Morong, Rizal

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Morong
Municipality
San Geronimo Church.jpg
Nickname(s): "Puso ng Rizal"
Motto: Buwis mo ang kailangan, para sa kaunlaran
Map of Rizal showing the location of Morong
Map of Rizal showing the location of Morong
Morong, Rizal is located in Philippines
Morong
Morong
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°30′43″N 121°14′20″E / 14.51194°N 121.23889°E / 14.51194; 121.23889Coordinates: 14°30′43″N 121°14′20″E / 14.51194°N 121.23889°E / 14.51194; 121.23889
CountryPhilippines
RegionCALABARZON (Region IV-A)
ProvinceRizal
District2nd District of Rizal
FoundedLate 1400's
Barangays8
Government[1]
 • MayorArmando DS. San Juan (UNA)
Area[2]
 • Total37.58 km2 (14.51 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total52,194
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP code1960
Dialing code2
Income class2nd Class
 
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Morong
Municipality
San Geronimo Church.jpg
Nickname(s): "Puso ng Rizal"
Motto: Buwis mo ang kailangan, para sa kaunlaran
Map of Rizal showing the location of Morong
Map of Rizal showing the location of Morong
Morong, Rizal is located in Philippines
Morong
Morong
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°30′43″N 121°14′20″E / 14.51194°N 121.23889°E / 14.51194; 121.23889Coordinates: 14°30′43″N 121°14′20″E / 14.51194°N 121.23889°E / 14.51194; 121.23889
CountryPhilippines
RegionCALABARZON (Region IV-A)
ProvinceRizal
District2nd District of Rizal
FoundedLate 1400's
Barangays8
Government[1]
 • MayorArmando DS. San Juan (UNA)
Area[2]
 • Total37.58 km2 (14.51 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total52,194
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP code1960
Dialing code2
Income class2nd Class

Morong is a second class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 52,194 inhabitants.[3] A popular attraction is Spanish-era St. Jerome's Parish Church. The town is also known for featuring the balaw-balaw side dish.

Morong is also known for having education as its priority- "Una Ang Education" (Education first), that is why during the early 70's and early 90's, it became the center of education. Students from different places mostly in the nearby towns of Rizal would come and study in Morong.

History[edit]

Morong Church and bridge

In the early years before Spaniards came, Morong was predominantly a Muslim area; that is why it is called Morong, because it was coined from the word moro. a term used by Spanish invaders to describe Muslim natives in the Philippines.

During the Spanish Era, Morong played a big part in Philippine history. Before it became a small town of Rizal, Morong was considered the province before it was called Rizal, Its original name was Politico Militar Distrito de Morong, which included Cainta, Taytay, Pasig, Angono etc.. Morong is even included in the eight rays of the sun of the Philippine flag which represents the eight provinces that fought for freedom, listed are: Morong, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Laguna, and Batangas.

World War I[edit]

Tomas M. Claudio a Morong native is listed as a hero in the Philippines; The first Filipino to die in World War I was Private Tomas Mateo Claudio who served with the U.S. Marine Corps as part of the American Expeditionary Forces to Europe. He died in the Battle of Château Thierry in France on June 29, 1918. The Tomas Claudio Memorial College in Morong Rizal, Philippines, which was founded in 1950, was named in his honor. The main street of the town was also named in his honor.

World War II[edit]

During the Japanese occupation of World War II, the Mateo compound, now the Cesar S.D. Mateo clinic was used as a Japanese base. The Fuenza de San Geronimo (old Morong Bridge) was intentionally bombed by guerrillas so that Japanese troops cannot cross and invade the latter part of Morong and Rizal until reinforcement arrive. The plan worked during a few days but Japanese troops find a way to cross the river. During the Liberation, Filipino troops of the 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Army and 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary including the recognized guerrillas of the Col. Markings Guerrillas and the Hunters ROTC guerrillas liberated and captured the towns in Morong and defeated Japanese forces and forced them to surrender at the end of World War II.

Philippine general election, 2013[edit]

In the 2013 Mid-term Elections, three duos battled for the position of Mayor and Vice Mayor, specifically; Armando San Juan with his running mate Nikki Balajadia, Olivia De Leon Ed. D. with her running mate incumbent mayor Joseph Buenaventura, and Atty. Oying Angeles with his running mate Nemesio Felix. Armando San Juan won the position of mayor with a vote of 7,159 against his runner up Olivia De Leon with only 4,659 votes. In the position of Vice Mayor, Joseph Buenaventura, the incumbent mayor of Morong won. With a difference of almost 2500 votes. For the positions of Member of Sangguniang Bayan, Harold Pascual, the number 1 kagawad of Barangay San Jose topped the tally. Dagul Reyes followed at number 2, Followed by Ricardo Halina, Leonardo Manzana, Dennis Sta. Catalina, Karl Kim Guiyanco, Cesar Javier Jr., and Tito San Juan. Rene Alejan missed number 8 spot by just 1 vote. In the night of the elections, rumors spread about the winners, joyful Moronguenos rushed to the ADS San Juan Construction to congratulate the winner. Unfortunately, Armando San Juan wasn't in the warehouse. Issues surround about failing PCOS machines, but the election was proclaimed successful.

