Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc is the fourth largest chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom, headquartered in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. The company is usually referred to and is branded as Morrisons, and it is part of the FTSE 100 Index of companies. Morrisons's market share as of December 2008 was 11.8%, making it the smallest of the "Big Four" supermarkets, behind Tesco (30.9%), Asda (16.8%) and Sainsbury's (16%), but ahead of the fifth place Co-operative Group, which had a share of 4.4%.
Founded in 1899 by William Morrison, hence the abbreviation Wm Morrison, it began as an egg and butter stall in Rawson Market, Bradford, England. Until 2004, Morrisons store locations were primarily focused in the north of England, but with the takeover of Safeway in that year, the company now has 475 stores across the UK.
The Morrison family currently owns around 15.5% of the company.
Morrisons' headquarters in Bradford
, West Yorkshire.
The company was founded by William Morrison in 1899, initially as an egg and butter merchant in Rawson Market, Bradford, England operating under the name of Wm Morrison (Provisions) Limited.
His son, Ken Morrison took over the company in 1952, aged 26. In 1958 it opened a small shop in the city centre. It was the first self-service store in Bradford and the first store to have prices on its products, and it had three checkouts. The company opened its first supermarket, "Victoria", in the Girlington district of Bradford in 1961.
Publicly traded company
In 1967 it became a public limited company listed on the London Stock Exchange.
Acquisition of Safeway
Morrisons store in Consett
, County Durham, a former Safeway branch
In 2004 Morrisons, which operated mainly in the north of England, acquired Safeway, a British supermarket chain which owned 479 stores, mainly in Scotland and the south of England. The acquisition quickly ran into difficulties caused in part by the outgoing management of Safeway changing their accounting systems just six weeks before the transaction was completed. The result was a series of profit warnings being issued by Morrisons, poor financial results and a need to revert to manual systems.
The programme of store conversions from Safeway to Morrisons was the largest of its kind in British retail history, focusing initially on the retained stores which were freehold, over 25,000 sq ft (2,300 m2) with separate car parks. Within a few weeks, Safeway carrier bags were replaced by those of Morrisons and the new owner's own-brand products began to appear in Safeway stores.
Originally 52 stores were to be compulsorily divested after the takeover, but this was reduced to 50 after one Safeway store in Sunderland was destroyed by fire and the lease ended on another in Leeds city centre. John Lewis Partnership purchased 19 to be part of its Waitrose chain, while J Sainsbury plc purchased a further 14, and Tesco bought 10 in October 2004.
Unlike other operators, most notably Tesco and Sainsbury's, Morrisons had chosen not to move into the convenience store sector. Further to this policy decision, it was announced in late 2004 that the 114 smaller 'Safeway Compact' stores were to be sold off to rival supermarket chain Somerfield in a two-part deal worth £260.2 million in total.
In Northern Ireland Morrisons sold Safeway's stores to ASDA. This included a store in Bangor which opened after the Morrisons takeover.
Morrisons market share decreased after its purchase of Safeway, but it eventually grew again after the store disposals and conversions.
One of the largest single purchases in 2005 was that of five stores by Waitrose. On 18 July 2006, a further six stores from the 'Rump' format were sold to Waitrose, including the former Safeway store in Hexham, Northumberland, which became the most northerly Waitrose branch in England.
In May 2005, Morrisons announced the termination of Safeway's joint venture convenience store/petrol station format with BP. Under the deal, the premises were split 50/50 between the two companies. Five sites were subsequently sold on to BP, while Morrisons sold the rest of its sites to Somerfield and Tesco, which both maintain a presence in this market sector.
Morrisons also sold Safeway's Channel Islands stores, in Guernsey and Jersey, to CI Traders. On the Isle of Man, the Douglas store was sold to Shoprite and the Ramsey store was sold to the Co-op. The Gibraltar store was originally marketed for sale, but has now been converted under the 'Rump' format. In November 2006, plans were submitted for the extension and redevelopment of the store in order to introduce the full Morrisons format.
In September 2005 the company announced the closure of former Safeway depots in Kent, Bristol and Warrington with the loss of 2,500 jobs. The Kent depot has since been sold to upmarket rival Waitrose, whilst Warrington was sold to frozen food rival Iceland. Part of the Bristol depot has been sold off to Gist.
The store conversion process was completed on 24 November 2005 when the Safeway fascia disappeared from the UK.
In 2010, Morrisons signed a deal with budget retailer Peacocks, the first concession store is set to be opened as part of a refurbishment at the retailer's store in Idle, Bradford.
Alcohol sales controversy
Since 2007, Morrisons has struggled with negative publicity over alcohol sales, as it has alternated between extremes of zeal and laxity in implementing its policy of asking anyone who appears to be 25 or under and is purchasing alcohol to prove that they are above the legal drinking age. First, the BBC reported in September 2007 that a Morrisons store in West Kirby, Wirral, had refused to sell two bottles of wine to a 72-year-old man because he refused to confirm that he was over 18. Morrisons refused to admit that a mistake had been made, explaining through a spokesman that to "limit any element of doubt staff at the West Kirby store are required to ask anyone buying alcohol to confirm that they are over 18." Next, in September 2009 a Morrisons in Knottingley, West Yorkshire, was caught in a police sting and the company was fined for selling alcohol to a 15-year-old girl.
