Morgan Freeman

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Morgan Freeman

at the 2011 Golden Globe Awards
Born(1937-06-01) June 1, 1937 (age 75)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
OccupationActor, director
Years active1964–present
Spouse(s)Jeanette Adair Bradshaw (1967–79)
Myrna Colley-Lee (1984–2010)
 
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Morgan Freeman

at the 2011 Golden Globe Awards
Born(1937-06-01) June 1, 1937 (age 75)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
OccupationActor, director
Years active1964–present
Spouse(s)Jeanette Adair Bradshaw (1967–79)
Myrna Colley-Lee (1984–2010)

Morgan Freeman[1] (born June 1, 1937) is an American actor, film director, and narrator. Freeman has received Academy Award nominations for his performances in Street Smart, Driving Miss Daisy, The Shawshank Redemption and Invictus and won in 2005 for Million Dollar Baby. He has also won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award. Freeman has appeared in many other box office hits, including Unforgiven, Glory, Seven, Deep Impact, The Sum of All Fears, Bruce Almighty, the Dark Knight trilogy, and March of the Penguins.

Contents

Early life

Morgan Freeman was born in Memphis, Tennessee, the son of Mayme Edna (née Revere), a teacher,[2] and Morgan Porterfield Freeman,[1] a barber who died April 27, 1961, from cirrhosis. He has three older siblings. Freeman was sent as an infant to his paternal grandmother in Charleston, Mississippi.[3][4][5] His family moved frequently during his childhood, living in Greenwood, Mississippi; Gary, Indiana; and finally Chicago, Illinois.[5]

Freeman made his acting debut at age 9, playing the lead role in a school play. He then attended Broad Street High School, later named Threadgill Elementary School, in Mississippi. At age 12, he won a statewide drama competition, and while still at Broad Street High School, he performed in a radio show based in Nashville, Tennessee. In 1955, he graduated from Broad Street, but turned down a partial drama scholarship from Jackson State University, opting instead to work as a radar technician in the United States Air Force.[6]

Freeman subsequently moved to Los Angeles, California, where he took acting lessons at the Pasadena Playhouse and dancing lessons in San Francisco in the early 1960s and worked as a transcript clerk at Los Angeles Community College.[6] During this period, he also lived in New York City, working as a dancer at the 1964 World's Fair, and in San Francisco, where he was a member of the Opera Ring musical theater group. Freeman acted in a touring company version of The Royal Hunt of the Sun, and also appeared as an extra in the 1965 film The Pawnbroker. He made his off-Broadway debut in 1967, opposite Viveca Lindfors in The Nigger Lovers[7][8] (about the civil rights era "Freedom Riders"), before debuting on Broadway in 1968's all-black version of Hello, Dolly! which also starred Pearl Bailey and Cab Calloway.

He continued to be involved in theater work and received the Obie Award in 1980 for the title role in Coriolanus. In 1984, he received his second Obie Award for his role as the preacher in The Gospel at Colonus. Freeman also won a Drama Desk Award and a Clarence Derwent Award for his role as a wino in The Mighty Gents. He received his third Obie Award for his role as a chauffeur for a Jewish widow in Driving Miss Daisy, which was adapted for the screen in 1989.[6]

Career

Acting career

Freeman at the 10 Items or Less premiere in Madrid with co-star Paz Vega

Although his first credited film appearance was in 1971's Who Says I Can't Ride a Rainbow?, Freeman first became known in the American media through roles on the soap opera Another World and the PBS kids' show The Electric Company,[5] (notably as Easy Reader, Mel Mounds the DJ, and Vincent the Vegetable Vampire).

