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This article is about an Islamic scholar. Mufti can also refer to civilian dress.

A mufti (Arabic: مفتيmuftī ; Turkish: müftü ) is a Sunni Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law (Sharia and fiqh).[1] A muftiate or diyanet is a council of muftis.

William Cleveland wrote in his A History of the Modern Middle East that muftis were "experts in Islamic law qualified to give authoritative legal opinions know as fatwas; muftis were members of the ulama establishment and ranked above qadis."

Within Islamic legal schools, a mufti is considered the pinnacle in the hierarchy of scholars because of the advance training required out of the individual inspiring to be a mufti. Originally, muftis were private individuals who gave fatwas informally, regulated their own activities, and determined their own standards of the fatwa institution. A mufti could also be defined as an individual well-grounded in Islamic law.


A Mufti will generally go through an Iftaa course and the person should fulfill the following conditions set by scholars in order that he may be able to issue verdicts (fatwas):[2]

  1. Knowing Arabic,
  2. Mastering the science of principles of jurisprudence,
  3. Having sufficient knowledge of social realities,[3]
  4. Mastering the science of comparative religions,
  5. Mastering the foundations of social sciences,
  6. Mastering the science of Maqasid ash-Shari`ah (Objectives of Shari`ah),
  7. Mastering the science of Hadith,
  8. Mastering legal maxims.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "mufti". thefreedictionary. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Reaching the status of mufti by Abdurrahman ibn Yusuf Mangera.
  3. ^ Ask the scholar, Islam online 

External links[edit]