Barangays[edit]

Morong is politically subdivided into 8 barangays with 3 situated in the poblacion.[2]

San Guillermo[edit]

In terms of area, San Guillermo or San Guilmo as locals known is the biggest of the eight barangays of Morong. It borders the towns of Binangonan, Teresa and Tanay. San Guillermo is a farming community with a population of 6,522 and 1,377 total dwellings (2000 census). While majority in the barrio depend on farming as a livelihood, many others are engaged in businesses like garment industry, poultry and piggery.

San Isidro Labrador is the patron Saint of San Guillermo, a feast in his honor is celebrated annually the 15th of May. In 2005, the small chapel of San Isidro Labrador became a full pledge Parish in the Diocese of Antipolo serving 10,500 Catholics.

Also in 2005, San Guillermo National High School was established.

The first wave of San Guillermo immigrants to America came in the early 1900s. San Guillermo natives living in California maintain their cultural heritage by hosting a gathering on Memorial Day in celebration of feast of patron saint San Isidro Labrador. Most San Guillermo natives live in the metropolitan areas of Los Angeles and San Francisco, and the feast is alternately celebrated in both cities since its conception in 1979.

Maybancal[edit]

Caballero monument, Barangay Maybancal

A Barangay in Morong Rizal, Located in the east of the town. The main industries are, Farming, Textile Manufacturing and Food Industry. There are about 8709 people live in this area and the ratio of men to women is 1:2.

San Juan[edit]

Barangay San Juan is the center of business and trade in the town of Morong Rizal. It is also said to be the highest remitting income revenue in the whole barangay of the town. This is where famous establishments are seen such as Jollibee,Morong Centerpoint, SM Savemore, RCBC Savings Bank, UCPB Savings Bank, D.I.Y Hardware, Mercury Drugstore,CHICBOY,Mang Inasal,and Infinitea. Other local establishments found in this area are THRIFT MART (former: RoNan grocery store), Camillus chicken, Mateo's bookstore, Morong Doctor's Hospital, Rizal Provincial Hospital, Hernandez bookstore, ERWIN'S boutique, Skin Cellance de Rizal, Supreme Care Medical Diagnostic and Imaging Center Inc., Cesar S.D. Mateo Memorial Clinic, and Cristina Mart. The facade of the St. Jerome's church, a Department of Tourism recognized tourist spot is also located.

San Pedro[edit]

Barangay San Pedro is the capital barangay of Morong, Rizal.Barangay San Pedro lies adjacent with the Laguna Bay in the east, bounded at the south with the town of Cardona, on the west by Barangay Bombongan and on the north by Barangay San Jose and Barangay San Juan. Barangay San Pedro has a total land area of 368 has. and around 7,000 populations as of 2010 census.

As a poblacion barangay, the seat of Local Government of Morong are located here. Barangay San Pedro has many establishments such as Morong Public Market, Sea Oil Gasoline Station, PhilOil Gasoline Station, Aldec Agri-Dynamics Company, Era Plaza Restaurant,Emmas Panciteria Restaurant, Kamalig Restaurant, Kainan, Inuman, At iba pa Beer House, "Sabungan", AMA Bank, Macro Bank.

Barangay San Pedro is the center of education in Morong. There are many educational institution that can be found in this barangay namely San Pedro Day Care Center, Jose S. Mapa, St. Claire School, Jesus My Shepperd Montessori School, Renaissance School of Science and Technology, EAST Systems Colleges of Rizal, Inc., and Timoteo A. Reyes Elementary School.