Beginning in the mid-1980s, Freeman began playing prominent supporting roles in many feature films, earning him a reputation for depicting wise, fatherly characters.[5] As he gained fame, he went on to bigger roles in films such as the chauffeur Hoke in Driving Miss Daisy, and Sergeant Major Rawlins in Glory (both in 1989).[5] In 1994, he portrayed Red, the redeemed convict in the acclaimed The Shawshank Redemption. In the same year he was a member of the jury at the 44th Berlin International Film Festival.[9]

He also starred in such films as Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Unforgiven, Seven, and Deep Impact. In 1997, Freeman, together with Lori McCreary, founded the film production company Revelations Entertainment, and the two co-head its sister online film distribution company ClickStar. Freeman also hosts the channel Our Space on ClickStar, with specially crafted film clips in which he shares his love for the sciences, especially space exploration and aeronautics.

After three previous nominations—a supporting actor nomination for Street Smart, and leading actor nominations for Driving Miss Daisy and The Shawshank Redemption—he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Million Dollar Baby at the 77th Academy Awards.[5] Freeman is recognized for his distinctive voice, making him a frequent choice for narration. In 2005 alone, he provided narration for two films, War of the Worlds and the Academy Award-winning documentary film March of the Penguins.

Freeman appeared as God in the hit film Bruce Almighty and its sequel, Evan Almighty, as well as Lucius Fox in the critical and commercial success Batman Begins and its sequels, The Dark Knight and The Dark Knight Rises. He starred in Rob Reiner's 2007 film The Bucket List, opposite Jack Nicholson. He teamed with Christopher Walken and William H. Macy for the comedy The Maiden Heist, which was released direct to video due to financial problems with the distribution company. In 2008, Freeman returned to Broadway to co-star with Frances McDormand and Peter Gallagher for a limited engagement of Clifford Odets' play, The Country Girl, directed by Mike Nichols.

He had wanted to do a film based on Nelson Mandela for some time. At first he tried to get Mandela's autobiography Long Walk to Freedom adapted into a finished script, but it was not finalized.[10] In 2007 he purchased the film rights to a 2008 book by John Carlin, Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Made a Nation.[11] Clint Eastwood directed the Nelson Mandela bio-pic titled Invictus, starring Freeman as Mandela and Matt Damon as rugby team captain Francois Pienaar.[12] In October 2010, Freeman co-starred alongside Bruce Willis in Red.[13]

Freeman's latest project is the Danny DeVito-directed film Charlotte Doyle which will also feature Pierce Brosnan, and is due to begin filming in Ireland in early 2012.[14]

Other work

In July 2009, Freeman was one of the presenters at the 46664 concert (celebrating Nelson Mandela's birthday) at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.

Freeman was the first American to record a par on Legend Golf & Safari Resort's Extreme 19th hole.[15]

At age 65, Freeman earned a private pilot's license.[16] He owns or has owned at least three private aircraft, including a Cessna Citation 501 jet and a Cessna 414 twin-engine prop. In 2007 he purchased an Emivest SJ30[17] long-range private jet and took delivery in December 2009.[18] He is certified to fly all of them.[19]

Effective January 4, 2010, Freeman replaced Walter Cronkite as the voiceover introduction to the CBS Evening News featuring Katie Couric as news anchor.[20] CBS cited the need for consistency in introductions for regular news broadcasts and special reports as the basis for the change.[20]

As of 2010, Freeman is the host and narrator of the Discovery Channel television show Through the Wormhole.[21]

He was featured on the opening track to B.o.B's second album Strange Clouds. The track, "Bombs Away", features a prologue and epilogue (which leads in to a musical outro) spoken by Morgan Freeman.

In September 2011, Freeman was featured with John Lithgow in the Broadway debut of Dustin Lance Black's play, '8' — a staged reenactment of the federal trial that overturned California's Prop 8 ban on same-sex marriage — as Attorney David Boies.[22] The production was held at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre in New York to raise money for the American Foundation for Equal Rights.[23][24]

Personal life

Freeman and his wife, Myrna Colley-Lee, at the 1990 Academy Awards

Family

Freeman was married to Jeanette Adair Bradshaw from October 22, 1967 until 1979.

