Nepean, Ontario

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Nepean
Community
Map showing extent of Nepean within what is now the City of Ottawa c. 2000
Map showing extent of Nepean within what is now the City of Ottawa c. 2000
CountryCanada Flag of Canada.svg
ProvinceOntario Flag of Ontario.svg
City of Nepean1978–2001
Government
 • MayorJim Watson
 • City councillorsSteve Desroches, Jan Harder, Mark Taylor, Rick Chiarelli, Keith Egli, Scott Moffatt
 • Member of ParliamentPierre Poilievre, John Baird
 • Member of Provincial ParliamentLisa MacLeod, Bob Chiarelli
Area[1]
 • Total217.00 km2 (83.78 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total156,298
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s)613, 343
 
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Coordinates: 45°20.5′N 75°45.5′W / 45.3417°N 75.7583°W / 45.3417; -75.7583

Nepean
Community
Map showing extent of Nepean within what is now the City of Ottawa c. 2000
Map showing extent of Nepean within what is now the City of Ottawa c. 2000
CountryCanada Flag of Canada.svg
ProvinceOntario Flag of Ontario.svg
City of Nepean1978–2001
Government
 • MayorJim Watson
 • City councillorsSteve Desroches, Jan Harder, Mark Taylor, Rick Chiarelli, Keith Egli, Scott Moffatt
 • Member of ParliamentPierre Poilievre, John Baird
 • Member of Provincial ParliamentLisa MacLeod, Bob Chiarelli
Area[1]
 • Total217.00 km2 (83.78 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total156,298
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s)613, 343

Nepean /nəˈpən/ is a part of Ottawa, Ontario, located west of Ottawa's inner core. It was formerly a city in its own right until amalgamated with the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton in 2001 to become the new city of Ottawa. However, the name "Nepean" continues in common usage in reference to the area. The population of Nepean is about 180,000 people.

Although the neighbouring municipality of Kanata formed the entrepreneurial and high tech center of the region, Nepean hosted noted industries such as Nortel Networks, JDS Uniphase and Gandalf Technologies. As with the rest of the National Capital Region, however, Nepean's economy was also heavily dependent on federal government employment. Most of Nepean's employed residents commute to downtown Ottawa or Kanata for work.[1]

Nepean's policies of operational and capital budgeting prudence contrasted with the budget philosophies of some other municipalities in the area. Nepean instituted a strict 'pay-as-you-go' budgeting scheme. The city entered amalgamation with a large surplus and a record of tax restraint. However, most big-ticket municipal infrastructure items (transit, garbage collection, sanitary sewers, water, arterial roads, police, social services) were the responsibility of the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton, not the former City of Nepean.

Prior to amalgamation, Nepean's City Council spent many tax dollars aggressively campaigning against what they (and their allies) referred to as the "megacity" model. The central plank of the strategy was to promote a tri-city model, which would have seen the 10 municipalities of the Ottawa region reduced to three: one in the west (comprising Nepean, Kanata and the western rural municipalities), one in the east (comprising Gloucester, Cumberland and the eastern rural municipalities) and one in the center (comprising Ottawa, Vanier and Rockcliffe Park). These efforts were in vain, as the one-city model eventually prevailed. (The one-city model was recommended by Glen Shortliffe, who was appointed by the Government of Ontario to study the issue of municipal reform in Ottawa-Carleton.)

Climate[edit]

Nepean has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with warm, humid summers and cold winters. The summers start in early June and end in early September with an average summer high temperature of 27 °C (81 °F). In Nepean, summers have about 220 mm (8.7 in) of rain. There is a 95% chance that all the precipitation comes by thunderstorms in the summer. There is also a small chance of cool, average rainy days in the summertime. Nepean is also the Ottawa suburb that has the most hours of sunshine, with an average of 2,100 hours each year. In the winter, Nepean gets about 150–200 cm (59–79 in) of snow yearly with an average temperature of −5 °C (23 °F). Spring starts around late March and lasts until late May, with temperatures of about 10–15 °C (50–59 °F). The springtime has about 165 mm (6.5 in) of rain a year. The average temperature for fall is around 10 °C (50 °F). Autumn is the driest season in Nepean with only 100 mm (3.9 in) of rainfall annually. The gardening zone for this area is 6A.

