot science and technology center

Logo
Netivot is located in Israel
Netivot
Coordinates: 31°25′N 34°35′E / 31.417°N 34.583°E / 31.417; 34.583Coordinates: 31°25′N 34°35′E / 31.417°N 34.583°E / 31.417; 34.583
DistrictSouth
Founded1956
Government
 • TypeCity (from 1996)
 • MayorYehiel Zohar
Area
 • Total5,626 dunams (5.626 km2 or 2.172 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total26,700
Name meaningPaths
 
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Netivot
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrewנְתִיבוֹת
Netivot science and technology center

Logo
Netivot is located in Israel
Netivot
Coordinates: 31°25′N 34°35′E / 31.417°N 34.583°E / 31.417; 34.583Coordinates: 31°25′N 34°35′E / 31.417°N 34.583°E / 31.417; 34.583
DistrictSouth
Founded1956
Government
 • TypeCity (from 1996)
 • MayorYehiel Zohar
Area
 • Total5,626 dunams (5.626 km2 or 2.172 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total26,700
Name meaningPaths

Netivot (Hebrew: נְתִיבוֹת) is a city in southern Israel located between Beersheba and Gaza.[2] At the end of 2009, Netivot had a population of 26,700.[1]

History[edit]

Netivot in the early days

Netivot was founded in 1956 as a Negev development town. The first residents were immigrants from Morocco and Tunisia. In the 1990s, they were joined by immigrants from Russia and Ethiopia. For many years, Netivot suffered from high unemployment.[3] Since 2008, Netivot has been the target of Grad missile attacks from Gaza. In 2012, a rocket exploded near a school in the city.[4]

A major landmark is the tomb of the Baba Sali, a Moroccan-born kabbalist who is buried there.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Ethiopian cultural center in Netivot

In 2001, the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.9% Jewish, with no significant Arab population, and the population was evenly divided between males and females. The city ranked relatively low in the socioeconomic index (3 out of 10)[6] In the wake of Operation Solomon, Netivot absorbed a large number of Ethiopian Jewish immigrants.[7]

By the end of 2009 Netivot had a population of 26,700.[8]

Education[edit]

According to CBS, there were 22 schools and 4,243 students in the city: 16 elementary schools with 3,053 students, and 11 high schools with 1,190 students. 43.1% of 12th grade students were entitled to a Bagrut matriculation certificate in 2001. Netivot schools have been chosen for a special pilot project in which elementary school children build their own mini-robots.

In 2009, a high school student from Netivot won first prize in the First Step to Nobel Prize in Physics competition.[9]

In 2011, Netivot hosted a robotics festival sponsored by the international organization FIRST - For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology.[10] First, second and third graders at the Noam Eliyahu religious school in Netivot spend eight hours a week studying science and robotics at Lehava, the municipal science center.[11]

The Mandel Center for Leadership in the Negev (MCLN) runs a two-year community-based leadership program in Netivot.[12]

Local culture[edit]

On the anniversary of the Baba Sali's death, thousands of pilgrims come to Netivot to visit his tomb.[13]

Eleven local newspapers are published in the city.[14]

Three successful nightclubs have opened in Netivot which also draw clientele from out of town, attracting young people from Ashkelon, Beersheba, Omer, Lehavim, Ofakim and Sderot.[15]

Future development[edit]

Two additional neighborhoods with a total of 3,600 new housing units are planned for Netivot. They are expected to double the city's population.[16] Two large supermarkets are also planned for the city, in addition to the seven already built there.[17]

References[edit]

External links[edit]