He married Myrna Colley-Lee on June 16, 1984. The couple separated in December 2007. Freeman and Colley-Lee had adopted Freeman's step-granddaughter from his first marriage and together helped to raise her. Freeman's attorney and business partner Bill Luckett announced in August 2008 that Freeman and his wife were in divorce proceedings.[25] On September 15, 2010 their divorce was finalized in Mississippi.[26] There were subsequent rumors in tabloids that Freeman had been having a relationship with, and was even engaged to, his step-granddaughter E’dena Hines, which they each strongly denied.[27]

In 2008, the TV series African American Lives 2 revealed that some of Freeman's great-great-grandparents were slaves who migrated from North Carolina to Mississippi. Freeman also discovered that his Caucasian maternal great-great-grandfather had lived with, and was buried beside, Freeman's African-American great-great-grandmother (the two could not legally marry at the time, in the segregated South).[2] A DNA test on the series stated that he is descended from the Songhai and Tuareg peoples of Niger.

Properties

Freeman lives in Charleston, Mississippi, and New York City. He co-owns and operates Madidi,[28] a fine dining restaurant, and Ground Zero, a blues club, both located in Clarksdale, Mississippi.

Car accident

Freeman was injured in an automobile accident near Ruleville, Mississippi, on the night of August 3, 2008. The vehicle in which he was traveling, a 1997 Nissan Maxima, left the highway and flipped over several times. He and a female passenger, Demaris Meyer, were rescued from the vehicle using the "Jaws of Life". Freeman was taken via medical helicopter to The Regional Medical Center (The Med) hospital in Memphis.[29][30] Police ruled out alcohol as a factor in the crash.[31] Freeman was coherent following the crash, as he joked to a photographer about taking his picture at the scene.[32] His left shoulder, arm and elbow were broken in the crash and he had surgery on August 5, 2008. Doctors operated for four hours to repair nerve damage in his shoulder and arm.[33] On CNN's Piers Morgan Tonight he stated that he is left handed but cannot move the fingers of his left hand. He wears a compression glove to protect against blood pooling due to non-movement. His publicist announced he was expected to make a full recovery.[34][35] Meyer, his passenger, sued him for negligence, claiming that he was drinking the night of the accident.[36] Subsequently, the suit was settled.[37]

Beliefs

In an interview with CNN, Freeman denied the claim that he was a "man of God," saying that "the question of faith is whatever you actually believe is. We take a lot of what we're talking about in science on faith; we posit a theory, and until it's disproven we have faith that it's true."[38]

Activism

Charitable work

In 2004, Freeman and others formed the Grenada Relief Fund to aid people affected by Hurricane Ivan on the island of Grenada. The fund has since become PLANIT NOW, an organization that seeks to provide preparedness resources for people living in hurricane- and severe-storm afflicted areas.[39]

Freeman has worked on narrating small clips for global organizations, such as One Earth,[40] whose goals include raising awareness of environmental issues. He has narrated the clip "Why Are We Here," which can be viewed on One Earth's website.

Freeman has donated money to the Mississippi Horse Park in Starkville, Mississippi. The park is part of Mississippi State University. Freeman has several horses that he takes there.[41]

Comments on race

Freeman has publicly criticized the celebration of Black History Month and does not participate in any related events, saying, "I don't want a black history month. Black history is American history."[42] He says the only way to end racism is to stop talking about it, and he notes that there is no "white history month."[43] Freeman once said on an interview with 60 Minutes' Mike Wallace, "I am going to stop calling you a white man and I'm going to ask you to stop calling me a black man."[42] Freeman supported the defeated proposal to change the Mississippi state flag, which contains the Confederate battle flag.[44][45]

Politics

Freeman endorsed Barack Obama's candidacy for the 2008 presidential election, although he stated that he would not join Obama's campaign.[46] He narrates for The Hall of Presidents with Barack Obama, who has been added to the exhibit.[47][48] The Hall of Presidents re-opened on July 4, 2009 at Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida.[48]

