National League Championship Series

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MLB Postseason
Wild Card Game
Division Series
American League
National League
Championship Series
American League
National League
World Series
 
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MLB Postseason
Wild Card Game
Division Series
American League
National League
Championship Series
American League
National League
World Series

In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS) is a round in the postseason that determines who wins the National League pennant and advances to Major League Baseball's championship, the World Series, facing the winner of the American League Championship Series. The reigning National League Champions are the San Francisco Giants.

Prior to 1969, the National League champion (the "pennant winner") was determined by the best win-loss record at the end of the regular season. There were four ad hoc three-game playoff series due to ties under this formulation (in 1946, 1951, 1959 and 1962). (The American League had to resolve a tie in 1948, but used a single-game playoff for that.)

A structured postseason series began in 1969, when both the National and American Leagues were reorganized into two divisions each, East and West. The two division winners within each league played each other in a best-of-five series to determine who would advance to the World Series. In 1985, the format changed to best-of-seven.

The NLCS and ALCS, since the expansion to best-of-seven, are always played in a 2–3–2 format: games 1, 2, 6 and 7 are played in the stadium of the team that has home field advantage, and Games 3, 4 and 5 are played in the stadium of the team that does not. Home field advantage is given to the team that has the better record, with the exception that the team that made the postseason as the Wild Card team cannot get home field advantage. From 1969 to 1993, home field advantage was alternated between divisions each year regardless of regular season record and from 1995 to 1997 home field advantage was predetermined before the season.

In 1981, a divisional series was held due to a split season caused by a players' strike.

In 1994, the league was restructured into three divisions, with the three division winners and a wild-card team advancing to a best-of-five postseason round, the National League Division Series (NLDS). The winners of that round advance to the best-of-seven NLCS. The NLDS was first played in 1995 due to the cancellation of the 1994 postseason during another players' strike.

Every current National League team except the Washington Nationals has appeared in the NLCS at least once.

Contents

Championship Trophy

The Warren C. Giles Trophy, named for the president of the NL from 1951 to 1969, is awarded to the NLCS winner.[1]

Most Valuable Player Award

See: League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award#National League winners

A Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is given to the outstanding player in each series, though voters can consider performances made during the divisional series. The MVP award has been given to a player on the losing team twice, in 1986 to Mike Scott of the Houston Astros and in 1987 to Jeff Leonard of the San Francisco Giants.

Although the National League began its LCS MVP award in 1977, the American League did not begin its LCS MVP award until 1980.[2]

NLCS results (1969–present)

Click the link on the far left for detailed information on that series.

Key
Denotes wild-card team (since 1995)
YearWinnerLoserRecordSeries MVPTV
Network
1969New York MetsAtlanta Braves3–0 NBC
1970Cincinnati RedsPittsburgh Pirates3–0 NBC
1971Pittsburgh PiratesSan Francisco Giants3–1 NBC
1972Cincinnati RedsPittsburgh Pirates3–2 NBC
1973New York MetsCincinnati Reds3–2 NBC
1974Los Angeles DodgersPittsburgh Pirates3–1 NBC
1975Cincinnati RedsPittsburgh Pirates3–0 NBC
1976Cincinnati RedsPhiladelphia Phillies3–0 ABC
1977Los Angeles DodgersPhiladelphia Phillies3–1Dusty Baker, Los AngelesNBC
1978Los Angeles DodgersPhiladelphia Phillies3–1Steve Garvey, Los AngelesABC
1979Pittsburgh PiratesCincinnati Reds3–0Willie Stargell, PittsburghNBC
1980Philadelphia PhilliesHouston Astros3–2Manny Trillo, PhiladelphiaABC
1981Los Angeles DodgersMontreal Expos3–2Burt Hooton, Los AngelesNBC
1982St. Louis CardinalsAtlanta Braves3–0Darrell Porter, St. LouisABC.
1983Philadelphia PhilliesLos Angeles Dodgers3–1Gary Matthews, PhiladelphiaNBC
1984San Diego PadresChicago Cubs3–2Steve Garvey, San DiegoABC
1985St. Louis CardinalsLos Angeles Dodgers4–2Ozzie Smith, St. LouisNBC
1986New York MetsHouston Astros4–2Mike Scott, HoustonABC
1987St. Louis CardinalsSan Francisco Giants4–3Jeffrey Leonard, San FranciscoNBC
1988Los Angeles DodgersNew York Mets4–3Orel Hershiser, Los AngelesABC
1989San Francisco GiantsChicago Cubs4–1Will Clark, San FranciscoNBC
1990Cincinnati RedsPittsburgh Pirates4–2Rob Dibble and Randy Myers, CincinnatiCBS
1991Atlanta BravesPittsburgh Pirates4–3Steve Avery, AtlantaCBS
1992Atlanta BravesPittsburgh Pirates4–3John Smoltz, AtlantaCBS
1993Philadelphia PhilliesAtlanta Braves4–2Curt Schilling, PhiladelphiaCBS
1994Not held due to players' strike.
1995Atlanta BravesCincinnati Reds4–0Mike Devereaux, AtlantaABC (Games 1–2)
NBC (Games 3–4)
1996Atlanta BravesSt. Louis Cardinals4–3Javy López, AtlantaFOX
1997Florida Marlins Atlanta Braves4–2Liván Hernández, FloridaNBC
1998San Diego PadresAtlanta Braves4–2Sterling Hitchcock, San DiegoFOX
1999Atlanta BravesNew York Mets 4–2Eddie Pérez, AtlantaNBC
2000New York Mets St. Louis Cardinals4–1Mike Hampton, New YorkFOX
2001Arizona DiamondbacksAtlanta Braves4–1Craig Counsell, ArizonaFOX
2002San Francisco Giants St. Louis Cardinals4–1Benito Santiago, San FranciscoFOX
2003Florida Marlins Chicago Cubs4–3Iván Rodríguez, FloridaFOX
2004St. Louis CardinalsHouston Astros 4–3Albert Pujols, St. LouisFOX
2005Houston Astros St. Louis Cardinals4–2Roy Oswalt, HoustonFOX
2006St. Louis CardinalsNew York Mets4–3Jeff Suppan, St. LouisFOX
2007Colorado Rockies Arizona Diamondbacks4–0Matt Holliday, ColoradoTBS
2008Philadelphia PhilliesLos Angeles Dodgers4–1Cole Hamels, PhiladelphiaFOX
2009Philadelphia PhilliesLos Angeles Dodgers4–1Ryan Howard, PhiladelphiaTBS
2010San Francisco GiantsPhiladelphia Phillies4–2Cody Ross, San FranciscoFOX
2011St. Louis Cardinals Milwaukee Brewers4–2David Freese, St. LouisTBS
2012San Francisco GiantsSt. Louis Cardinals 4–3Marco Scutaro, San FranciscoFOX

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.philly.com/philly/sports/phillies/20081016__Fantastic_feeling__for_Bill_Giles.html Mike Jensen, " 'Fantastic feeling' for Bill Giles," Philadelphia Inquirer, Oct. 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-17.
  2. ^ League Championship Series Most Valuable Players (MLB.com/News/Awards/History/ ). MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved 2009-08-31.