Climate data for Nepean – BarrhavenBells CornersKanata
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)12
(54)
12.4
(54.3)
26.7
(80.1)
31.1
(88)
32.8
(91)
36.1
(97)
36.7
(98.1)
37.8
(100)
35
(95)
27.8
(82)
23.9
(75)
18
(64)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F)−5.1
(22.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
3.2
(37.8)
11.8
(53.2)
20.1
(68.2)
25.8
(78.4)
28.5
(83.3)
26.9
(80.4)
20.5
(68.9)
15.5
(59.9)
5.8
(42.4)
−3
(27)
11.9
(53.4)
Average low °C (°F)−13.3
(8.1)
−12.3
(9.9)
−5.1
(22.8)
2.6
(36.7)
10.7
(51.3)
14.7
(58.5)
17.4
(63.3)
15.1
(59.2)
10.1
(50.2)
4
(39)
−1.8
(28.8)
−10.1
(13.8)
2.1
(35.8)
Record low °C (°F)−35.6
(−32.1)
−36.1
(−33)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−16.7
(1.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
5
(41)
2.6
(36.7)
−3
(27)
−7.8
(18)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−36.1
(−33)
Precipitation mm (inches)25.2
(0.992)
17.6
(0.693)
36.3
(1.429)
60.5
(2.382)
78.4
(3.087)
85
(3.35)
90.6
(3.567)
87.1
(3.429)
85.3
(3.358)
74.9
(2.949)
59.8
(2.354)
31.3
(1.232)
732
(28.82)
Snowfall cm (inches)50.2
(19.76)
45
(17.7)
30.8
(12.13)
10
(3.9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
21.9
(8.62)
57.2
(22.52)
175.7
(69.17)
Source: [2]

Recent quantity of snow[edit]

YearsDepth
2009–201075.2 cm (29.6 in)
2008–2009120.5 cm (47.4 in)
2007–2008414.5 cm (163.2 in)
2006–2007312.2 cm (122.9 in)
2005–2006150.0 cm (59.1 in)
2004–2005399.6 cm (157.3 in)
2003–2004296.9 cm (116.9 in)
2002–2003401.1 cm (157.9 in)

[citation needed]

History[edit]

Nepean Township, originally known as Township D, was established in 1792 and originally included what is now the central area of Ottawa west of the Rideau River. Jehiel Collins, from Vermont, is believed to have been the first person to settle in Nepean Township, on the future site of Bytown. Nepean was incorporated as a city on November 24, 1978. The geographic boundaries of Nepean changed considerably over this time; the original town hall of the township of Nepean was located in Westboro, which was annexed in 1949 by the city of Ottawa. Nepean's centre then moved to the community of Bells Corners. In the 1950 and 1960s, Nepean's urban area began to expand in previous rural areas in such areas as Centrepointe in the east, and Barrhaven in the south.

Prior to its amalgamation with 10 other municipalities into the new city of Ottawa in 2001, the population of Nepean was 124,878. The 2006 census population was 138,596.

Nepean was named after Sir Evan Nepean, British Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1782 to 1791.

A Nepean quarry provided the sandstone blocks that were the principal building material used in the Parliament Buildings in downtown Ottawa.

Demographics[edit]

According to the Canada 2001 Census:

