Narayanpur

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Narayanpur
—  town  —
Narayanpur
Location of Narayanpur
in Assam and India
Coordinates26°59′47″N 93°53′49″E / 26.99639°N 93.89694°E / 26.99639; 93.89694Coordinates: 26°59′47″N 93°53′49″E / 26.99639°N 93.89694°E / 26.99639; 93.89694
CountryIndia
StateAssam
District(s)Lakhimpur
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
WebsiteOfficial Website
 
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Narayanpur
—  town  —
Narayanpur
Location of Narayanpur
in Assam and India
Coordinates26°59′47″N 93°53′49″E / 26.99639°N 93.89694°E / 26.99639; 93.89694Coordinates: 26°59′47″N 93°53′49″E / 26.99639°N 93.89694°E / 26.99639; 93.89694
CountryIndia
StateAssam
District(s)Lakhimpur
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
WebsiteOfficial Website

Narayanpur (Assamese: নাৰায়ণপুৰ) is a town located in Lakhimpur district of the north eastern Indian state Assam. It falls under Bihpuria constituency of Assam Legislative Assembly and under Narayanpur Police Station. Narayanpur is also the name of the development block.

Contents

Geographic Location

Narayanpur is a small town, situated at the coordinates 26°59'47"N and 93°53'49"E.[1] It is about 54 km to the west of the district headquarter North Lakhimpur. Nearby towns are- Bihpuria to the east, Bandardewa to the north and Gohpur to the west.

Connectivity

Narayanpur is connected by National Highway NH-52 to the district headquarters North Lakhimpur (about 54 km) and state capital Guwahati (about 337 km). Its is also connected by North East Frontier Railway to North Lakhimpur and Guwahati. Nearest Railway station is at Tatibahar (about 3 km). Nearest airport is Lilabari (IATA: IXIICAO: VELR) (about 58 km).

History

Narayanpur, originally known as Bor-Narayanpur (great Narayanpur) is a historical place since Ahom Kingdom. Narayanpur was earlier known as Bor-Nararayanpur. It was extended up to the Kolabari region of Sonitpur district. Various history writers had different views regarding the origin of the place as well as the origin of its name. Archeologist Raja Ram Mohan Roy in this book “The background of Assamese Culture”, has described Narayanpur as a temporary capital of the Kalita King Satyanarayan. According to J. P. Wade, “Narayanpur is thirty miles in length and fifteen miles in breadth. This district is situated on the bank of Pichala river and Colabari of Zokai chook.” (An Account of Assam, Page no 35) Some others have the view that Koch King Naranarayan used this place as a garrison, that’s why the name became Narayanpur. The Tai Khamtis, a tribe belonging to the great Tai race, migrated to Assam in the middle part of 18th century. They have their own script and a well developed language including innumerable literary works.[2]

History says that Narayanpur was a part of Bor-Asom. But this place had been continuously in influence of Aryan Culture. In the prehistoric era, Narayanpur was believed to be ruled by Ban Roja.

Many ancient idols of Hindu Gods and Goddesses were found in the different parts of Narayanpur. It proves the existence of highly civilized society in ancient times in this region.

Participation in Indian Independence Movement

Narayanpur had a strong participation in Indian independence movement against British under leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. a few famous freedom fighters from this are- Late Thaneswar Gogoi (Harmoti village), Late Lilaram Bhuyan (Pichalaguri), Late Rajkhowa (Raidangia), Shri Madan Chandra Bhuyan (Charaidoloni).

Places of interest

It is the birthplace of several Baishnava gurus like Madhabdev, Haridev, Anirudhadev, Badala Padma Atta etc., Belaguri Sattra, Badala Sattra, Phulani Thaan, Bishnubalikuchi, Dahgharia Sattra, Budha Bapuchang, Maghnowa Dol, Gohaikamal Ali, Radhapukhuri, Burhaburhi Pukhuri, Rangati Pukhuri, Pichala Nadi are some of the important historical places situated at Narayanpur.

Letekupukhuri - the birthplace of famous Vaishnav saint Mahapurush Madhabdev is about 15 km from Narayanpur.[3] Maghnowa Doul- a temple dating back to AHOM kingdom era is about 7 km from Narayanpur in Maghnowa village. Petuwa Gosani Than, is a historical Than or place of worship during AHOM kingdom is at Dholpur, nearly 7 km from Narayanpur. Phulani Than, a popular Namghar (Vaishnav temple of Krishna worship) is in the Narayanpur center. Popular believe is that people get their wishes fulfilled when pray in this temple.