Freeman joined President Bill Clinton, USA Bid Committee Chairman Sunil Gulati, and USMNT midfielder Landon Donovan on Wednesday, December 1, 2010, in Zurich for the USA bid committee's final presentation to FIFA for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[49]

Freeman sparked controversy in September 2011 when, on CNN's Piers Morgan Tonight, he accused the Tea Party movement of racism.[50]

Freeman: [the Tea Party's] stated policy, publicly stated, is to do whatever it takes to see to it that Obama only serves one term. What's, what does that, what underlies that? Screw the country. We're going to do whatever we do to get this black man, we can, we're going to do whatever we can to get this black man outta here.

Morgan: But is that necessarily a racist thing?...Wouldn't they say that about any Democrat?

Freeman: It is a racist thing...[The rise of the Tea Party] shows the weak, dark underside of America. We're supposed to be better than that. We really are. That's why all those people were in tears when Obama was elected president. 'Ah look at what we are–this is America.' Then it just sort of started turning because these people surfaced–like stirring up muddy water.[51][52]

Honors

On October 28, 2006, Freeman was honored at the first Mississippi's Best Awards in Jackson, Mississippi, with the Lifetime Achievement Award for his works on and off the big screen. He received an honorary degree of Doctor of Arts and Letters from Delta State University during the school's commencement exercises on May 13, 2006.[53]

