Mozabite people

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Mozabites
Total population
  • 0.5 million (est.)
  • 70,000 (1995)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Tumzabt
Religion
Ibadi Muslims
Related ethnic groups
(other Berber peoples, Arabs)[2]
 
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Mozabites
Total population
  • 0.5 million (est.)
  • 70,000 (1995)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Tumzabt
Religion
Ibadi Muslims
Related ethnic groups
(other Berber peoples, Arabs)[2]

The Mozabite people are a Berber ethnic group living in M'zab in the northern Sahara. They speak Tumzabt. Most of them are Ibadi Muslims. Most also speak Arabic, though they use the Zenati dialect of the Berber language in everyday life.

Mozabites live in five oases, namely, Ghardaia, Beni-Isguen, El-Ateuf, Melika and Bounoura and two other isolated oases farther north, Berriane and Guerrara.

History[edit]

According to tradition the Ibadites, after their overthrow at Tiaret by the Fatimites, took refuge during the 10th century in the country to the southwest of Ouargla, where they founded an independent state.

In 1012, owing to further persecutions, they fled to their present location, where they long remained invulnerable.

After the French capture of Laghouat, the Mozabites concluded a convention with them in 1853, whereby they accepted to pay an annual contribution of 1,800 francs in return for their independence. In November 1882 the Mzab country was definitely annexed to French Algeria.

Ghardaia (pop. 104.645) is the capital of the confederacy, followed in importance by Beni-Isguen (4916), the chief commercial centre.

Since the establishment of French control, Beni-Isguen has become the depot for the sale of European goods. The Mozabite engineers built a system of irrigation works that made the oases much more fertile than they used to be.

Genetics[edit]

Mozabite people are characterized by a very high level of North African haplogroups E1b1b1b (M81) (86%) and U6 (28%).

Y-Dna[edit]

Y-DnaNbA/BE(xE1b1b)E1b1b1 (M35)E1b1b1a (M78)E1b1b1b (M81)E1b1b1c (M123)FKGIJ1J2R1aR1bOtherStudy
Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup6704.5%01.5%86.6%1.5%001.5%01.5%003%0Dugoujon et al. (2009)[1]

MtDna[edit]

mtDnaNbEurasian lineagessub-Saharan lineages (L)North African lineages (U6, M1)Study
Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup8554.1%12.9%33.0%Coudray et al. (2009)[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dugoujon J.M., Coudray C., Torroni A., Cruciani F., Scozzari F., Moral P., Louali N., Kossmann M. The Berber and the Berbers: Genetic and linguistic diversities. In: Become Eloquent. Edited by J.M. Hombert and F. d’Errico. Ed. John Benjamins. pp 123-146; 2009
  2. ^ The Complex and Diversified Mitochondrial Gene Pool of Berber Populations, Ann Hum Genet. 2009 Mar;73(2):196-214. Epub 2008 Nov 27. PMID: 19053990