Muncie, Indiana

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Muncie, Indiana
City
Muncie City Hall
Muncie City Hall
Nickname(s): Middletown, U.S.A.[1]
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 40°11′36″N 85°23′17″W / 40.19333°N 85.38806°W / 40.19333; -85.38806Coordinates: 40°11′36″N 85°23′17″W / 40.19333°N 85.38806°W / 40.19333; -85.38806
CountryUnited States
StateIndiana
CountyDelaware
TownshipCenter, Hamilton, Liberty, Mount Pleasant
Government
 • MayorDennis Tyler (D)
Area[2]
 • Total27.39 sq mi (70.94 km2)
 • Land27.20 sq mi (70.45 km2)
 • Water0.19 sq mi (0.49 km2)
Elevation932 ft (284 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total70,085
 • Estimate (2012[4])70,087
 • Density2,576.7/sq mi (994.9/km2)
 • DemonymMunsonian
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes47302-47308
Area code(s)765
FIPS code18-51876[5]
GNIS feature ID0439878[6]
Interstate Highways
  • I-69 (just west of town)
U.S. Highways
Major State Roads
WaterwaysWest Fork of White River
AirportsDelaware County Regional Airport
Public transitMITS
Websitewww.cityofmuncie.com
 
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Muncie, Indiana
City
Muncie City Hall
Muncie City Hall
Nickname(s): Middletown, U.S.A.[1]
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 40°11′36″N 85°23′17″W / 40.19333°N 85.38806°W / 40.19333; -85.38806Coordinates: 40°11′36″N 85°23′17″W / 40.19333°N 85.38806°W / 40.19333; -85.38806
CountryUnited States
StateIndiana
CountyDelaware
TownshipCenter, Hamilton, Liberty, Mount Pleasant
Government
 • MayorDennis Tyler (D)
Area[2]
 • Total27.39 sq mi (70.94 km2)
 • Land27.20 sq mi (70.45 km2)
 • Water0.19 sq mi (0.49 km2)
Elevation932 ft (284 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total70,085
 • Estimate (2012[4])70,087
 • Density2,576.7/sq mi (994.9/km2)
 • DemonymMunsonian
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes47302-47308
Area code(s)765
FIPS code18-51876[5]
GNIS feature ID0439878[6]
Interstate Highways
  • I-69 (just west of town)
U.S. Highways
Major State Roads
WaterwaysWest Fork of White River
AirportsDelaware County Regional Airport
Public transitMITS
Websitewww.cityofmuncie.com

Muncie /ˈmʌnsi/ is a city in Center Township and the county seat of Delaware County in east central Indiana. As of the 2010 Census, the city's population was 70,085. It is the principal city of the Muncie, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of 118,769.[7]

Muncie is the home of Ball State University and the Ball Corporation (1888–1998) and the birthplace of the comic strip Garfield. Thanks to the Middletown studies first conducted in the 1920s, it is said to be one of the most studied U.S. cities of its size.[8]

History[edit]

Aerial view of downtown Muncie, looking southeast.

The area was first settled in the 1770s by the Lenape people, who had been transported from their tribal lands in the Mid-Atlantic region (all of New Jersey plus southeastern New York, eastern Pennsylvania, and northern Delaware) to Ohio and eastern Indiana. They founded several towns along the White River including Munsee Town (according to historical map of "The Indians" by Clark Ray), near the site of present-day Muncie.

In 1818, the tribes were forced to cede this land to the federal government and move farther west. The area was opened to white settlers two years later.

The city of Muncie was incorporated in 1865.[9] Contrary to popular legend, the city is not named after a mythological Chief Munsee; it was actually named after Munsee Town, the white settlers' name for the Indian village on the site, "Munsee" meaning a member of the Lenape people or one of their languages.

Middletown studies[edit]

Muncie was lightly disguised as "Middletown" by a team of sociologists, led by Robert and Helen Lynd, who were only the first to conduct a series of studies in Muncie; considered a typical Middle-American community; in their case, a study funded by the Rockefeller Institute of Social and Religious Research.[10] In 1929, the Lynds published Middletown: A Study in Contemporary American Culture. They returned to re-observe the community during the Depression and published Middletown in Transition: A Study in Cultural Conflicts (1937). Later in the century, the National Science Foundation funded a third major study that resulted in two books by Theodore Caplow, Middletown Families (1982) and All Faithful People (1983). Caplow returned in 1998 to begin another study, Middletown IV, which became part of a PBS Documentary entitled "The First Measured Century," released in December 2000. The Ball State Center for Middletown Studies continues to survey and analyze social change in Muncie. An enormous database of the Middletown surveys conducted between 1978 and 1997 is available online from ARDA, American Religion Data Archive. Due to the extensive information collected from the Middletown studies over the last century, Muncie is said to be one of the most studied cities of its size in the United States.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 27.39 square miles (70.9 km2), of which 27.20 square miles (70.4 km2) (or 99.31%) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.49 km2) (or 0.69%) is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

Muncie has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) experiencing four distinct seasons.

