List of national parks of India

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View from inside the Jim Corbett National Park

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of April 2012, there were 104 national parks. All national park lands then encompassed a total 39,919 km2 (15,413 sq mi) km², comprising 1.21% of India's total surface area.

A total of 166 national parks have been authorized. Plans are underway to establish the remaining scheduled parks. All of India's national parks are listed below alongside their home state or territory, area and the date that they were established. See Protected areas of India for an overview of all Indian protected

List of national parks[edit]

This is a sortable list of national parks of India.

NameStateEstablishedArea (in km²)Notability
Anshi National ParkKarnataka1987250Bengal tiger, black panther, Indian elephant
Balphakram National ParkMeghalaya2013220wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant and eight cat species, including the tiger and marbled cat
Bandhavgarh National ParkMadhya Pradesh1968400.85(core area=105)highest known Tiger population in India, White Tiger, 1336 species of endemic plants
Bandipur National ParkKarnataka1974874.20chital, gray langurs, Indian giant squirrel, Gaur, leopard Sambar and indian elephants, honey buzzard, red-headed vulture, and other animals.
Bannerghatta National ParkKarnataka1974106.27
Betla National ParkJharkhand1986231.67

Palamau Tiger, Sloth Bear, Peacock, Elephant, Sambar, and other animals.

Bhitarkanika National ParkOdisha1988145Mangroves. Saltwater crocodile, white crocodile, Indian python, black ibis, wild pigs, rhesus monkeys, chitals, and other animals
Blackbuck National Park, VelavadarGujarat197634.08
Buxa Tiger ReserveWest Bengal1992760
Campbell Bay National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1992426.23
Chandoli National ParkMaharashtra2004317.67
Dachigam National ParkJammu and Kashmir1981141Only area where Kashmir stag is found[citation needed]
Darrah National ParkRajasthan2004250
Desert National ParkRajasthan19803162
Dibru-Saikhowa National ParkAssam1999340
Dudhwa National ParkUttar Pradesh1977490.29
Eravikulam National ParkKerala197897
Galathea National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1992110
Gangotri National ParkUttarakhand19891552.73
Gir Forest National ParkGujarat1965258.71Asiatic lion
Gorumara National ParkWest Bengal199479.45
Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife SanctuaryUttarakhand1990472.08
Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh,1984754.40UNESCO World Heritage Site
Gugamal National ParkMaharashtra1987361.28
Guindy National ParkTamil Nadu19762.82
Gulf of Mannar Marine National ParkTamil Nadu19806.23
Hemis National ParkJammu and Kashmir19814400
Harike WetlandPunjab198786
Hazaribagh National ParkJharkhand1954183.89
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National ParkTamil Nadu1989117.10
Indravati National ParkChhattisgarh19811258.37Wild Asian Buffalo, Tiger Reserve, Hill Mynas
Jaldapara National ParkWest Bengal2012216
Jim Corbett National ParkUttarakhand19361318.5
Kalesar National ParkHaryana2003100.88
Kanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh1955940
Kanger Ghati National ParkChhattisgarh1982200
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National ParkTelangana19941.42
Kaziranga National ParkAssam1905471.71Indian rhinoceros, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Keibul Lamjao National ParkManipur197740only floating park in the world
Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan198128.73UNESCO World Heritage Site
Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim19771784
Kishtwar National ParkJammu and Kashmir1981400
Kudremukh National ParkKarnataka1987600.32
Madhav National ParkMadhya Pradesh1959375.22
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1983281.50
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National ParkTelangana199414.59
Manas National ParkAssam1990500UNESCO World Heritage Site
Mandla Plant Fossils National ParkMadhya Pradesh19830.27
Marine National Park, Gulf of KutchGujarat1980162.89
Mathikettan Shola National ParkKerala200312.82
Middle Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands19870.64
Mollem National ParkGoa1978107
Mouling National ParkArunachal Pradesh1986483
Mount Abu Wildlife SanctuaryRajasthan1960288.84
Mount Harriet National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands46.62important bird area as attributed by BirdLife International, new species frog named Rana CharlesDarwini
Mrugavani National ParkTelangana9.1
Mudumalai National ParkTamil Nadu1940321.55
Mukurthi National ParkTamil Nadu200178.46
Murlen National ParkMizoram200
Namdapha National ParkArunachal Pradesh19741985.24
Nameri National ParkAssam1978137.07
Nanda Devi National ParkUttarakhand1982630.33UNESCO World Heritage Site
Nandankanan Zoological ParkOdisha19604.006
Navegaon National ParkMaharashtra133.88
Neora Valley National ParkWest Bengal198688
Nokrek National ParkMeghalaya47.48
North Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1979144
Ntangki National ParkNagaland1993202.02
Orang National ParkAssam199978.81
Palani Hills National ParkTamil Nadu736.87
Panna National ParkMadhya Pradesh1981542.67
Papikonda National ParkAndhra Pradesh20081012.85
Pench National ParkMadhya Pradesh1977758
Periyar National ParkKerala1982305
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National ParkMizoram199250
Pin Valley National ParkHimachal Pradesh1987807.36
Rajaji National ParkUttarakhand1983820
Nagarhole National ParkKarnataka1988643.39
Rani Jhansi Marine National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1996256.14
Ranthambore National ParkRajasthan1981392
Saddle Peak National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands197932.55
Salim Ali National ParkJammu and Kashmir9.07
Sanjay National Park²Madhya Pradesh1981466.7
Sanjay Gandhi National ParkMaharashtra1969104
Sariska Tiger ReserveRajasthan1955866
Satpura National ParkMadhya Pradesh1981524
Silent Valley National ParkKerala1980237
Sirohi National ParkManipur198241.30
Simlipal National ParkOdisha1980845.70Tiger, Leopard, Asian elephant, Sambar, Barking deer, Gaur, Jungle cat, Wild boar, and other animals.
Singalila National ParkWest Bengal198678.60
South Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands5Dugong, Dolphin, Water Monitor Lizard, Blue Whale
Sri Venkateswara National ParkAndhra Pradesh1989353
Sultanpur National ParkHaryana19891.43
Sundarbans National ParkWest Bengal19841330.12UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tadoba National ParkMaharashtra1955625
Valley of Flowers National ParkUttarakhand198287.50
Valmiki National ParkBihar1976898.45
Vansda National ParkGujarat197923.99

Proposed and commissioned national parks[edit]

Several new national parks have been proposed by State Governments in India, and are pending an approval, and after which they will be commissioned, and demarcated. Important national parks which have already been commissioned include :

Footnotes[edit]

1The Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh parts of the Pench National Park are administered separately.

2The Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh parts of the Sanjay National Park are administered separately.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]