The New England Journal of Medicine

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The New England Journal of Medicine  
Nejm logo2011.PNG
Abbreviated title (ISO 4)N. Engl. J. Med.
DisciplineMedicine
LanguageEnglish
Edited byJeffrey M. Drazen
Publication details
PublisherMassachusetts Medical Society (United States)
Publication historyThe New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery (1812–1826);
The New England Medical Review and Journal (1827);
The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal (1828–1927);
The New England Journal of Medicine (1928–present)
Impact factor
(2011)
53.298
Indexing
ISSN0028-4793 (print)
1533-4406 (web)
Links
 
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The New England Journal of Medicine  
Nejm logo2011.PNG
Abbreviated title (ISO 4)N. Engl. J. Med.
DisciplineMedicine
LanguageEnglish
Edited byJeffrey M. Drazen
Publication details
PublisherMassachusetts Medical Society (United States)
Publication historyThe New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery (1812–1826);
The New England Medical Review and Journal (1827);
The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal (1828–1927);
The New England Journal of Medicine (1928–present)
Impact factor
(2011)
53.298
Indexing
ISSN0028-4793 (print)
1533-4406 (web)
Links

The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is an English-language peer-reviewed medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society. It describes itself as the oldest continuously published medical journal in the world.[1] The journal publishes editorials, papers on original research, review articles, correspondence, and case reports, and has a special section called "Images in Clinical Medicine".

Contents

History

January 1814 edition of the Journal.

In September 1811, John Collins Warren, a Boston physician,[2] along with James Jackson, submitted a formal prospectus to establish the New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery and Collateral Branches of Science as a medical and philosophical journal.[3] Subsequently, the first issue of the New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery and the Collateral Branches of Medical Science was published in January 1812.[4] The journal was published quarterly.

1823 Boston Medical Intelligencer.

On April 29, 1823, another publication, the Boston Medical Intelligencer, appeared under the stewardship of Jerome V.C. Smith.[5][6]

1828 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal.

The Intelligencer ran into financial troubles in the spring of 1827, and the editors of the New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery and the Collateral Branches of Medical Science purchased it in February 1828 merging the two publications to form the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal,[7] published weekly.

The Massachusetts Medical Society purchased it in 1921 for $1[8] and renamed it in 1928 the New England Journal of Medicine.

The journal’s logo depicts the Rod of Asclepius. The dates on the logo represent the founding of the components of the New England Journal of Medicine: 1812 for the New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery and Collateral Branches of Medical Science, 1823 for the Boston Medical Intelligencer, 1828 for the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, and 1928 for the New England Journal of Medicine.

February 23, 1928, cover of The New England Journal of Medicine. First use of present name.

200th Anniversary in 2012

Notable articles from the course of the New England Journal of Medicine's history include:

Website

On April 25, 1996, NEJM announced their new website, which published each week the abstracts for research articles and the full text of editorials, cases, and letters to the editor. After print publishing for 184 years this was the NEJM's first use of the Internet for electronic publication.[17]

The website was launched several months earlier in 1996, but the editors wanted proof that weekly electronic publication would work. Only then was an announcement approved for publication on the editorial page. Two years later, online publication extended to include the full text of all articles.[18]

Since its launch, NEJM has added to its website:

Influence

The website for the George Polk Awards noted that its 1977 award to the New England Journal of Medicine "provided the first significant mainstream visibility for a publication that would achieve enormous attention and prestige in the ensuing decades."[21]

The journal usually has the highest impact factor of the journals of clinical medicine (including the Journal of the American Medical Association, and The Lancet); in 2006, the impact factor was 51, according to the Journal Citation Reports, the first research journal to break 50.[not specific enough to verify][full citation needed]

Ingelfinger Rule

The New England Journal of Medicine requires that articles it publishes not have been published or released elsewhere. Referred to as the Ingelfinger Rule, this policy protects the originality of content.

The rule was first described in a 1969 editorial by Franz Ingelfinger, the editor-in-chief at that time.[22] Most medical journals have similar rules in place.