List of Satras established by Mahapurush Srimanta Sankar Dev is about 0.5 km and 1.5 km respectively from Narayanpur.[4] There are two big ancient ponds Radhapukhuri and Rangati pukhuri from ahom kingdom are located near Narayanpur.

Madhabdev Thaan (Leteku Pukhuri)

Madhabdev Thaan is located at the Letekupukhuri village near Borbali. It is the birthplace of Madhabdev (1489 AD). There are two big thaans adjacent to each other. Followers of both these thaans demand it to be the birthplace of Madhabdev.

The thaans have a huge collection of holy books, ancient manuscripts and cultural heritages.

Maghnoa Doul

Maghnoa Doul is located at the Phulbari village and also known as Phulbari Doul. This is situated at the East side of the Pichola River and at the bank of Maghnoa Beel. Once upon a time it was a major place of worshiping Kali (Goddess of Power) and a pilgrimage place. Several Ahom Kings are also known to have visited the place. During the Maan invasion the idol was kept hidden but was never returned to the Doul. It was established at the oresent location at Bor Kalika Thaan near Dholpur.

The Doul has a boundary wall of about 5 feet height. The main Doul is about 75 feet in height. Inside the Doul is the Bulani Ghar where the idol was used to be kept. The inside wall contains various sculptures. But due to the negligence of the Government as well as the local people, most of the idols and valuable items had been stolen already. Recently the Archeological Department has done a repairing work to the Doul.

Khamti Village and Bapuchang

In 1843, the British controlled the Khamti Revolution in Sadia and settled few Khamti people at Narayanpur. They established this Buddha temple at Barkhamti. The Khamti village will be extensively discussed in the next section of this project. Its worthwhile to mention that this village contains some the Khamtis which are only left to a few thousand in number. The people are Buddhist by religion and have a rich cultural heritage.

The religious temple of the Khamtis is called the Bapuchang. It is same as the Buddhist temple or Buddha Bihar found among the Buddhist communities around the world. It is somewhat different from the normal Khamti houses. The raised platform is made of wood and the roof is made of thresh. The outer architecture resembles to the Buddhist temples of Myanmar. Buddha idols are kept inside the Bapuchang and it is regarded as a very holy place.

Deotola

The ancient idol of the Maghnoa Doul was hidden in a pond suring the Maan invasion. The idol was later recovered from Gavoru Beel of Kherajkhat. As the idol was later established at the Bor-Kalaika Thaan, this place become known as Deotola (Deo- God, Tola- to lift). This place is at 8 KM distance from Narayanpur.

Petua-Gosani Thaan It has taken a long time for the British to take the control of the Lakhimpur region after they invaded Assam. This than was an old place of worshiping Kaali Goddess and was discovered by the British. It is located near Dholpur at Ganakdalani. The goddess of this is called Kesaikhaiti. In earlier times the Daphala people from Arunachal Pradesh used to come here for pilgrimage. Still, Durga puja is celebrated at this than regularly.

Belaguri Satra

This Satra was established in 1618 originally in Majuli Island- where the two great guru and disciples Sri Sri Sankardev and Sri Sri Madhabdev met each other for the first time. This Satra was transferred to Narayanpur and settled at Jorabari revenue village in 1947 AD. This Satra is very well known among the people of Assam. The “Chaali” dance of form is a famous traditional dance of Assam. Bodula Satra and Phulani Than

This Satra was established in Narayanpur by Badala Padma Ataa in 1636 AD who was a great follower of Mahapurush Madhabdev. It is said that Padma Ataa got the responsibility of the upper Assam under Madhabdev and established the Satra at the land of Jamadagni. Once upon a time this Satra was the center for the Baishnavism. Badala Padma Ataa was next to Sankardev and Madhabdev who took the great responsibility after the demise of these two holy figures. The Satra has a rich collection of ancient manuscripts.

The Phulani thaan was also established by Badala Atta in 1555 saka. This is an important religious place and a large no of followers visit this thaan annually.

Bishnu Balikunchi Satra

It is situated at the Dakua village, 8 KM away from Nagpur. The disciple of Kal Sanghati guru Bhabanipuria Atta, Sri Sri Anirudhadev was born at Dakua village near Narayanpur in 1553 AD. He established this Satra with the help of Bhabapuria Ataa in 1602 AD. Aniruddhadev died in this Satra. He was the holy person who turned the Moran and Motok people into Baishanivism.

