Preseli Hills

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Carn Edward with view to Cerrig Lladron, Preseli

The Preseli Hills or Preseli Mountains (Welsh: Mynydd Y Preseli / Y Preselau—also spelt Presely) (and also recorded as Mynydd Prescelly[1]) are a range of hills in north Pembrokeshire, West Wales. They form part of the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park.

The hills rise to 536 metres (1,760 feet) above sea level at Foel Cwmcerwyn and are dotted with prehistoric remains, including evidence of Neolithic settlement. In 1923 the petrologist Herbert Henry Thomas identified that bluestone from the hills corresponded to that used to build the inner circle of Stonehenge,[2] and more recent geologists have identified Carn Menyn, sometimes called Carn Meini, as one of the bluestone sources.[3] Others theorise that bluestone from the area was deposited close to Stonehenge by glaciation.[4]

Slate quarrying was once an important industry in the Preseli Hills, and remnants of the quarries can still be seen in Rosebush, Pembrokeshire. There is a workshop at Llangolman where slate is used to make a variety of craft items.

During the Second World War, the UK War Office used the Preseli Hills for training exercises by British and American forces. Its proposed continued use after the war was the subject of a two-year - ultimately successful - protest by local leaders.[5]

The Preselis provide hill grazing for much of the year and there is some forestry. The hills are are popular with walkers, with walks varying from easy to long-distance. They also have a wide variety of bird, insect and plant life, as well as features of interest to geologists and archaeologists.

Sacred and historic sites[edit source | edit]

Sacred and historic sites of the Preseli Mountains include:[6]

Banc Du (enclosure)
Bedd Arthur
Bedd Morris
Budloy Stone
Carn Alw
Carn Besi
Carn Bica
Carn Meini
Carn Menyn Chambered Cairn
Carn Sian
Carreg Coetan Arthur
Castell Henllys
Castell Pen yr Allt
Cerreg Lladron
Cerreg Meibion Arthur
Cerreg y Gof
Coitan Arthur
Crugiau Dwy
Dyffryn Stones
Foel Drygarn (fort)
Foel Feddau
Frenni Fach (tumulus)
Frenni Fawr (tumuli)
Garreg Hir
Glandy Cross Complex
Glyn Gath
Gors Fawr
Maenllwyd y Rhos
Maen-y-Parc "A"
Maen-y-Parc "B" and "C"
Mynyedd Carningli (hut circles)
Mynyedd Melyn
Parc Carrig Hirion
Perc y Tywood Maenhir
Penian Stones
Pentre Ifan (burial chamber, fort)
Rhos fach Standing Stones
The Stone River
St Teilo's Church
Tafarn y Bwlch (standing stones)
Temple Druid Standing Stone
Tre-Fach Standing Stone
Ty Meini
Waun Lwyd Stones
Waun Mawn Row or Circle
Waun Mawn Stone

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ OS One inch 7th series map sheet 138/151 Fishguard and Pembroke 1965
  2. ^ Thomas, H.H. 1923. The source of the stones of Stonehenge. Antiquaries Journal 3, 239-260
  3. ^ Archaeologists Figure Out Mystery of Stonehenge Bluestones
  4. ^ Thorpe, R.S et al. 1991. The geological sources and transport of the bluestones of Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Proceedings of the Pregistoric Society, 57, 103-57.
  5. ^ Wyn, Hefin 2008 Battle of the Preselau ISBN 978-0-9549931-3-9 (editions in Welsh and English)
  6. ^ OS Landranger Series, Map 145 Cardigan & Mynydd Preseli 2007

External links[edit source | edit]

Coordinates: 51°56′48″N 4°46′25″W / 51.94667°N 4.77361°W / 51.94667; -4.77361