Two weeks later, The Guardian published an article on Jackie Slater, a woman in her 50s who had been refused a sale of a bottle of wine while shopping with her 17-year-old daughter. Again Morrisons stood by the store's action, explaining through a spokesman that "stores are unable to sell an alcoholic product to a customer they believe could be buying for a minor or for someone who is unable to prove their age."
The checkout assistant involved in the incident told The Guardian that she would have been allowed to buy the wine had she been shopping with younger children. This prompted Leeds North West MP Greg Mulholland to comment that "Morrisons should be ashamed of themselves" and that "Whoever thinks this policy will do anything to stop antisocial drinking by kids is in cloud-cuckoo-land."
In 2008 Sir Ken Morrison retired from the company.
Dalton Philips is the current CEO, replacing Marc Bolland who left to become CEO of Marks & Spencer
Morrisons dry-cleaners in Reigate
Morrisons currently has 455 superstores in the United Kingdom (September 2009), including those it retained following its purchase of Safeway plc (see below). Until 2004, Morrisons superstores were largely concentrated in the English Midlands and the North of England, but had expanded southwards, beginning with a store at Erith, Greater London, which opened in 1998. Most Morrisons stores operate from large superstores with a core focus on groceries and homewares, with fewer electronics items, clothing and furnishings than the company's main supermarket rivals.
Morrisons supermarkets are currently split into 6 areas of the UK. Scotland (51), North (72), Midlands (75), South East (63) with one of these in Gibraltar, South Central (62) and the South West (51).
Unlike its major competitors, Morrisons does not offer an online shopping service but have purchased a 10% stake in New York based online grocer Fresh Direct. With the 10% stake Morrisons are able to send a team to New York to learn from the business ahead of a potential launch in London in 2013.
Morrisons does not offer a loyalty scheme – except in its petrol stations.
According to CACI, as of 2006, Morrisons has market dominance in 10 postcode areas; SY (Shrewsbury), LD (Llandrindod Wells), WS (Walsall), TS (Cleveland), TD (Hawick), BD (Bradford), HG (Harrogate), LS (Leeds), WF (Wakefield) and HD (Huddersfield).
The company are opening smaller stores called "M Local" in major places such as Birmingham, Manchester, Doncaster and Ilkley.
Purchase of former Co-operative and Somerfield stores
When the Co-operative Group completed its takeover of the Somerfield supermarket chain in March 2009, it was required to sell a number of stores by the Competition Commission. Morrisons purchased 35 stores from the combined group, mostly trading under the Somerfield fascia. These new stores are the first of more than 100 identified by Morrisons for expansion into smaller supermarkets as it aims to have a store within 15 minutes of every UK home.
Morrisons stocks thousands of lines which sold as their "Own Brand" goods. These include:
- M Savers: An economy brand which sells items ranging from food and drink to toiletries, etc.
- M Kitchen: A range which comprises fresh sauces, soups and ready meals to cater for many different types of customer.
- M Kitchen: Fresh Ideas
- M Kitchen: Bistro
- M Kitchen: Takeaway
- 'M' products - the retailer's main range of own-brand products.
- NuMe: A healthy eating range which consists of 315 new chilled, frozen and ambient products.
- M Signature: A high end, premium range which replaces the Safeway-inherited 'The Best' range.
|52/3 weeks to||Turnover (£'m)||Profit/(loss) before tax (£'m)||Profit/(loss) after tax (£'m)|
|1 February 2011||16,479||874.0||632.0|
|1 February 2010||15,410||858.0||598.0|
|1 February 2009||14,528||655.0||460.0|
|3 February 2008||12,969||612.0||554.0|
|4 February 2007||12,462||369.0||247.6|
|29 January 2006||12,115||(312.9)||(250.3)|
|30 January 2005||12,116||193.0||105.0|
|1 February 2004||4,944||319.9||197.6|
|2 February 2003||4,290||282.5||186.3|
|3 February 2002||3,915||243.0||143.7|
|4 February 2001||3,496||219.1||120.0|
|29 January 2000||2,969||189.2||103.1|
|This article is outdated. (March 2011) |
According to Kantar Worldpanel, Morrisons is the smallest of the 'Big Four' supermarkets with a market share of 11.1%. Whilst Tesco, Asda and Sainsbury's saw increases in market share from July 2008, Morrisons saw a similar sized decrease of 0.2% in the same period.
As of February 2012 Morrisons has a 12.2% market share down 0.1% from the year before, still the smallest of the 'big four' supermarkets.