Filmography

Film
YearTitleRoleNotes
1964The PawnbrokerMan on Streetuncredited
1966Man Called Adam, AA Man Called AdamUnknownuncredited
1968Where Were You When the Lights Went Out?Grand Central Commuteruncredited
1980BrubakerWalter
1981EyewitnessLieutenant Black
1984TeachersAl Lewis
1984Harry & SonSiemanowski
1985MarieCharles Traughber
1985That Was Then... This Is NowCharlie Woods
1987Street SmartFast BlackIndependent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1988Clean and SoberCraig
1989GlorySgt. Maj. John RawlinsNominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
1989Driving Miss DaisyHoke Colburn40th Berlin International Film Festival – Silver Bear for Best Joint Performance (shared with Jessica Tandy)[54]
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
1989Lean on MePrincipal Joe Clark
1989Johnny HandsomeLt. A.Z. Drones
1990Bonfire of the Vanities, TheThe Bonfire of the VanitiesJudge Leonard White
1990Civil War, TheThe Civil WarVoice of Frederick Douglass
1991Robin Hood: Prince of ThievesAzeemNominated—MTV Movie Award for Best On-Screen Duo (shared with Kevin Costner)
1992UnforgivenNed Logan
1992Power of One, TheThe Power of OneGeel Piet
1993Bopha!director only, his directorial debut
1994Shawshank Redemption, TheThe Shawshank RedemptionEllis Boyd "Red" Redding, NarratorChlotrudis Award for Best Actor (tied with Wallace Shawn for Vanya on 42nd Street)
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
1995OutbreakBrig. Gen. Billy Ford
1995Se7enDetective Lt. William SomersetEmpire Award for Best Actor
London Film Critics Circle Award for Actor of the Year
Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best On-Screen Duo (shared with Brad Pitt)
Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actor
1996Chain ReactionPaul Shannon
1996Moll FlandersHibble
1996Cosmic VoyageNarrator
1997AmistadTheodore Joadson
1997Kiss The GirlsDr. Alex Cross
1997Long Way Home, TheThe Long Way HomeNarrator
1998Deep ImpactPresident Tom Beck
1998Hard RainJim
2000Nurse BettyCharlie QuinnNominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
2000Under SuspicionVictor Benezet
2001Along Came a SpiderDr. Alex Cross
2002Sum of All Fears, TheThe Sum of All FearsDCI William Cabot
2002High CrimesCharlie Grimes
2003Bruce AlmightyGod
2003DreamcatcherCol. Abraham Curtis
2003LevityPastor Miles Evans
2003Drug WarLt. Redding
2004Million Dollar BabyEddie "Scrap Iron" DuprisAcademy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Italian Online Movie Award for Best Supporting Actor
NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Black Reel Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2004Hunting of the President, TheThe Hunting of the PresidentNarratorlimited release
2004Big Bounce, TheThe Big BounceWalter Crewes
2005Unfinished Life, AnAn Unfinished LifeMitch Bradley
2005War of the WorldsNarrator
2005March of the PenguinsNarrator
2005Batman BeginsLucius Fox
2005UnleashedSam
2006Edison ForceAshford
2006Contract, TheThe ContractFrank Carden
2006Lucky Number SlevinThe Boss
200610 Items or LessHimself
2007Evan AlmightyGod
2007Feast of LoveHarry Stephenson
2007Gone, Baby, GoneJack Doyle
2007Bucket List, TheThe Bucket ListCarter ChambersAlso Narrator
2008WantedSloan
2008Love Guru, TheThe Love GuruNarratorVoice
2008Dark Knight, TheThe Dark KnightLucius FoxNominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast
2009Prom Night in MississippiHimselflimited release
2009Thick as ThievesKeith Ripley
2009Maiden Heist, TheThe Maiden HeistCharlie
2009InvictusNelson MandelaNAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor (tied with George Clooney for Up in the Air)
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Denver Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated—Houston Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated—St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association for Best Actor
2010REDJoe
2011Born to Be WildNarrator
2011Conan the BarbarianNarrator[55]
2011Dolphin TaleDr. Cameron McCarthy
2012The Magic of Belle IsleMonte Wildhorn
2012Dark Knight Rises, TheThe Dark Knight RisesLucius Fox
2013Now You See MeThaddeus Bradleyin production
2013OblivionMalcolm Beechin production
2013True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle, TheThe True Confessions of Charlotte DoyleZachariahin production
Television
YearTitleRoleNotes
1971–1977Electric Company, TheThe Electric CompanyEasy Reader, DJ Mel Mounds, Dracula, Vincent the Vegetable Vampiretelevision series
1978Roll of Thunder, Hear My CryUncle Hammermade-for-television
1981Ryan's HopeCicero MurphyTV series (various episodes)
1981Marva Collins Story, TheThe Marva Collins StoryClarence Collinsmade-for-television
1982–1984Another WorldRoy BinghamTV series (various episodes)
1985Twilight Zone, TheThe Twilight ZoneTonyTelevision series (episode "Dealer's Choice")
1986Resting PlaceLuther Johnsonmade-for-television
1987Fight For LifeDr. Sherardmade-for-television
2008Smithsonian Channel's Sound RevolutionHimself (host)television series, series host
2008Stephen Fry in AmericaHimselftelevision series, appears in episode 3
2010Colbert Report, TheThe Colbert ReportHimselfinterview
2010Daily Show, TheThe Daily ShowHimselfinterview
2010–2012Through the Wormhole
with Morgan Freeman[21]
Himself (host)television series, series host
2010Saturday Night LiveHimself (celebrity cameo)What Up with That
2011CuriosityHimself"Is There a Parallel Universe?" (#1.5)

