Byrsonima crassifolia

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Byrsonima crassifolia
Byrsonima crassifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Angiosperms
(unranked):Rosids
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Malpighiaceae
Genus:Byrsonima
Species:B. crassifolia
Binomial name
Byrsonima crassifolia
(L.) Kunth[1]
Synonyms

Malpighia crassifolia L.[2]

 
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Byrsonima crassifolia
Byrsonima crassifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Angiosperms
(unranked):Rosids
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Malpighiaceae
Genus:Byrsonima
Species:B. crassifolia
Binomial name
Byrsonima crassifolia
(L.) Kunth[1]
Synonyms

Malpighia crassifolia L.[2]

Nance, frozen, unsweetened
Fruit
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy306 kJ (73 kcal)
Carbohydrates16.97 g
- Sugars8.31 g
- Dietary fiber7.5 g
Fat1.16 g
Protein0.66 g
Vitamin A equiv.5 μg (1%)
- lutein and zeaxanthin569 μg
Thiamine (vit. B1)0.015 mg (1%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2)0.018 mg (2%)
Niacin (vit. B3)0.29 mg (2%)
Pantothenic acid (B5)0.18 mg (4%)
Vitamin B60.021 mg (2%)
Folate (vit. B9)8 μg (2%)
Vitamin C92.5 mg (111%)
Vitamin E1.25 mg (8%)
Vitamin K11.9 μg (11%)
Calcium46 mg (5%)
Iron0.38 mg (3%)
Magnesium20 mg (6%)
Manganese0.248 mg (12%)
Phosphorus10 mg (1%)
Potassium244 mg (5%)
Sodium3 mg (0%)
Zinc0.09 mg (1%)
Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are roughly approximated
using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Byrsonima crassifolia is a species of flowering plant in the acerola family, Malpighiaceae, that is native to tropical America. It is valued for its small, sweet, yellow fruit, which are strongly scented. Common names include nanche, nance, chacunga, changunga, craboo, kraabu, savanna serrette (or savanna serret) and golden spoon.

Description and habitat[edit]

Byrsonima crassifolia is a slow-growing large shrub or tree to 33 ft (10 m). Sometimes cultivated for its edible fruits, the tree is native and abundant in the wild, sometimes in extensive stands, in open pine forests and grassy savannas, from central Mexico, through Central America, to Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil; it also occurs in Trinidad, Barbados, Curaçao, St. Martin, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and throughout Cuba and the Isle of Pines. The nance is limited to tropical and subtropical climates. In Central and South America, the tree ranges from sea-level to an altitude of 6,000 ft (1,800 m). It is highly drought-tolerant.

Example ecoregions of occurrence[edit]

Found in a number of tropical and subtropical ecoregions of the Americas that feature conifers, an example ecoregion of occurrence for B. crassifolia is the Belizean pine forests.[3]

Uses[edit]

The fruits are eaten raw or cooked as dessert. In rural Panama, the dessert prepared with the addition of sugar and flour, known as pesada de nance, is quite popular. The fruits are also made into dulce de nance, a candy prepared with the fruit cooked in sugar and water. In Nicaragua (where the fruit is called nancite), it is a popular ingredient for several desserts, including raspados (mixed with ice).

The fruits are often used to prepare carbonated beverages, flavor mezcal-based liqueurs, or make an oily, acidic, fermented beverage known as chicha, the standard term applied to assorted beer-like drinks made of fruits or maize. Nance is used to distill a rum-like liquor called crema de nance in Costa Rica. Mexico produces a licor de nanche.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Byrsonima crassifolia (L.) Kunth". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  2. ^ "Byrsonima crassifolia (L.) Kunth". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2002-09-13. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan & World Wildlife Fund. 2012. Belizean pine forests. ed. M. McGinley. Encyclopedia of Earth. Washington DC

External links[edit]

Data related to Byrsonima crassifolia at Wikispecies