Radha Pukhuri

Radhapukhuri Tank is situated at the Sawkuchi village near Narayanpur. It was constructed by the King Lakhminarayan in between 1400 and 1500 AD in the name of his wife ‘Radha’. Some scholars also argue that it was constructed by Queen Sarbeswari. But the construction work ended in halfway and hence it was named as Adhapukhuri (Adha means half) which eventually changed to Radhapukhuri.

Presently this tank is used for fish breeding and cultivation by the Fisheries Department, Government of Assam.

Bhatoukuchi Thaan

Bhatoukuci Thaan is located at Kathani village near Dholpur. This was established by Keshabsaran Bhatoukuchia Ataa. According to Kathagurucharit he was born in 1605 and died in 1665. This thaan is still functioning in full fledge.

Akadohia Pukhuri

This big pond is situated at the Kachua village near Dholpur. A holy Brahmin guru called Akadoshi used to live near the pond and henece this name became famous. Bhatoukuci Thaan is located at Kathani village near Dholpur. This was established by Keshabsaran Bhatoukuchia Ataa. According to Kathagurucharit he was born in 1605 and died in 1665. This thaan is still functioning in full fledge.

Gohai-Kamal Ali

The Koch Kingdom was established at the early part of 16th century. This kingdom was extended from Kortuaa River to Bornodi. Kochbihar (now in West Bengal) was made the capital of the kingdom and this road was made to fight with the Ahoms.

Ahotguri Satra

This satra is situated at Borbali Samua Gaon. It was established by Sri Ram Ata in 1683. Most of the disciples are Brahmin. The ancient manuscript of this Satra got spoiled during the flood in 1987. At present it has a collection of manuscripts by Sankardev Thakur Ataa and Sri Ram Ataa.

Other attractions

Narayanpur is the birthplace of twelve holy gurus of Assam and hence regarded as a very holy place. It was the center of [Vaishnavism] during the era of [Madhabdev]. Apart from the religious and geographical attractions mentioned so far, it has an entire gamut of other attractions which have the full potential to become a tourist destination. Some of such attractions are Govind Mandir of Nepali people, Sakrahi Thaan, Dahgharia Satra, Sialmara Satra, Dharamgarh Ashram, Homora Thaan, Deberapar Satra etc.

The government of Assam has announced in 2006 the construction of Sri Sri Madhabdev Kalakshetra at Badala Sattra at Narayanpur and the foundation stone has been laid down near Narayanpur.[5][6] The Chief Minister of Assam, Tarun Gogoi, laid the foundation Stone of the Kalakshetra. This would become an important institution for the Assamese culture and tradition. This will be of same style like the Sankardev Kalakshetra at Guwahati.

Economy

Greater Narayanpur area has very fertile land suitable for agricultural production- mainly Rice, Maah (Lentil), Potato, Onion, Garlic, Ginger, Tomatoes, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Brinjal and other vegetables. Different fruits like Banana, Berries, Mangoes, Coconuts, Tamol (Areca nuts) etc. are produced in abundance in the region. Fisheries play a significant role towards the socio-economic up-liftmen of the common people of Narayanpur development block.[7] Till recent times, Muga (Assam silk) production was quite common rural cottage industry. Narayanpur has a Muga silkworm seed production unit under Central Silk Board, with its Head Quarters at Guwahati.[8] However, the present condition of this seed farm does not seem to be very good.

Education

Narayanpur has many reputed schools and educational institutes that have produced many successful personalities in various fields like education, media, medicine, engineering, administrative services, defence services etc. Madhabdev College and Narayanpur Higher Secondary school are situated near Narayanpur which caters for the higher education needs of the local population.[9][10] Many professionals from Narayanpur are working in different fields all over India and many other countries. Writers and poets from Narayanpur have significant contribution to the Assamese literature. Some notable educational institutions are Dhalpur Higher Secondary school, Harmoti Pichala High School, Tatibahar High School, Sankardev Shishu Bidya Niketan, Namani Subansiri High School, Pichala National Academy, Jigyasha Jatiya Vidyalaya etc. There are a couple of IT institutes like CEC, EKRIT, APTECH in Narayanpur. There is a pre school and High School from EKRIT Groups called Ekrit Academy. There is also an assamese medium private school called Gyanjyoti Academy, was established in 2007.

References