From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article
In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS) is a round in the postseason that determines who wins the National League pennant and advances to Major League Baseball's championship, the World Series, facing the winner of the American League Championship Series. The reigning National League Champions are the San Francisco Giants.
Prior to 1969, the National League champion (the "pennant winner") was determined by the best win-loss record at the end of the regular season. There were four ad hoc three-game playoff series due to ties under this formulation (in 1946, 1951, 1959 and 1962). (The American League had to resolve a tie in 1948, but used a single-game playoff for that.)
A structured postseason series began in 1969, when both the National and American Leagues were reorganized into two divisions each, East and West. The two division winners within each league played each other in a best-of-five series to determine who would advance to the World Series. In 1985, the format changed to best-of-seven.
The NLCS and ALCS, since the expansion to best-of-seven, are always played in a 2–3–2 format: games 1, 2, 6 and 7 are played in the stadium of the team that has home field advantage, and Games 3, 4 and 5 are played in the stadium of the team that does not. Home field advantage is given to the team that has the better record, with the exception that the team that made the postseason as the Wild Card team cannot get home field advantage. From 1969 to 1993, home field advantage was alternated between divisions each year regardless of regular season record and from 1995 to 1997 home field advantage was predetermined before the season.
In 1994, the league was restructured into three divisions, with the three division winners and a wild-card team advancing to a best-of-five postseason round, the National League Division Series (NLDS). The winners of that round advance to the best-of-seven NLCS. The NLDS was first played in 1995 due to the cancellation of the 1994 postseason during another players' strike.
Every current National League team except the Washington Nationals has appeared in the NLCS at least once.
A Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is given to the outstanding player in each series, though voters can consider performances made during the divisional series. The MVP award has been given to a player on the losing team twice, in 1986 to Mike Scott of the Houston Astros and in 1987 to Jeff Leonard of the San Francisco Giants.
Although the National League began its LCS MVP award in 1977, the American League did not begin its LCS MVP award until 1980.
Click the link on the far left for detailed information on that series.
|†||Denotes wild-card team (since 1995)|
|1969||New York Mets||Atlanta Braves||3–0||NBC|
|1970||Cincinnati Reds||Pittsburgh Pirates||3–0||NBC|
|1971||Pittsburgh Pirates||San Francisco Giants||3–1||NBC|
|1972||Cincinnati Reds||Pittsburgh Pirates||3–2||NBC|
|1973||New York Mets||Cincinnati Reds||3–2||NBC|
|1974||Los Angeles Dodgers||Pittsburgh Pirates||3–1||NBC|
|1975||Cincinnati Reds||Pittsburgh Pirates||3–0||NBC|
|1976||Cincinnati Reds||Philadelphia Phillies||3–0||ABC|
|1977||Los Angeles Dodgers||Philadelphia Phillies||3–1||Dusty Baker, Los Angeles||NBC|
|1978||Los Angeles Dodgers||Philadelphia Phillies||3–1||Steve Garvey, Los Angeles||ABC|
|1979||Pittsburgh Pirates||Cincinnati Reds||3–0||Willie Stargell, Pittsburgh||NBC|
|1980||Philadelphia Phillies||Houston Astros||3–2||Manny Trillo, Philadelphia||ABC|
|1981||Los Angeles Dodgers||Montreal Expos||3–2||Burt Hooton, Los Angeles||NBC|
|1982||St. Louis Cardinals||Atlanta Braves||3–0||Darrell Porter, St. Louis||ABC.|
|1983||Philadelphia Phillies||Los Angeles Dodgers||3–1||Gary Matthews, Philadelphia||NBC|
|1984||San Diego Padres||Chicago Cubs||3–2||Steve Garvey, San Diego||ABC|
|1985||St. Louis Cardinals||Los Angeles Dodgers||4–2||Ozzie Smith, St. Louis||NBC|
|1986||New York Mets||Houston Astros||4–2||Mike Scott, Houston||ABC|
|1987||St. Louis Cardinals||San Francisco Giants||4–3||Jeffrey Leonard, San Francisco||NBC|
|1988||Los Angeles Dodgers||New York Mets||4–3||Orel Hershiser, Los Angeles||ABC|
|1989||San Francisco Giants||Chicago Cubs||4–1||Will Clark, San Francisco||NBC|
|1990||Cincinnati Reds||Pittsburgh Pirates||4–2||Rob Dibble and Randy Myers, Cincinnati||CBS|
|1991||Atlanta Braves||Pittsburgh Pirates||4–3||Steve Avery, Atlanta||CBS|
|1992||Atlanta Braves||Pittsburgh Pirates||4–3||John Smoltz, Atlanta||CBS|
|1993||Philadelphia Phillies||Atlanta Braves||4–2||Curt Schilling, Philadelphia||CBS|
|1994||Not held due to players' strike.|
|1995||Atlanta Braves||Cincinnati Reds||4–0||Mike Devereaux, Atlanta||ABC (Games 1–2)|
NBC (Games 3–4)
|1996||Atlanta Braves||St. Louis Cardinals||4–3||Javy López, Atlanta||FOX|
|1997||Florida Marlins †||Atlanta Braves||4–2||Liván Hernández, Florida||NBC|
|1998||San Diego Padres||Atlanta Braves||4–2||Sterling Hitchcock, San Diego||FOX|
|1999||Atlanta Braves||New York Mets †||4–2||Eddie Pérez, Atlanta||NBC|
|2000||New York Mets †||St. Louis Cardinals||4–1||Mike Hampton, New York||FOX|
|2001||Arizona Diamondbacks||Atlanta Braves||4–1||Craig Counsell, Arizona||FOX|
|2002||San Francisco Giants †||St. Louis Cardinals||4–1||Benito Santiago, San Francisco||FOX|
|2003||Florida Marlins †||Chicago Cubs||4–3||Iván Rodríguez, Florida||FOX|
|2004||St. Louis Cardinals||Houston Astros †||4–3||Albert Pujols, St. Louis||FOX|
|2005||Houston Astros †||St. Louis Cardinals||4–2||Roy Oswalt, Houston||FOX|
|2006||St. Louis Cardinals||New York Mets||4–3||Jeff Suppan, St. Louis||FOX|
|2007||Colorado Rockies †||Arizona Diamondbacks||4–0||Matt Holliday, Colorado||TBS|
|2008||Philadelphia Phillies||Los Angeles Dodgers||4–1||Cole Hamels, Philadelphia||FOX|
|2009||Philadelphia Phillies||Los Angeles Dodgers||4–1||Ryan Howard, Philadelphia||TBS|
|2010||San Francisco Giants||Philadelphia Phillies||4–2||Cody Ross, San Francisco||FOX|
|2011||St. Louis Cardinals †||Milwaukee Brewers||4–2||David Freese, St. Louis||TBS|
|2012||San Francisco Giants||St. Louis Cardinals †||4–3||Marco Scutaro, San Francisco||FOX|