For his support he was granted some 280 English manors (each about the size of a village). His nephew Robert de Montbrai became Earl of Northumberland in 1080, but he rebelled against William II (Rufus) and was captured and imprisoned in Windsor Castle for thirty years. His divorced wife, Matilda, married Nigel d'Aubigny (sometimes spelt d'Albini) whose family came from Saint Martin d'Aubigny, 16 km. west of Saint-Lô and 15 km. north of Coutances. However, Robert was the maternal uncle of Nigel and although Nigel inherited Robert's vast landholdings, the marriage was annulled for consanguinity before any issue. By his second wife, Gundred, he had a son and heir Roger whose name was changed by royal command from d'Aubigny to de Montbray. The family flourished (Baronial Pedigree) and the name spelling evolved to Mowbray.
The baronial line died out in England with a young heiress ca. 1475, although a son of an earlier generation had founded a dynasty in Scotland where issue has survived. The family was active up and down the east side of the country and settled predominantly in the counties of Durham, Lincolnshire and Leicestershire in historic times. Since then there has been the usual migration into other areas and overseas.
As with any name, there are numerous spelling variations over time, but the major ones are Moubray, the Scottish version, and Mowberry which stemmed from a Leicestershire migration into Glinton, Northamptonshire, where the variant became established and eventually spread into a Lincolnshire branch. One of the many heraldic badges of the house was a mulberry tree.
Roger d'Aubigny (of Aubigny in the Cotentin) had two sons, Nigel and William, who were ardent supporters of Henry I. They were rewarded by him with great estates in England. William was made king's butler, and was father of William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel; Nigel was rewarded with the escheatedfief of Robert de Montbray in Normandy and a number of lands in England. Nigel married, by dispensation, the wife of Robert de Montbray, the imprisoned earl, but afterwards divorced her, and by another wife was father of a son Roger, who took the name of Mowbray.
Roger, a great lord with a hundred knight's fees, was captured with King Stephen at the battle of Lincoln, joined the rebellion against Henry II (1173), founded abbeys, and went on crusade. His grandson William, a leader in the rising against King John, was one of the 25 barons of the Great Charter, as was his brother Roger, and was captured fighting against Henry III at the rout of Lincoln (1217). William's grandson Roger (1266–1298), who was summoned to parliament by Edward I, was father of John (1286–1322), a warrior and warden of the Scottish March, who, joining in Thomas of Lancaster's revolt, was captured at Boroughbridge and hanged.
The 1st duke left two sons, of whom Thomas the elder was only recognized as earl marshal. Beheaded for joining in Scrope's conspiracy against Henry IV (1405), he was succeeded by his brother John, who was restored to the dukedom of Norfolk in 1424. His son John, the third duke, was father of John, 4th and last duke, who was created earl of Warrenne and Surrey in his father's lifetime (1451). At his death (1481) his vast inheritance devolved on his only child Anne, who was married as an infant to Edward IV's younger son Richard (created duke of Norfolk and earl of Nottingham and Warrenne), but died in 1481.
The next heirs of the Mowbrays were then the Howards and the Berkeleys, representing the two daughters of the first duke. Between them were divided the estates of the house, the Mowbray dukedom of Norfolk and earldom of Surrey being also revived for the Howards (1483), and the earldom of Nottingham (1483) and earl marshalship (1485) for the Berkeleys. Both families assumed the baronies of Mowbray and Segrave, but Henry Howard was summoned in his father's lifetime (1640) as Lord Mowbray, which was deemed a recognition of the Howards' right; their co-heirs, from 1777, were the Lords Stourton and the Lords Petre, and in 1878 Lord Stourton was summoned as Lord Mowbray and Segrave. The former dignity is claimed as the premier barony, though De Ros ranks before it. Lord Stourton's son claimed, but unsuccessfully, in 1901–1906 the earldom of Norfolk (1312), also through the Mowbrays. Of the Mowbray estates the castle and lordship of Bramber is still vested in the dukes of Norfolk.
Father: Sir Roger de Mowbray, Lord Mowbray, was born 1257 in Pontefract, West Riding, Yorkshire, England. He died in November 1297 in Ghent, Flanders. Mother: Roger married Roese de Clare in July 1270 in Thirsk, North Riding of Yorkshire. Roese de Clare was born 17 October 1252 in Tunbridge, Kent. She died January 1316. Children: (1st) Sir John de Mowbray, Lord Mowbray born 4 September 1286, died 23 March 1322. (2nd) Alexander de Mowbray born 1288 in Thirsk, Yorkshire.
