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The NBA Slam Dunk Contest, officially known as the Sprite Slam Dunk for sponsorship reasons, is an annual National Basketball Association (NBA) competition held during the NBA All-Star Weekend. The contest was inaugurated by the American Basketball Association (ABA) at its All-Star Game in 1976 in Denver, the same year the slam dunk was legalized in the NCAA. As a result of the ABA-NBA merger later that year there would not be another slam dunk contest at the professional level until 1984. The contest currently uses fan voting, via text-messaging, to determine the winner of the final round.
Halftime of the 1976 ABA All Star Game saw the first-ever Slam Dunk Contest, which was won by Julius Erving of the New York Nets (who took off from the free throw line for his dunk) over David Thompson of the Denver Nuggets, Artis Gilmore of the Kentucky Colonels, and George Gervin and Larry Kenon of the San Antonio Spurs.
The NBA reintroduced the Slam Dunk Contest in 1984 at its birthplace in Denver. Phoenix's Larry Nance defeated the original Dunk contest winner Julius Erving in the final round. Dominique Wilkins won the contest the following year, but in 1986 his Atlanta Hawks teammate Spud Webb made history when he defeated Wilkins in the final, preventing him from retaining his title. Standing a mere 5 feet 7 inches tall, Webb became the shortest player ever to win the contest, a distinction that he still holds. Chicago's Michael Jordan won back-to-back dunk contest victories in 1987 and in 1988. His victory over Wilkins in 1988 in Chicago finished with a perfect 50 dunk from the free-throw line for his third dunk to win the contest. However, the announcers did note that Wilkins was given abnormally low score for his breathtaking third dunk, a 45, allowing Jordan to win it by 2 with his perfect 50. To this day, the allegations of "home cooking" still float around surrounding the event - it was held on Jordan's home court; one of the judges was former Chicago Bears star Gayle Sayers; and another judge, former NBA star Tom Hawkins, is a Chicago native - and is considered arguably the most controversial of the slam dunk competitions. The following year in Houston, New York's Kenny Walker, a last minute replacement whose father passed away mere days beforehand, upset Portland's Clyde Drexler, the sentimental hometown favorite and Houston native. 1986 champ Spud Webb finished 3rd, while Shelton Jones finished 4th. Michael Jordan chose not to compete, and Dominique Wilkins did not compete in the competition due to a hand injury.
The Slam Dunk Contest had always been a big hit with fans, but interest in the contest began to wane in the 1990s. Initially, it was because many players lost interest in competing; some cited concerns of injuries, while others felt that the full repertoire of humanly possible dunks had already been exhausted. With most of the superstars - Jordan, Wilkins, Drexler, etc. - choosing not to participate, lesser-known players began to compete, leading to either watered-down competitions or surprises. Fans[who?] complained that players were beginning to win contests with boring or unoriginal dunks (witness the relatively forgettable early-'90s wins by the likes of Cedric Ceballos and Brent Barry). Harold Miner was a standout in 1993, winning the contest with a reverse power dunk, reaching between his legs and down to his feet in mid-air before sending the ball down. In 1994 and 1997 respectively, Isaiah Rider and Kobe Bryant won the contest. Rider would win with a spectacular, between-the-legs dunk, reminiscent of the Orlando Woolridge effort in the 1984 contest, but wasn't able to repeat in 1995, missing the same dunk on several tries, opening the way for Miner to grab his second slam dunk title in three years. In 1999, there was no All-Star Game due to the NBA lockout.
After a two-season layoff, the NBA decided to bring the Slam Dunk Contest back for the 2000 All-Star Weekend in Oakland, California. It would prove to be one of the most electrifying dunk contests in the league's history, featuring a great showdown between eventual winner Vince Carter of the Toronto Raptors, his cousin and then-teammate Tracy McGrady, and the Houston Rockets' Steve Francis. Carter won after performing a number of very impressive dunks, including two reverse 360 windmills, a honey dip, and a between-the-legs dunk off of a bounced alley-oop from McGrady. The next four contests did not feature superstars like Carter and Bryant, and despite innovative efforts by the likes of Desmond Mason and Jason Richardson, the lack of A-list superstars willing to participate hurt the appeal of the contest.
