Mother Russia (Russian: Россия-Матушка, transliterated as Rossiya-Matushka) is a national personification of Russia, appearing in patriotic posters, statues etc. The usage of the term "mother" in reference to a nation or culture symbolizes the "spirit of collectivity". In the Soviet period, the term Mother Motherland (Родина-Мать, Rodina-Mat) was preferred, as representing the multi-ethnic Soviet Union; still, there is a clear similarity between the pre-1917 Mother Russia and the Soviet figure, especially as depicted during and in the aftermath of the Eastern Front of World War II.
Most of statues of the Motherland were made after the war. These include:
The Motherland Calls (Russian: Родина мать зовёт, Rodina Mat' Zovyot!) a statue in Volgograd, Russia, commemorating the Battle of Stalingrad