Vioxx correction controversy

In the early 2000s, the New England Journal of Medicine was involved in a controversy around problems with research on the drug Vioxx. A study was published in the journal in November 2000 which noted an increase in myocardial infarction amongst those taking Vioxx.[23] According to Richard Smith, the former editor of the British Medical Journal, concerns about the correctness of that study were raised with the journal's editor, Jeff Drazen, as early as August 2001. That year, both the US Food and Drug Administration and the Journal of the American Medical Association also cast doubt on the validity of the data interpretation that had been published in the NEJM.[24] Merck withdrew the drug from market in September 2004. In December 2005, NEJM published an expression of concern about the original study following discovery that the authors knew more about certain adverse events than they disclosed at the time of publication. From the Expression of Concern: "Until the end of November 2005, we believed that these were late events that were not known to the authors in time to be included in the article published in the Journal on November 23, 2000. It now appears, however, from a memorandum dated July 5, 2000, that was obtained by subpoena in the Vioxx litigation and made available to the Journal, that at least two of the authors knew about the three additional myocardial infarctions at least two weeks before the authors submitted the first of two revisions and 4 1/2 months before publication of the article."[25] During the five-year period between publication and Expression of Concern, it has been estimated that Merck paid NEJM as much as US$836,000 for article reprints that Merck used for promotional purposes.[26] The journal was publicly rebuked for its response to the research issues in editorials appearing in publications including the British Medical Journal[24] and the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.[27]

Open access policy

NEJM provides delayed free online access to its research articles (it does so six months after publication, and maintains that access dating back to 1990).[28] This delay does not apply to readers from the least developed countries, for whom the content is available at no charge for personal use.[29]

NEJM also has two podcast features, one with interviews of doctors and researchers that are publishing in the journal, and another summarizing the content of each issue. Other offerings include Continuing Medical Education, Videos in Clinical Medicine (showing videos of medical procedures), and the weekly Image Challenge.