Climate data for Muncie, Indiana
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)65
(18)
74
(23)
80
(27)
88
(31)
93
(34)
106
(41)
101
(38)
99
(37)
96
(36)
90
(32)
79
(26)
71
(22)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C)34
(1)
38
(3)
49
(9)
62
(17)
72
(22)
81
(27)
85
(29)
83
(28)
77
(25)
64
(18)
51
(11)
38
(3)
60
(16)
Average low °F (°C)19
(−7)
22
(−6)
30
(−1)
41
(5)
52
(11)
62
(17)
64
(18)
62
(17)
54
(12)
43
(6)
34
(1)
24
(−4)
41
(5)
Record low °F (°C)−29
(−34)
−13
(−25)
−8
(−22)
10
(−12)
25
(−4)
36
(2)
40
(4)
39
(4)
27
(−3)
18
(−8)
3
(−16)
−21
(−29)
−29
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm)2.21
(56.1)
2.39
(60.7)
3.17
(80.5)
3.60
(91.4)
4.51
(114.6)
4.35
(110.5)
4.19
(106.4)
3.21
(81.5)
3.01
(76.5)
2.86
(72.6)
3.45
(87.6)
3.02
(76.7)
39.96
(1,015)
Snowfall inches (cm)6.2
(15.7)
4.3
(10.9)
1.7
(4.3)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
0.4
(1)
3.8
(9.7)
16.7
(42.4)
Source #1: NOAA[11]
Source #2: Homefacts[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850606
18601,782194.1%
18702,99267.9%
18805,21974.4%
189011,345117.4%
190020,94284.6%
191024,00514.6%
192036,52452.2%
193046,54827.4%
194049,7206.8%
195058,47917.6%
196068,60317.3%
197069,0820.7%
198076,46010.7%
199071,035−7.1%
200067,430−5.1%
201070,0853.9%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 70,085 people, 27,722 households, and 13,928 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,576.7 inhabitants per square mile (994.9 /km2). There were 31,958 housing units at an average density of 1,174.9 per square mile (453.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.0% White, 10.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 27,722 households of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.5% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.8% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 28.1 years. 17.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 27.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.4% were from 25 to 44; 20.2% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000,[5] there were 67,430 people, 27,322 households, and 14,589 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,788.2 people per square mile (1,076.7/km²). There were 30,205 housing units at an average density of 1,248.9 per square mile (482.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.72% White, 12.97% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.

There were 27,322 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 24.6% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,613, and the median income for a family was $36,398. Males had a median income of $30,445 versus $21,872 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,814. About 14.3% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.2% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The Frank A. Bracken Administration Building on the campus of Ball State University, Muncie's largest employer.

From the late 19th century, Muncie's economic backbone had been in the industrial sector, primarily manufacturing. Drawn to the region during the Indiana Gas Boom of the 1880s, many factories sprang up in the area relying on the combustible natural resource. The Ball Brothers moved their glass factory from Buffalo to Muncie, beginning glass production there on March 1, 1888.[13] This relationship with Muncie ended 110 years later, when the Ball Corporation moved its corporate headquarters to Broomfield, Colorado in 1998.

Other notable manufacturers with plants in the city have included BorgWarner, The Broderick Company (former division of Harsco), Dayton-Walther Corporation, Delco Remy, General Motors (New Venture Gear), Hemingray Glass Company, Indiana Steel and Wire, and Westinghouse. Most of these factories closed or relocated during a tumultuous period for the city beginning in the 1970s and continuing today as thousands of jobs have been lost in the last decade alone.[14] Many smaller, non-unionized, manufacturing businesses have survived this transition, such as Maxon Corporation, Duffy Tool (now North American Stamping), Reber Machine & Tool, Magna Powertrain, and a dozen or so other shops which employ anywhere from a few dozen to a few hundred workers. In 2009, Muncie became the United States headquarters for Brevini Wind, an Italian-based company that manufactures gearboxes for wind turbines.[14][15] In 2011, Progress Rail Services (a subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc.) opened in the former Westinghouse facility, which had been vacant since 1998, and which produces locomotives.[15][16]

