Moytoy of Tellico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Moytoy of Tellico, "Emperor of the Cherokee"
Bornc. 1687
Tellico
Died1741
ResidenceGreat Tellico
NationalityCherokee
TitleFirst Beloved Man of the Cherokee
SuccessorAmouskositte
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Moytoy of Tellico, "Emperor of the Cherokee"
Bornc. 1687
Tellico
Died1741
ResidenceGreat Tellico
NationalityCherokee
TitleFirst Beloved Man of the Cherokee
SuccessorAmouskositte

Moytoy of Tellico (d. 1741[1]) was from Great Tellico. Sir Alexander Cumming, a Scots-Anglo trade envoy from the Province of South Carolina, gave him the title "Emperor of the Cherokee", although he is regularly referred to as "King" in official reports.[2] Moytoy's name in Cherokee was Amo-adawehi, or "rainmaker."[3]

In 1730 Cumming, a Scottish adventurer with ties to the colonial government of South Carolina, arranged for Moytoy to be crowned emperor over all of the Cherokee towns in a ceremony intended to appeal to Cumming's colonial sponsors. He was crowned in Nikwasi with a headdress referred to as the "Crown of Tannassy."

Cumming arranged to take Moytoy and a group of Cherokee to England to meet King George II. Moytoy declined to go, saying that his wife was ill. Attakullakulla (Little Carpenter) volunteered to go in his place. The Cherokee laid the "Crown" at King George's feet, along with four scalps.

According to some authorities, Moytoy's wife was a woman named Go-sa-du-isga,. After his death, his son, Amouskositte attempted to succeed him as "Emperor". However, by 1753 Kanagatucko (Old Hop) of Chota in the Overhill Towns had emerged as the dominant leader in the area.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gearing, Fred (1962). Priests and Warriors: Social Structures for Cherokee Politics in the 18th Century. 
  2. ^ Grant, Ludovic (2008). "Historical Relation of the Facts". The Journal of Cherokee Studies XXVI: 64. 
  3. ^ Brown, p. 538
  4. ^ Hoig, Stan (1998). The Cherokees and Their Chiefs: In the Wake of Empire. University of Arkansas Press. 
Preceded by
Wrosetasatow
First Beloved Man
1730–1741
Succeeded by
Amouskositte

Sources[edit]