Editors

See also

References

  1. ^ Altman, Lawrence K. (February 5, 1991). "THE DOCTOR'S WORLD; Editor of Journal Envisions New Directions and Lighter Tone". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1991/02/05/health/the-doctor-s-world-editor-of-journal-envisions-new-directions-and-lighter-tone.html. 
  2. ^ Cary, John (1961). Joseph Warren: Physician, Politician, Patriot. University of Illinois Press. 
  3. ^ Boston Patriot. 1811-09-28. 
  4. ^ "January 1, 1812, table of contents for the New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery and the Collateral Branches of Medical Science". http://www.nejm.org/toc/nejms/1/1. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  5. ^ "The Boston Medical Library: A reconstruction of the collection of 1805 and its history". https://www.countway.harvard.edu/chm/rarebooks/exhibits/BML_1805/bml_1805.htm. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  6. ^ Fitz-Gilbert Waters, Henry (1961). The New England historical and genealogical register, Volume 48. New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
  7. ^ "The Boston Medical Library: A reconstruction of the collection of 1805 and its history". https://www.countway.harvard.edu/chm/rarebooks/exhibits/BML_1805/bml_1805.htm. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  8. ^ "About NEJM: Past and Present". http://www.nejm.org/page/about-nejm/history-and-mission. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  9. ^ Bigelow, Henry Jacob (1846). "Insensibility during Surgical Operations Produced by Inhalation". The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 35 (16): 309–317. doi:10.1056/NEJM184611180351601. ISSN 0096-6762. 
  10. ^ Wright, James Homer (1906). "The Origin and Nature of the Blood Plates". The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 154 (23): 643–645. doi:10.1056/NEJM190606071542301. ISSN 0096-6762. 
  11. ^ a b Brown-Sequard, C. E.; Webber, S. G. (1872). "The Origin and Signification of the Symptoms of Brain Disease". The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 87 (16): 261–263. doi:10.1056/NEJM187210170871601. ISSN 0096-6762. 
  12. ^ Farber, Sidney; Diamond, Louis K.; Mercer, Robert D.; Sylvester, Robert F.; Wolff, James A. (1948). "Temporary Remissions in Acute Leukemia in Children Produced by Folic Acid Antagonist, 4-Aminopteroyl-Glutamic Acid (Aminopterin)". New England Journal of Medicine 238 (23): 787–793. doi:10.1056/NEJM194806032382301. ISSN 0028-4793. PMID 18860765. 
  13. ^ Wolff, William I.; Shinya, Hiromi (1973). "Polypectomy Via the Fiberoptic Colonoscope". New England Journal of Medicine 288 (7): 329–332. doi:10.1056/NEJM197302152880701. ISSN 0028-4793. 
  14. ^ Gottlieb, Michael S.; Schroff, Robert; Schanker, Howard M.; Weisman, Joel D.; Fan, Peng Thim; Wolf, Robert A.; Saxon, Andrew (1981). "Pneumocystis cariniiPneumonia and Mucosal Candidiasis in Previously Healthy Homosexual Men". New England Journal of Medicine 305 (24): 1425–1431. doi:10.1056/NEJM198112103052401. ISSN 0028-4793. PMID 6272109. 
  15. ^ Masur, Henry; Michelis, Mary Ann; Greene, Jeffrey B.; Onorato, Ida; Vande Stouwe, Robert A.; Holzman, Robert S.; Wormser, Gary; Brettman, Lee et al. (1981). "An Outbreak of Community-AcquiredPneumocystis cariniiPneumonia". New England Journal of Medicine 305 (24): 1431–1438. doi:10.1056/NEJM198112103052402. ISSN 0028-4793. PMID 6975437. 
  16. ^ Druker, Brian J.; Talpaz, Moshe; Resta, Debra J.; Peng, Bin; Buchdunger, Elisabeth; Ford, John M.; Lydon, Nicholas B.; Kantarjian, Hagop et al. (2001). "Efficacy and Safety of a Specific Inhibitor of the BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia". New England Journal of Medicine 344 (14): 1031–1037. doi:10.1056/NEJM200104053441401. ISSN 0028-4793. PMID 11287972. 
  17. ^ Campion, Edward W. (1996). "TheJournal's New Presence on the Internet". New England Journal of Medicine 334 (17): 1129–1129. doi:10.1056/NEJM199604253341712. ISSN 0028-4793. 
  18. ^ "First NEJM website". http://nejm200.nejm.org/timeline/milestone/1750. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  19. ^ McMahon, Graham T.; Ingelfinger, Julie R.; Campion, Edward W. (2006). "Videos in Clinical Medicine — A New Journal Feature". New England Journal of Medicine 354 (15): 1635–1635. doi:10.1056/NEJMe068044. ISSN 0028-4793. 
  20. ^ McMahon, Graham T.; Solomon, Caren G.; Ross, John J.; Loscalzo, Joseph; Campion, Edward W. (2009). "Interactive Medical Cases — A New Journal Feature". New England Journal of Medicine 361 (11): 1113–1113. doi:10.1056/NEJMe0809756. ISSN 0028-4793. 
  21. ^ The George Polk Awards for Journalism
  22. ^ "Definition of Sole Contribution". New England Journal of Medicine 281 (12): 676–677. 1969. doi:10.1056/NEJM196909182811208. ISSN 0028-4793. 
  23. ^ Bombardier C, Laine L, Reicin A, Shapiro D, Burgos-Vargas R, Davis B, Day R, Ferraz MB, Hawkey CJ, Hochberg MC, Kvien TK, Schnitzer TJ; VIGOR Study Group (2000), "Comparison of upper gastrointestinal toxicity of rofecoxib and naproxen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis", New England Journal of Medicine 343 (21): 1520–1528, doi:10.1056/NEJM200011233432103, PMID 11087881 .
  24. ^ a b Dobson, Roger (July 15, 2006). "NEJM "failed its readers" by delay in publishing its concerns about VIGOR trial". BMJ 333 (7559): 116. doi:10.1136/bmj.333.7559.116-f. PMC 1502213. PMID 16840463. //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1502213/. 
  25. ^ Curfman, Gregory (December 29, 2005). "Expression of Concern: Bombardier et al., "Comparison of Upper Gastrointestinal Toxicity of Rofecoxib and Naproxen in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis," N Engl J Med 2000;343:1520-8.". http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe058314. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  26. ^ Trudo Lemmens & Ron A. Bouchard, "Regulation of Pharmaceuticals in Canada" in Jocelyn Downie et. al., eds., Canadian Health Law and Policy (Canada: LexisNexis, 2007) at 336.
  27. ^ Smith, Richard (August 2006). "Lapses at the New England Journal of Medicine". http://www.rsm.ac.uk/media/downloads/j06-07smith.pdf. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  28. ^ About NEJM: Online Access Levels, Massachusetts Medical Society, http://www.nejm.org/userimages/ContentEditor/1278955652670/NEJM_Online_Access_Levels_0712.pdf, retrieved 2011-10-26 .
  29. ^ About NEJM: Access from Outside the U.S., Massachusetts Medical Society, http://www.nejm.org/page/about-nejm/access-for-low-income-countries, retrieved 2011-10-26 .

External links