Like many mid-sized cities in the Rust Belt, Muncie has had to diversify its economy due to the loss of blue-collar manufacturing jobs in the latter part of the 20th century.[17] Today, Muncie's economy is based primarily in health care, education, retail, and other service-related industries.[17] The local economy is a controversial topic among Munsonians, and the city has at times struggled to find cohesion between older unemployed or underemployed who strongly identify with the manufacturing identity of the city and newer residents who identify with the city's shift towards educational and health services.[18] Animosity is greatest among residents living in the once industrialized sections of the city's south and east sides, as much of the economic growth over that last few decades has taken place primarily on the north and west sides in connection with Ball Memorial Hospital and Ball State University.[19][20] There is also animosity surrounding Delaware County's low rate of college graduates despite it being home to a major state university.[21]

Over the past decade, Muncie has seen the beginnings of a cultural shift toward support for local businesses and economic empowerment. Much of this change is due in part to the efforts of the Muncie Downtown Development Partnership [22] and the residents, patrons, and business owners of the downtown community. In 2007, Muncie was rated the most affordable college town in America according to real estate company Coldwell Banker.[23] In 2014, Forbes declared Muncie the #34 best small place for business and careers, and #20 best for cost of doing business.[24]

IU Health Ball Memorial Hospital employs over 2,800.

According to the Muncie–Delaware County, Indiana Economic Development Alliance, as of 2014, the ten largest employers in the county were:[25]

RankEmployer# of employees
1Ball State University3,741
2IU Health Ball Memorial Hospital3,000
3Muncie Community Schools926
4Concentrix675
5Navient650
6Meridian Services610
7Muncie Sanitary District531
8First Merchants Corporation526
9Delaware County522
10City of Muncie465

Culture[edit]

The Fine Arts Building on the campus of Ball State University, home to the David Owsley Museum of Art.

The David Owsley Museum of Art collection includes over 11,000 works of art. The museum has been located in the Fine Arts Building on the Ball State University campus since 1935. Emens Auditorium, also on the Ball State campus, is the largest performing arts center in Muncie, with 3,581 seats.[26] Other centers include the 410-seat University Theatre,[26] 600-seat Sursa Performance Hall,[27] and the Muncie Civic Theatre downtown. Canan Commons is an outdoor amphitheater and greenspace that opened downtown in 2011.

The former C&O depot, restored and now used as a visitor center for the Cardinal Greenway.

Muncie Ballet and the Muncie Symphony Orchestra are prominent organizations to the city's arts community. Minnetrista Cultural Center, located just north of downtown along the White River, is a museum featuring exhibits and programs focusing on nature, East Central Indiana history, and art. The 40-acre (160,000 m2) campus includes historic homes once owned by the Ball family, themed gardens, outdoor sculptures, and a portion of the White River Greenway. Located downtown in the Horizon Convention Center, the Muncie Children's Museum offers 24,000 square-feet of exhibition space.[28]

Also located on the Ball State campus is an 18 acre (7.3 ha) arboretum known as Christy Woods, home to three greenhouses and the Wheeler Orchid Collection and Species Bank. The longest rail trail project in Indiana, the Cardinal Greenway, encompasses 60 miles (97 km) from Richmond, Indiana to Marion, Indiana. The Cardinal Greenway was designated a National Recreation Trail in 2003 and is part of the American Discovery Trail.

Muncie's music scene has been home to such acts as Brazil, Everything, Now! and Archer Avenue (ex-Margot & the Nuclear So and So’s). Muncie also hosts several local music festivals, including Muncie Gras[29] and Muncie MusicFest.[30] Muncie has a large network of independent art galleries[31] and craft beer enthusiasts.[32]

Sports[edit]

A Ball State Cardinals football game at Scheumann Stadium in 2008.

Muncie is home to the NCAA Division I Ball State Cardinals which is a member of the Mid-American Conference. Notable sports include football (played at Scheumann Stadium), men's basketball (played at John E. Worthen Arena), and baseball (played at Ball Diamond).

Muncie has gained notoriety for its rich tradition in prep sports. Muncie Central High School has fielded a boys basketball team for over 100 years and is the most successful such program, with more state championships (8 State Titles, 7 runner-ups) in the state noted for boys' high school basketball and Hoosier Hysteria.[33] The Muncie Central Bearcats have called the Walnut Street Fieldhouse home since 1928. The 6,000+ (once 7,600) seat facility was one of the largest facilities of its kind when built, and still ranks in the top 20 in being the largest high school gymnasium in the world.[34] Muncie Central also boasts six state championships in girls volleyball.

