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Moodle trademark logo, version 2014.png
1 MyHomeExample.png
Screenshot of a Student's My home page from the Mount Orange demo site
Original author(s)Martin Dougiamas
Developer(s)Martin Dougiamas
Moodle HQ
Moodle Community
Stable release2.8.1 / November 10, 2014; 26 days ago (2014-11-10)[1]
Written inPHP
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeCourse management system
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Moodle trademark logo, version 2014.png
1 MyHomeExample.png
Screenshot of a Student's My home page from the Mount Orange demo site
Original author(s)Martin Dougiamas
Developer(s)Martin Dougiamas
Moodle HQ
Moodle Community
Stable release2.8.1 / November 10, 2014; 26 days ago (2014-11-10)[1]
Written inPHP
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeCourse management system

Moodle, is a highly flexible, free software, open source learning platform.[3][4] With comprehensive, customisable and secure learning management features, it can be used to create a private website for dynamic online courses. Moodle (acronym for modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment), (stylised in lower-case as moodle) is a also known as a learning management system, or virtual learning environment.

Moodle was originally developed by Martin Dougiamas to help educators create online courses with a focus on interaction and collaborative construction of content, and is in continual evolution. The first version of Moodle was released on 20 August 2002.


Moodle is a learning platform that enhances the existing learning environment.[5] As an E-learning tool, Moodle has a wide range of standard and innovative features such as calendar and Gradebook. Moodle is a leading Virtual learning environment [6] and can be used in many types of environments such as education, training and development and business settings.[7][8]


These are groups of features within Moodle, usually completed by a student to interact with other students, or with the teacher.[9]


Plugins are a flexible tool set, allowing Moodle users to extend the features of the site. There are hundreds of plugins for Moodle, extending the features of Moodle's core functionality. Each plugin is maintained in the Moodle plugins directory.[19] Moodle's infrastructure supports many types of plug-ins. Many freely available third-party Moodle plugins make use of this infrastructure.[20] Moodle users can use PHP to write and contribute new modules. Moodle's development has been assisted by the work of open source programmers.[21] This has contributed towards its rapid development and rapid bug fixes. By default Moodle includes the TCPDF library that allows the generation of PDF documents from pages.


Graphical themes for Moodle can be installed to change the look and functionality of a Moodle site or individual course. Many Moodle themes are available directly from Moodle downloads site,[22] ranging from BigBlueButton to Attendance.


Moodle has been translated in over 100 languages, available for any site administrator to install.[23] Each language pack is maintained and contributed by people all over the globe.[24]


Many Moodle themes are based on Responsive web design and allow Moodle to be used easily on Mobile devices. A Moodle Mobile app is available in Google Play,[25] App Store (iOS),[26] and the Windows Phone Store [27]

SCORM compliance[edit]

The SCORM standards define e-learning systems and make them interoperable. Moodle is SCORM 1.2 compliant, and passes all the tests in the ADL Conformance test suite 1.2.7 for SCORM 1.2. SCORM 2004 is not supported in Moodle, yet Rustici Software have a Moodle plugin which can turn any Moodle site into a fully compliant SCORM 2004 LMS.[28] AICC objects are supported in Moodle 2.1 and later versions. Tin Can API activities can be launched from a Moodle course via a plugin [29]


Users can download[30] and install Moodle on a Web server, such as Apache HTTP Server, and a number of database management systems, such as PostgreSQL, are supported. Pre-built combinations of Moodle with a Web server and database are available for Microsoft Windows and Macintosh. Other automated installation approaches exist, such as installing a Debian package, deploying a ready-to-use TurnKey Moodle appliance,[31] using the Bitnami installer, or using a "one-click install" service such as Installatron.[32]

Some free Moodle hosting providers allow educators to create Moodle-based online classes without installation or server knowledge. Certified Moodle Partners[33] provide other Moodle services, including hosting, training, customisation and content development. This network of providers support development of the Moodle project through royalties.[34]


Moodle runs without modification on Unix, Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, Mac OS X, NetWare and any other systems that support PHP and a database, including most webhost providers.

Data goes in a single database. Moodle version 1.6 could use MySQL or PostgreSQL. Version 1.7, released November 2006, makes full use of database abstraction so that installers can choose one from many types of database servers such as Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server.