Anne Baroness Mowbray (born 1472)
Blanche de Mowbray (born 1338)
John de Segrave: b. 13 September 1340 in Bretby Castle, Derbyshire. He died March 1353 in Croxton Keyrial, Leics. John married Blanche de Mowbray on 25 March 1349 in Croxton. Blanche b.1338 in Epworth, Lincs. She died 21 July 1409 at Wilton, Wiltshire.
Christiana de Mowbray (born 1306)
Sir William de Plumpton, Knight (b. 1294, m. 1344, d. 1362 in Plumpton, West Riding, Yorkshire). William married Christiana de Mowbray (1306-1363) in Hovingham, North Riding. She died in Plumpton. Children: (1st) Alice de Plumpton (1338-1400) (2nd) Sir Robert de Plumpton Kt (1340-1407) Other marriages: John Scot. Richard de Emildon Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Eleanor de Mowbray (b.1342)
Sir Roger la Warre, Baron la Warre (b. 1326, m. 1358 in Warwick, Gloucs). He died on 27 August 1370 in Gascony, France. Roger married Eleanor de Mowbray (1342-1387) at Epworth, Lincolnshire. She died at Bobbing, Kent. Children: Edward la Warre (b.1360) John la Warre (b. 1363) Joan la Warre (1366-1404) Other marriages: Elizabeth de Welles: Lewis de Clifford Kt.
Eleanor de Mowbray, Baroness Welles (born 1364)
Sir John de Welles, Lord Welles was born 20 April 1352 at Conisholme, Lincolnshire. He died 26 August 1421 at Welles, Lincs. John married Eleanor de Mowbray on May 1386 at Welles. Eleanor b. 1364 at Epworth, Lincs. d. 1405/08 at Welles. Children: (1st m) Eudo de Welles (1387-1417) (2nd) Eleanor de Welles (1389-1458)
Elizabeth de Mowbray (born 1350)
Sir William Gascoigne (b. 1348, m. 1369, d. 1419 Gawthorpe West Riding, Yorkshire) William married Elizabeth de Mowbray (1350-1396) Children: Sir William Gascoigne, Knight, was born 1370 and died 28 March 1422.
Sir Adam de Newmarch Kt. (b. 1222, m. 1243, d. 1283 at Womersley, West Riding of Yorkshire. Adam married Joan (1226-1304) Children: (1st) Sir Adam de Newmarch, Kt. (1244-1303). (2nd) Maud de Newmarch (1246-1283).
Sir Adam de Newmarch, Kt. (b. 1244, m. 1264, d. 1303 at Womersley) Adam married Isabel de Mowbray (1249-1317) at Pontefract, West Riding of Yorkshire. Children: (1st) Margery de Newmarch (1266-1330). (2nd) John de Newmarch (1268-1310) (3rd) Sir Roger de Newmarch, Kt. (1270-1352).
Mother: Elizabeth de Segrave, 5th Baroness Segrave
Husband: Sir Thomas Grey Knight was christened 26 November 1359 at Wark upon Tweed, Northumberland, England. He died 26 November 1400 at Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne. Wife: Thomas married Joan de Mowbray in 1380 at Heaton. Joan de Mowbray was born 1361 at Epworth, Lincolnshire. She died 8 September 1410 at Heaton.
Sir Geoffrey de Lucy Kt. (b. 1320, m. 1355, d. 1400 at Cublington, Buckinghamshire.) Geoffrey married Margery (b. 1335) Children: Sir Reginald de Lucy, Kt. (1359-1437) born at Cublington, Bucks. died in Darlington, Northamptonshire. Reginald married Margaret de Mowbray in 1369 at Bretby Castle, Derbyshire. Margaret (1159-1401) was born at Epworth, Lincolnshire. She died at Darlington. Children: Sir Walter Lucy Kt. (1388-1444).
Maud de Mowbray (born 1255)
Sir John Deiville Kt (b. 1250, m. 1275, d.1291 at Egmanton, Notts) John married Maud de Mowbray (1255-1312) was born at Pontefract, West Riding of Yorkshire. Children (1st) Sir John Deiville, Kt. (1276-1325). (2nd) Thomas Deiville (b. 1279) Other marriages: James de Audley Kt
Nigel de Mowbray (born 1216)
Nigel de Mowbray (born 1146)
Nigel de Mowbray (1146-1191) was born at Axholme, Lincolnshire, died at Acre, Palestine. Nigel married Mabel de Braose (1170) at Axholme. Mabel (1151-1203) was born in Bramber, Sussex. Children: (1st) William de Mowbray, Baron of Axholme (1172-1223)
I. Roger de Mowbray, or Mowbray de Axholme, co Lincoln.Barony by Writ: 1283 or 95. (1st Baron Mowbray): S & h of Roger by Maud, da & coheir of William de Beauchamp, of Bedford. I. Roger m, Rose da of Richard (de Clare), Earl of Gloucester & Earl of Hertford. By maud da of John (de Lacy) Earl of Lincoln.