Burris Laboratory School has also gained national recognition for its girls volleyball program. The elite program has won 21 state championships, including the last 13 Class 2A state titles, and four national championships all under the helm of former coach Steve Shondell.[35] Muncie Southside High School also has had success in winning two state championships in wrestling (1975 and 1990) and a state championship in Class 3A boys basketball (2001). Lost to consolidation in 1988, Muncie Northside High School also had a successful athletic program, winning state championships in girls' volleyball (1975–1978) and one state championship in wrestling (1974).[36]

Professionally, Muncie was once home to the Muncie Flyers of the National Football League (NFL). Also known as the Congerville Flyers, the team played professional football from 1905 to 1925 and were one of the 11 charter members of the NFL, playing in the league from 1920 to 1924.[37] Not to be confused with the Muncie Flyers of the NFL, the city was also home to a minor league hockey team, the Muncie Flyers of the International Hockey League for a single season (1948–1949).

Education[edit]

Libraries[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

High schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Television[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Mass transit[edit]

Sister city[edit]

Notable natives & residents[edit]

From left to right: George, Lucius, Frank, Edmund, and William Ball.

General[edit]

Arts[edit]

Sports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ron, Fournier (2012-04-20). "Why Muncie is Middletown and More". National Journal. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  2. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Indiana's 2010 Census Population Totals". Retrieved 11 February 2011. [dead link]
  8. ^ a b "Center for Middletown Studies". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  9. ^ Kemper, General William Harrison (1908). A Twentieth Century History of Delaware County, Indiana. Lewis Publishing Company. p. 113. 
  10. ^ "The aim... was to study synchronously the interwoven trends that are the life of a small American city." Lynd and Lynd 1929: 3
  11. ^ "National Weather Service Climate". NOWdata. June 2014. 
  12. ^ "Muncie, IN Climate Information and Data". Homefacts.com. July 2013. 
  13. ^ Hoover, Dwight W. (1980). A pictorial history of Indiana. Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253146939. 
  14. ^ a b Davidson, Paul (2011-05-09). "Two Indiana cities symbolize both sides of uneven jobs recovery". USA Today. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  15. ^ a b Hagerty, James (2012-03-18). "As Unions Lose Their Grip, Indiana Lures Manufacturing Jobs". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  16. ^ "Progress Rail Announces Grand Opening of Muncie, Indiana Locomotive Assembly Operation". PR Newswire. 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  17. ^ a b "Muncie IN". Forbes. 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  18. ^ Gibson, Robin (3 May 2014). "LOST MUNCIE: Current, former Muncie residents revisit the past online". The Star Press. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  19. ^ "Muncie Mayor Election: The final vote". Muncie Free Press. 2011-11-06. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 
  20. ^ Ron, Fournier (2012-04-19). "In Nothing We Trust". National Journal. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  21. ^ Slabaugh, Seth (2 May 2014). "Where have all the college grads gone?". The Star Press. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  22. ^ "MDDP Accomplishments & Awards". MDDP. 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  23. ^ "Muncie Tops Most Affordable College Town List". Inside Indiana Business. 2007-11-06. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  24. ^ "Muncie, IN". Forbes. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  25. ^ "Major Employers". Muncie–Delaware County Economic Development Alliance. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  26. ^ a b "About Emens". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 
  27. ^ "Sursa Performance Hall". Ball State University. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 
  28. ^ "About MCM". Muncie Children's Museum. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 
  29. ^ "Downtown Muncie, Muncie Gras". MDDP. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  30. ^ "Muncie MusicFest". Muncie MusicFest. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  31. ^ "Muncie Indiana Center Visitors Bureau". Muncie Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  32. ^ "TURNNG A CORNER: Sean Brady's brewery up and running". The Star Press. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  33. ^ Stodghill, Dick and Jackie (1988). BEARCATS!: A History of Basketball at Muncie Central High School. JLT Publications. 
  34. ^ Ruibal, Sal (2004-02-27). "Fieldhouse a cathedral to high school hoops". USA Today. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  35. ^ The Indianapolis Star,http://www.usatoday.com/sports/preps/basketball/2004-02-25-ten-great-hoops-newcastle_x.htm
  36. ^ "IHSAA State Championships by School". Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  37. ^ "History of the Muncie Flyers Football team". Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  38. ^ "Chicago Ceremony Links Muncie - Zhuji City". Muncie–Delaware County, Indiana Economic Development Alliance. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  39. ^ "The Life and Times of George Dale, Muncie Mayor and Editor". Ball State University. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  40. ^ "Bertha Fry, World's 3rd Oldest Person, Dies in Muncie". Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  41. ^ Ray Boltz
  42. ^ The Official Website of Garfield and Friends
  43. ^ Jim Davis :: Profile
  44. ^ Emily Kimbrough
  45. ^ Dave Duerson Past Stats, Statistics, History, and Awards - databaseFootball.com
  46. ^ Brandon Gorin | NFL Football at CBSSports.com
  47. ^ Player Bio: Matt Painter :: Men's Basketball
  48. ^ Bonzi Wells Statistics - Basketball-Reference.com

External links[edit]