Morris Arboretum

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Compton and Bloomfield
A bridge at the Morris Arboretum
Morris Arboretum is located in Pennsylvania
Location100 East Northwestern Avenue, Philadelphia and Whitemarsh Township, Pennsylvania
Coordinates40°05′23″N 75°13′27″W / 40.08972°N 75.22417°W / 40.08972; -75.22417Coordinates: 40°05′23″N 75°13′27″W / 40.08972°N 75.22417°W / 40.08972; -75.22417
Area175 acres (71 ha)
Built1889
ArchitectTheophilus Parsons Chandler, Jr.; Wilson Eyre, Jr., et al.
Architectural styleClassical Revival, Late Gothic Revival
Governing bodyUniversity of Pennsylvania
NRHP Reference #78002445 [1]
Added to NRHPDecember 22, 1978
 
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Compton and Bloomfield
A bridge at the Morris Arboretum
Morris Arboretum is located in Pennsylvania
Location100 East Northwestern Avenue, Philadelphia and Whitemarsh Township, Pennsylvania
Coordinates40°05′23″N 75°13′27″W / 40.08972°N 75.22417°W / 40.08972; -75.22417Coordinates: 40°05′23″N 75°13′27″W / 40.08972°N 75.22417°W / 40.08972; -75.22417
Area175 acres (71 ha)
Built1889
ArchitectTheophilus Parsons Chandler, Jr.; Wilson Eyre, Jr., et al.
Architectural styleClassical Revival, Late Gothic Revival
Governing bodyUniversity of Pennsylvania
NRHP Reference #78002445 [1]
Added to NRHPDecember 22, 1978

The Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania (37 ha / 92 acres) is the official arboretum of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is located at 100 East Northwestern Avenue, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The arboretum is open daily except major holidays; an admission fee is charged.

"Compton" (Lydia & John Thompson Morris mansion), (1887-88, demolished 1968), by Theophilus Parsons Chandler, Jr., architect. The grounds are now the Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.

The arboretum was formerly the estate of John and Lydia Morris, who purchased and landscaped much of the arboretum's current site starting from the 1880s. Morris was interested in growing plants from around the world, including those collected in China by E. H. Wilson around 1900, and many of today's specimens date to Morris' original plantings. The estate became a public arboretum in 1933.[2]

Today the arboretum contains more than 13,000 labelled plants of over 2,500 types, representing the temperate floras of North America, Asia, and Europe, with a primary focus on Asia. Significant collections include native azaleas, conifers, hollies, magnolia species, maples, roses, and witch hazels. The arboretum has identified 17 trees in its collection as outstanding specimens: Abies cephalonica, Abies holophylla, Acer buergerianum, Aesculus flava, Cedrus libani var. atlantica 'Glauca', Cercidiphyllum japonicum, Fagus engleriana, Fagus sylvatica f. pendula, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Pinus bungeana, Platanus x acerifolia, Quercus alba, Quercus × benderi, Tsuga canadensis f. pendula, Ulmus glabra 'Horizontalis', Ulmus parvifolia, and Zelkova serrata.

The arboretum is set within a fine, mature landscape, primarily designed in the English park style but with Japanese influences. It includes winding paths and streams, a swan pond, formal rose gardens, and large sweeps of azaleas, rhododendrons, and magnolias. Notable aspects of the arboretum are as follows:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System.  Note: This includes George E. Thomas (August 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Compton and Bloomfield" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-05-24. 

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