Naberezhnye Chelny

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Naberezhnye Chelny (English)
Набережные Челны (Russian)
Яр Чаллы (Tatar)
-  City[1]  -
Энтузиастлар бульвары.jpg
View of Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny is located in Tatarstan
Naberezhnye Chelny
Location of Naberezhnye Chelny in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317
Coat of Arms of Naberezhnye Chelny (Tatarstan).png
Flag of Naberezhnye Chelny (Tatarstan).png
Coat of arms
Flag
City DayAugust 10[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRepublic of Tatarstan[1]
Administratively subordinated tocity of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
Administrative center ofTukayevsky District,[1] city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2005)
Urban okrugNaberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofNaberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug,[2] Tukayevsky Municipal District[3]
Mayor[citation needed]Vasil Shaykhraziyev[citation needed]
Representative bodyCity Council[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)513,193 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 201035th
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Foundedc. 1172[citation needed]
City status sinceApril 10, 1930[citation needed]
Previous namesNaberezhnye Chelny (until November 18, 1982),[citation needed]
Brezhnev (until 1988)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)423800[citation needed]
Dialing code(s)+7 8552[citation needed]
Official website
Naberezhnye Chelny on WikiCommons
 
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Naberezhnye Chelny (English)
Набережные Челны (Russian)
Яр Чаллы (Tatar)
-  City[1]  -
Энтузиастлар бульвары.jpg
View of Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny is located in Tatarstan
Naberezhnye Chelny
Location of Naberezhnye Chelny in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317
Coat of Arms of Naberezhnye Chelny (Tatarstan).png
Flag of Naberezhnye Chelny (Tatarstan).png
Coat of arms
Flag
City DayAugust 10[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRepublic of Tatarstan[1]
Administratively subordinated tocity of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
Administrative center ofTukayevsky District,[1] city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2005)
Urban okrugNaberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofNaberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug,[2] Tukayevsky Municipal District[3]
Mayor[citation needed]Vasil Shaykhraziyev[citation needed]
Representative bodyCity Council[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)513,193 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 201035th
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Foundedc. 1172[citation needed]
City status sinceApril 10, 1930[citation needed]
Previous namesNaberezhnye Chelny (until November 18, 1982),[citation needed]
Brezhnev (until 1988)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)423800[citation needed]
Dialing code(s)+7 8552[citation needed]
Official website
Naberezhnye Chelny on WikiCommons

Naberezhnye Chelny (Russian: Набережные Челны, IPA: [ˈnabʲɪrʲɪʐnɨjə tɕɪlˈnɨ]; Tatar Cyrillic: Яр Чаллы, Latin: Yar Çallı) is the second largest city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. A major industrial center, Naberezhnye Chelny stands on the Kama River 225 kilometers (140 mi) east of Kazan near Nizhnekamsk Reservoir. Population: 513,193 (2010 Census);[4] 509,870 (2002 Census);[6] 500,309 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

It was granted town status on August 10, 1930, and was called Brezhnev (after Leonid Brezhnev) from 1982 to 1988.[8]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Naberezhnye Chelny serves as the administrative center of Tukayevsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny is incorporated as Naberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Kamaz and ZMA trucks are produced there, and the city is one of the largest planned centers in the world related to vehicle production. With more than two square miles dedicated to production, the Kamaz plant is the largest vehicle factory in the world.

SPRUT Technology, JSC. oldest Russian's developers of PC-based  CAx software including SprutCAM was founded at 1987 in Naberezhnye Chelny.

Transport[edit]

Long-distance transport[edit]

Naberezhnye Chelny - a major railway, motor transport and aviation hub, known on the Kama river port.

First, this station Round the field with 28 station ways for receiving and departure of trains, freight yard for loading and unloading cars, sorting slide for the formation and dissolution of the trains.

Second, it's cargo-passenger station Naberezhnye Chelny. Here you can make the loading and unloading of wagons supplied by access roads to distribution centers and processing plants. At the station built a modern combined train and bus station with simultaneous reception of 1,500 passengers. The station Naberezhnye Chelny distance trains follow a direct line to Moscow, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Izhevsk, Bugul'ma, and in the summer and in Adler. Local train service provided flights rail buses to Mendeleyevsk and Bugul'my.

In addition, the city has departmental railway sector, belonging to OJSC "KAMAZ" and JSC "Kamgesenergostroy" that can handle up to 1,200 cars per day.

City - a large knot of highways, bus station has numerous suburban and intercity bus routes.[9]
Pass federal highway "Volga"Template:The plate-eu Moscow - Vladimir - Nizhny Novgorod - Kazan - 'Naberezhnye Chelny' - Ufa (entrance to the city Izhevsk and Perm).
entrances to other federal roads (through the city Almetevsk and Bugul'ma):
Urals | | Moscow - Ryazan - Penza - Samara - Ufa
Kazan - Orenburg

Public transport[edit]

Public transport represented 13 tram routes, more than 30 bus routes and taxi, the taxi (including the so-called. Social taxi carrying several passengers fares in taxis).

Трамвай Набережные Челны.jpg

Naberezhnochelninsky tram - one of the latest new tram systems in the USSR and Russia, which is close to the light rail, was created to provide a large passenger flows between the residential areas of the city and a vast industrial complex KAMAZ and other large enterprises. One of the very few in post-Soviet Russia, a tram system of the city has increased in the 1990s and 2000s, and has plans for further development, including both new construction sites in the city, and creating inter-city light rail line to the Yelabuga, a project which was developed in the Soviet period. Served by the system now LLC "Electric transport".

In the late 1980s - early 1990's there was a project of the city also trolley motion, which was eventually rejected due to dispersion of resources not appropriate in the presence of a large tram system.

Culture[edit]

Alkonost, a Russian doom-folk metal band, was formed in Naberezhnye Chelny in 1995.

Sports[edit]

FC KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny is an association football club based in Naberezhnye Chelny, playing in the Russian First Division.

Gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Order #01-02/34
  2. ^ a b c Law #47-ZRT
  3. ^ Law #42-ZRT
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 289. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  9. ^ http://face.chelny.info/transport.phtml | Schedule intercity bus, rail, flights Naberezhnye Chelny

Sources[edit]