In 2005, the Slam Dunk Contest returned to its birthplace in Denver. With the spectacular dunks of prior contests, there was buzz that the dunk competition could regain the popularity it had in the 1980s. The Phoenix Suns' Amar'e Stoudemire alley-ooping 360 off a football-style header from teammate Steve Nash; J.R. Smith putting it around his back and dunking, and the new champion, Josh Smith alley-ooping over Kenyon Martin all wowed the crowd with their maneuvers. With the change in the rules requiring an additional teammate starting in the second round, they proved there were indeed many ways to dunk a basketball that had not been done before. Amar'e Stoudemire received rave reviews, as did Smith when he did a tribute dunk to Dominique Wilkins while donning Wilkins' jersey.
Again in 2006, the Dunk Contest in Houston revitalized the interests of audiences as 5'9" Nate Robinson of the New York Knicks took the title with a great dunk-off. One of his most exciting dunks was a high-flying dunk over former Slam Dunk Contest winner, 5'7" Spud Webb. The 2006 Slam Dunk Contest was also the first Dunk Contest in history to have a "Dunk Off", the equivalent to a Dunk Contest overtime, between Knicks point guard Nate Robinson and shooting guard Andre Iguodala of the Philadelphia 76ers. Many fans[who?] argue that Iguodala should have won the contest, as it took Robinson fourteen attempts before finally completing his dunk. Iguodala pulled off a dunk where he started out of bounds from the right side of the baseline while teammate Allen Iverson bounced the ball off the back of the right side of the backboard. Iguodala caught the ball in mid-air behind the backboard, spun around to the other side while ducking his head (to avoid colliding with the backboard) and dunked it with his right hand.
On February 17, 2007, the contest was held in Las Vegas. Judges for the event were all past winners: Michael Jordan, Dominique Wilkins, Kobe Bryant, Julius Erving, and Vince Carter. The title was taken by the Boston Celtics' Gerald Green, who, among other dunks, jumped over reigning champ Nate Robinson while covering his face – a homage to 1991 winner, Dee Brown, whose jersey Green had worn. He also scored a perfect fifty with his last slam, a windmill over a table. Other noteworthy dunks include a dunk by Orlando Magic center Dwight Howard, who, while making his dunk, stuck a sticker with his smiling face on the backboard a reported 12'6" from the ground, two and a half feet beyond the regulation NBA rim .
On February 16, 2008, the contest was held in New Orleans. Judges for the event included Darryl Dawkins, Dominique Wilkins, Karl Malone, Julius Erving, and Magic Johnson. The title was taken by Orlando Magic center Dwight Howard. Howard's most noteworthy dunk came during the first round, his second dunk overall, when he took off his jersey to reveal a Superman shirt and cape. With teammate Jameer Nelson's assistance he would make a leaping dunk from just in front of the free-throw line after a running start, throwing the ball through the rim from a few feet away. Other noteworthy dunks included the first round slam by Jamario Moon while the previous year's winner, Gerald Green, relied heavily on theatrics by blowing out a cupcake with a birthday candle on the rim before dunking (a jam he termed "The Birthday Cake"). For the first time ever, fan voting determined the outcome of the final round of the contest; Howard beat Green for the trophy by claiming 78% of the fans' votes.
Nate Robinson won the 2009 contest on February 14 in Phoenix, Arizona. The 5'9" guard dressed all in green as "Krypto-Nate" (a portmanteau of 'Nate' and Kryptonite) and jumped over 6'11" Dwight Howard characterized as Superman. He defeated Howard in the finals by a fan vote of 52–48 percent. J. R. Smith and Rudy Fernández also competed.
Nate Robinson won the 2010 contest on February 13 in Dallas, Texas, becoming the first 3-time Slam Dunk champion. Robinson took on Shannon Brown of the Los Angeles Lakers, Gerald Wallace of the Charlotte Bobcats, and DeMar DeRozan of the Toronto Raptors. DeRozan earned his spot in the competition by defeating Los Angeles Clippers guard Eric Gordon in the inaugural Sprite Slam Dunk-In held the night before the actual dunk contest. Robinson and DeRozan advanced to the final round, where Robinson's double-pump reverse dunk helped seal a 51% to 49% victory.
Blake Griffin won the 2011 slam dunk contest by jumping and dunking over a Kia sedan on February 19 in Los Angeles, CA. Javale McGee of the Washington Wizards, DeMar DeRozan of the Toronto Raptors, and Serge Ibaka of the Oklahoma City Thunder all competed against Griffin. Griffin and McGee advanced to the final round, where Griffin stole the show, winning the contest with 68% of the vote.
