Mufti

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Part of a series on Islam
Usul al-fiqh

(The Roots of Jurisprudence)

Fiqh
Ahkam
Scholarly titles
This article is about an Islamic scholar. Mufti can also refer to civilian dress.

A mufti (Arabic: مفتيmuftī ; Turkish: müftü ) is a Sunni Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law (Sharia and fiqh).[1] A muftiate or diyanet is a council of muftis.

William Cleveland wrote in his A History of the Modern Middle East that muftis were "experts in Islamic law qualified to give authoritative legal opinions know as fatwas; muftis were members of the ulama establishment and ranked above qadis."

Within Islamic legal schools, a mufti is considered the pinnacle in the hierarchy of scholars because of the advance training required out of the individual inspiring to be a mufti. Originally, muftis were private individuals who gave fatwas informally, regulated their own activities, and determined their own standards of the fatwa institution. A mufti could also be defined as an individual well-grounded in Islamic law.

Qualifications[edit]

A Mufti will generally go through an Iftaa course and the person should fulfill the following conditions set by scholars in order that he may be able to issue verdicts (fatwas):[citation needed]

  1. Knowing Arabic,
  2. Mastering the science of principles of jurisprudence,
  3. Having sufficient knowledge of social realities.Ask the scholar, Islam online .
  4. Mastering the science of comparative religions,
  5. Mastering the foundations of social sciences,
  6. Mastering the science of Maqasid ash-Shari`ah (Objectives of Shari`ah),
  7. Mastering the science of Hadith,
  8. Mastering legal maxims,

"Reaching the status of mufti normally requires that one study the principle books of fiqh, usul al-fiqh (principles of jurisprudence), books of fatwa (legal verdicts), and other related subjects, and then sit with muftis and practice researching issues of fiqh and providing answers to them with reference to the source books. Studies in other Islamic sciences are also very important: for instance aqida, tafsir, and hadith, since many fiqhi questions involve these subjects and a mufti is oftentimes required to have deep understanding of these sciences too."-by Shaykh Abdurrahman ibn Yusuf Mangera

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "mufti". thefreedictionary. Retrieved 20 september 2011. 

External links[edit]