Moquegua

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Moquegua
—  City  —
View of Moquegua

Flag

Coat of arms
Moquegua is located in Peru
Moquegua
Coordinates: 17°12′S 70°56′W / 17.200°S 70.933°W / -17.200; -70.933
Country Peru
RegionMoquegua Region
ProvinceMariscal Nieto
DistrictMoquegua District
Government
 • MayorAlberto Coayla (a.k.a "El Magister")
Elevation1,410 m (4,630 ft)
Websitewww.munimoquegua.gob.pe
 
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Moquegua
—  City  —
View of Moquegua

Flag

Coat of arms
Moquegua is located in Peru
Moquegua
Coordinates: 17°12′S 70°56′W / 17.200°S 70.933°W / -17.200; -70.933
Country Peru
RegionMoquegua Region
ProvinceMariscal Nieto
DistrictMoquegua District
Government
 • MayorAlberto Coayla (a.k.a "El Magister")
Elevation1,410 m (4,630 ft)
Websitewww.munimoquegua.gob.pe

Moquegua (Spanish pronunciation: [moˈkeɣwa], founded as Villa de Santa Catalina de Guadalcázar del Valle de Moquegua) is a city in southern Peru, located in the Moquegua Region, of which it is the regional capital. It is also capital of Mariscal Nieto Province and Moquegua District. It is located 1144 kilometers south from the capital city of Lima.

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History[edit]

Cathedral
Plaza de armas of Moquegua, designed by Gustave Eiffel
Facade of Matriz church

There is no definite information about the Spanish conquest and the year of the city's foundation. However, it is said that the city was founded onNovember 25, 1541, by Pedro Cansino and his wife, Josefina de Bilbao.

The region where the city now stands was already known and populated before the arrival of the Incas. According to the story of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, it was the Inca Emperor Mayta Cápac who organized the military expedition that extended the Inca domains to the shore of the Pacific.

Tourism[edit]

This beautiful city, with beautiful landscapes, located in the mountains of the region of the same name has a lot of touristic attractions, which make it a popular destination in Peru.

The Plaza de Armas, is a very beautiful Main Square which is the center of the city. It was designed by French Architect Gustave Eiffel.

The Casa del Regidor Perpetuo de la Ciudad, is a unique old house built in the 18th century with a front of carved stone and it has beautiful antiques inside it.

The district of Torata, located 24 km away from the city, has traditional houses with mojinete roofs and an amazing church in which it's noticed the beautiful things carved in wood.

Cerro Baúl, a Wari Empire site on top of a hill outside of Moquegua.

Numerous Tiwanaku sites are also in the area, as it was an important colonial center for the Tiwanaku state. The valley is the only area to house both Wari and Tiwanaku colonists.

The Pan-American Highway passes through the city.

Economy[edit]

Moquegua's economy is largely based on mining. Moquegua's mining resources include copper, silver, gold and molybdenum. Cuajone and part of Toquepala Mine are located in the Mcal. Nieto Province. A copper smelter and refinery to treat copper concentrates from those mines is located in Ilo province.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°12′S 70°56′W / 17.200°S 70.933°W / -17.200; -70.933