NeighbourhoodPopulation (2011)Population (2006)Area (km2.)Density (per km2.)Census Tracts
Agriculture Canada5016.960.3
Barrhaven West17,25317,8874.433894.65050140.05, 5050140.04, 5050140.07, 5050140.06
Bayshore-Fairfield Heights7,6407,5351.216314.0
Bells Corners9,4689,7994.672027.4
Briargreen2,0432,0970.902270.0
Centrepointe7,5237,2752.063651.9
City View-Navaho-Ryan Farm4,9134,7562.422030.2
Craig Henry6,5936,7721.843583.2
Crystal Beach3,9244,1735.51712.2
Davidson Heights-Rideau Glen-Ashdale8,6328,3918.381,030.25050141.08
Fisher Heights-Skyline6,0926,0041.963108.2
Graham Park-Qualicum1,7151,6991.211417.4
Havenlea-Winding Way6,2374,8991.693693.25050141.09
Heart's Desire-Chapman Mills-Jockvale9,0482,9976.381418.25050141.13, 5050141.12
Knollsbrook2,6672,7450.813290.65050140.03
Leslie Park3,1342,8330.983198.0
Longfields17,24215,2784.613740.15050141.11, 5050141.10, 5050141.05
Manordale1,9471,8991.411380.9
Meadowlands-Crestview3,6713,6082.051790.7
Parkwood Hills-Borden Farm-Stewart Farm-Fisher Glen10,05010,1892.863514.0
Pineglen-Merivale Gardens-Grenfell Glen-Country Place3,8933,38511.07351.7
Stonebridge-Strandheard Meadows11,2452,87816.63676.25050141.04, 5050141.15
Tanglewood4,3854,4011.602740.6
Trend-Arlington4,8184,9453.551357.2
Rural Nepean2,1602,244123.0217.6

Mayors[edit]

Education[edit]

Public schools in Nepean are administrated by Ottawa-Carleton District School Board. The board's headquarters is located within Nepean itself. Catholic schools, or "separate schools", are administered by the Ottawa-Carleton Catholic School Board. Schools in Nepean include:

Public Schools[edit]

Elementary[edit]

  • Adrienne Clarkson Elementary School
  • Barrhaven Public School
  • Bayshore Public School
  • Bells Corners Public School
  • Berrigan Elementary School
  • Briargreen Public School
  • Cedarview Middle School
  • Century Public School
  • Chapman Mills Public School
  • D. Aubrey Moodie Intermediate School
  • Farley Mowat Public School
  • Greenbank Public Middle School
  • Jockvale Elementary School
  • Knoxdale Public School
  • Lakeview Public School
  • Leslie Park Public School
  • Manordale Public School
  • Mary Honeywell Elementary School
  • Meadowlands Public School
  • Sir Winston Middle School

Secondary[edit]

Special Education[edit]

Alternate Education[edit]

Closed[edit]

Catholic Schools[edit]

Elementary[edit]

  • Frank Ryan Catholic Senior Elementary School
  • Monsignor Paul Baxter School
  • Our Lady of Peace School
  • Pope John XXIII School
  • St. Andrew School
  • St. Elizabeth Ann Seton School
  • St. Emily School
  • St. Gregory School
  • St. John the Apostle School
  • St. Luke School, Nepean
  • St. Monica School
  • St. Patrick School
  • St. Rita School
  • St. Rose of Lima School

Secondary[edit]

  • Mother Teresa High School
  • St. Joseph High School
  • École Secondaire Catholique Pierre-Savard

Continuing Education[edit]

Nepean City Hall[edit]

Ben Franklin Place

Ben Franklin Place, located in Centrepointe, was formerly the city hall for Nepean until it became a part of Ottawa. Now, it serves as a government office and client service centre, as well as continuing to be home to a branch of the Ottawa Library and the Centrepointe Theatre.

Museums[edit]

Nepean Museum located at 16 Rowley Avenue, Nepean Ontario is a museum that collects, preserves, researchs, exhibits and interprets the works of man and nature in Nepean.

Media[edit]

"Nepean This Week" (http://www.nepeanthisweek.com/) is a weekly publication distributed in the Nepean area.

The Ottawa area's CTV affiliate, CTV Ottawa formerly known as CJOH-TV was headquartered on Merivale Road in Nepean. The studio was home to shows such as Graham Kerr's The Galloping Gourmet, and the cult children's classic You Can't Do That on Television. The building was ravaged by a fire on February 7, 2010 and was demolished in 2011.[3][4] The Merivale Road complex is still home to Astral Media's English-language stations CKQB-FM and CJOT-FM.

Famous Nepeanites[edit]

The following famous people were either born in, raised in, or consider Nepean their home town:

Nepean communities and neighbourhoods[edit]

Prior to amalgamation, the following communities and neighbourhoods were within the city boundaries:

References[edit]

Bibliography
  • Elliott, Bruce S. (1991), The city beyond, a history of Nepean, birthplace of Canada’s capital 1792-1990, Nepean, Ontario: Corporation of the City of Nepean