From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article
The Preseli Hills or Preseli Mountains (Welsh: Mynydd Y Preseli / Y Preselau—also spelt Presely) (and also recorded as Mynydd Prescelly) are a range of hills in north Pembrokeshire, West Wales. They form part of the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park.
The hills rise to 536 metres (1,760 feet) above sea level at Foel Cwmcerwyn and are dotted with prehistoric remains, including evidence of Neolithic settlement. In 1923 the petrologist Herbert Henry Thomas identified that bluestone from the hills corresponded to that used to build the inner circle of Stonehenge, and more recent geologists have identified Carn Menyn, sometimes called Carn Meini, as one of the bluestone sources. Others theorise that bluestone from the area was deposited close to Stonehenge by glaciation.
Slate quarrying was once an important industry in the Preseli Hills, and remnants of the quarries can still be seen in Rosebush, Pembrokeshire. There is a workshop at Llangolman where slate is used to make a variety of craft items.
During the Second World War, the UK War Office used the Preseli Hills for training exercises by British and American forces. Its proposed continued use after the war was the subject of a two-year - ultimately successful - protest by local leaders.
The Preselis provide hill grazing for much of the year and there is some forestry. The hills are are popular with walkers, with walks varying from easy to long-distance. They also have a wide variety of bird, insect and plant life, as well as features of interest to geologists and archaeologists.
|This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (June 2008)|
Sacred and historic sites of the Preseli Mountains include:
Banc Du (enclosure)
Carn Menyn Chambered Cairn
Carreg Coetan Arthur
Castell Pen yr Allt
Cerreg Meibion Arthur
Cerreg y Gof
Foel Drygarn (fort)
Frenni Fach (tumulus)
Frenni Fawr (tumuli)
Glandy Cross Complex
Maenllwyd y Rhos
Maen-y-Parc "B" and "C"
Mynyedd Carningli (hut circles)
Parc Carrig Hirion
Perc y Tywood Maenhir
Pentre Ifan (burial chamber, fort)
Rhos fach Standing Stones
The Stone River
St Teilo's Church
Tafarn y Bwlch (standing stones)
Temple Druid Standing Stone
Tre-Fach Standing Stone
Waun Lwyd Stones
Waun Mawn Row or Circle
Waun Mawn Stone