Electronic e-learning systems can have many dimensions of interoperability. Moodle's interoperability features include:

Moodle also has import features for use with other specific systems, such as importing quizzes or entire courses from Blackboard or WebCT. However, these import tools are not perfect. As of February 2010, Moodle will not import Blackboard courses, apparently due to changes in php code-releases. Some available utilities help convert Blackboard courses to a Moodle-friendly format.[35]

In March 2012 Blackboard acquired two companies based on Moodle's software including Baltimore-based Moodlerooms Inc. and NetSpot of Adelaide, Australia.[36] The Red Hat site,, reports that Moodle will always be an open source project, with clear delineation between Blackboard and Moodle[37]



Martin Dougiamas, who has graduate degrees in computer science and education, wrote the first version of Moodle. Dougiamas started a Ph.D. to examine "the use of open source software to support a social constructionist epistemology of teaching and learning within Internet-based communities of reflective inquiry." Although how exactly social constructionism makes Moodle different from other eLearning platforms is difficult to show, it has been cited as an important factor by Moodle adopters.[38][39] Other Moodle adopters, such as the Open University in the UK, have pointed out that Learning Management Systems can equally be seen as "relatively pedagogy-neutral".[40]

Pedagogical approach[edit]

The stated philosophy of Moodle[41] includes a constructivist and social constructionist approach to education, emphasizing that learners (and not just teachers) can contribute to the educational experience. Using these pedagogical principles, Moodle provides a flexible environment for learning communities.[42]

Origin of name[edit]

The acronym moodle stands for modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment. (In the early years the "m" stood for "Martin's", named after Martin Dougiamas, the original developer). As well as being an acronym, the name was chosen because of the dictionary definition of Moodle[43] and to correspond to an available domain name.[44]

"Moodle" is a trademark in many countries around the world registered to Martin Dougiamas. Only certified Moodle Partners may legally use the trademark to advertise any Moodle-related services such as hosting, customization, training and so on.

Moodle statistics and market share[edit]

By 31 August 2011:

By 31 August 2014:


Moodle has continued to evolve since 1999 (since 2001 with the current architecture). Major improvements in accessibility and display flexibility were developed in 1.5. The current version can be seen at the top of the table of releases, below. It has been translated into 82 different languages and is accessible in many countries worldwide.

Not having to pay license fees or to limit growth, an institution can add as many Moodle servers as needed. The Open University of the UK currently uses a Moodle installation for their 200,000 users.[47]

It is often known for individual departments of institutions to use the unlimited feature, such as the maths department of the University of York.

The development of Moodle continues as a free software project supported by a team of programmers and an international user community, drawing upon contributions posted to the online Moodle Community website that encourages debate and invites criticism.

Users can freely distribute and modify the software under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 3 or any later version.[2]

There are many vendors that host Moodle such as Remote-Learner and MoodleRooms—which was recently purchased by Blackboard. Because Moodle is an open source software, Moodle can be customized to fit academic needs for students, instructors and the Moodle administrators. Remote-Learner provides their flavor of Moodle called ELIS and MoodleRooms has their own flavor called joule.


release date
release date
Support ModelRelease notes
Old version, no longer supported: 1.020 August 20021.0.930 May 2003EOL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.129 August 20031.1.111 September 2003EOL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.220 March 20041.2.125 March 2004EOL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.325 May 20041.3.59 September 2004EOL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.431 August 20041.4.57 May 2005EOL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.55 June 20051.5.421 May 2006EOLURL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.620 May 20061.6.928 January 2009EOLURL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.77 November 20061.7.728 January 2009EOLURL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.830 March 20071.8.143 December 2010EOLURL
Old version, no longer supported: 1.93 March 20081.9.199 July 2012EOL (Maintained from March 2008 to June 2012. Third-party extended support until December 2013)[48]URL
Old version, no longer supported: 2.024 November 20102.0.109 July 2012EOL (Maintained from November 2010 to June 2012)URL
Old version, no longer supported: 2.11 June 20112.1.1014 January 2013EOL (Maintained from June 2011 to December 2012)URL
Old version, no longer supported: 2.25 December 20112.2.118 July 2013EOL (Maintained from December 2011 to June 2013)URL
Old version, no longer supported: 2.325 June 20122.3.1011 November 2013EOL (Maintained from June 2012 to December 2013)URL
Old version, no longer supported: 2.43 December 20122.4.711 November 2013EOL (Maintained from December 2012 to June 2014)URL
Old version, no longer supported: 2.514 May 20132.5.910 November 2014EOL (Maintained from May 2013 to November 2014)URL
Older version, yet still supported: 2.618 November 20132.6.610 November 2014Active (Maintained from December 2013 to May 2015)URL
Older version, yet still supported: 2.712 May 20142.7.310 November 2014Active (Maintained from May 2014 to May 2017)URL
Current stable version: 2.810 November 20142.8.010 November 2014Active (Maintained from November 2014 to June 2016)URL
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release


Since 2006 there has been an official certification available for teachers using Moodle. Initially called the Moodle Teacher Certificate (MTC), this was renamed in 2008 to the Moodle Course Creator Certificate (MCCC). MCCC is available only through Moodle Partners, and through Central Certification Services. Discussion is ongoing regarding an official Moodle Administrators Certificate.