Jeremy Evans won the 2012 Sprite Slam Dunk Contest by performing a dunk over Kevin Hart on February 25 in Orlando, FL with 29% of the votes. Joining Evans were Chase Budinger of the Houston Rockets, Paul George of the Indiana Pacers, and Derrick Williams of the Minnesota Timberwolves. While George awed the crowd with a dunk with the lights turned off, Evans had perhaps the dunk of the contest by jumping teammate Gordon Hayward, catching two balls from Hayward, and dunking it.
Terrence Ross won the 2013 Sprite Slam Dunk Contest after a tomahawk dunk in tribute to former Toronto Raptors player Vince Carter, as well as a between-the-legs dunk performed while jumping over a ball boy. Ross took on Jeremy Evans of the Utah Jazz, Eric Bledsoe of the Los Angeles Clippers, Kenneth Faried of the Denver Nuggets, Gerald Green of the Indiana Pacers, and James White of the New York Knicks. Evans advanced to the final round to defend his title of slam dunk champion, but was thwarted by Ross. Ross carried the momentum of his near-perfect first round, in which he scored a 99 out of a possible 100, with a stellar final round. Ross won the competition decisively, earning 58% of the vote.
Many people, including 2010 winner Nate Robinson, thought that the 2011 contest was rigged to allow up-and-coming star Blake Griffin to win and that runner-up JaVale McGee deserved to win. It was even disputed if Griffin even legitimately qualified for the finals since his final dunk got a perfect score but was basically a copy of DeMar DeRozan's first dunk with a lower degree of difficulty. Ben Maller of Fox Sports Radio reported that a media advisory sent out by the NBA over an hour before the 2011 Slam Dunk Contest began already referred to Blake Griffin as the winner.
There have been 20 players crowned the best dunkers in the NBA. Nate Robinson is the only player to win the event three times. Four are two-time winners: Dominique Wilkins, Michael Jordan, Harold Miner and Jason Richardson.
Slam Dunk Contest champions by franchise
|4||New York Knicks||2010|
|2||Golden State Warriors||2003|
|2||Los Angeles Clippers||2011|
|1||Los Angeles Lakers||1997|
Bold denotes winner of that year.
|Larry Nance (Phoenix)||134 (44+44+46)||140 (49+48+43)||134 (48+39+47)|
|Julius Erving (Philadelphia)||134 (39+47+48)||140 (44+49+47)||122 (47+25+50)|
|Dominique Wilkins (Atlanta)||135 (47+39+49)||137 (48+48+41)|
|Darrell Griffith (Utah)||121 (39+40+42)||108 (42+42+24)|
|Edgar Jones (San Antonio)||118 (32+43+43)|
|Ralph Sampson (Houston)||118 (37+40+41)|
|Orlando Woolridge (Chicago)||116 (23+45+48)|
|Clyde Drexler (Portland)||108 (40+24+44)|
|Michael Cooper (L.A. Lakers)||70 (24+24+22)|
|Dominique Wilkins (Atlanta)||145 (47+49+49)||140 (48+45+47)||147 (47+50+50)|
|Michael Jordan (Chicago)||130 (44+42+42)||142 (45+47+50)||136 (43+44+49)|
|Terence Stansbury (Indiana)||130 (46+50+34)||136 (49+48+39)|
|Julius Erving (Philadelphia)||BYEa||132 (43+44+45)|
|Larry Nance (Phoenix)||BYEa||131 (42+47+42)|
|Darrell Griffith (Utah)||126 (38+42+46)|
|Orlando Woolridge (Chicago)||124 (40+43+41)|
|Clyde Drexler (Portland)||122 (39+39+44)|
aErving and Nance received first-round byes as they were the finalists from the previous year.
|Spud Webb (Atlanta)||141 (46+48+47)||138 (50+42+46)||100 (50+50)|
|Dominique Wilkins (Atlanta)||BYEa||138 (46+47+45)||98 (50+48)|
|Terence Stansbury (Indiana)||129b (34+47+48)||132 (44+39+49)|
|Gerald Wilkins (New York)||133 (44+50+39)||87 (37+25+25)|
|Jerome Kersey (Portland)||129 (39+43+47)|
|Paul Pressey (Milwaukee)||116 (44+35+37)|
|Roy Hinson (Cleveland)||112 (35+39+38)|
|Terry Tyler (Sacramento)||110 (37+36+37)|
aWilkins received a first-round bye as he was the previous year's champion.
bStansbury defeated Kersey in a dunk-off to break their tie.
