List of national parks of India

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View from inside the Jim Corbett National Park

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of April 2012, there were 104 national parks. All national park lands then encompassed a total 39,919 km2 (15,413 sq mi) km², comprising 1.21% of India's total surface area.

A total of 166 national parks have been authorized. Plans are underway to establish the remaining scheduled parks. All of India's national parks are listed below alongside their home state or territory, area and the date that they were established. See Protected areas of India for an overview of all Indian protected areas.

List of national parks[edit]

This is a sortable list of national parks of India.

NoNameStateEstablishedArea (in km²)Notable flora and fauna
1Anshi National ParkKarnataka2013250Bengal tiger, black panther, Indian elephant
2Balphakram National ParkMeghalaya2013220wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant and eight cat species, including the tiger and marbled cat
3Bandhavgarh National ParkMadhya Pradesh1968400.85(core area=105)highest known Tiger population in India, White Tiger, 1336 species of endemic plants
4Bandipur National ParkKarnataka1974874.20
5Bannerghatta National ParkKarnataka1974106.27
6Vansda National ParkGujarat197923.99
7Betla National ParkJharkhand1986231.67
8Bhitarkanika National ParkOdisha1988145Mangroves, trees like sundari, thespia, casuarinas, and grasses like the indigo bush, and more.

The park is home to the saltwater crocodile, white crocodile, Indian python, black ibis, wild pigs, rhesus monkeys, chitals, darters, cobra, water monitor lizard . Olive ridley sea-turtles nest on Gahirmatha and other nearby beaches.Bhitarkanika has one of the largest populations of endangered saltwater crocodile in India and is globally unique in that 10 percent of the adults exceed 6 m length. Nearly 700 saltwater crocodiles inhabit the rivers and creeks.

215 species of avifauna including eight varieties of Kingfishers. Birds such as Asian Open Bill, Cormorants, Darters, Black Ibis, Egrets, are frequently seen in the park.