Moodle conferences[edit]

A MoodleMoot is a conference for Moodle community member, held to learn about Moodle, share expereinces of the learning platform, discuss research in related educational technologies and contribute ideas to future Moodle development.[49] Held around the world, MoodleMoots are organised by a university, Moodle Partner, Moodle associations and Moodle HQ.[50]

Moodle Calendar[51] has announcements of MoodleMoots.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Releases". Moodle. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Moodle License". 
  3. ^ "TFD Encyclopedia - Moodle". 
  4. ^ The Encyclopedia of Distance Learning, Vol1. 
  5. ^ "Technology that puts the classroom in students’ laptops". Adam Stanley, The Globle and Mail. 
  6. ^ "2014 Survey of Technology Enhanced Learning for higer education in the UK". UCISA Richard Walker, Julie Voce, Joe Nicholls, Elaine Swift, Jebar Ahmed, Sarah Horrigan and Phil Vincent. 
  7. ^ "E-learning". Information Technology Unit (itu). Retrieved 2011-03-01. Moodle is a well-known e-learning platform in tertiary institutions. Many universities and colleges use Moodle as the online learning system in their daily teaching and learning. Moodle is a free open source software it means developer can make modification based on their needs. CPCE decides to use Moodle as a e-learning platform for HKCC and SPEED from 2009/10 academic year onwards. 
  8. ^ "E-Learning Features". Information Technology Unit (itu). Retrieved 2011-03-01. Moodle serves as an online e-learning platform to facilitate the communications between teachers and students. Some typical features provided by Moodle are listed below. 
  9. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities". 
  10. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities - Assignment module". 
  11. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities - Assignment module". 
  12. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities - Assignment module". 
  13. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities - Database module". 
  14. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities - Glossary module". 
  15. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities - Survey module". 
  16. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities - Quiz module". 
  17. ^ "Managing a Moodle Course - Activities - Quiz module". 
  18. ^ "How to Gamify Moodle in 20 Minutes". Frederic Nevers. 
  19. ^ "Moodle Plugins". 
  20. ^ "Modules and Plugins". 
  21. ^ "About Moodle". Documentation. 
  22. ^ "Moodle Themes". 
  23. ^ "Moodle Translations". 
  24. ^ "Language pack maintainers and contributors". 
  25. ^ "Moodle Mobile app on Google Play". 
  26. ^ "Moodle Mobile app on iTunes App Store". 
  27. ^ "Moodle Mobile app on Windows Phone Store". 
  28. ^ "SCORM Cloud Moodle Integration". 
  29. ^ "Launch externally Tin Can API activities from Moodle and track on any LRS.". Andrew Downes on Forums. 
  30. ^ "Moodle Downloads". Moodle. 
  31. ^ "Moodle Appliance". TurnKey Linux Virtual Appliance Library. 
  32. ^
  33. ^ "List of Moodle Partners". Moodle. 
  34. ^ "How do the Moodle Partners work?". Moodle. 
  35. ^ "Blackboard migration". 
  36. ^ "Blackboard makes Moodle acquisitions". 
  37. ^ "Moodle will always be an open source project". 
  38. ^ Weller, M. (2006). "VLE 2.0 and future directions in learning environments". Proceedings of the first LAMS Conference, Sydney. 
  39. ^ McMulli & Munroe (2004). "VMoodle at DCU". 
  40. ^ Sclater, Neil (2008). "A Large-scale Open Source eLearning Systems at the Open University". Educase. 
  41. ^ Moodle Philosophy
  42. ^ "Open-Source Learning Management System". Moodlerooms. 
  43. ^ "Moodle definition". All Words. 
  44. ^ "The chicken or the egg". Lounge. 
  45. ^ a b Current Moodle Statistics
  46. ^ Moodle Statistics
  47. ^ Case study in Linux Pro magazine
  48. ^ Marsden, Dan (2 April 2012). "Moodle 1.9 Long Term support". Moodle. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  49. ^ MoodleMoot at
  50. ^ "MoodleMoot hosted by Moodle HQ". 
  51. ^ The Conference Center at

External links[edit]