|Michael Jordan (Chicago)||88 (41+47)||148 (49+49+50)||146 (48+48+50)|
|Jerome Kersey (Portland)||92 (48+44)||147 (50+48+49)||140 (46+45+49)|
|Terence Stansbury (Seattle)||99 (49+50)||144 (49+45+50)|
|Clyde Drexler (Portland)||92 (45+47)||136 (46+45+45)|
|Ron Harper (Cleveland)||83 (45+38)|
|Johnny Dawkins (San Antonio)||81 (37+44)|
|Tom Chambers (Seattle)||62 (41+21)|
|Gerald Wilkins (New York)||62 (41+21)|
|Michael Jordan (Chicago)||94 (47+47)||145 (50+48+47)||147 (50+47+50)|
|Dominique Wilkins (Atlanta)||96 (49+47)||143 (49+47+47)||145 (50+50+45)|
|Clyde Drexler (Portland)||88 (44+44)||133 (45+42+46)|
|Otis Smith (Golden State)||87 (40+47)||109 (45+22+42)|
|Jerome Kersey (Portland)||79 (41+38)|
|Greg Anderson (San Antonio)||76 (42+34)|
|Spud Webb (Atlanta)||52 (34+18)|
|Kenny Walker (New York)||91.3 (42.5+48.8)||96.4 (46.9+49.5)||148.1 (48.9+49.6+49.6)|
|Clyde Drexler (Portland)||93.7 (46.6+47.1)||95.0 (47.3+47.7)||49.5 (24.5+25.0+ 0.0a)|
|Spud Webb (Atlanta)||94.5 (46.8+47.7)||91.8 (47.8+44.0)|
|Shelton Jones (Philadelphia)||89.5 (44.1+45.4)||90.6 (45.7+44.9)|
|Tim Perry (Phoenix)||89.4 (44.4+45.0)|
|Jerome Kersey (Portland)||88.9 (44.9+44.0)|
|Ron Harper (Cleveland)||88.5 (41.7+46.8)|
|Chris Morris (New Jersey)||83.2 (41.1+42.1)|
a Drexler did not attempt his final dunk, as victory was out of reach.
|Dominique Wilkins (Atlanta)||96.3 (48.1+48.2)||97.7 (48.0+49.7)||146.8 (47.9+49.7+49.2)|
|Kenny Smith (Sacramento)||93.0 (43.4+49.6)||98.3 (49.1+49.2)||145.1 (48.1+49.8+47.2)|
|Kenny Walker (New York)||95.2 (47.0+48.2)||97.4 (49.5+47.9)|
|Shawn Kemp (Seattle)||98.2 (49.1+49.1)||96.4 (47.6+48.8)|
|Scottie Pippen (Chicago)||92.2 (47.2+45.0)|
|Rex Chapman (Charlotte)||92.1 (45.5+46.6)|
|Billy Thompson (Miami)||91.4 (47.7+43.7)|
|Kenny Battle (Phoenix)||85.8 (42.5+42.8)|
Beginning with this year, final round competitors were allowed three dunks, with the two highest scores comprising the total.
|Dee Brown (Boston)||92.4 (48.2+44.2)||98.0 (49.6+48.4)||97.7 (48.1+49.6–46.4)|
|Shawn Kemp (Seattle)||95.8 (47.6+48.2)||95.6 (48.3+47.3)||93.7 (48.0+45.7–44.3)|
|Rex Chapman (Charlotte)||95.2 (45.5+49.7)||94.0 (48.0+46.0)|
|Kenny Smith (Houston)||90.8 (48.5+42.3)||87.9 (46.6+41.3)|
|Kenny Williams (Indiana)||86.9 (42.3+44.6)|
|Blue Edwards (Utah)||84.3 (40.1+44.2)|
|Otis Smith (Orlando)||83.0 (41.2+41.8)|
|Kendall Gill (Charlotte)||81.0 (40.1+40.9)|
|Cedric Ceballos (Phoenix)||85.4 (43.1+42.3)||90.4 (45.7+44.7)||97.2 (47.2+50.0–43.3)|
|Larry Johnson (Charlotte)||98.0 (48.6+49.4)||98.0 (49.6+48.4)||66.0 (33.5+32.5–0.0a)|
|Nick Anderson (Orlando)||88.6 (47.4+41.2)||89.8 (46.0+43.8)|
|John Starks (New York)||89.6 (42.6+47.0)||87.9 (43.1+44.8)|
|Doug West (Minnesota)||84.1 (44.3+39.8)|
|Shawn Kemp (Seattle)||81.4 (47.4+34.0)|
|Stacey Augmon (Atlanta)||79.5 (44.7+34.8)|
a Johnson did not attempt his final dunk, as victory was out of reach.