Other awards and honors

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Interview (archived via Google Books), The New Yorker, 3 July 1978. Freeman: "[My grandmother] had been married to Morgan Herbert Freeman, and my father was Morgan Porterfield Freeman, but they forgot to give me a middle name."
  2. ^ a b "Morgan Freeman". African American Lives 2. PBS. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/aalives/profiles/freeman.html. Retrieved July 13, 2011. 
  3. ^ Morgan Freeman biography, FilmReference.com.
  4. ^ Profiles: Morgan Freeman, Hello Magazine
  5. ^ a b c d e f Inside the Actors Studio, Season 11, Episode 10. Original air date: January 2, 2005.
  6. ^ a b c "Freeman, Morgan". Thomson Gale  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). 1 January 2006. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G2-3444700497.html. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  7. ^ Morgan Freeman at the Internet Movie Database
  8. ^ Morgan Freeman Biography. tiscali.co.uk
  9. ^ "Berlinale: 1994 Juries". berlinale.de. http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1994/04_jury_1994/04_Jury_1994.html. Retrieved June 9, 2011. 
  10. ^ Gumbel, Andrew. "Morgan Freeman to play Mandela in new film", The Independent, 26 September 2007.
  11. ^ "Morgan Freeman to Star as Nelson Mandela", New York Times, 25 June 2007.
  12. ^ Keller, Bill. "Entering the Scrum", The New York Times Book Review, 17 August 2008.
  13. ^ "Morgan Freeman Joins The Big Screen Adaptation of Warren Ellis' Red". /Film. July 19, 2009. http://www.slashfilm.com/2009/07/19/morgan-freeman-joins-the-big-screen-adaptation-of-warren-ellis%e2%80%99-red/. Retrieved January 19, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Morgan Freeman & Pierce Brosnan in Danny DeVito's 'Charlotte Doyle', Filming in Ireland 2012". IFTN. http://iftn.ie/news/?act1=record&only=1&aid=73&rid=4284238&tpl=archnews&force=1. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  15. ^ Extreme 19th Leaderboard, Legend Golf & Safari Resort
  16. ^ Morgan Freeman: The Bucket List video interview[dead link]
  17. ^ Article[dead link], SJ30jet.com
  18. ^ "Morgan Freeman purchases the SJ30 private jet for $7million". Luxury Launches. December 23, 2009. http://www.luxurylaunches.com/celebrities/morgan_freeman_purchases_the_sj30_private_jet_for_7million.php. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  19. ^ Freeman, Morgan (December 24, 2009). Morgan Freeman buys Emivest SJ30 jet from Dubai manufacturer. Interview with Blizzard, Phil. Ameinfo. http://www.ameinfo.com/219604.html. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "Freeman replaces Cronkite on CBS news". The Boston Globe. January 5, 2010. http://www.boston.com/ae/celebrity/articles/2010/01/05/freeman_replaces_cronkite_on_cbs_news/. Retrieved January 5, 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "Through the Wormhole". Discovery Channel. http://science.discovery.com/tv/through-the-wormhole/. 
  22. ^ "Prop 8 Play On Broadway Makes Its Debut". The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/20/prop-8-play-broadway_n_971364.html. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  23. ^ ""8": A Play about the Fight for Marriage Equality". YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qlUG8F9uVgM. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 
  24. ^ "YouTube to broadcast Proposition 8 play live". pinknews.co.uk. http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2012/03/01/youtube-to-broadcast-proposition-8-play-live/. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Celebrity News, Photos & Videos". Access Hollywood. August 6, 2008. http://www.accesshollywood.com/article/10701/morgan-freeman-and-wife-divorcing-after-24-years-of-marriage/. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 
  26. ^ Detroit Free Press, September 18, 2010, p. 6D
  27. ^ "Morgan Freeman and Step-Granddaughter Deny Engagement Rumors...Wait, What?!". E! Online. April 12, 2012. http://www.eonline.com/news/morgan_freeman_step-granddaughter_deny/308488. Retrieved June 6, 2012. 
  28. ^ Madidires (official website)
  29. ^ Mitovich, Matt Webb (August 4, 2008). "Morgan Freeman in Car Accident, Listed in Serious Condition". TV Guide. http://community.tvguide.com/blog-entry/TVGuide-News-Blog/Todays-News/Morgan-Freeman-Car/800044492. Retrieved August 4, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Freeman injured in car accident". BBC News Online. August 4, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7541667.stm. Retrieved August 4, 2008. 