Marketing and branding
Morrisons 1980 - 2007 Logo
The current Morrisons logo
On 15 March 2007, Morrisons announced that it would ditch its existing branding and strapline in favour of a more modern brand image. Their lower price option brand, Bettabuy, was also changed to a more modern brand called the Morrisons Value range. This brand was then changed once again in 2012 as Morrisons launched their low price option brand called M Savers.
The change saw the replacement of the old yellow and black logo, along with the "More reasons to shop at Morrisons" strapline, replaced with "fresh for you everyday" or "fresh choice for you" and "Food specialist for everyone". It also involved the replacement of external signage, with the previous Morrisons signs being retained alongside the new logo, as well as changes to product packaging, point of sale, advertising, staff uniforms (replacing the old blue ties and bows with green ones) and distribution vehicles. The rationale behind the decision was the need for Morrisons to attract a wider national customer base, capitalising on its expanded geographical spread following the acquisition of Safeway.
In 2005 Morrisons purchased part of the collapsed Rathbones Bakeries operation, which makes Rathbones and Morrisons bread, for £15.5 million.
In 2007, Morrisons opened a new Distribution Centre in Swindon and announced that it had bought a new site on Junction 23 of the M5 in Bridgwater in Somerset, for redevelopment as a fresh produce packing facility.
In 2011 Morrisons opened a new 767,500 sq/foot distribution centre in Bridgwater as part of the £11 million redevelopment project. This project also created 1,200 new jobs.
- Silver Award for Best New Ice Cream/Ice Cream Dessert Product - Morrisons 9 Ice Cream Chocolate Temptations
- Silver Award for Best New Meat-Based Product - Morrisons Mini Sausage & Stuffing Lattice Rolls
- Winner - The Best Foodservice Outlet Serving Fish and Chips
- Supermarket Drinks retailer of the year 
- Fresh produce retailer of the year
- Meat retailer of the year
- Store manager Of the year
- Highly commended in the Seafood retailer of the year category
Quality Drink Awards 2010
- Winner – Best white wine over £9.99 – Poiully Fuisse 2008 
- Winner – Best Fortified Wine – Morrisons Reserve Port 
- Finalist – White wine £5 – £9.99 – Vouvray Clos Palet 2008 (Morrisons) 
- Finalist – Sparkling wine up to £9.99 – Prosecco Frizzante Brut (Morrisons)
- Finalist – Red wine over £9.99 – Chateau Cardinal Villemaurine 2006 (Morrisons)
- Highly Commended – White wines up to £9.99 – Vouvray Clos Palet 2008 (Morrisons)
- Multiple Retailer of the Year
The Grocer Own Label Excellence Awards
- The Best Cloudy Apple Juice – Winner of the Soft Drinks Gold Medal 
- The Best Toffee Popcorn with Roasted Almonds and Hazlenuts – Winner of Snacks Gold Medal
- The Best Italian Cherry Tomatoes in Rich Tomato Juice – Winner of the Grocery Category Silver Medal
- Morrisons Onion Bhaji Dippers – Winner of the Frozen Savoury Category Silver Medal
- The Best Still Lemonade – Winner of the Soft Drinks Category Silver Medal
- Retailer of the Year
- Multiple Spirits Retailer of the Year
- The Grocer 33 Best Availability Award
- The Grocer 33 Best Service Award
- Store Manager of the Year
- Wine & Spirit Education Trust(WSET) Educator of the Year (sponsored by Riedel)
- Retailer of the Year
- Grocer of the Year 2008
- Supermarket of the Year 2008
- Store Manager of the year 2008
- Fresh Produce Retailer of the Year 2008
- Fresh Flower Supermarket of the Year 2008
- Fresh Pasta Retailer of the Year
- Frozen Pizza Retailer of the Year
- Supermarket Greetings Card Retailer of the Year
- Fresh Flower Retailer of the Year
- Training Initiative of the Year
- Store Manager of the Year
- The Grocer Customer Service Award
- The Grocer Best Availability Award
- Grocer Own Label Excellence Awards
- Seafish Quality Award for all their Fresh Fish and Seafood counters
- Store Manager of the Year
- Retail Product of the Year Award, Morrisons ‘Classic Walnut Dream Ice Cream’
- Retail Week – Retailer of the Year
- OLN Drinks Retailing Awards – Multiple Drinks Retailer
- Fresh Pasta Retailer of the Year
- The Grocer Gold Award for Availability
- Fresh Pasta Retailer of the Year
- Multiple Beer Retailer of the Year
- Multiple Retailer of the Year, Retail Industry Awards
- Off Licence Retailer of the Year, Retail Industry Awards
- Multiple Retailer of the Year, Off Licence of the Year Awards
- Pizza Retailer of the Year
- Best Supermarket Fish Counter
- Gold Award, ‘Winning Business’ magazine's Retail Customer
- Service Survey – the only retailer to be awarded ‘Gold’
- Best Large Retailer, Disability Customer Service Awards
- Fresh Produce Retailer of the Year
- Off Licence Retailer of the Year
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- ^ Friends of Gibralter Heritage Society
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