|Harold Miner (Miami)||94.8 (49.0+45.8–45.8)||97.4 (48.0+49.4–47.0)|
|Clarence Weatherspoon (Philadelphia)||87.5 (43.2+44.3–38.5)||92.2 (44.7+47.5–27.5)|
|Cedric Ceballos (Phoenix)||87.3 (42.3+45.1–22.5)||79.8 (42.3+37.5–24.5)|
|David Benoit (Utah)||85.8 (41.5+44.3–28.5)|
|Kenny Smith (Houston)||85.0 (46.5+38.5–26.5)|
|Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf (Denver)||80.8 (38.0+42.8–26.0)|
|Tim Perry (Philadelphia)||70.0 (38.5+31.5–22.0)|
In the first round, each competitor was allowed 90 seconds to do as many dunks as he chooses with one overall score. The final round score was the best of two dunks.
|Isaiah Rider (Minnesota)||46.8||49.0, 47.0|
|Robert Pack (Denver)||42.0||43.8, 25.0|
|Shawn Kemp (Seattle)||46.6||25.0, 25.0|
|Allan Houston (Detroit)||41.5|
|Antonio Davis (Indiana)||40.0|
|James Robinson (Portland)||39.0|
This year, each competitor was allowed 90 seconds to do at least three dunks and then given an overall score in round one. In the final round, each competitor was allowed 60 seconds to do at least two dunks and then given an overall score.
|Harold Miner (Miami)||49.2||46.0|
|Isaiah Rider (Minnesota)||44.6||34.0|
|Jamie Watson (Utah)||40.4||26.0|
|Antonio Harvey (L.A. Lakers)||35.2|
|Tim Perry (Philadelphia)||31.0|
|Tony Dumas (Dallas)||15.0|
Beginning this year, in the first round, each competitor was allowed 90 seconds to do as many dunks as he chooses with one overall score. The final round score was the best of two dunks.
|Brent Barry (L.A. Clippers)||45.5||8.0, 49.0|
|Michael Finley (Phoenix)||45.0||7.0, 46.2|
|Greg Minor (Boston)||41.0||2.0, 40.0|
|Jerry Stackhouse (Philadelphia)||40.0|
|Doug Christie (New York)||39.5|
|Darrell Armstrong (Orlando)||25.5|
|Kobe Bryant (L.A. Lakers)||37||49|
|Chris Carr (Minnesota)||44||45|
|Michael Finley (Dallas)||39||33|
|Ray Allen (Milwaukee)||35|
|Bob Sura (Cleveland)||35|
|Darvin Ham (Denver)||36|
No competition was held.
No competition was held as All-Star Weekend was not held due to the NBA's lockout.
Beginning with this year, the two highest dunks in each round comprised the competitor's total score.
|Vince Carter (Toronto)||100 (50,49,50)||98 (50+48)|
|Steve Francis (Houston)||95 (45,50,32)||91 (43+48)|
|Tracy McGrady (Toronto)||99 (45,49,50)||77 (45+32)|
|Ricky Davis (Charlotte)||88 (40,32,48)|
|Jerry Stackhouse (Detroit)||83 (41,36,42)|
|Larry Hughes (Philadelphia)||67 (30,30,37)|
|Desmond Mason (Seattle)||91 (42+49)||89 (45+44)|
|DeShawn Stevenson (Utah)||95 (46+49)||85 (38+47)|
|Baron Davis (Charlotte)||94 (45+49)||77 (44+33)|
|Stromile Swift (Vancouver)||90 (45+45)|
|Jonathan Bender (Indiana)||90 (46+44)|
|Corey Maggette (L.A. Clippers)||88 (46+42)|
|1||Desmond Mason (Seattle)||84 (41,43,36)|
|4||Jason Richardson (Golden State)||98 (48,31,50)|
|Jason Richardson||85 (36+49)|
|Gerald Wallace||80 (44+36)|
|3||Steve Francis (Houston)||77 (31,40,37)|
|2||Gerald Wallace (Sacramento)||84 (41,43,36)|
|Jason Richardson (Golden State)||100 (50+50)||95 (45+50)|
|Desmond Mason (Seattle)||90 (46+44)||93 (50+43)|
|Amar'e Stoudemire (Phoenix)||79 (49+30)|
|Richard Jefferson (New Jersey)||74 (37+37)|
|Fred Jones (Indiana)||92 (50+42)||86 (50+36)|
|Jason Richardson (Golden State)||95 (45+50)||78 (45+33)|
|Chris Andersen (Denver)||88 (42+46)|
|Ricky Davis (Boston)||76 (45+31)|
|Josh Smith (Atlanta)||95 (45+50)||100 (50+50)|
|Amar'e Stoudemire (Phoenix)||95 (45+50)||87 (45+42)|
|J. R. Smith (New Orleans)||90 (45+45)|
|Chris Andersen (New Orleans)||77 (41+36)|
|Nate Robinson (New York)||93 (49+44)||94 (44+50)||47|
|Andre Iguodala (Philadelphia)||95 (45+50)||94 (50+44)||46|
|Hakim Warrick (Memphis)||86 (44+42)|
|Josh Smith (Atlanta)||81 (41+40)|
|Gerald Green (Boston)||95 (48+47)||91 (41+50)|
|Nate Robinson (New York)||90 (45+45)||80 (39+41)|
|Dwight Howard (Orlando)||85 (43+42)|
|Tyrus Thomas (Chicago)||80 (37+43)|
The final round was decided by fan voting via text messaging for the first time.