  31. ^ "Actor Morgan Freeman badly injured in crash". The Irish Times. August 4, 2008. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2008/0804/breaking54.htm. Retrieved August 4, 2008. 
  32. ^ "Morgan Freeman hurt in car crash". BBC News Online. August 4, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7541667.stm. Retrieved August 4, 2008. 
  33. ^ "Freeman recovering after surgery". BBC News Online. August 5, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7542208.stm. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  34. ^ Horn, James (August 5, 2008). "Morgan Freeman 'in good spirits' after accident". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-et-freeman5-2008aug05,0,5752402.story. Retrieved August 5, 2008. 
  35. ^ "Morgan Freeman discharged from hospital". CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Movies/08/07/people.morgan.freeman.ap/index.html. [dead link]
  36. ^ "Morgan Freeman Sued for Car Accident". WHBQ. February 25, 2009. http://www.myfoxmemphis.com/dpp/news/022509_Morgan_Freeman_Sued_for_75000. Retrieved February 25, 2009. [dead link]
  37. ^ "Records: Freeman settles suit on car wreck". USA Today. 5 November 2009. http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2009-11-05-freeman_N.htm. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  38. ^ "Morgan talks faith and science to CNN". Pingerati.net. http://ww.pingerati.net/videos/youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3D6WaEJVj4Zfk. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  39. ^ "PLANIT NOW History". Archived from the original on May 8, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080508190505/http://www.planitnow.org/explore01.php. Retrieved August 21, 2008. 
  40. ^ "ECO". OneEarth.org. http://www.oneearth.org. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Mississippi State Campus Map" (PDF). http://www.msstate.edu/web/maps/pdf/MissStateCampusMap.pdf. Retrieved August 5, 2008. 
  42. ^ a b Freeman calls Black History Month 'ridiculous' . msnbc.com. December 15, 2005.
  43. ^ "Freeman calls Black History Month ridiculous". msnbc.com. December 15, 2005. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10482634. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 
  44. ^ Firestone, David (April 18, 2001). "Mississippi Votes by wide margin to keep state flag That includes Confederate emblem". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/18/us/mississippi-votes-wide-margin-keep-state-flag-that-includes-confederate-emblem.html. Retrieved April 2, 2008. 
  45. ^ "Morgan Freeman defies labels". CBS News. December 18, 2005. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/12/14/60minutes/main1127684.shtml. Retrieved April 2, 2008. 
  46. ^ Clift, Eleanor (December 21, 2007). "Freeman, Obama and Hollywood immortality". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/81393. Retrieved April 2, 2008. 
  47. ^ "Hall of Presidents". WDW Radio. September 16, 2007. http://www.wdwradio.com/Liberty-Square/Hall-of-Presidents.html. Retrieved December 3, 2009. [dead link]
  48. ^ a b "Hail to the chief: Obama makes Disney debut at Hall of Presidents", Orlando Sentinel, 29 June 2009.
  49. ^ "Gousabid". Gousabid. http://www.gousabid.com/blog/entry/morgan-freeman-joins-bid-committee-in-zurich/. Retrieved January 27, 2012. [verification needed]
  50. ^ "Morgan Freeman Sparks Outcry After Calling Tea Party Racist". The Hollywood Reporter. September 24, 2011. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/morgan-freeman-sparks-outcry-tea-party-racist-239872. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  51. ^ "Morgan Freeman Calls Tea Party 'Racist' (Video)". The Wall Street Journal. September 24, 2011. http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2011/09/24/morgan-freeman-calls-tea-party-racist/. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  52. ^ "Obama backer: Some attacks are 'a racist thing'". USA Today. September 25, 2011. http://content.usatoday.com/communities/theoval/post/2011/09/obama-backer-attacks-rooted-in-race/1. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  53. ^ Morgan Freeman biography, superstarbiography.com
  54. ^ "Berlinale: 1990 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1990/03_preistr_ger_1990/03_Preistraeger_1990.html. Retrieved March 17, 2011. 
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