Barangay San Pedro has many beautiful landmarks such as Morong Town Plaza, "Statwa ng Magsasaka",and "Puking Bato" sa Boulevard Park.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Morong
YearPop.  ±% p.a.  
199032,165—    
199536,048+2.31%
200042,489+3.34%
200750,538+2.51%
201052,194+1.08%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Religion[edit]

60% of the population in Morong Rizal is composed of Roman Catholics. Other religions in town are the following:

  • IFI- Aglipayan Church
  • INC- Iglesia ni Cristo
  • United Methodist
  • UNACAED
  • Protestants
  • Dating daan
  • Church of Animasola
  • Saksi ni Jehovah
  • Mormons
  • Tanglaw
  • Rizalista
  • Morong Bible Church
  • Morong Christian Church

Landmarks[edit]

The view of old Uugong falls at the Uugong park resort owned by Rafael Pacheco
Uugong Park now has a resort made and owned by a local artist named Rafael Pacheco, who is known not only locally but internationally because of his paintings. His medium for his paintings are his fingers. The resort does not use the old falls anymore, instead two pools were made, inside the resort you can view the now dead waterfalls and its river. Interesting in the new Uugong resort are the displayed collection of paintings and sculpture of Mr. Pacheco.

Saint Jerome Parish Church[edit]

The facade of the St. Jerome's churchMorong Rizal

St. Jerome Church in Morong, Rizal was built in 1615 by Chinese craftsmen, as evidence: two Chinese lion sculptures ( a boy and a girl lion ) at the entrance to the steep driveway. Unfortunately one lion, said to be the girl lion was stolen early year 2000- 2005?. Local folklore said that the female lion has a hidden treasure inside it. While the other lion; the Male lion, is safe guarded at the St. Jerome school vicinity. Other evidences that the church was built by Chinese craftsmen- a stone and mortar church which has a three-story facade, and an octagonal bell tower whose cross is illuminated at night and can be seen from the surrounding countryside. The bell tower of the church is used by local fisher man in the nearby towns as a light house when fishing at night and during the storm. Its Frontispiece and the belfry were built by Bartolome Palatino of Paete, between 1850-1853.

The Morong facade and bell tower is easily the most striking of all church facades along Laguna. Frequently photographed and described as baroque, the facade/bell tower is more properly described as neo-baroque because the baroque period ended in the Philippines before 1780. The central portion of the facade surges outward and the catenated balustrade above give the whole a dynamic felling. Various decorative elements, some Mexican in origin, give the facade a richness characteristic of Baroque. Four angels, representing the cardinal virtues, stand at the corners of the bell tower. Fr. Felix Huerta, writing in 1852, states that the facade had finials shaped as jars and shells used for illuminating it.

Although the church interior was damaged by war, a few elements are worth noting, namely, the crocodile motif carved on the supporting brackets of the choir loft; the bas relief of the Baptism of Jesus in the baptistery, and the image of Saint Jerome on a side altar.

1st class relic of St. Jerome

An added attraction in the church of Morong Rizal is the first class relic of the town's patron saint Saint Jerome; (Patron of scholars of the bible, Saint who translated the bible, feast day : September 30). The first class relic (a part of the saint's body) was given to the parish year 2005, through the effort of then parish priest Rev. Fr.Lawrence "Larry" Paz, when they had their first pilgrimage tour to holy land and Vatican. The relic is publicly exposed every Saturday during the anticipated mass, guarded by the knights of Saint Jerome's. While the kissing of the relic is done every last Saturday of the month. After 2 years, another relic was given, in 2007 to the parish again as a gift from the main chaplain of the church of St. Jeromes in Rome, this time bigger. This relic is now buried on top of the table of the main altar which is being kissed by the priest every time there is a mass.

It was within this cultural landmark that a local theater group initially took residence and began to nurture the several local artists who continue to share their talents and expertise in theater, television, media and education. Founded in 1998 by Fr. Felipe Pedraja and the local church choir KISAP, the Dulaang San Geronimo (DSG) is an organization committed to artistic excellence and a people’s culture that fosters both personal fulfillment and social transformation in the province of Rizal. The architectural marvel of the church influenced the diversity of performances that they produced, prompting the artists to explore possibilities that the unique architecture had to offer.

Order of the Franciscan Missionaries were first assigned in the church of Morong. As a proof, the Franciscan coat or arms is seen on the main facade of the bell tower, the hands of Jesus and St. Francis of Assisi Next were Columban Missionaries.

Culture and tradition[edit]

St. Jerome image displayed at the main altar of the church during his feast day.
The main tableau of the 2010 Pabasang Bayan in Morong

Artistry[edit]

Kayas Kawayan An Art made of Bamboo..

Morong is also known for its "Kayas Kawayan". The town is the first and is known to make beautiful Baluwartes, an art made of bamboo, with intricate designs. Usually used during special events such as weddings, cordero, and fiestas, its usually found in the entrance gate of the event. During cordero, the lamb- which is made of cake, sweet potatoes and potatoes, is placed and processioned around the town until the church in a small kayas kawayan, carried by men, adorned with flowers. Now this art is being copied by the nearby towns.

Games[edit]

Some of the famous games in Morong Rizal are the following. This dates from 1940's-1997.

Schools[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: RIZAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 

External links[edit]