Morocco (1930 film)

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Morocco
Morocco1930.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJosef von Sternberg
Produced byHector Turnbull
Screenplay byJules Furthman
Based onAmy Jolly 
by Benno Vigny
Starring
Music byKarl Hagos
CinematographyLee Garmes
Editing bySam Winston (uncredited)
StudioParamount Pictures
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release dates
  • November 14, 1930 (1930-11-14) (USA)
Running time91 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
 
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Morocco
Morocco1930.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJosef von Sternberg
Produced byHector Turnbull
Screenplay byJules Furthman
Based onAmy Jolly 
by Benno Vigny
Starring
Music byKarl Hagos
CinematographyLee Garmes
Editing bySam Winston (uncredited)
StudioParamount Pictures
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release dates
  • November 14, 1930 (1930-11-14) (USA)
Running time91 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

Morocco is a 1930 American romance drama film directed by Josef von Sternberg and starring Gary Cooper, Marlene Dietrich, and Adolphe Menjou.[1] Based on the novel Amy Jolly by Benno Vigny and adapted by Jules Furthman, the film is about a cabaret singer and a Legionnaire who fall in love, but their relationship is complicated by his womanizing and the appearance of a rich man who is also in love with her. The film is most famous for the scene in which Dietrich performs a song dressed in a man's tailcoat and kisses another woman (to the embarrassment of the latter), both of which were rather scandalous for the period.[1]

Morocco was nominated for four Academy Awards in the categories of Best Actress in a Leading Role (Marlene Dietrich), Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography and Best Director (Josef von Sternberg).[1] In 1992, Morocco was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Plot[edit]

Wealthy La Bessiere (Adolphe Menjou) tries to strike up an acquaintance with disillusioned nightclub singer Amy Jolly (Marlene Dietrich) on a ship bound for Morocco. Though polite, she later tears up and tosses away his calling card. They meet again at the nightclub where she is the headliner.

Also in the audience is appreciative ladies man, Legionnaire Private Tom Brown (Gary Cooper). During her first performance, after kissing a woman in the audience, Amy slips Tom her key. He takes her up on her offer that night, and they become acquainted. He discovers that she has become embittered with life and men, but, as they talk, she finds herself coming to like him. Unwilling to risk heartbreak once again, she asks him to leave before anything serious happens.

On the street, Tom encounters Legionnaire Adjutant Caesar's wife (Eve Southern). It is clear that she has a past clandestine relationship with him, which she desires intensely to maintain. Her husband, Tom's commanding officer, watches undetected from the shadows, as Tom rejects her. Meanwhile, Amy changes her mind and seeks Tom out. Madame Caesar then hires two street ruffians to attack the couple. Tom manages to seriously wound both, while he and Amy escape unscathed.

The next day, Tom is brought before Adjutant Caesar on the charge of injuring two allegedly harmless natives. Amy clears him, but Caesar makes him aware that he knows about Tom's involvement with his wife. Tom is ordered to leave for Amalfi Pass with a detachment commanded by Caesar. He suspects that Caesar intends to rid himself of his romantic rival.

That night, Tom overhears La Bessiere, who has been courting Amy all along, offer to marry her. Though he has fallen in love with her himself, Tom decides that she would be better off with a rich man than with a poor Legionnaire. When Tom hides the depth of his feelings for her before his departure, Amy eventually accepts La Bessiere's proposal.

On the march to Amalfi Pass, the detachment runs into a machine gun nest. Caesar orders Tom to deal with it, then decides to accompany him. Caesar is killed by the enemy.

Later, at their engagement party, La Bessiere and Amy learn that what's left of Tom's detachment has returned. Frantic, Amy rushes outside, but learns that Tom was wounded and left behind to recuperate in a hospital. She informs La Bessiere that she must go to Tom that very night; wanting only her happiness, he drives her there.

She finds that he has not been injured at all. Because he feigned being wounded to avoid returning, he has been assigned to a new unit, which is about to march away into the desert. Amy is torn, but when she sees a handful of native women stubbornly following the Legionnaires they love, she joins them.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

According to Robert Osborne of Turner Classic Movies, Cooper and von Sternberg did not get along. Von Sternberg filmed so as to make Cooper look up at Dietrich, emphasizing her at his expense. Cooper complained to his studio bosses and got it stopped.

The final scene is recreated in the 1946's Mexican film Enamorada, directed by Emilio Fernández.

Awards and nominations[edit]

AwardCategoryNomineeOutcome
1930 National Board of Review AwardsTop Ten FilmsMoroccoWon
4th Academy Awards
(Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)[3]
Best DirectorJosef von SternbergNominated
Best ActressMarlene DietrichNominated
Best Art DirectionHans DreierNominated
Best CinematographyLee GarmesNominated
1932 Kinema Junpo AwardsBest Foreign Language FilmJosef von SternbergWon
National Film Registry, 1992
(National Film Preservation Board)[4]
Narrative featureMoroccoWon

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Morocco (1930)". The New York Times. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Catalog of Feature Films: Morocco". AFI. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "The 4th Academy Awards (1921) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "25 Films Added to National Registry". The New York Times. November 15, 1994. Retrieved July 22, 2009. 

External links[edit]