|Dwight Howard (Orlando)||100 (50+50)||78%|
|Gerald Green (Minnesota)||91 (46+45)||22%|
|Jamario Moon (Toronto)||90 (46+44)|
|Rudy Gay (Memphis)||85 (37+48)|
|Nate Robinson (New York)||87 (46+41)||52%|
|Dwight Howard (Orlando)||100 (50+50)||48%|
|J.R. Smith (Denver)||85 (43+42)|
|Rudy Fernández (Portland)||84 (42+42)|
|Nate Robinson (New York)||89 (44+45)||51%|
|DeMar DeRozan (Toronto)||92 (42+50)||49%|
|Gerald Wallace (Charlotte)||78 (38+40)|
|Shannon Brown (L.A. Lakers)||78 (37+41)|
|Blake Griffin (L.A. Clippers)||95 (49+46)||68%|
|Javale McGee (Washington)||99 (50+49)||32%|
|DeMar DeRozan (Toronto)||94 (44+50)|
|Serge Ibaka (Oklahoma)||90 (45+45)|
The format for this season was changed so that each participant had 3 dunks, and the results would be entirely decided by fan voting online, via text messaging, and (for the first time) via Twitter.
|Jeremy Evans (Utah)||29%|
|Chase Budinger (Houston)||28%|
|Paul George (Indiana)||24%|
|Derrick Williams (Minnesota)||19%|
|Terrence Ross (Toronto)||99 (50+49)||58%|
|Jeremy Evans (Utah)||90 (47+43)||42%|
|Eric Bledsoe (L.A. Clippers)||89 (39+50)|
|Kenneth Faried (Denver)||89 (39+50)|
|Gerald Green (Indiana)||83 (50+33)|
|James White (New York)||77 (45+32)|
Historically, the dunk contest drew some mild criticisms. One of those includes how the dunk contest is extremely limited as there are only so many times one can be impressed with a 360 dunk or a slightly modified windmill. Because of the physical limitations of the human body, innovation can become dry very quickly. But the 2005 NBA Slam Dunk Competition proved that there is room for innovation, especially using props. Another criticism is that players who often compete in these contests are seen as dunkers only (with the obvious exceptions of Michael Jordan, Kobe Bryant, and Julius Erving), which is why notable high flying athletes like Shawn Marion have sometimes refused to participate. High profile players such as Dwyane Wade and Charles Barkley have also declined to participate citing it as an unnecessary risk to injury. In the 2000 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, Tracy McGrady injured his wrist while performing a dunk. Also in the 1995 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, Tony Dumas hurt his knee while performing his "Texas twister" dunk. Although a longtime critic, LeBron James said he would perform in the 2010 slam dunk contest. This decision was made after watching the 2009 dunk contest when Dwight Howard and Nate Robinson went at it. However, he withdrew his statement once the All-star weekend came around. The 2006 NBA Slam Dunk Competition between Nate Robinson and Andre Iguodala drew many criticisms because players were not penalized for missing a dunk attempt. Consequently, Robinson attempted a single dunk 14 times before completing it. Prior to the 2007 competition, the NBA changed a few rules to prevent excessive dunk attempts. Each participant has two minutes to complete their dunk. At the end of the two minutes allotted, they then have their number of dunk attempts limited to two.