Mosques and shrines of Mosul

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This article concerns the mosques and shrines of Mosul, Iraq.

The Umayyad Mosque[edit]

The first ever in the city, built in 640 AD by Utba bin Farqad Al-Salami after he captured Mosul during the reign of Caliph Umar ibn Al-Khattab. The only part still extant is the remarkably elaborate brickwork 52 m high minaret that leans like the Tower of Pisa, called Al-Hadba (The Humped).

The Great (Nuriddin) Mosque[edit]

Built by Nuriddin Zanki in 1172 AD next door to the Umayyad Mosque. Ibn Battuta (the great Moroccan traveller) found a marble fountain there and a mihrab (the niche that indicates the direction of Mecca) with a Kufic inscription.

The Mosque of the Prophet Yunus (Jonah)[edit]

Prophet Yunus Mosque

On one of the two most prominent mounds of Nineveh ruins, rises the Mosque (an Nestorian-Assyrian Church before) of prophet Younis "Biblical Jonah", the son of Amittai, from the 8th century BC which was believed to be the burial place of him, and where King Esarhaddon had once built a palace.

This old shrine standing on the site of a Christian church was a stone's throw from the built-up walls and gates of Nineveh. In the middle of the mosque stood a sepulcher, covered with a Persian carpet of silk and silver, and at the four corners, great copper candlesticks with wax tapers, besides several lamps and ostrich shells that hung down from the roof. A whale's tooth, appropriate to Jonah's well-known adventure at sea, was said to be preserved there.

It was one of the most important mosques in Mosul and one of the few historic mosques that are found in the east side of the city.

On July 24, 2014, the building was destroyed by explosives set by forces of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[1]

“ISIS militants have destroyed the Prophet Younis (Jonah) shrine east of Mosul city after they seized control of the mosque completely,” a security source, who kept his identity anonymous, told the Iraq-based al-Sumaria News.

“The militants closed all of the mosque doors and prevented worshipers from entering to pray,”

The Mujahidi Mosque[edit]

This dates back to 12th century AD, and is distinguished for its beautiful dome and elaborately wrought mihrab.

The Mosque of the Prophet Jerjis (Georges)[edit]

Believed to be the burial place of the prophet Jerjis. It is built of marble with beautiful reliefs and renovated last in 1393. It was mentioned by the explorer Ibn Jubair in the 12th century, and is believed also to embrace the tomb of Al-Hur bin Yousif. The court of the ruler at time of Ummaveet (Bany ummayya) is thought to be not far from this mosque.

On July 27, 2014, the Prophet Jerjis Mosque was destroyed by forces of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[2]

Mashad Yahya Abul Kassem[edit]

On the right bank of the Tigris, it known for its conical dome, decorative brick-work and calligraphy engraved in Mosul blue marble, 13th century.

On July 23, 2014, the Mashad Yahya Abul Kassem shrine was destroyed by forces of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[3]

Qara Serai (The Black Palace)[edit]

The remnants of the 13th-century palace of Sultan Badruddin Lu'lu'. It was the court of the ruler of Mosul at the time of Uthmaneets. The Turkish meaning of the name is "black palace". The place was famous at the time when the Jaleeli dynasty ruled Mosul early in the 18th century; the Persians invaded Kurdistan and progressed towards Mosul, besieging the city. But the city resisted and after a long siege Nader Shah decided to turn back without invading the city. It was here that the command and control was based.

Prophet Seth Shrine[edit]

A shrine to Seth existed in the city but, was destroyed July 26, 2014 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[4]


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "ISIL destroys Mosque of Biblical Jonah, Prophet Yunus". IraqiNews.com. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Islamic State destroys ancient Mosul mosque, the third in a week". theguardian.com. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "ISIL destroys Mashad Yahya Abul Kassem mosque located west of Mosul". iraqinews.com. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  4. ^ July 2014 "ISIS destroys Prophet Sheth shrine in Mosul". Al Arabiya News. 26 July 2014.