Natty Bumppo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Natty Bumppo
Leatherstocking Tales character
First appearanceThe Pioneers
Last appearanceThe Deerslayer
Created byJames Fenimore Cooper
Information
AliasesNathaniel Bumppo among many others
GenderMale
OccupationScout, huntsman, explorer
NationalityDelaware (by upbringing), British Colonial American (in white society until US independence), American (from US independence to 1804)
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Natty Bumppo
Leatherstocking Tales character
First appearanceThe Pioneers
Last appearanceThe Deerslayer
Created byJames Fenimore Cooper
Information
AliasesNathaniel Bumppo among many others
GenderMale
OccupationScout, huntsman, explorer
NationalityDelaware (by upbringing), British Colonial American (in white society until US independence), American (from US independence to 1804)

Nathaniel "Natty" Bumppo is the protagonist of James Fenimore Cooper's pentalogy of novels known as the Leatherstocking Tales.

Fictional biography[edit]

Natty Bumppo, although the child of white parents, grew up among Delaware Indians and was educated by Moravian Christians,[1][2] becoming a near-fearless warrior skilled in many weapons, one of which is the long rifle. Hawkeye (one of his many nicknames) hunts only what he needs to survive, and when it comes time to fire his flintlock he stresses that one has only shot to bring down a target. He and his Mohican companion Chingachgook try to stop the incessant conflict between the Mohicans and the Hurons.[citation needed]

Novels[edit]

Bumppo is featured in a series of novels by James Fenimore Cooper collectively called the Leatherstocking Tales. The novels in the collection are as follows:

Publication
Date
Story
Dates
TitleSubtitle
18411841
17441744
The DeerslayerThe First War Path
18261826
17571757
The Last of the MohicansA Narrative of 1757
18401840
1750sThe PathfinderThe Inland Sea
18231823
17931793
The PioneersThe Sources of the Susquehanna; A Descriptive Tale
18271827
18041804
The PrairieA Tale

The tales recount significant events in Natty Bumppo's life from 1740-1806.[3]

Aliases[edit]

Before his appearance in The Deerslayer, Bumppo went by the aliases of "Straight-Tongue," "The Pigeon," and the "Lap-Ear." After buying his first rifle, he gained the name of "Deerslayer." He is subsequently known as "Hawkeye" and "La Longue Carabine" in The Last of the Mohicans, "Pathfinder" in The Pathfinder, "Leatherstocking" in The Pioneers, from which the collective title for all the novels is drawn, and "the trapper" in The Prairie.

Portrayal[edit]

Bumppo has been portrayed most often in adaptions of The Last of the Mohicans. He was portrayed by Harry Lorraine in the 1920 film version, by Harry Carey in the 1932 film serial version, by Randolph Scott in the 1936 film version, by Kenneth Ives in the 1971 BBC serial, by Steve Forrest in the 1977 TV movie and by Daniel Day-Lewis in the 1992 film version. Day-Lewis received a BAFTA Film Award nomination for Best Actor in 1993, won an Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor in 1993, and won an ALFS Award for British Actor of the Year in 1993 for his interepretation of the character. In the 1992 film however the character's name is changed from Natty Bumppo to Nathaniel Poe.

Adaptions of The Deerslayer have seen Bumppo played by Emil Mamelok in the 1920 film The Deerslayer and Chingachgook, by Bruce Kellogg in the 1943 film, by Lex Barker in the 1957 film, and by Steve Forrest in the 1978 TV movie.

Adaptions of The Pathfinder have seen Bumppo played by Paul Massie in the 1973 5-part BBC mini-series and Kevin Dillon in the 1996 TV movie.

Additionally he was portrayed by George Montgomery in the 1950 movie The Iroquois Trail, by John Hart in the 1957 TV series Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans, by Hellmut Lange in the 1969 German TV series Die Lederstrumpferzählungen, by Cliff DeYoung in the 1984 PBS mini-series The Leatherstocking Tales (which compressed The Deerslayer, The Last of the Mohicans and The Pathfinder into four episodes) and by Lee Horsley in the 1994 TV series Hawkeye.

In popular culture[edit]

1989 Soviet postage stamp series on The Leatherstocking Tales

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Deerslayer: Critical Essays: Cooper's Indians, The Deerslayer Cliffsnotes.com
  2. ^ Natty Bumppo (fictional character), Encyclopædia Britannica online
  3. ^ James Fenimore Cooper Society's online plot summaries of the chronologically first (The Deerslayer)[1] and last (The Prairie)[2] novels, indicating the initial and final years of the Leatherstocking saga.
  4. ^ "University of Iowa Official Athletic Site Traditions". Hawkeyesports.com. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]