9Blackbuck National Park, VelavadarGujarat197634.08
10Buxa Tiger ReserveWest Bengal1992760
11Campbell Bay National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1992426.23
12Chandoli National ParkMaharashtra2004317.67
13Jim Corbett National ParkUttarakhand19361318.5
14Dachigam National ParkJammu and Kashmir1981141Only area where Kashmir stag is found[citation needed]
15Darrah National ParkRajasthan2004250
16Desert National ParkRajasthan19803162
17Dibru-Saikhowa National ParkAssam1999340
18Dudhwa National ParkUttar Pradesh1977490.29
19Eravikulam National ParkKerala197897
20Mandla Plant Fossils National ParkMadhya Pradesh19830.27
21Galathea National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1992110
22Gangotri National ParkUttarakhand19891552.73
23Gir Forest National ParkGujarat1965258.71Asiatic lion
24Gorumara National ParkWest Bengal199479.45
25Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife SanctuaryUttarakhand1990472.08
26Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh1984754.40
27Gugamal National ParkMaharashtra1987361.28
28Guindy National ParkTamil Nadu19762.82
29Marine National Park, Gulf of KutchGujarat1980162.89
30Gulf of Mannar Marine National ParkTamil Nadu19806.23
31Hemis National ParkJammu and Kashmir19814400
32Harike WetlandPunjab198786
33Hazaribagh National ParkJharkhand1954183.89
34Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National ParkTamil Nadu1989117.10
35Indravati National ParkChhattisgarh19811258.37
36Jaldapara National ParkWest Bengal2012216
37Ntangki National ParkNagaland1993202.02
38Kalesar National ParkHaryana2003100.88
39Kanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh1955940
40Kanger Ghati National ParkChhattisgarh1982200
41Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National ParkAndhra Pradesh19941.42
42Kaziranga National ParkAssam1905471.71Indian rhinoceros
43Keibul Lamjao National ParkManipur197740
44Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan198128.73
45Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim19771784
46Kishtwar National ParkJammu and Kashmir1981400
47Kudremukh National ParkKarnataka1987600.32
48Madhav National ParkMadhya Pradesh1959375.22
49Mahatma Gandhi Marine National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1983281.50
50Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National ParkAndhra Pradesh199414.59
51Manas National ParkAssam1990500
52Mathikettan Shola National ParkKerala200312.82
53Middle Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands19870.64
54Mollem National ParkGoa1978107
55Mouling National ParkArunachal Pradesh1986483
56Mount Abu Wildlife SanctuaryRajasthan1960288.84
57Mount Harriet National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands46.62important bird area as attributed by BirdLife International, new species frog named Rana CharlesDarwini
58Mrugavani National ParkAndhra Pradesh3.5
59Mudumalai National ParkTamil Nadu1940321.55
60Mukurthi National ParkTamil Nadu200178.46
61Murlen National ParkMizoram200
62Namdapha National ParkArunachal Pradesh19741985.24
63Nameri National ParkAssam1978137.07
64Nanda Devi National ParkUttarakhand1982630.33
65Nandankanan Zoological ParkOdisha19604.006
66Navegaon National ParkMaharashtra133.88
67Neora Valley National ParkWest Bengal198688
68Nokrek National ParkMeghalaya47.48
69North Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1979144
70Orang National ParkAssam199978.81
71Palani Hills National ParkTamil Nadu736.87
72Panna National ParkMadhya Pradesh1981542.67
73Pench National ParkMadhya Pradesh1977758
74Periyar National ParkKerala1982305
75Phawngpui Blue Mountain National ParkMizoram199250
76Pin Valley National ParkHimachal Pradesh1987807.36
77Rajaji National ParkUttarakhand1983820
78Nagarhole National ParkKarnataka1988643.39
79Rani Jhansi Marine National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1996256.14
80Ranthambore National ParkRajasthan1981392
81Saddle Peak National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands197932.55
82Salim Ali National ParkJammu and Kashmir9.07
83Sanjay National Park²Madhya Pradesh1981466.7
84Sanjay Gandhi National ParkMaharashtra1969104
85Sariska Tiger ReserveRajasthan1955866
86Satpura National ParkMadhya Pradesh1981524
87Silent Valley National ParkKerala1980237
88Sirohi National ParkManipur198241.30
89Simlipal National ParkOdisha1980845.70The park is a treasure house of 1076 species of plants belonging to 102 families. 96 species of orchids have also been identified here. The forest boasts of innumerable medicinal and aromatic plants, which provide a source of earnings for the tribal people. Eucalyptus, plantated by the British during the 1900 are also found.

A total of 42 species of mammals, 242 species of birds and 30 species of reptiles have been recorded in Simlipal National Park. The major mammals include Tiger, Leopard, Asian elephant, Sambar, Barking deer, Gaur, Jungle cat, Wild boar, Chausingha (four horned antelope), Giant squirrel and Common langur. 231 species of birds nest in these forests. Red Junglefowl, Hill Mynah, Peacock, Alexandrine Parakeet, Crested Serpent Eagle are the commonly found birds. The Grey Hornbill, Indian Pied Hornbill, Malabar Pied Hornbill and Indian Trogon are also found in the reserve.

90Singalila National ParkWest Bengal198678.60
91South Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands5Dugong, Dolphin, Water Monitor Lizard, Blue Whale
92Sri Venkateswara National ParkAndhra Pradesh1989353
93Sultanpur National ParkHaryana19891.43
94Sundarbans National ParkWest Bengal19841330.12
95Tadoba National ParkMaharashtra1955625
96Valley of Flowers National ParkUttarakhand198287.50
97Valmiki National ParkBihar1976898.45
98Papikonda National ParkAndhra Pradesh20081012.85

Proposed and commissioned national parks[edit]

Several new national parks have been proposed by State Governments in India, and are pending an approval, after which they will be commissioned, and demarcated. Important national parks which have already been commissioned include :

Footnotes[edit]

1The Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh parts of the Pench National Park are administered separately.

2The Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh parts of the Sanjay National Park are administered separately.

References[edit]

External links[edit]