Nayarit

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Nayarit
State
Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit

Flag

Seal
State of Nayarit within Mexico.
Coordinates: 21°45′N 105°14′W / 21.750°N 105.233°W / 21.750; -105.233Coordinates: 21°45′N 105°14′W / 21.750°N 105.233°W / 21.750; -105.233
CountryMexico
CapitalTepic
Largest CityTepic
Municipalities20
AdmissionJanuary 26, 1917[1]
Order28th
Government
 • GovernorPRI Roberto Sandoval
 • Senators[2]PRI Raúl Mejía González
PRI Magaly Ramírez
PRD Francisco J. Castellón
 • Deputies[3]
Area[4]
 • Total27,857 km2 (10,756 sq mi)
 Ranked 23rd
Highest elevation[5]2,760 m (9,060 ft)
Population (2012)[6]
 • Total1,118,468
 • Rank29th
 • Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Density rank23rd
DemonymNayarita
Time zoneMST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC−6)
Postal code63
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-NAY
HDIIncrease 0.7425 (high)
Ranked 16th
GDPUS$ 4,281.52 mil[a]
WebsiteOfficial website
^ a. The state's GDP was 53,167,305 thousand pesos in 2008,[7] an amount corresponding to USD 4,281,523.828 thousand (a dollar worth 12.80 pesos as of June 3, 2010).[8]
 
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Nayarit
State
Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit

Flag

Seal
State of Nayarit within Mexico.
Coordinates: 21°45′N 105°14′W / 21.750°N 105.233°W / 21.750; -105.233Coordinates: 21°45′N 105°14′W / 21.750°N 105.233°W / 21.750; -105.233
CountryMexico
CapitalTepic
Largest CityTepic
Municipalities20
AdmissionJanuary 26, 1917[1]
Order28th
Government
 • GovernorPRI Roberto Sandoval
 • Senators[2]PRI Raúl Mejía González
PRI Magaly Ramírez
PRD Francisco J. Castellón
 • Deputies[3]
Area[4]
 • Total27,857 km2 (10,756 sq mi)
 Ranked 23rd
Highest elevation[5]2,760 m (9,060 ft)
Population (2012)[6]
 • Total1,118,468
 • Rank29th
 • Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Density rank23rd
DemonymNayarita
Time zoneMST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC−6)
Postal code63
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-NAY
HDIIncrease 0.7425 (high)
Ranked 16th
GDPUS$ 4,281.52 mil[a]
WebsiteOfficial website
^ a. The state's GDP was 53,167,305 thousand pesos in 2008,[7] an amount corresponding to USD 4,281,523.828 thousand (a dollar worth 12.80 pesos as of June 3, 2010).[8]

Nayarit (About this sound naʝaˈɾit ), officially Free and Sovereign State of Nayarit (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 20 municipalities and its capital city is Tepic.

It is located in Western Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sinaloa to the northwest, Durango to the north, Zacatecas to the northeast and Jalisco to the south. To the west, Nayarit has a significant share of coastline on the Pacific Ocean.

Besides the mainland, the islands Marias, Isabel, Tres Marietas and Farallón La Peña in the Pacific Ocean are part of its territory.

Geography[edit]

Nayarit covers 27,815 square kilometers (10,739 sq mi), making it one of the smaller states in Mexico.[9] Nayarit is located between latitude lines 23°05' north and 20°36' south and longitude lines 103°43' east and 105°46' west.[10] Its terrain is broken up by the western ends of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountains. Its highest mountains are: San Juan, Sanguangüey, El Ceboruco, Cumbre de Pajaritos and Picachos.[11] Nayarit has two volcanoes, Ceboruco and Sangangüey. In the northeast are broad, tropical plains watered by the Río Grande de Santiago, a continuation of the Lerma River. The main state rivers are the Río Grande de Santiago, San Pedro, Acaponeta, Ameca and Las Cañas. The last two also form natural boundaries with the states of Jalisco and Sinaloa, respectively. Nayarit also has several lagoons such as Santa María del Oro, San Pedro Lagunillas and Agua Brava.

Environment[edit]

Nayarit contains hundreds of miles of rain forest in the sierra. Its wildlife includes jaguars, mountain lions, wild bears, deer, caymans, armadillos, small wild cats and many more species. Unfortunately most of the rain forest has been exploited, especially around the region of Santa Maria Del Oro. The conservation and protection of the rain forest and wildlife of Nayarit is an issue of crucial importance.[citation needed]

Archaeological zone of Los Toriles.
Beaches of Nuevo Vallarta.

Education[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
1895[12]149,807—    
1900150,098+0.2%
1910171,173+14.0%
1921163,183−4.7%
1930167,724+2.8%
1940216,698+29.2%
1950290,124+33.9%
1960389,929+34.4%
1970544,031+39.5%
1980726,120+33.5%
1990824,643+13.6%
1995896,702+8.7%
2000920,185+2.6%
2005949,684+3.2%
2010[13]1,084,979+14.2%

Nayarit is Mexico's twenty-ninth most populous state. According to the census of 2010, the state had a population of 1,084,979 and its population density was 39/km2.

Religion[edit]

Typical of Mexico, Nayarit's inhabitants are Catholic in majority.[14]

ReligionPercentPopulation of Tepic - 295,2040
Catholic91.8%238,579
Protestant Evangelical3%24,313
Biblical Non-Evangelical1.3%10, 535
Not Religious2.9%23, 607

Agriculture[edit]

A variety of products are able to be produced in Nayarit due to its variable geography and climate. Volcanic soil, heavy rains and many altitude variations due to the mountains allow for the diverse crops. The crops include grain, sugarcane, cotton, coffee, and tobacco. Forest wealth is also taken advantage of and cattle raising is also important.[15]

Economy[edit]

Nayarit depends heavily on natural resources and agriculture to support their economy.[16] Cash crops such as mangos, coffee, tobacco and sugar cane are staples in the economy. Mining is a significant industry, due to large deposits of lead, copper, silver, and gold in the Nayarit area. There is also a fishing industry in Nayarit, but it is not as major as the mining or agricultural industries.

In recent years, Nayarit has worked to build its tourism sector, marketing the "Riviera Nayarita" as a safe, beautiful destination served by Puerto Vallarta International Airport. As a result, it ranked second in tourism investment in Mexico in 2008, was featured in North American tourism websites in Winter 2008-09,[17] and was the setting for the U.S. MTV reality competition "The Gauntlet 3".[18]

Municipalities[edit]

Nayarit, as all states of Mexico, is divided into municipalities (municipios), creating twenty Municipalities of Nayarit.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diciembre en la Historia de Nayarit" (in Spanish). 
  2. ^ "Senadores por Nayarit LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved March 24, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Nayarit". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved March 29, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved March 29, 2011. 
  6. ^ "ENOE". Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Jalisco". 2010. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano.". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Retrieved August 10, 2010. 
  9. ^ Gov Mx
  10. ^ Map Gov Mx
  11. ^ InfoPlease
  12. ^ "Mexico: extended population list". GeoHive. Retrieved 2011-07-29. 
  13. ^ "México en cifras". INEGI. Retrieved 2011-07-29. 
  14. ^ Gov Mx
  15. ^ Common Borders
  16. ^ Encyclopedia
  17. ^ "Nayarit, Mexico - Strong in Tourism Growth, Investment, Job Generation and Safety". Reuters. March 4, 2009. 
  18. ^ "The Gauntlet III at mtv.com". Retrieved 2010-11-01. 

External links[edit]