15. Hawyse de Gernon co-heir of Ranulph de Mechines, Earl of Chester and Lincoln
II. John de Mowbray Lord Mowbray.II. Barony by Writ: 1297. (2nd Baron Mowbray): s & h. Sheriff of Yorkshire (1312-13) Governor of City of York; Warden of the Scotch Marshes. I. John m, Aliva, da & coheir of William de Braose, by Elizabeth d & heir of Edmund de Sully.
1. Lord John (de Mowbray). Lord Mowbray de Axilholm.IV Barony by Writ 1361 4th Baron Mowbray. b.1326. John s & h of John (3rd) and Joan da of Henry (Plantagenet) Earl of Lancaster, by Maud da & h of Sir Patrick Charworth. John (4th) m Elizabeth Baroness Segrave da & h Lord John (de Segrave) by Margaret Duchess & Countess of Norfolk - – da & h of Thomas (Plantagenet) Earl of Norfolk & Marshal of England, yr. s. of King Edward I.
1. Thomas (de Mowbray). VI. Barony by Writ 1382. 2nd son of John (4th): LORD MOWBRAY & LORD SEGRAVE. EARL of NORFOLK (1312). EARL of NOTTINGHAM KNIGHT of the GARTER (1883). EARL MARSHAL of ENGLAND (1397). DUKE of NORFOLK (1397). Naval Commander v. Spain & France etc. (1386–87). 1. Thomas m. Elizabeth FitzAlan (relict of William (Lord) Montacute) eldest sister & coheir of Thomas FitzAllan, Earl of Arundel., - - being da of Richard Earl of Arundel by his 1st wife, Elizabeth da of William (de Bohun), Earl of Northampton. Thomas was stated as being "Wrongly" bannished and deprived of his Dignities in 1398. Thomas died in Venice, (Memorial: Three Feathers & etc) when returning from a pilgrimage to Palestine in 1400.
1. John (de Mowbray). (2nd son of Thomas 1st Duke): IV. Dukedom By Writ 1405; XI. Earldom by Writ 1424. DUKE and EARL of NORFOLK, EARL of NOTTINGHAM, KNIGHT of the GARTER. EARL MARSHAL. PRIVY COUNSELLOR and a COUNCILLOR of REGENCY (1422). Bearer of the 2nd Sceptre at the Coronation of the Queen Consort (1421). Officiated as Earl Marshal at the Coronation of King Henry IV. 1. John m (1411) Katherine da of Ralph (Nevill) 1st Earl of Westmorland by his 2nd wife Lady Joan Beaufort - - legitimated da of John (Plantagenet “of Gaunt”), DUKE of LANCASTER. John's Claim to Dukedom of Norfolk was granted in 1424, by claim of precedence of the EARL of WARWICK. (1424. 3 Hen. VI.)
Anne (de Mowbray) Born 10 December 1472: Married (age 5) 15 January 1477: Died (age 8) 16 January 1480. VII. Dukedom by Writ 1467-81. XIV Earldom by Writ 1476-83: BARONESS MOWBRAY and BARONESS SEGRAVE. COUNTESS MARSHAL. Anne (de Mowbray) was married at 5 years old, at St. Stephens Chapel, Westminster., m. (age 6) Richard (Plantagenet – Duke of York) the 2nd son of King Edward IV. (CP ref): Edward IV (in contemplation of such marriage) created Richard; Earl of Nottingham on 12 June 1476, and Earl Warenne and Duke of Norfolk on 7 February 1477. (CP Ref: (“Grant (1513) to Sir Charles Brandon of the Viscountcy of Lisle on his betrothal to the Viscountess LISLE, in which case the actual marriage never took place.”) . Anne (de Mowbray) died (age 8) on 14 Jan 1480, and is buried in Westminster Abbey. Her husband Richard (together with his br, King Edward V.) was murdered (age 10) on 23 June 1483. At her death, (1480) the Earldom of Norfolk and the dignity of Earl Marshal reverted to the Crown. The Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave fell into abeyance until 1877. By his death, (1483) the Dukedom of York, the Dukedom of Norfolk, the Earldom of Nottingham and the Earldom of Warenne became extinct (Ref: CP pg44. Norfolk).